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Full text of "American University Catalog"





AMERICAN UNIVERSITY 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 




1«SP 



2007-2008 CATALOG 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/americanuniversi2007amer 



American University 

Catalog 



2007-2008 Edition 

(ffeaite Fall 2007 



Washington, D.C 



University Administration 



Board of Trustees 



Cornelius M. Kervvin, President 

Ivy E. Broder, Interim Provost 

Gail S. Hanson, Vice President of Campus Life 

Mary E. Kennard, Vice President and General Counsel 

Donald L. Myers, Vice President of Finance and Treasurer 

Robert A. Pastor, Vice President of International Affairs 

Haig Mardirosian, Dean of Academic Affairs 
Richard M. Durand, Dean, Kogod School of Business 
Louis W. Goodman, Dean, School of International Service 
Claudio M. Grossman, Dean, Washington College of Law 
Larry Kirkman, Dean, School of Communication 
William M. LeoGrande, Dean, School of Public Affairs 
Kay J. Mussell, Dean, College of Arts and Sciences 

Linda Bolden-Pitcher, University Registrar 
William A. Mayer, University Librarian 



Gary M. Abramson,* Chair 

Thomas A. Gottschalk, Vice Chair 

Gina F. Adams* 

Stephanie M. Bennett-Smith 

Edward R. Carr* 

Jack C. Cassell* 

Gary D. Cohn* 

Pamela M. Deese* 

Jerome King Del Pino 

David R. Drobis* 

Marc N. Duber* 

Fuad El-Hibn 

Hani M. S. Farsi* 

C.A. Daniel Gasby 

Gisela B. Huberman* 

C. Nicholas Keating, Jr.* 

Cornelius M. Kerwin* 

Margery Kraus* 

Jonathan Loesberg 

Charles H. Lydecker* 

Robyn Rafferty Mathias* 

Alan L. Meltzer* 

Regina L. Muehlhauser* 

Matthew S. Pittinsky* 

Arthur J. Rothkopf 

Mark L. Schneider 

John R. Schol 

Neal A. Sharma* 

Jeffrey A. Sine * 

Gary R. Weaver 



* Alumna/alumnus of American University 



American University is an equal opportunity and affirmative action university and employer. American University does not 
discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital status, personal appearance, sexual 
orientation, gender identity and expression, family responsibilities, political affiliation, disability, source of income, place of 
residence or business, or certain veteran status in its programs and activities. For information, contact the Dean of Students 
(DOS@american.edu ), Director of Policy & Regulatory Affairs (employeerelations@american.edu ) or Dean of Academic 
Affairs, ( academicaffairs@american.edu ), or at American University, 4400 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 
20016,202-885-1000. 



Academic Calendar 2007-2008 



The academic calendar is divided into fall and spring semesters of approximately 1 5 weeks each and summer sessions of 
varying length. The last week of the fall and spring semesters is set aside for final examinations. If no final examination is given, 
the course will meet for a final class during the scheduled final examination period. 

The holidays and vacations usually observed by the university are as follows: Labor Day; Thanksgiving (Wednesday-Sunday); 
Christmas Eve/Christmas Day and New Year's Eve/New Year's Day (included in the mid-year intersession break); Martin 
Luther King, Jr. Day; Inauguration Day (every four years); Memorial Day; and Independence Day. Spring break is the week 
following the spring semester midterm. Classes continue until 10:40 p.m. the evening before a holiday or vacation period. 



Fall Semester 2007 



August 19-26 
August 24 
August 27 



August 3 1 
September 



Su-Su 

F 

M 



September 3 M 

September 5 W 

September 10 M 

September 1 7 M 

September 24 M 



October 1 
October 12 
October 13 
October 19 
October 29 
November 1 



M 

F 

S 

F 

M 

Th 



November 9 F 

November 15 Th 

November 20 T 
November 21-25 W-Su 

Novermber 30 F 

December 1 F 

December 7 F 

December 10-11 M-T 
December 12 W 
December 13-15 Th-S 
December 1 7 M 
December 14-21 F-F 
December 24-25 M-T 
December 3 1 - 

January 1 M-T 



Welcome Week 

Last day to register for fall 2007 without a late fee 
Fall classes begin 

Late registration (with $50 fee) begins 
Students begin submitting applications for fall graduation 
Late registration for fall ends 

Freshman/undergraduate transfer spring semester admission application deadline for students 
living outside the United States 
Labor Day; no classes, university offices closed 
Mathematics Equivalency Examination 
Last day to add a fall course or change a grade option 
Last day to drop a fall course for a 100% refund and without a "W" recorded 
Last day to drop a fall course for a 50% refund 

Last day to add an internship or Cooperative Education Field Experience 
Last day to drop a fall course for a 25% refund (no refunds after this date) 
Last day to add an independent reading course or study project 
Early warning notices due in Registrar's Office 
Fall Break; no classes, university offices open 
English Competency Examination 
Last day to drop a fall course (mid-term) 
Spring 2008 advance registration (with billing) begins 

Undergraduate transfer spring semester admission application deadline for students 
living in the United States 

Theses and dissertations due in deans' offices for fall degree candidates 
Early Decision freshman fall semester admission/financial aid application deadline 
Tuesday classes cancelled; Friday classes meet. 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes; university offices closed Thursday and Friday 
Spring 2008 advance registration (with billing) ends 

Freshman spring semester admission application deadline for students living in the United States 
Fall classes end 

Theses and dissertations due in Registrar's Office for fall degree candidates 
Fall final examinations 
Fall study day; no classes 
Fall final examinations 

Fall final examinations (for Wednesday classes) 
Fall final grades due 
Winter holiday; university offices closed 

New Year holiday; university offices closed 



Academic Calendar 2007-2008 



Spring Semester 2008 

January 6-13 Su-Su 
January 1 1 F 

January 14 M 



January 15 


T 


January 1 8 


M 


January 21 


M 


January 23 


W 


January 28 


M 



February 4 
February 1 



M 



M 



February 1 5 


F 


February 18 


M 


March 1 


S 


March 7 


F 


March 9-16 


S-Su 


March 3 1 


M 


April 28 


M 


April 29-30 


T-W 


May 1 


Th 


May 1-7 


Th-W 


May 6-12 


T-M 


May 10 


S 


May 11 


Su 


Summer Sess 


ions 20 


May 12 


M 


May 19 


M 


May 26 


M 


June 6 


F 


June 9 


M 


June 26 


Th 


June 30 


M 


July 1 


T 


July 4 


F 


July 1 1 


F 


July 18 


F 


August 7 


Th 



Spring Welcome Week 

Last day to register for spring 2008 without a late fee 

Spring classes begin 

Late registration (with S50 fee) begins 

Students begin submitting applications for spring graduation 

Freshman fall semester admission application deadline 

Late registration for spring ends 

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day; no classes, university offices closed 

Mathematics Equivalency Examination 

Last day to add a spring course or change a grade option 

Last day to drop a spring course for a 1 00% refund and without a " W" recorded 

Last day to drop a spring course for a 50% refund 

Last day to add an internship or Cooperative Education Field Experience 

Last day to drop a spring course for a 25% refund (no refunds after this date) 

Last day to add an independent reading course or study project 

Freshman fall semester financial aid application deadline 

Early warning notices due in Registrar's Office 

Undergraduate transfer fall and spring semester financial aid application deadline 

Last day to drop a spring class (mid-term) 

Spring break; no classes, university offices open Monday through Friday 

Summer 2008 registration (with payment) and Fall 2008 advance registration (with billing) begins 

Theses and dissertations due in deans' offices for spring degree candidates 

Spring classes end 

Theses and dissertations due in Registrar's Office for spring degree candidates 

Spring study days; no classes 

Undergraduate transfer fall semester admission application deadline for students living outside the United States 

Spring final examinations 

Spring final grades due 

Honors Convocation 

Commencement 



7-week summer session begins 

Students begin submitting applications for summer graduation 

First 6-week, first 3-week, and cross summer sessions begin 

Memorial Day; no classes, university offices closed 

First 3-week summer session ends 

Second 3-week summer session begins 

7-week, second 3-week, and first 6-week summer sessions end 

Second 6-week day and evening summer sessions begin 

Undergraduate transfer fall semester admission application deadline for students living in the United States 

Independence Day; no classes, university offices closed 

Fall 2008 advance registration (with billing) ends 

Theses and dissertations due in deans' offices for summer degree candidates 

End of summer sessions 

Theses and dissertations due in Registrar's Office for summer degree candidates 



Introduction 



• University Profile 

• Undergraduate and Graduate Programs 

• Enrollment 



American University was chartered by an Act of Congress in 
1 893 and founded under the auspices of the United Methodist 
Church. Today it is an independent coeducational university 
with more than 1 1 ,000 students enrolled in undergraduate, mas- 
ter's, doctoral, and professional degree programs. Located on an 
84-acre residential campus in upper northwest Washington, 
D.C., the university attracts students from all 50 states, the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the territories, and nearly 1 50 
foreign countries. 

A short distance from Washington's centers of government, 
business, research, commerce, and art, the American University 
campus is located in a scenic residential area in Northwest 
Washington, D.C. The 37 campus buildings include the univer- 
sity library, administrative and academic buildings, residence 
halls, an interdenominational religious center, and a sports cen- 
ter. Facilities include 24-hour computer laboratories, radio and 
TV studios, science laboratories, art studios, recital halls, and a 
theatre. The Washington College of Law is located a half mile 
from the campus on Massachusetts Avenue. The satellite Tenley 
Campus, the location of the Washington Semester program, is 
located a mile from the university's main campus on Nebraska 
Avenue. 

American University offers a wide range of undergraduate 
and graduate programs through its six major divisions: College 
of Arts and Sciences; Kogod School of Business; School of 



University Profile 



Communication; School of Public Affairs; School of Interna- 
tional Service; and Washington College of Law. 

The distinguished faculty of American University includes 
renowned experts and scholars of national and international rep- 
utation in public affairs, law, history, economics, business, inter- 
national relations, education, science, communication, and the 
arts. In addition to the over six hundred members of its full-time 
faculty, adjunct faculty are drawn from the Washington, D.C. 
professional community, including policy makers, diplomats, 
journalists, artists, writers, scientists, and business leaders. 

The resources of a capital city are unlike any other in the 
world. Although an important center of business, finance, and 
media, next to government, education is the largest industry in 
the District of Columbia. 

Washington, D.C. is a city of learning resources in every dis- 
cipline, from the arts and humanities to the sciences to public af- 
fairs. The Smithsonian Institution, John F. Kennedy Center for 
the Performing Arts, National Gallery of Art, National Institutes 
of Health, National Library of Medicine, Library of Congress, 
National Archives, World Bank, Brookings Institution, more 
than 140 embassies and chanceries, and the headquarters of 
many associations and international organizations are located in 
the Washington, D.C. area. The libraries, museums, and art gal- 
leries of Washington contain unsurpassed collections. These re- 
sources are sites for research, field trips, internships, and 
employment. Because of these resources, American University 
students can put their education to work in Washington as they 
could nowhere else in the country. 



Historical Origins 

American University was incorporated by the government of 
the District of Columbia in 1891 and chartered by Act of Con- 
gress in 1893 as a United Methodist Church-related institution. 
The university's first building was completed in 1898; its first 
class graduated in 1916. 

Character 

American University is a leader in global education, enrolling 
a diverse student body from throughout the United States and 
more than 160 countries and providing opportunities for aca- 



demic excellence, public service, and internships in the nation's 
capital and around the world. 

Location 

Residential area of upper northwest Washington, D.C. 
Calendar 

Two semesters, summer sessions 
Student/Faculty Ratio 

14:1 



6 Introduction 



Number of Faculty (Fall 2005) 

594 full-time faculty with 498 in full-time teaching positions 
(97 percent of the full-time faculty hold a doctoral degree or 
the highest degree in their field); 428 adjunct faculty 

Freshman Profile (Fall 2005) 

Average unweighted high school GPA: 3.54 
Male/female ratio: 34/66 
Middle 50% SAT I: 1 1 80-1360 
Middle 50% ACT: 25-30 

Financial Aid 

Approximately 64 percent of students receive some form of 
financial aid 

Academic Divisions 

College of Arts and Sciences 
Kogod School of Business 
School of Communication 
School of International Service 
School of Public Affairs 
Washington College of Law 

Academic Programs 

56 bachelor's programs 

48 master's programs 

8 doctoral programs 

J.D., S.J.D, and LL.M. 

Students have the opportunity to create individual 

interdisciplinary programs at the bachelor's and masters's 

levels. Certificate programs and an associate degree program 

are offered as well. 

AU Abroad: Students may study in any subject area for a 

year, semester, or summer. More than 65 study abroad 

programs which span diverse cultures and languages on all 

continents are available, with intensive language study 

and/or internships offered at many sites. 

Abroad at AU: International students have the opportunity 

to attend American University for a semester or year and 

become fully integrated into the academic, social, and 

cultural life of the university. 

Consortium of Universities of the Washington 

Metropolitan Area: American University participates in a 

program through which students may take courses not 

offered by their home institutions at any of the other 

consortium member schools. 

University Honors Program: A comprehensive program of 

honors options drawn from the General Education 

curriculum and departmental course offerings for qualified 

undergraduate students. The program is characterized by 

small seminars, individualized attention from faculty, unique 

access to the resources of Washington, D.C., and the special 

atmosphere of an honors community of committed faculty 

and students. 

Washington Semester Program: undergraduate programs 

focusing on American politics (national government, public 

law); economic policy; gender and politics; international 

business and trade; international environment and 



development; international politics and foreign policy; 
justice; journalism; peace and conflict resolution, and 
transforming communities; all include internships. 

Campus Life 

The Office of Campus Life integrates students into a diverse 
university community; promotes their intellectual, social, 
and spiritual development; and, in collaboration with the 
faculty, prepares them for lifelong learning and global 
citizenship. 

Campus Life offices include: Academic Support Center; 
Community Service; Counseling Center; Disability Support 
Services; Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Ally 
Resource Center (GLBTA); Housing and Dining Programs; 
International Student & Scholar Services (ISSS); Kay 
Spiritual Life Center; Learning Services; Mediation 
Services; Multicultural Affairs; New Student Programs; and 
Student Health Center. 

Career Center 

Support and programs for internships, co-ops, off campus 
federal work study, career preparation, nationally 
competitive merit awards , and comprehensive career 
services at the undergraduate and graduate levels Students 
and employers use an on-line system — AU CareerWeb — to 
access internships and jobs as well as job fairs and campus 
interviews. 

Cocurricular Activities 

Students may participate in student government, residence 
hall government, student media (print, radio, and TV) and 
any of more than 160 clubs and organizations; 10 fraternities 
and 1 1 sororities; and varsity, recreational, and intramural 
sports. 

Honorary Societies 

Undergraduate students have the opportunity to be elected to 
the AU chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, the nation's oldest honorary 
scholastic society for exceptional academic achievement in the 
liberal arts. Election to the American University chapter of Phi 
Kappa Phi is also available for qualified students, as well as 
Golden Key (recognizing outstanding scholarship, service, and 
leadership for students in all academic fields) and the National 
Society of Collegiate Scholars (honoring students for outstand- 
ing scholarship and community service). 

Many academic disciplines have chapters of national honor 
societies as well: 

Alpha Kappa Psi (Lambda Nu Chapter): dedicated to 

professional development, ethical standards and service in 

business conduct 

Alpha Lambda Delta: honor society for outstanding 

scholastic achievement for first-year students 

Alpha Phi Sigma: national honor society for criminal justice 

recognizing scholarship in the justice field 

Beta Gamma Sigma: business management society 

Epsilon Chi Omicron: international business society seeking 

to enhance educational field and to provide networking 

opportunities 



Introduction 7 



Phi Beta Kappa (Phi Kappa Phi Chapter): for exceptional 

academic achievement in the liberal arts 

Pi Alpha Alpha: national honor society for public affairs and 

administration (graduate students only) 

Pi Alpha Delta: prelaw honor society open to all 

undergraduates 

Pi Sigma Alpha: national political science honor society 

recognizing academic and professional achievement 

Sigma Iota Rho (Alpha Chapter): offering interdisciplinary 

scholarly recognition for students in the field of international 

relations 

WAMU-FM Radio 

WAMU 88.5 FM is the leading public radio station for NPR 
news and information in the greater Washington, D.C. area. It is 
member-supported, professionally-staffed, and licensed to 
American University. Since 1961, WAMU has provided pro- 
gramming to a growing audience of more than 575,900 listeners 
in the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia. The sta- 
tion's 24-hour format blends a unique mixture of news, public af- 
fairs talk programming, and traditional American music. Home 
to a team of award-winning local reporters and acclaimed talk 
radio hosts, WAMU offers comprehensive coverage of local, na- 
tional, and international events. Deeply committed to the Wash- 
ington, D.C. metro area, WAMU produces regular and special 
programming that reflects the unique environment of the D.C. 
Metro area. The WAMU Community Council, a citizens' advi- 
sory panel, sponsors forums to find ways that radio can shed 
light on difficult problems and complicated issues. 

University Campus 

The 76-acre main campus and 8-acre Tenley satellite campus 
are within one mile of each other. The Washington College of 
Law is located on Massachusetts Avenue, a half mile from the 
main campus. 

University facilities include administrative and academic 
buildings; housing for about 3,900 students; an interdenomina- 
tional religious center; specialized natural science facilities; a 
computing center open 24 hours a day, plus 1 3 computer labora- 
tories around campus; two electronic auditoriums (one includes 
video conferencing capabilities); numerous classrooms with the 
latest in multimedia presentation capability; radio and TV stu- 
dios; recital halls; and a comprehensive, multipurpose sports and 
convocation center. 

The Harold and Sylvia Greenberg Theatre, the home of a 
300-seat performance auditorium for live theatre, dance, and 
music, as well as extensive backstage areas for dressings rooms, 
and scene and costume shops, is located at 4200 Wisconsin Ave. 
NW, just a short distance from AU's main campus and from the 
Tenleytown/AU Metro stop. 

The Katzen Arts Center features more than 130,000 square 
feet of space, including gallery space to exhibit the university's 
art collections, as well as work by American University's faculty 
and students; performance space; studio and educational areas; 
and classrooms. 



Residence Halls 

Six residence halls on the main campus accommodate 2,900 
students per year. The Park Bethesda apartment building, lo- 
cated two miles from campus, is managed by AU and can house 
585 graduate, law, and upper-class undergraduates. Three resi- 
dence halls on the Tenley Campus provide housing for 450 
Washington Semester students. 

University Library 

The Jack I. and Dorothy G Bender Library and Learning Re- 
sources Center serves as a gateway to a wide array of print re- 
sources and electronic information and offers many services to 
support student and faculty research. It provides access to exten- 
sive electronic information through more than 1 ,700 subscribed 
databases and other electronic resources. Print collections in- 
clude more than 1 million volumes, 1.1 million microforms, and 
2,750 journals. Media collections include 1 1,000 films, videos, 
and multimedia, and over 37,000 recordings and 1 3,000 musical 
scores. 

Primary access to the collections is through ALADIN, the 
web site for the Washington Research Library Consortium 
(WRLC). American University students and faculty may bor- 
row materials from all eight members of WRLC. Additional li- 
brary resources may be accessed via the library's CD-ROM 
network or through the AU library web site: www. 1 ibrary. amer- 
ican.edu/ . 

The library's Special Collections houses rare materials, such 
as books, manuscripts, and personal papers, including the 
Artemas Martin collection of mathematical texts, the Charles 
Nelson Spinks collection of artistic and historical works of Ja- 
pan, the Irwin M. Heine collection of literary works, and Chris- 
topher Johnson collection of William Faulkner books. Other 
significant collections include the John R. Hickman collection, 
the Friends of Colombia Archives, the Records of the National 
Peace Corps Association, the Records of the National Commis- 
sion on the Public Service, and the Records of Women Strike for 
Peace. 

Technology and Computing Resources 

All students receive an EagleNet user account, an "amer- 
ican.edu" e-mail address, and a personal web page, if desired. 
Computing resources are delivered via a fiber optic network pro- 
viding over 7,000 connection points, including all residence hall 
rooms. Wireless network access is also available throughout the 
entire campus. High-capacity dedicated Internet service is avail- 
able to everyone, and generous data storage for academic as- 
signments and e-mail is provided on state-of-the-art servers 
available 24 hours a day throughout the year, except for occa- 
sional maintenance periods. 

There are 1 9 computer laboratories on campus offering a va- 
riety of personal computer and Macintosh systems, as well as 
fee-based high-speed laser printing. There are general -purpose 
facilities available to all students, some open 24 hours a day dur- 
ing most of the academic year. There are also many specialized 



8 Introduction 



labs supporting specific academic disciplines. Use of these labs 
may be restricted to students taking relevant courses or enrolled 
in specific degree programs. Labs are staffed by full-time pro- 
fessionals, graduate assistants and student assistants who pro- 
vide support for a broad range of software applications. 

Trie EagleNet network provides students with access to 
site-licensed software and the resources of ALADIN, the uni- 
versity's on-line library catalog. ALADIN is the gateway to the 
library holdings of Washington-area universities that share ac- 
cess to a broad range of electronic research resources. EagleNet 
also enables students to participate in a growing number of 
courses that use the web to enhance the classroom experience. 
On-line academic collaboration is provided to the campus using 
software tools such as Blackboard Courselnfo and other elec- 
tronic resources. 

The Help Desk answers software questions and provides gen- 
eral computer troubleshooting assistance via telephone, web, 
and e-mail. Throughout the year a variety of training classes are 
offered to help members of the academic community use com- 
puting resources. 

Although limited dial-up facilities are available for 
off-campus use of EagleNet, nonresident students are encour- 
aged to arrange for Internet service through a private Internet 
provider. For those with laptop computers equipped with Ether- 
net network cards, public EagleNet access ports are available at 
various locations throughout campus. Laptop computers and 
other devices equipped for wireless communication using the 
802. 1 1 b standard can also be used anywhere on campus. 

All students must agree to the terms of the university's Policy 
on the Appropriate Use of Information Technology Resources 
which is in the Policies and Guidelines section of the Student 
Handbook. 

Protection of Research Subjects 

Protection of Human Subjects in Research 

Any research that includes experimenting on, interviewing, 
surveying, or observing human beings is subject to review to de- 
termine whether adequate provision has been made for the pro- 
tection of human subjects in accordance with strict federal 
regulations governing human subjects research. Unless deter- 
mined to be exempt, all research must be reviewed and approved 
by the AU Institutional Review Board for the Protection of Hu- 
man Subjects (IPvB) or one of its designees at the unit or depart- 
ment level. 

Researchers should contact their unit designee or the IRB 
through the compliance administrator in Sponsored Programs at 
202-885-3440 for further information and forms well in advance 
of the anticipated start date. No research involving human sub- 
jects can begin unless it has been exempted or approved. 
Protection of Animals in Research 

Any research involving the use of laboratory animals must be 
approved in advance by AU's Institutional Animal Care and Use 
Committee (I ACUC), which is charged with ensuring the proper 



use, care, and humane treatment of animals and enforcing rele- 
vant federal regulations. 

Researchers should contact their department chairs or the 
IACUC through the compliance administrator in Sponsored 
Programs at 202-885-3440 for further information and forms 
well in advance of the anticipated start date. No research involv- 
ing animals can begin until it has been approved. 

Athletics and Recreation 

American University encourages physical fitness throughout 
its community and strives to include in the educational experi- 
ence of all students habits of fitness that integrate a sound mind 
with a sound body. 

Athletics Mission Statement 

The Athletics Department will excel athletically in the Patriot 
League at the highest levels of achievement while maintaining 
the academic standards of the university and both the letter and 
spirit of the Patriot League Charter. In a fiscally and otherwise 
responsible manner, the Athletics Department will be a beacon 
of excellence and enthusiasm in the American University com- 
munity. 
Sports Center 

The Sports Center complex serves as home to the American 
University athletics program. The university features a nine- 
teen-sport NCAA Division I program which competes in the Pa- 
triot League (Army, Bucknell, Colgate, Holy Cross, Lafayette, 
Lehigh, and Navy). The university offers women's basketball, 
cross country, field hockey, indoor and outdoor track and field, la- 
crosse, soccer, swimming and diving, tennis, and volleyball, and 
men's basketball, cross country, golf, indoor and outdoor track and 
field, soccer, swimming and diving, tennis, and wrestling. 

American University students may attend Eagles 
home-ticketed sporting events free of charge by picking up tick- 
ets in advance of the game. With proper AU identification, stu- 
dents receive two tickets to each event. 

Up-to-the-minute information on AU athletics is available at 
the Eagles' official Web site at www.aueagles.com or by calling 
the AU Sports Hotline at 202-885-DUNK (x3865). 

Other special functions and major entertainment events occur 
throughout the year in Bender Arena. Tickets for both on- and 
off-campus events can be purchased at the Ticketmaster outlet 
located in the lobby of the arena. For all ticket information, call 
202-885-FANS (x3267). 
Athletics and Recreation Facilities 

American University's Sports Center houses Bender Arena, 
Reeves Aquatic Center, the William I Jacobs Fitness Center, and 
Athletics and Recreation Department offices. The center in- 
cludes four full-size basketball/volleyball courts, a 25-yard 
swimming pool, and a warm-up pool. Outdoor facilities include 
the Reeves soccer/lacrosse field, Greenberg running track, 
Reeves tennis courts, Jacobs intramural field and, two basket- 
ball courts behind the Sports Center. The William I Jacobs recre- 
ational complex, which opened in Fall 2005, includes an 



Introduction 9 



astroturf field hockey surface, a Softball field, state-of-the-art 
scoreboard, and two outdoor sand volleyball courts. 

The Jacobs Fitness Center is the central campus facility, pro- 
viding a supportive environment for fitness and health for all 
members of the AU community. Located off the lobby of the 
Sports Center, the Fitness Center is a state-of-the- art fitness area 
with a wide range of cardio equipment, strength machines, and 
weights. In addition, there are smaller fitness centers in each of 
the residence hall complexes and at the Tenley campus. The Fit- 
ness Center also provides a variety of services for additional fees 
including group exercise classes, yoga, personal training, fitness 
assessments, and locker rentals. The center is staffed with 
CPR-certified professionals who are dedicated to health and 
wellness, trained in the use of the equipment, and ready to assist 
with an exercise program to achieve personal health goals. 

Students with a valid AU ID who have registered for classes 
are eligible to use the Fitness Center. Memberships for the Fit- 
ness Center are also available at discounted fees for faculty, staff, 
and alumni. 

Hours of operation vary according to the academic calendar 
and scheduled university events in the arena. Specific informa- 
tion on the hours of operation is available on the web at 
www.american.edu/iacobsfitness or by calling the Info Line at 
202-885-6267. 

Intramural and Club Sports 

The Intramural Sports Program is an exciting and fun com- 
plement to a student's academic, cultural, and social education. 
The program offers a wide range of sports including basketball, 
flag football, soccer, softball, racquetball, golf, swimming, vol- 
leyball, and tennis. Different leagues are conducted in these 
sports for men, women, co-recreational groups, and varying skill 
levels. Involvement in intramurals is a wonderful opportunity 
for students to make new acquaintances, develop friendships 
and enjoy the benefits of exercise and physical activity. An Intra- 
mural Sports Program brochure listing all the rules and regula- 
tions of the program, as well as deadlines for signing up for 
various sports, may be obtained from the Intramural Office in 
the Sports Center lower level, Room G-03, 202-885-3050. 

Club Sports are student run and organized teams. They com- 
pete against colleges and universities around the country in the 
following areas: ballroom dance, crew, cycling, fencing, men's 
and women's ice hockey, men's and women's lacrosse, roller 
hockey, men's and women's rugby, women's soccer, women's 
softball, and men's and women's ultimate frisbee. Programs re- 
ceive funding from the Department of Athletics, supervised by 
the recreational sports office. 

On-Campus Services 

Dining Services and Stores 

The Terrace Dining Room (TDR), Marketplace, and Tavern 
are located in Mary Graydon Center. There is also a contract din- 
ing facility on the Tenley Campus. The Eagle's Nest carries 
food, magazines, newspapers, and toiletry items. Other stores 



and services in the Butler Pavilion include a bank, mailbox ser- 
vice/copy center, hair salon, cafe, and fast-food restaurant. 

The campus bookstore, located on the second and third floors 
of the Butler Pavilion, carries all required textbooks, a large se- 
lection of other books, all necessary supplies, stationery, Ameri- 
can University sportswear, and other items. 

Child Development Center 

American University's Child Development Center, located 
on campus, is a licensed and NAECP-accredited preschool for 
children iy 2 to 5 years old. Highly-qualified teachers, supported 
by trained work-study students, provide a developmentally ap- 
propriate program of active learning in the areas of physical, so- 
cial, emotional, and intellectual development. Children of 
students, faculty, and staff may be enrolled in this stimulating 
and nurturing full-day program. In addition, the center offers 
students from many disciplines a place to intern and observe, 
create, and test theories involving children. 
For more information on the Child Development Center: 
phone: 202-885-3330 e-mail: vgreen@american.edu 

Parking and Traffic 

Parking at American University is by permit or meter only, 
8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. Designated re- 
stricted lots and the Tenley Campus lots are enforced 24 hours a 
day, seven days a week. Visitors may purchase a guest permit 
from the Transportation Services office. 

All faculty, staff, and students must register their vehicles in 
the Transportation Services office by the end of the first day of 
classes of each semester. Vehicles brought to the university dur- 
ing the semester must be registered immediately. Students may 
not register a vehicle that is not registered in their family name. 
Freshmen and Washington Semester students are not permitted 
to have vehicles on campus or to park in Advisory Neighbor- 
hood Commissions 3D and 3E. 

Special access parking spaces are available around campus. 
Vehicles parked in these spaces must display valid handicap or 
disability license plates or permits. Temporary AU disability 
permits may be obtained from the Transportation Services of- 
fice. A physician's certification is required. 

For more information call 202-885-31 10. 

Shuttle Services 

American University encourages the use of the Washington, 
D.C. subway and bus system, Metrorail and Metrobus. A free 
shuttle service for students, faculty, staff, and visitors is available 
to and from the Tenleytown/AU Metrorail station, Tenley Cam- 
pus, Park Bethesda, and the Washington College of Law. Access 
for persons with disabilities is available. A valid AU ID card or 
Shuttle Guest Pass is required for all riders. Hours of operation 
are Monday through Thursday, 7:00 a.m. to 12:30 am; Friday, 
7:00 am. to 2:30 a.m.; Saturday, 8:00 a.m. to 2:30 a.m.; and 
Sunday, 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m. 

For a shuttle schedule or more information, call 202-885-3302 
or go to: www.american.edu/finance/dps/shuttle . 



10 Introduction 



Accreditation 

American University is accredited by the Middle States 
Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Associa- 
tion of Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, 
PA 19104, 267-284-5000. The Middle States Commission on 
Higher Education is an institutional accrediting agency recog- 
nized by the U.S. Secretary of Education and the Council for 
Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). American University 
is recognized as church-related by the University Senate of the 
United Methodist Church. A number of programs are individu- 
ally accredited by, or are members of, professional organiza- 
tions: 

• The Department of Chemistry at American University is 
accredited by the American Chemical Society (ACS), a 
specialized accrediting agency recognized by U.S. 
Department of Education. 

• The School of Education, Teaching, and Health at 
American University is accredited by the National Council 
for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), a 
specialized accrediting agency recognized by the U.S. 
Department of Education and the Council for Higher 
Education Accreditation. The School of Education, 
Teaching and Health, is also accredited by the National 
Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and 
Certification (NASDTEC), a specialized accrediting 
agency recognized by the Council for Higher Education 
Accreditation (both elementary and secondary). 

• The music program of the Department of Performing Arts 
at American University is an accredited institutional 
member of the National Association of Schools of Music, a 
specialized accrediting agency recognized by the U.S. 
Department of Education and the Council for Higher 
Education Accreditation. 

• Since 1 972, the doctoral program in clinical psychology of 
the Department of Psychology at American University has 
been accredited by the American Psychological 
Association, a specialized accrediting agency recognized 



by the U.S. Department of Education and the Council for 
Higher Education Accreditation. 
The School of Communication at American University is 
accredited by the Accrediting Council on Education in 
Journalism and Mass Communication, a specialized 
accrediting agency recognized by the Council for Higher 
Education Accreditation. 

The Kogod School of Business at American University is 
accredited by AACSB International, the Association to 
Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, a specialized 
accrediting agency recognized by the Council for Higher 
Education Accreditation. 

The School of International Service at American 
University is a member of the Association of Professional 
Schools of International Relations. 
The School of Public Affairs at American University is 
accredited by the Commission on Peer Review and 
Accreditation of the National Association of Schools of 
Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA), a 
specialized accrediting agency recognized by the Council 
for Higher Education Accreditation, and authorized to 
accredit master/masters degrees in public affairs and 
administration. American University's School of Public 
Affairs is a member of the Association for Public Policy 
Analysis and Management (APPAM) and the Academy of 
Criminal Justice Sciences. 

i The Washington College of Law at American University is 
approved by the American Bar Association (ABA) 
through ABA's Section of Legal Education and 
Admissions to the Bar, a specialized accrediting agency 
recognized by the U.S. Department of Education. 
American University's Washington College of Law is a 
member of the Association of American Law Schools. The 
law school also meets the requirements for preparation for 
the bar in all states and carries the certification for the 
United States District Court for the District of Columbia 
and the New York State Department of Education. 



Introduction 



Fall 2006 Enrollment 

Full-time undergraduates 5,674 

Part-time undergraduates 192 

Full-time and part-time graduate students 

(including Washington College of Law) 4,951 

Nondegree, certificate, and Washington Semester students 1 ,004 

Total 11,821 



College of Arts and Sciences 
Kogod School of Business 
School of Communication 
School of International Service 
School of Public Affairs 
Washington College of Law 



Degrees Conferred 2005-2006 



Bachelor's Master's Doctorate J.D. LL.M. 



413 


369 


43 


223 


186 




192 


158 




353 


367 


8 


271 


220 


9 

2 



406 



140 



Total 
825 
409 
350 
728 
500 
548 



University Total 



1,452 



1,300 



62 



406 



140 



3,360 



In 2005-2006, the graduation rate for undergraduate students who entered American University as full-time freshmen in 
fall 2001 was 72.0 percent. 



12 Introduction 



Undergraduate Programs 

Majors 

American Studies (B.A.) 

Anthropology (B.A.) 

Art History (B.A.) 

Audio Production (B.A.) 

Audio Technology (B.S.) 

Biochemistry (B.S.) 

Biology (B.S.) 

Business Administration (B.S. B.A.) 

Business Administration and Language and Culture Studies (B.S.) 

Chemistry (B.S.) 

Communication: Communication Studies (B.A.) 

Communication: Journalism (B.A.) 

Communication: Public Communication (B.A.) 

Communication: Visual Media (B.A.) 

Computer Science (B.S.) 

Economics (B.A., B.S.) 

Elementary Education (B.A.) 

Environmental Studies (B.A.) 

Fine Arts (B.F.A.) 

Foreign Language and Communication Media (B.A.) 

French Studies (B.A.) 

German Studies (B.A.) 

Graphic Design (B.A.) 

Health Promotion (B.S.) 

History (B.A.) 

Interdisciplinary Studies (B.A., B.S.) 

Interdisciplinary Studies: Communication, Legal 
Institutions, Economics, and Government (B.A.) 

International Studies (B.A.) 

Jewish Studies (B.A.) 

Justice (B.A.) 

Language and Area Studies: 

French/Europe (B.A.) Russian/ Area Studies (B.A.) 
German/Europe (B.A.) Spanish/Latin America (B.A.) 

Law and Society (B.A.) 

Liberal Studies (B.A.) 

Literature (B.A.) 

Marine Science (B.S.) 

Mathematics (B.S.) 

Mathematics, Applied (B.S.) 

Multimedia (B.A.) 

Music (B.A.) 

Performing Arts: Musical Theater (B.A.) 

Performing Arts: Theater (B.A.) 

Philosophy (B.A.) 

Physics (B.S.) 

Political Science (B.A.) 

Psychology (B.A.) 

Russian Studies (B.A.) 

Secondary Education (second major only) 

Sociology (B.A.) 

Spanish Studies (B.A.) 

Statistics (B.S.) 

Studio Art (B.A.) 

Women's and Gender Studies (B.A.) 

Minors 

American Studies 

Anthropology 

Anthropology, Applied 

Arab Studies 

Arabic 

Art History 

Audio Technology 



Biochemistry 

Biology 

Business Administration 

Chemistry 

Chinese 

Communication 

Computer Science 

Dance 

Economics 

Education Studies 

Environmental Science 

Finance 

French Language 

German Language 

Graphic Design 

Health Promotion 

History 

Information Systems and Technology 

Interdisciplinary Studies 

International Studies 

Israel Studies 

Japanese Language 

Jewish Studies 

Justice 

Language and Area Studies: 

French/Europe Japanese/Asia 
German/Europe Russian/Area Studies 
Italian/Europe Spanish/Latin America 

Literature 

Literature: Cinema Studies 

Marketing 

Mathematics 

Multi-Ethnic Studies 

Music 

North American Studies 

Philosophy 

Physics 

Physics, Applied 

Political Science 

Psychology 

Public Administration and Policy 

Quantitative Methods 

Real Estate 

Religion 

Russian Language 

Russian Studies 

Sociology 

Spanish Language 

Special Education 

Statistics 

Studio Art 

Theater 

Women's and Gender Studies 

Undergraduate Certificates 

Advanced Leadership Studies (SPA students) 

Arab Studies 

Asian Studies 

European Studies 

International Affairs 

Multi-Ethnic Studies 

Public Anthropology 

Statistics, Applied 

Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) 

Translation: French, German, Russian, or Spanish 

Women, Policy, and Political Leadership 



Introduction 13 



Graduate Programs 

Doctoral 

Anthropology (Ph.D.) 

Economics (Ph.D.) 

History (Ph.D.) 

International Relations (Ph.D.) 

Juridical Science (S.J.D.) 

Justice, Law and Society (Ph.D.) 

Political Science (Ph.D.) 

Psychology (Ph.D.) 

Public Administration (Ph.D.) 

Master's 

Accounting (M.S.) 

Applied Science (M.S.) 

Art History (M.A.) 

Biology (M.A., M.S.) 

Business Administration (M.B.A.) 

Chemistry (M.S.) 

Communication: Journalism and Public Affairs (M.A.) 

Communication: Producing for Film and Video (M.A.) 

Communication: Public Communication (M.A.) 

Computer Science (M.S.) 

Creative Writing (M.F.A.) 

Curriculum and Instruction (M.Ed) 

Development Management (M.S.) 

Economics (M.A.) 

Environmental Science (M.S.) 

Ethics, Peace, and Global Affairs (M.A.) 

Film and Electronic Media (M.F.A.) 

Film and Video (M.A.) 

Global Environmental Policy (M.A.) 

Health Promotion Management (M.S.) 

History (M.A.) 

Information Technology Management (M.S.) 

International Affairs (M.A.) 

tracks: 

Comparative and Regional Studies 

International Economic Policy 

International Politics 

Natural Resources and Sustainable Development 

United States Foreign Policy 

International Communication (M.A.) 

International Development (M.A.) 

International Legal Studies (LL.M.) 

International Media (M.A.) 

International Peace and Conflict Resolution (M.A.) 

International Service (M.I.S.) 

International Training and Education (M.A.) 

Justice, Law and Society (M.S.) 

Law (J.D.) 

Law and Government (LL.M.) 

Literature (M.A.) 

Mathematics (M.A.) 

Organization Development (M.S.O.D.) 

Performing Arts: Arts Management (M.A.) 

Philosophy (M.A.) 

Political Science (M.A.) 

Psychology (M.A.) 

Public Administration (M.P.A.) 

Public Anthropology (M.A.) 

Public Policy (M.P.P.) 



Sociology (M.A.) 

Spanish: Latin American Studies (M.A.) 

Special Education: Learning Disabilities (M.A.) 

Statistics (M.S.) 

Studio Art (M.F.A.) 

Taxation (M.S.) 

Teaching (M.A.T.) 

tracks: 

Elementary Education 

Secondary Education 

English for Speakers of Other Languages 

International Training and Development 
Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (M.A.) 

Graduate Certificates 

Arts Management 
Asian Studies 
Business: 

Advanced Tax Concepts 

Business Essential for Managers 

Entrepreneurship 

Financial Planning and Wealth Management 

International Business 

Leadership Essentials for Professionals 

Marketing Management 

Professional Health Management 

Real Estate Finance 

Tax 
Computer Science 
Cross-Cultural Communication 
Environmental Assessment 
European Studies 

International Development Management 
International Economic Relations 
Microeconomics, Applied 
North American Studies 

Organization Development, Fundamentals and Advanced 
Organizational Change 
Peacebuilding 

Postbaccalaureate Premedical 
Professional Development: 

Comparative and Regional Studies 

Global Environmental Policy 

International Communication 

International Development 

International Economic Policy 

International Peace and Conflict Resolution 

International Politics 

United States Foreign Policy 
Public Anthropology 
Public Financial Management 
Public Management 
Public Policy Analysis 
Social Research 
Statistics, Applied 
Teaching: Elementary 

Teaching: English for Speakers of Other Languages 
Teaching: Secondary 

Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) 
The Americas 

Translation: French, Russian, or Spanish 
Women, Policy, and Political Leadership 



Admission Requirements 

• Freshman and Transfer Students 

• Graduate Students 

• Nondegree Students 

• International Students 



Undergraduate Study 

To request application forms or for more information: 
phone: 202-885-6000 e-mail: admissions@american.edu 
Applicants may use the paper or online version of the Common 
Application, the AU paper application, or AU online application 
at: http://admissions.american.edu 

Applicants are responsible for requesting that leteres of rec- 
ommendation and official transcripts and test scores be sent di- 
rectly to the Admissions Office. American University's SAT 
and TOEFL code is 5007, and the ACT code is 0648. 

International applicants should refer to the international stu- 
dent guide Encounter the World for additional instructions. 
American University requires all applicants whose first lan- 
guage is not English, regardless of citizenship, to demonstrate 
English-language proficiency. For more information, see Eng- 
lish Language Requirements 

Freshman Admission Requirements 

To be considered for admission, applicants should: 

• Have graduated from a secondary school with at least 1 6 
academic units, including at least four units in English, three 
units in college preparatory mathematics (including the 
equivalent of two units in algebra and one unit of geometry), 
two units in foreign language(s), two units in lab science, 
and two units in social sciences. 

Applicants who hold General Education Diplomas (GEDs) 
may be admitted on the basis of satisfactory performance on 
SAT, ACT, and other such tests and transcripts. 

• Have a minimum academic average of above C. 

• Submit the results of either the SAT Reasoning test or the 
ACT with writing. 

Also recommended are the SAT Subject Mathematics Level 
II test (a score of 650 in Math II will fulfill the University 
Mathematics Requirement) and Foreign Language SAT 
Subject test for applicants who plan to continue the study of a 
foreign language begun in secondary school. 



Transfer Admission Requirements 

Students who wish to be considered for transfer admission 
must be in good academic and social standing at the school pre- 
viously attended. All applicants with a cumulative grade point 
average of at least 2.00 on a 4.00 scale from all schools attended 
(at AG-rated regionally accredited institutions) will be consid- 
ered. However, to be considered competitive for admission, ap- 
plicants need a minimum grade point average of 2.50. 

Applicants to individual schools should have maintained a 
cumulative minimum grade point average (on a 4.00 scale) from 
all schools attended as follows: 

Kogod School of Business 2.50 

School of Communication 2.50 

School of International Service 3.00 

School of Education, Teaching, and Health (College of 
Arts and Sciences) 2.70 

School of Public Affairs 2.50 

Transfer applicants must request each collegiate institution 
previously attended to send an official transcript of all work 
completed directly to the Admissions Office. Attendance at all 
institutions must be reported whether or not credit was earned 
and whether or not transfer credit is desired. Failure to report all 
previous academic work will be considered sufficient cause for 
rejection of an application or for dismissal from the university. 
Transfer applicants with fewer than 24 credit hours com- 
pleted at the time of application should also submit the second- 
ary school record and standardized test scores. 

Deadlines for Admissions Applications 

U.S. Freshman Admissions Application Deadlines 

• Fall Semester Early Decision: November 1 5 

• Fall Semester Regular Decision: January 15 

• Spring Semester: December 1 

• Summer Semester: April 1 

U.S. Transfer Student Admission Application Deadlines 

• Fall Semester: March 1 to be considered for 

scholarships/financial aid 

• Fall Semester: July 1 

• Spring Semester: November 1 

• Summer Semester: April 1 



15 



16 Admission Requirements 



International Freshman Admission Application Deadlines 

• Fall Semester Early Decision Freshmen: November 1 5 

• Fall Semester Regular Decision: January 1 5 

• Spring Semester: September 1 

International Transfer Admission Application Deadlines 

• Fall Semester: May 1 

• Spring Semester: September 1 

Due to visa regulations, international students may have restric- 
tions on applying for admission for the summer term. For more 
information, contact International Student & Scholar Services 
(ISSS) at 202-885-3350. 

University Honors Program Admission 

Incoming freshmen are admitted by invitation to the Univer- 
sity Honors Program, there is no separate application to apply. 
The top applicants for admission to the university will be consid- 
ered for the program and will be notified of this decision along 
with their admission letter. Admission to the program is highly 
competitive, with consideration of the student's grade point av- 
erage, the strength of the high school academic program, and 
standardized test scores as the most important factors in the se- 
lection process. Freshman and sophomores who were not in- 
vited as freshman but who demonstrate academic excellence, 
such as a cumulative grade point average of 3.60 or higher, rigor- 
ous coursework, innovative research, etc., may nominate them- 
selves for admission to the program after completing two full 
time academic semesters at American University. To begin the 
nomination process, students should contact the University 
Honors Center at honors@american.edu. 
Notice of Admission 

General admission freshman applicants whose applications 
and supporting documents have been received by the Admis- 
sions Office by February 1 are notified of the decision on their 
applications by April 1 . 

Early decision applicants are notified of the decision by De- 
cember 3 1 ; at that time early decision applicants may be admit- 
ted, denied admission, or deferred until the general admission 
date of April 1 . 

Transfer applicants are notified of decisions as they are made. 

Full-time undergraduates are required to pay a nonrefundable 
tuition deposit to reserve a place in the class. 

Complete detailed instructions for replying to the admission 
offer are provided with the notice of acceptance. 
Early Admission 

American University offers the opportunity for admission a 
year earlier than normal to freshman applicants whose ability, 
academic achievement, and general maturity indicate that they 
are ready to begin collegiate work. 

Applicants are considered on their own merit. However, the 
major factors important to evaluation are: 

• the secondary school record, with special reference to 
grades achieved and the pattern of courses taken; 

• performance on the Scholastic Assessment Test I (SAT I) or 
the American College Test (ACT); 



• the recommendation of the secondary school principal or 
counselor and two teacher recommendations; 

• a letter from the applicant stating the reasons for seeking 
early admission; and 

• possibly, an interview with a screening committee. 
Early Decision 

Freshman applicants whose first choice is American Univer- 
sity are encouraged to apply as early decision candidates. Stu- 
dents admitted under the early decision plan learn of their 
admission by December 3 1 and receive first consideration for 
scholarships, financial aid, housing, and registration. The uni- 
versity, in turn, is assured that these students will enroll if admit- 
ted. 

The deadline for applying for early decision is November 1 5, 
at which time all documents, including the $45 application fee, 
must be on file with the Admissions Office. Early decision appli- 
cants may initiate applications to other schools before notifica- 
tion, but if they are admitted to American University as early 
decision candidates, they must submit a tuition prepayment by 
February 1 and withdraw all applications to other colleges and 
universities. 

Early decision applicants are evaluated by the same criteria as 
all other freshman applicants. They may be admitted to the uni- 
versity in December, denied admission, or have their application 
deferred until the general admission reply date of April 1 . Stu- 
dents deferred until April are released from the commitment to 
attend if admitted. 
Learning Services Program 

American University offers a structured program for entering 
freshmen with learning disabilities who are seeking additional 
support. Students interested in the Learning Services Program 
must identify themselves in the regular admissions process and 
submit a supplementary application to the program at the time 
they apply to the university. Further information is available 
from the Academic Support Center at 202-885-3360 or 
asc@american.edu . 

Admission from Nondegree Status 

Students wishing to transfer from nondegree status at Ameri- 
can University to undergraduate degree status must submit a for- 
mal application for admission to the Admissions Office. If a 
student is accepted into an undergraduate degree program, a 
maximum of 30 credit hours may be transferred from nondegree 
status to the degree program. 
Admission for Part-time Study 

An undergraduate student enrolled in fewer than 1 2 credit 
hours is considered a part-time student. Part-time degree appli- 
cants are required to meet the same standards for admission as 
full-time freshman or transfer applicants. 

Applicants considering part-time study in a degree program 
are cautioned that they may be unable to complete the necessary 
course work for some degree programs by attending evening 
classes only. Before applying they should consult with the de- 






Admission Requirements 1 7 



partment of their proposed major to ascertain whether the re- 
quired courses will be available to them. 
Readmission 

An undergraduate student whose studies at the university are 
interrupted for any reason for a period of one semester (exclud- 
ing the summer sessions) must submit a formal application for 
readmission and a reapplication fee to the Admissions Office at 
least two months before the beginning of the semester or sum- 
mer session for which the student wishes to be readmitted, un- 
less written permission to study at another collegiate institution 
was secured in advance or the student has been granted an offi- 
cial leave of absence. 

Students who were in good standing when they left the uni- 
versity and who have maintained a satisfactory grade point aver- 
age at another school are virtually assured readmission. It is to a 
student's advantage to apply for readmission as early as possible 
so that he or she may register during the advance registration pe- 
riod. 

A student who is readmitted is subject to the academic re- 
quirements and regulations in effect at the time of readmission. 

Graduate Study 

Application for graduate study is made directly to the school 
or department offering the degree program and is self-managed. 
As graduate programs are highly individualized, applicants are 
encouraged to schedule an appointment with an academic advi- 
sor in the appropriate department. 

Applicants are responsible for requesting that official tran- 
scripts and test scores be sent directly from the issuing institu- 
tions to the appropriate graduate admissions office. Attendance 
at all institutions must be reported whether or not credit was 
earned. Failure to report all previous academic work (under- 
graduate and graduate) will be considered sufficient cause for re- 
jection of an application or for dismissal from the university. 

International applicants should refer to International Student 
Information for additional instructions. American University re- 
quires all applicants whose first language is not English, regard- 
less of citizenship, to demonstrate English-language 
proficiency. For more information, see English Language Re- 
quirements 

Admission Requirements 

The minimum university admission requirements for gradu- 
ate study are outlined below. Please refer to the appropriate col- 
lege, school, and department program requirements for 
additional requirements. 

• A bachelor's degree earned at an accredited college or 
university. 

• At least a 3.00 cumulative grade point average (on a 4.00 
scale) in the undergraduate program, calculated on the last 
60 credit hours of course work completed. 

• A cumulative grade point average of at least 3.00 (on a 4.00 
scale) in all relevant graduate work for which a grade has 
been awarded. 



An applicant for graduate study may be admitted without ref- 
erence to the undergraduate average if the applicant has main- 
tained either a 3.30 (on a 4.00 scale) cumulative grade point 
average in a master's degree program completed at an accredited 
institution, or a 3.50 (on a 4.00 scale) cumulative grade point av- 
erage in the last 12 credit hours of a master's or doctoral degree 
program still in progress at such an institution at the time the ap- 
plication is evaluated, or in graduate work taken in nondegree 
status at American University and applicable to the degree pro- 
gram which is being applied for. 

An applicant for graduate study may be admitted without a 
bachelor's degree earned at an accredited college or university 
or without reference to the undergraduate average provided that 
he or she is a midcareer person from government or the private 
sector who has not attended school full-time for at least eight 
years and is applying for admission to a professional master's 
degree program. This exception must be justified by an evalua- 
tion of the applicant's work performance and his or her organiza- 
tion's recommendation. 

Provisional Standing 

Each college, school, or department of the university may ad- 
mit to provisional standing a limited number of students who do 
not meet the minimum standards of either the university or the 
teaching unit. By the end of one full semester of full-time study 
or after the first 9 to 1 2 credit hours of part-time study, the stu- 
dent will be evaluated by the college, school, or department. 
Continuation in the graduate program will be permitted on fa- 
vorable appraisal of the student's performance. 

The provisional admission status of a graduate student who 
does not give satisfactory evidence of capability will be with- 
drawn. This constitutes dismissal of the student. 

Admission from Nondegree Status 

Students wishing to transfer from nondegree status at Ameri- 
can University to graduate degree status must submit a formal 
application for admission. If a student is accepted into a graduate 
degree program, up to 12 credit hours of graduate- level course 
work completed in nondegree status may be applied to a gradu- 
ate degree program, or up to 21 credit hours earned in a com- 
pleted graduate certificate program. 

Readmission 

After expiration of the time limit for completion of a graduate 
degree program, readmission may be granted once for a period 
of three years (less any time given in previous extensions of can- 
didacy), subject to the requirements of the particular degree in 
effect at the time of readmission, and may involve taking addi- 
tional courses or other work or both. When a student is readmit- 
ted under these circumstances, the length of time that the student 
will be given to complete degree requirements and any addi- 
tional courses, examinations, or other requirements which are 
deemed necessary by the teaching unit will be specified. Stu- 
dents applying for graduate readmission must pay a fee. 



1 8 Admission Requirements 



Nondegree Study 

A student who does not wish or is not ready to pursue a degree 
program but desires to take credit courses may be qualified to 
enroll as a nondegree student. Nondegree students may register 
for any university course for which they have the necessary aca- 
demic background and qualifications. Many students begin their 
studies in nondegree status and apply the credit they have earned 
toward a degree program in one of the schools or colleges of the 
university. Nondegree students begin registration with the 
nondegree advisor in the appropriate school or college. 

Undergraduate-level courses are open to high school gradu- 
ates; students in good standing at other accredited colleges and 
universities; students with an undergraduate degree; and 
high-school students who have a B average and the recommen- 
dation of their high school counselor or principal. 

Graduate-level courses are open to students who have com- 
pleted a bachelor's degree. 

The following students ordinarily may not register in 
nondegree status: 

• Students currently enrolled as undergraduate or graduate 
degree students in any of the member institutions of the 
Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan 
Area 

• American University students who have not completed 
their degree programs 

• Students who have been dismissed from American 
University or another college or university within the 
previous twelve months 

International Student Admission 

The following regulations apply to all students who are 
not citizens or "permanent residents" of the United States of 
America. 

All international students applying for admission must sub- 
mit the appropriate documents well in advance to undergraduate 
admissions or to the graduate office of the school or college to 
which they are applying. Photocopied or faxed documents are 
not accepted for evaluation purposes. Transcripts for interna- 
tional applicants must be submitted for all secondary schools at- 
tended. Documents must be in the language of instruction of the 
issuing school and must be accompanied by an official English 
translation. 

Visa Requirements 

Students in nonimmigrant F-l or J-l status are required by 
U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) regulations 
to enroll for and maintain a full-time course load during the fall 
and spring semesters. If the student's first term is a summer ses- 
sion, the full-time course load requirement will apply for that 
summer. It is the individual student's responsibility to comply 
with INS regulations. 



To meet the INS full-time course load requirements at Ameri- 
can University each semester, undergraduate students are re- 
quired to register for a minimum of 1 2 credit hours, graduate 
students for a minimum of 9 credit hours, and law students in the 
master's program for a minimum of 8 credit hours. Any change 
in registration which results in a course load below these mini- 
mum requirements must be authorized by International Student 
& Scholar Services (ISSS) in consultation with the student's ac- 
ademic advisor. 

Students in F-l or J-l status who fail to meet these require- 
ments are considered by INS to be "out-of-status" and lose their 
eligibility for all immigration benefits including on-campus em- 
ployment and practical training and are subject to deportation. 

All students in F-l nonimmigrant status are required to at- 
tend, initially, the educational institution which issued the Certif- 
icate of Eligibility (1-20) used to obtain the F-l status. 

Students in F-l or J-l status are reminded that a change of 
school from one U.S. educational institution to another or a 
change of program within the same educational institution must 
be made according to INS regulations. At American University 
such changes are processed through International Student & 
Scholar Services (ISSS), Butler Pavilion 410. 

Students in Exchange Visitor (J- 1 ) status requesting a transfer 
to American University should consult with ISSS before regis- 
tering for classes. Transfer from one exchange visitor program to 
another requires a release from the previous program sponsor 
and/or the approval of the INS. It is advisable that all students en- 
tering the university in J- 1 status at the time of admission consult 
with ISSS before registering for classes. 

Questions concerning INS regulations should be directed to 
International Student & Scholar Services (ISSS), Butler Pavil- 
ion 410; telephone 202-885-3350; fax 202-885-3354. Regular 
office hours are Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

English Language Requirements 

American University generally requires all students whose 
first language is not English, regardless of citizenship, to take 
one of the following exams and achieve the indicated scores to 
demonstrate English-language proficiency: Graduate students 
should check specific admission requirements for their degree 
program for required test scores. 

• TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language): score 550 
or higher on the paper-based test or 213 or higher on the 
computer-based test or 80 or higher on the Internet-based 
test 

• SAT I: Reasoning Test (Verbal): score 530 or higher 

• SAT II: Subject Test-English Language Proficiency Test 
(ELPT): score 970 or higher 

• International English Language Testing System (IELTS) 
score 6.5 or higher 

Examination results should be sent directly to the university. 
American University's SAT and TOEFL code is 5007. 



Tuition, Expenses, and 
Financial Aid 

• Tuition, Housing and Dining, and Fees 

• Undergraduate Financial Aid 

• Graduate Financial Aid 

• Veteran's Benefits 



Undergraduate students who register for 1 2 to 1 7 credit hours 
are assessed tuition at the full-time rate. Undergraduate students 
who register for fewer than 12 credit hours are assessed tuition 
based on the number of credit hours taken. Undergraduate stu- 
dents who register for more than 1 7 credit hours are charged the 
full-time tuition rate with an additional charge for each credit 
hour over 1 7. 

Graduate and nondegree students are assessed tuition per 
credit hour. 

Washington College of Law (WCL) students are assessed tui- 
tion on the same basis as undergraduates students. However, the 
WCL tuition rate differs from that of the rest of the university. 

The off-campus tuition rate differs from the rate for 
on-campus courses. Full-time undergraduate students, however, 
who register for courses both on and off campus are assessed tui- 
tion at the on-campus full-time rate. 

Given the probable continuation of current economic condi- 
tions, as well as the need to continue to accelerate the academic de- 
velopment of the university, it is reasonable to expect that tuition 
and fee increases will be required each year in the near future. 



Tuition 

Undergraduate Students 

Full-time (12-17 credit hours) SI 5, 479 

(Above 1 7 hours, $973 per additional credit hour) 
Part-time (per credit hour) 1,031 

Graduate Students 

Full- and part-time: (per credit hour) 1,111 

MBA Program 

12 or more credit hours (per semester) .... $13,702 

Fewer than 1 2 credit hours (per credit hour) ... 1 ,048 

Law Students 

Full-time (12-17 credit hours) $18,232 

(Above 1 7 hours, $ 1 ,274 per additional credit hour) 
Part-time (per credit hour) 1 ,350 

Nondegree Students 

Course level 100-400 (per credit hour) $1,031 

Course level 500 and above (per credit hour) . . . 1,111 

Off-Campus Programs 

(per credit hour) 935 

Note: Auditors pay the same charges as students enrolled for 
credit and are subject to all applicable special fees. 

Non-AU Study Abroad Fee 

For all American University students participating in 
non-AU study abroad programs via a Permit to Study 
Abroad. 

Fall or spring (per semester) $2,000 

Summer 1,000 



19 



20 Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 



Housing 

On Campus 

Residence charges are for each semester. 

Residence Hall Association Fee $14.00 

Main campus and Tenley campus: Anderson, 
Hughes, Leonard, Letts, and McDowell Halls; 
Congressional, Capital, and Federal Halls 

Single Occupancy $4,886 

Single Occupancy with bath (Tenley) 5,707 

Double Occupancy 3,896 

Triple Occupancy 2,846 

Centennial Hall 

Single Occupancy 5,707 

Double Occupancy 3,896 

Off-Campus 

Park Bethesda 

For more information contact Housing and Dining Programs at 
202-885-3370 or go to: www.american.edu/ocl/housing 

Meal Plan 

Meal plan charges are by contract per semester: 

Super Plan: Unlimited access to TDR $2,210 

200 Block: 200 TDR meals, $300 in EagleBuck$ 2, 1 90 
150 Block: 150 TDR meals, $300 in EagleBuck$ 2,010 
1 00 Block: 1 00 TDR meals, $300 in EagleBuck$ 1 ,500 
75 Block: 75 TDR meals, $300 in EagleBuck$ . . 1 ,270 
Freshmen and first-year transfer students residing on campus 
are required to enroll in a Super, 200 Block, or 1 50 Block 
meal plan. Those freshman and first-year transfer students 
who do not sign up for one of the three meal plans by August 
15, 2007 will automatically be enrolled in the 150 Block 
meal plan. 

Students residing off campus and those not enrolled as first 
year students, including Washington Semester students, may 
select from any of the five meal plans. Washington Semester 
students will automatically be assigned to the 1 50 Block Plus 
meal plan and will then have the option to move to any other 
meal plan. 

Students have the first 1 5 days of each semester to make 
changes to their meal plan. Meal plan changes will not be 
made after that time. All meal plan changes have to be made 
at Housing and Dining Programs, Anderson Hall. 

For more information contact Housing and Dining Programs at 
202-885-3370 or go to: www.american.edu/ocl/housing 

Fees 

Note: The following fees are not included in tuition rates 
and are nonrefundable. 

Additional course and laboratory fees are also nonrefundable 
and are listed in the Schedule of Classes at: 
http://american.edu/american/registrar/schedule.html 



Registration 

Late Registration (effective the first day of the term) 

(per semester) $50 

Sports Center Fee (mandatory for all students) 

Full-time (per semester) 65 

Part-time (per semester) 30 

Technology Fee (mandatory for all students) 

Full-time (per semester) 95 

Part-time (per semester) 30 

Faculty/Staff Registration 

For employees of the university or their spouses or 

domestic partners registering under the tuition remission 

benefit, (per semester) 50 

Alumni Audit Program Registration 

(per semester) 100 

Student Accounts 

American Installment Plan (AIP) 

Program Fee (per year) $60 

Late fee for Installment Plan payments (per month) . 40 
All other late student account payments: 

Based on account balance, see Late Payment and 

Financial Restrictions 

Registration reinstatement 100 

Returned check 25 

(for all personal check and e-check occurences not honored 
by the bank) 
Health Insurance 

(per year) $1,325 

For spring/summer (1/1/08-8/20/08) 845 

For summer only (5/15/08-8/20/08) 360 

Parking (per year) 

Student Commuter $880 

Part-time Student Commuter 335 

(undergraduate and law students, fewer than 12 credit 
hours; graduate students, fewer than 9 credit hours; 
proof of part-time enrollment must be provided) 

Resident Student 880 

Student Motorcycle 335 

Faculty/Staff 1,325 

Part-time Staff 660 

Staff Motorcycle 440 

Daily 12.00 

Meters (per hour) 2.00 

Graduate Students 

Graduate Student Association (mandatory for all full-time 
and part-time graduate students each semester) 

Full-time and part-time students (per semester) . $30 
Maintaining Matriculation (each semester) .... 1111 
SIS Program Fee (for SIS master's students admitted 

for fall 2004 and after) 

Full-time (9 or more credit hours) 

(per semester) $750 

Part-time (6-8 credits hours) 

(per semester) $500 



Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 21 



Master's and Doctoral Comprehensive Examination 

Application 25 

Additional fee if in absentia 100 

Microfilming of Master's Thesis or Case Study ... 25 

Microfilming of Doctoral Dissertation 35 

Student ID Card Replacement 15 

Diploma Replacement 25 

Transcripts no charge 

Application fees vary by school, refer to individual school 
(CAS, KSB, SOC, SIS, SPA, WCL) web site for fee 
amount and application information. 

Undergraduate Students 

Student Confederation (mandatory for all undergraduate 
degree students each semester) 

Full-time students (per semester) $73.50 

Part-time students (per semester) 15 

Student ID Card Replacement 15 

Diploma Replacement Fee 25 

Transcripts no charge 

AEL (Assessment of Experiential Learning) Program 

Portfolio Assessment 250 

Posting Portfolio Credit on Academic Record 

(per credit hour/ maximum of 30 credits) 20 

Undergraduate Paper Application (no fee online)/ 
Readmission 45 

Law Students 

General Fee (per semester) 

Full-time 203 

Part-time 148 

Summer 32 

Law School JD Application /Readmission $65 

Law School LLM Application $55 



Payment of Charges 

Students and student-authorized parents may make e-check 
payments through the web portal at myamerican.edu . For more 
information, call Student Accounts at 202-885-3588. 
Personal check payments may be mailed to: 

American University 

Student Accounts 

P.O.Box 17539 

Baltimore, MD 21297-1539 

Other correspondence should be sent to: 

American University 

Student Accounts 

Asbury 300 

4400 Massachusetts Ave NW 

Washington, DC 20016-8073 

Payments may also be made in person at Student Accounts, 
Asbury 300, Monday through Friday, 9:30 am to 5:00 pm. 

Advance Registration/Direct Registration 

Students registering during advance registration with billing 
for the semester must pay the balance due on or before the due 
date as indicated on the bill. 

Students registering after the advance registration period (di- 
rect registration) must pay the balance due, less expected finan- 
cial aid, on the day they register. 
The American Guaranteed Tuition Single 
Payment Plan 

Available to incoming freshmen, this plan allows students to 
stabilize tuition expenses by prepaying four years' tuition at the 
entering academic year rate. For more information call Minh 
Phung at 202-885-3559. 
American Installment Plan 

The American Installment Plan (AIP) is available to all 
full-time students. This plan covers the academic year and re- 
quires ten monthly payments from June 1 through March 1 , or 
twelve monthly payments from May 1 through April 1. For 
more information, call Student Accounts at 202-885-3541. 

Late Payment and Financial Restrictions 

A finance charge may be assessed against a student's account 
for failure to meet the initial payment due date. The university 
will use a rate of 1 percent per month to compute the finance 
charge. The university figures the finance charge on the student's 
account by applying the 1 percent per month to the adjusted bal- 
ance of the student's account. 

In addition, failure to make payment when due will result in a 
financial "restriction" being placed on the student's account. The 
financial restriction will result in a "hold" being placed on the 
student's academic records, including transcript and diploma, 
and may also result in denial of advance registration and use of 
the payment plan or other credit privileges. 

If a student's courses are dropped due to nonpayment, a finan- 
cial restriction will be placed on his or her account. Restrictions 



22 Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 



may be removed following the reinstatement of all courses origi- 
nally dropped. To reinstate courses, the student must make ar- 
rangements with the Collections Office and pay the account in 
full (including a $100 reinstatement fee and all associated fi- 
nance charges). The university reserves the right to delay clear- 
ance until a personal check or e-check clears a financial 
institution. 

A student who has once had a financial restriction placed 
against his or her account may be denied future advance registra- 
tion and payment plan privileges even though the student has 
been reinstated upon payment of the reinstatement fee. Repeated 
failure to make payments when due may result in severance of 
the student's relationship with the university. 

Students who incur financial obligations in the parking and 
traffic office, library, health center, or athletic department may 
be subject to late payment fees and financial restriction proce- 
dures. 

Students who fail to pay tuition or fees will be responsible for 
all costs of collection, including attorney's fees in the amount of 
15 percent of the balance due. 

Employer or Agency Tuition Assistance 

A student requesting employer or agency billing arrange- 
ments must furnish Student Accounts with a valid contract or 
purchase order before the first day of classes. 

A contract or purchase order must contain the following in- 
formation: (1) student name and ID number, (2) term of atten- 
dance, (3) specific costs (and dollar amounts) to be paid 

by the sponsor (tuition, books, supplies, fees), (4) sponsor's 
billing address, and (5) contract or purchase order number or ac- 
counting appropriation, if applicable. Documentation submitted 
in lieu of a valid purchase order will not relieve a student of fi- 
nancial responsibility. 

In case of partial assistance, the student is required to pay the 
balance of his or her tuition costs at the time of registration in or- 
der to be considered registered. A student portion which quali- 
fies for one of the university payment plans is to be paid 
according to that plan. Failure to comply will result in the assess- 
ment of a 1 percent per month finance charge. (See Late Pay- 
ment and Financial Restrictions, above.) 

A student entitled to Campus Store credit may obtain a book 
charge form from Student Accounts. Purchases are permitted 
through the end of the Add/Drop period. 

Failure to submit vouchers in a timely manner may result in 
the assessment of late fees. A student is responsible for payment 
of any billed amounts which have been disallowed by his or her 
sponsor 
Employee Tuition Benefits 

Only full-time permanent faculty or staff employees of 
American University are eligible for tuition benefits. There is a 
nonrefundable $50 registration fee each semester, in addition to 
any special course fees, and mandatory sport, technology, and 
activity fees. Late registration fees are not applicable to faculty 
and staff using employee tuition benefits. 



The Tuition Remission Application is available online at 
my.american.edu . For more information, contact Human 
Resources at 202-885-2591. 

Refunds and Cancellation of Charges 

Course Drops 

Students who reduce their course load (except for full-time 
undergraduates maintaining 1 2 credit hours or more) by drop- 
ping courses during the refund period of the semester will have 
the course tuition cancellation calculated as of the date of the 
course drop. The student's account must show a credit balance 
before a refund will be processed. 

MBA modules and other courses on nonstandard schedules 
have different refund policies, percentages, and dates. In addi- 
tion, tuition and fee refund policies and deadlines for study 
abroad and other special programs may differ by program and 
location. Students should check with the appropriate office for 
specific guidelines. 

Discontinuing attendance in class or notifying an instructor 
does not constitute an official course drop. 

Withdrawal 

Students who completely withdraw from the university must 
submit the appropriate forms to the Office of the Registrar and 
Housing and Dining Programs. The amount of tuition to be can- 
celed will be calculated as of the date which the withdrawal 
forms are received in the Office of the Registrar and in accor- 
dance with the tuition cancellation schedule, below. If the with- 
drawal results in a refund, the request for refund should be made 
in Student Accounts. The student's account must show a credit 
balance before a refund will be processed. 

Discontinuing attendance in classes or notifying instructors 
does not constitute an official withdrawal. Students who do not 
officially withdraw during the cancellation period by submitting 
the appropriate forms to the Office of the Registrar will be re- 
sponsible for payment of the full amount of the applicable tuition 
and fees. 
Tuition Cancellation Schedule 

The cancellation percentage is based on the date of the 

course drop or withdrawal: 

Drop/Withdrawal through the second calendar week 

ofclasses 100% 

Drop/Withdrawal through the third calendar week 

ofclasses 50% 

Drop/Withdrawal through the fourth calendar week 

ofclasses 25% 

Withdrawal after the fourth calendar week 

ofclasses NONE 

Note: the calendar week for cancellation of tuition ends on Fri- 
day (adjustments are made for legal holidays that fall within the 
first four weeks of the semester). Students should check the Aca- 
demic Calendar for specific dates for each semester. 



Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 23 



Housing 

Requests for cancellation of room charges must be initiated 
by the student in writing to Housing and Dining Programs, An- 
derson Hall, by the withdrawal deadlines. The student must then 
request any applicable refund through Student Accounts. 

The cancellation percentage is based on the date of 

withdrawal: 

Withdrawal through the first calendar week 

of the semester 75% 

Withdrawal in the second calendar week 

of the semester 50% 

Withdrawal in the third calendar week 

of the semester 25% 

Withdrawal after the third calendar week 

of the semester NONE 

Note: academic dismissal will result in a prorated charge for 
the weeks the student resided in university housing. 
Meal Plan 

Students will only be permitted to decrease or drop their meal 
plan during the first 15 days of the semester. Meal plan adjust- 
ments are made on a daily prorated basis, not by the number of 
meals used. Requests for meal plan cancellations must be initi- 
ated in person at one of the Housing and Dining Programs loca- 
tions, Rockwood Building or Anderson Hall. Students then 
request any applicable refund through Student Accounts. Meal 
plan increases or sign-ups may be done at any time during the se- 
mester. 



Medical Withdrawal Policy 

No special waiver or refund of tuition and fees is made when 
a student discontinues attending classes due to medical reasons. 
However, when a student is hospitalized on an emergency basis 
and is therefore unable to formally withdraw from classes, the 
Registrar is authorized to process a retroactive withdrawal based 
on the last date that the student attended class. The student must 
present evidence of his or her hospitalization and the date of last 
attendance in class as verified by the instructor. Provided that the 
retroactive withdrawal date falls within the tuition cancellation 
period, the student's account will be adjusted accordingly. 

Tuition Refund Insurance 

The Tuition Refund Plan can minimize financial loss in- 
curred in a medical withdrawal from the university. This elective 
insurance plan provides coverage for tuition and housing 
charges. The plan extends and enhances the university's pub- 
lished refund policy. To participate, applications and fees must 
be returned before the first day of fall semester classes. For spe- 
cific benefits and limitations, premium, and other information, 
contact the student health insurance coordinator at 
202-885-3298. 



24 Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 



Undergraduate Financial Aid 



For more information contact Financial Aid at 202-885-6 1 00 
or e-mail: financialaid@american.edu or go to: 
http://admissions.american.edu 
"Financing Your Undergraduate Education" 

Application for Financial Aid 

American University has an extensive program of scholar- 
ships, loans, and grants. The federal programs in which Ameri- 
can University participates include: Federal Perkins Loans, 
Federal Direct Stafford Loans, Parent Loans for Undergraduate 
Students (PLUS), Federal Pell Grants, Federal Supplemental 
Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG), and Federal 
Work-Study (FWS). To receive consideration for financial aid, a 
student must be a United States citizen or eligible non-citizen in 
a degree program. 

All new or readmitted undergraduate students must follow 
these steps to receive priority consideration for financial aid: 

• Submit admissions applications and all necessary 
supporting documents to the Admissions Office by the 
appropriate deadlines. 

• New Early Decision freshman applicants must submit the 
American University Institutional Financial Aid 
Application (IFAA) by November 15 

New Regular Decision freshman applicants must submit 

the IFAA by February 15 

New transfer applicants must submit the IFAA by March 1 

• All undergraduate students must complete a current Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The FAFSA 
must be received by the federal processor no later than 
February 1 5 for all freshman applicants and no later than 
March 1 for all transfer applicants." 

• Complete and submit any other documents as requested by 
Financial Aid. 

New students should not wait to be admitted before filing the 
FAFSA and AU Supplement. A financial aid application has no 
bearing on a student's admission application. However, a stu- 
dent will not receive final consideration for aid until he or she is 
admitted to a degree program. 



Notification Dates: 

Early Decision Freshmen 

Regular Decision Freshmen 

Transfer 

Continuing Undergraduates 



January 

April 

Beginning May 

Beginning March 



Satisfactory Academic Progress 

Recipients of federal (Title IV) or institutional funds must 
maintain satisfactory academic progress toward their degree ob- 
jective to remain eligible for financial assistance. 
Minimum Standards 

• Full-time undergraduate financial aid recipients must 
maintain at least a 2.00 cumulative grade point average and 
complete 24 credit hours per academic year. 

• Part-time undergraduate financial aid recipients must 
maintain at least a 2.00 cumulative grade point average and 
complete four-fifths (80 percent) of all attempted credit 
hours. 

• All students must complete their academic program within 
150 percent of the normal time limit of that academic 
program as defined in the Academic Regulations. 

• Merit-based scholarship recipients may have different 
standards than those listed above. Please refer to the original 
award notification regarding merit award eligibility criteria. 

Special Considerations 

The following alternative grading options do not count to- 
ward the grade point average but do have an impact on students' 
satisfactory academic progress: 

• Withdrawals (W), Administrative Withdrawals (ZL), 
Audits (L), and Fails on Pass/Fail option (ZF) count as 
credits attempted but not earned, and have no impact on the 
grade point average. 

• Incompletes (I), Unreported Grades (N), and 
Administrative Failures (ZX) count as credits attempted but 
not earned, and are factored as a grade of F. 

• Pass (P) counts as credits attempted and earned, but has no 
impact on the grade point average. 

• In Progress (IP) courses are excluded from the calculation in 
the initial academic progress evaluation. Students have one 
calendar year from the beginning of the course to 
successfully complete the course. If not completed in that 
time frame, the course counts as credits attempted but not 
earned, and is factored as a grade of F. 

Frequency of Monitoring 

Each student's academic progress is measured once yearly in 
June, after spring grades are posted. Financial Aid will notify in 
writing students who are not making satisfactory progress. 
Academic Appeals 

All questions regarding the factual substance of academic re- 
cords and all requests for changes to those records must be made 
to the academic departments. The Academic Regulations de- 
scribe the petition process. Financial Aid has no authority to alter 
the academic record of a student. 



Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 25 



Re-Establishing Financial Aid Eligibility 

For a student who has failed to maintain satisfactory aca- 
demic progress, eligibility for Financial aid funds may be 
re-established in a number of ways. Among these are: the peti- 
tioning process described in the Academic Regulations; the 
changing of a grade; summer session attendance; and the com- 
pletion of incomplete or in progress courses. Please note that 
funds are not set aside for students in these circumstances. Even 
if the appeal is granted, funds may not be available at that time. 

Financial Aid Appeals 

On occasion, a student may fail to maintain satisfactory prog- 
ress due to very serious circumstances that caused a major dis- 
ruption to that student's ability to successfully complete his or 
her course work. Students with mitigating circumstances 
must request reconsideration in writing to Financial Aid 
prior to July 1 . The request should include a comprehensive de- 
scription of the circumstances and documentation from at least 
two qualified persons who can verify the information. The Ap- 
peals Committee will review the appeal, make a recommenda- 
tion and send a letter of response to the student. 

Refund and Repayment Policy 

For American University's refund policies regarding tuition, 
housing and meal plan charges, see Refunds and Cancellation 
of Charges. 

The American University refund policy does not apply to 
first-time American University students. A "first-time student" 
is defined in Federal regulations as any student who has not at- 
tended at least one class at American University, or who re- 
ceived a full refund for previous attendance at American 
University. 

Federal (Title IV) Financial Aid Recipients 
Return of Title IV Funds Policy 

The Financial Aid Office is required by federal statute to re- 
calculate federal financial aid eligibility for students who with- 
draw, drop out, are dismissed, or take a leave of absence prior to 
completing 60 percent of a payment period or term. The federal 
Title IV financial aid programs must be recalculated in these sit- 
uations. 

If a student leaves the institution prior to completing 60 per- 
cent of a payment period or term, the Financial Aid Office recal- 
culates eligibility for Title IV funds. Recalculation is based on 
the percentage of earned aid using the following Federal Return 
of Title IV funds formula: 

Percentage of payment period or term completed = the num- 
ber of days completed up to the withdrawal date divided by the 
total days in the payment period or term. (Any break of five days 
or more is not counted as part of the days in the term.) This per- 
centage is also the percentage of earned aid. 

Funds are returned to the appropriate federal program based 
on the percentage of unearned aid using the following formula: 



Aid to be returned = (100 percent of the aid that could be 

disbursed minus the percentage of earned aid) multiplied by 

the total amount of aid that could have been disbursed during 

the payment period or term. 

If a student earned less aid than was disbursed, the institution 
would be required to return a portion of the funds and the student 
would be required to return a portion of the funds. When Title IV 
funds are returned, the student borrower may owe a debit bal- 
ance to the institution. 

If a student earned more aid than was disbursed to him or her, 
the institution would owe the student a post-withdrawal dis- 
bursement which must be paid within 120 days of the student's 
withdrawal. The institution must return the amount of Title IV 
funds for which it is responsible no later than 30 days after the 
date of the determination of the date of the student's withdrawal. 

Refunds are allocated in the following order: 

• Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans 

• Subsidized Federal Stafford Loans 

• Unsubsidized Direct Stafford Loans (other than PLUS 
Loans) 

• Subsidized Direct Stafford Loans 

• Federal Perkins Loans 

• Federal Parent (PLUS) Loans 

• Direct PLUS Loans 

• Federal Pell Grants for which a return of funds is required 

• Federal Supplemental Opportunity Grants for which a 
return of funds is required 

• Other assistance under Title IV for which a return of funds 
is required (e.g., LEAP) 

Scholarships 

Undergraduate University Scholarships 

The Admissions Committee makes all merit-based scholar- 
ship decisions and notifies students at the time they are admitted. 
Merit awards range from $3,000 to full tuition per year. Scholar- 
ships awarded to selected applicants include: 

• Presidential Scholarship 

• Dean's Scholarship 

• Leadership Scholarship 

• National Achievement, National Merit, and National 
Hispanic Scholarships 

Awarded to freshman applicants who were named National 
Achievement and National Merit finalists and National 
Hispanic semi-finalists who have designated American 
University as their first-choice college with the National Merit 
Scholarship Corporation by February 1 of their senor year. 

• Athletic Scholarship 

Interested students should contact the coach of the sport in 
which they excel. 

• United Methodist Scholarship 

For the children of active, ordained Methodist ministers. 



26 Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 



Private/Restricted Scholarships 

The university has a limited number of scholarships that are 
funded annually through endowment by donors. Applicants are 
reviewed by Financial Aid for eligibility for these scholarships 
and no separate application is required. 

Grants 

Grants are need-based awards that do not have to be repaid 
and may originate form American University, the federal gov- 
ernment, or state governments. 

American University Programs 

AU grants are offered to eligible admitted students who dem- 
onstrate financial need, and may be offered in addition to an AU 
scholarship. 

Federal Programs 

Federal Pell Grant Program: This grant is offered to students 
demonstrating exceptional financial need. Awards range from 
approximately $400 to S4,000 per year. 
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants 
(FSEOG). This grant is offered to students demonstrating ex- 
ceptional financial need. Awards depend on need and the avail- 
ability of funds. 

State Programs 

Many states administer grant programs which residents may 
apply for and receive while attending American University. Stu- 
dents should check with guidance counselors and state grant 
agencies regarding up-to-date application procedures and eligi- 
bility factors. 

Loans 

AU Educational Loan 

The AU Educational Loan (AUEL) is available to students 
who have financial need and is funded through American Uni- 
versity. Repayment begins six months after graduation. 



Federal Loan Programs 

Federal Direct Stafford Loan: This loan is guaranteed by the 
federal government. There are two types of Stafford Loans: Sub- 
sidized Federal Loans are for eligible students who have demon- 
strated financial need; students who do not have demonstrated 
need are eligible for an Unsubsidized Federal Loan. Repayment 
for both begins six months after graduation or when the student 
drops below 6 credit hours in any semester. No interest is 
charged on Subsidized Federal Loans while the student is in col- 
lege, interest does accrue on Unsubsidized Federal Loans. 
Undergraduate students may borrow up to $2,625 for the first 
year of study; $3,500 for the second year; and $5,500 per aca- 
demic year after completing two years of undergraduate study. 
Federal Perkins Loan: This loan is funded through American 
University and the federal government. Federal regulations re- 
quire that this loan be given to students with exceptional need. 
Awards vary depending on need and availability and repayment 
begins nine months after graduation. 

Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students (PLUS): This fed- 
eral loan program is funded through private lenders and is 
available to the parents of dependent undergraduate students to 
assist them in meeting educational expenses. Repayment begins 
within 60 days of the loan's second disbursement. 

Federal Work-Study Program (FWS) 

This program for students with financial need provides the 
opportunity to work part-time and use earnings toward educa- 
tional expenses. 

Tuition Exchange 

American University participates in the Tuition Exchange 
Program for faculty and staff members. Students whose parents 
are employed by one of the participating institutions may be eli- 
gible for a Tuition Exchange Scholarship. 

Tuition Remission 

Full-time faculty and staff members and their spouses or do- 
mestic partners are eligible for tuition benefits. There is a $50 
registration fee (nonrefundable) per semester. 



Graduate Financial Aid 



For more information, contact Financial Aid at 
202-885-6100 or e-mail: fmancialaid@american.edu or go to: 
http://admissions.american.edu 
"Financing Your Graduate Education" 

Application for Financial Aid 

American University has an extensive program of scholar- 
ships, loans, and grants. Graduate honor awards, fellowships, 
assistantships, and study grants are available. 

All new or readmitted graduate students must follow these 
steps to receive priority consideration for financial aid: 



Submit admissions applications and all necessary 
supporting documents to the appropriate school or 
department by the established deadlines. 

Complete a Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
(FAFSA) for federal aid and apply for admission by 
February 1 to be considered for fellowships and 
assistantships. The FAFSA should be received by the 
federal processing center by March 1 in order to meet the 
financial aid priority deadline. The AU code number for the 
FAFSA is 001434. 



Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 27 



• Complete and submit any other documents as requested by 
Financial Aid. 

Note: The application deadline for fellowship and assistantship 
consideration is February 1. The March 1 deadline for the 
FAFSA is for federal aid only. 

New students should not wait to be admitted before filing the 
FAFSA. A financial aid application has no bearing on a student's 
admission application. However, a student will not receive final 
consideration for aid until he or she is admitted to a degree pro- 
gram. 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 

Recipients of federal (Title IV) or institutional funds must 
maintain satisfactory academic progress toward their degree ob- 
jective to remain eligible for financial assistance. 

Minimum Standards 

• Full-time graduate financial aid recipients must maintain at 
least a 3.0 cumulative grade point average and complete 1 8 
credits hours per academic year. 

• Part-time graduate financial aid recipients must maintain at 
least a 3.0 cumulative grade point average and complete 
four-fifths (80 percent) of all attempted credit hours. 

• All students must complete their academic program within 
150 percent of the normal time limit of that academic 
program as defined in the Academic Regulations. 

• Merit-based scholarship recipients may have different 
standards than those listed above. Please refer to the original 
award notification regarding ment award eligibility criteria. 

Special Considerations 

The following alternative grading options do not count to- 
ward the grade point average but do have an impact on students' 
satisfactory academic progress: 

• Withdrawals (W), Administrative Withdrawals (ZL), 
Audits (L), and Fails on Pass/Fail option (ZF) count as 
credits attempted but not earned, and have no impact on the 
grade point average. 

• Incompletes (I), Unreported Grades (N), and 
Administrative Failures (ZX) count as credits attempted but 
not earned, and are factored as a grade of F. 

• Pass (P) counts as credits attempted and earned, but has no 
impact on the grade point average. 

• In Progress (IP) courses are excluded from the calculation in 
the initial academic progress evaluation. Students have one 
calendar year from the beginning of the course to 
successfully complete the course. If not completed in that 
time frame, the course counts as credits attempted but not 
earned, and is factored as a grade of F. 

Frequency of Monitoring 

Each student's academic progress is measured once yearly in 
June, after spring grades are posted. Financial Aid will notify in 
writing students who are not making satisfactory progress. 



Academic Appeals 

All questions regarding the factual substance of academic re- 
cords and all requests for changes to those records must be made 
to the academic departments. The Academic Regulations de- 
scribe the petition process. Financial Aid has no authority to alter 
the academic record of a student. 
Re-Establishing Financial Aid Eligibility 

For a student who has failed to maintain satisfactory aca- 
demic progress, eligibility for financial aid funds may be 
re-established in a number of ways. Among these are: the peti- 
tioning process described in the Academic Regulations; the 
changing of a grade; summer session attendance; and the com- 
pletion of incomplete or in progress courses. Please note that 
funds are not set aside for students in these circumstances, even 
if the appeal is granted, funds may not be available at that time. 

Financial Aid Appeals 

On occasion, a student may fail to maintain satisfactory progress 
due to very serious circumstances that caused a major disruption to 
that student's ability to successfully complete his or her course work. 
Students with mitigating circumstances must request reconsid- 
eration in writing to Financial Aid prior to July 1 . The request 
should include a comprehensive description of the circumstances 
and documentation from at least two qualified persons who can ver- 
ify the information. The Appeals Committee will review the appeal, 
make a recommendation and send a letter of response to the student. 

Refund and Repayment Policy 

For American University's refund policies regarding tuition, 
housing and meal plan charges, see Refunds and Cancellation 
of Charges. 

The American University refund policy does not apply to 
first-time American University students. A "first-time student" 
is defined in Federal regulations as any student who has not at- 
tended at least one class at American University, or who re- 
ceived a full refund for previous attendance at American 
University. 

Federal (Title IV) Financial Aid Recipients 
Return of Title IV Funds Policy 

The Financial Aid Office is required by federal statute to re- 
calculate federal financial aid eligibility for students who with- 
draw, drop out, are dismissed, or take a leave of absence prior to 
completing 60 percent of a payment period or term. The federal 
Title IV financial aid programs must be recalculated in these sit- 
uations. 

If a student leaves the institution prior to completing 60 per- 
cent of a payment period or term, the Financial Aid Office recal- 
culates eligibility for Title IV funds. Recalculation is based on 
the percentage of earned aid using the following Federal Return 
of Title IV funds formula: 

Percentage of payment period or term completed = the num- 
ber of days completed up to the withdrawal date divided by the 



28 Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 



total days in the payment period or term. (Any break of five days 
or more is not counted as part of the days in the term.) This per- 
centage is also the percentage of earned aid. 

Funds are returned to the appropriate federal program based 
on the percentage of unearned aid using the following formula: 

Aid to be returned = (100 percent of the aid that could be 

disbursed minus the percentage of earned aid) multiplied by 

the total amount of aid that could have been disbursed during 

the payment period or term. 

If a student earned less aid than was disbursed, the institution 
would be required to return a portion of the funds and the student 
would be required to return a portion of the funds. When Title IV 
funds are returned, the student borrower may owe a debit bal- 
ance to the institution. 

If a student earned more aid than was disbursed to him or her, 
the institution would owe the student a post-withdrawal dis- 
bursement which must be paid within 120 days of the student's 
withdrawal. The institution must return the amount of Title IV 
funds for which it is responsible no later than 30 days after the 
date of the determination of the date of the student's withdrawal. 

Refunds are allocated in the following order: 

• Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans 

• Subsidized Federal Stafford Loans 

• Unsubsidized Direct Stafford Loans (other than PLUS 
Loans) 

• Subsidized Direct Stafford Loans 

• Federal Perkins Loans 

• Federal Parent (PLUS) Loans 

• Direct PLUS Loans 

• Federal Pell Grants for which a return of funds is required 

• Federal Supplemental Opportunity Grants for which a 
return of funds is required 

• Other assistance under Title IV for which a return of funds 
is required (e.g., LEAP) 

Federal Loans 

Graduate students who qualify for federal Stafford loans may 
borrow up to $ 1 8,500 every two semesters. All federal loan pro- 
grams require the FAFSA be filed before eligibility can be deter- 
mined. To be eligible for federal need and non-need based loans, 
graduate students must be: 

• a U.S. citizen or permanent resident 

• enrolled in a degree-granting academic program 

• registered for at least 6 credit hours per semester 
Federal loans must be re-paid. Repayment will begin six 

months after graduation or after dropping below half-time sta- 
tus. Federal interest rates are variable but will never exceed 
8.25% on a federal loan. Please contact Financial Aid for current 
interest rates. 

Those students who need more than $ 1 8,500 over two semes- 
ters may take out a private loan to help cover any remaining edu- 



cational expenses. The amount that may be borrowed in an 
outside loan varies. 

American University Programs 

Graduate Merit-Based Awards 

American University is committed to quality graduate educa- 
tion that is responsive to the needs of students, disciplines, the 
university, and the larger community. Our goals are to provide a 
high quality educational experience for our students and to offer 
graduate support that assists students in completing their pro- 
grams of study. To this end the university has set priorities for the 
allocation and awarding of graduate assistantships and fellow- 
ships as shown below. 

Recipients of all awards (except Dissertation Fellowships) 
must be full-time degree students. Specifically, this requires that 
a recipient be registered for a minimum of 9 credit hours during 
each semester of the academic year. Award recipients must 
maintain full-time status in order to continue to receive their 
award during the academic year. Awards are intended to assist 
graduate students to pursue full-time education. 

The university has established the following awards to assist 
graduate students: 

Graduate Fellowships are merit-based awards that the univer- 
sity offers in order to attract the most outstanding students in the 
discipline. These awards are given to new graduate degree stu- 
dents and normally provide the recipient up to 24 hours of tuition 
remission in degree-related courses in a given academic year 
and may also provide a stipend. The tuition remission should be 
used during the academic year but may with the permission of 
the teaching unit head be used during the summer session. 
Special Opportunity Awards for minority students — American 
Indians, African Americans, Asian/Pacific Islander Americans, 
Alaskan Native Americans, or Hispanic Americans — provide 
tuition remission from 6 to 24 hours of degree-related courses in 
a given academic year. The tuition remission should be used 
during the academic year but may with the permission of the 
teaching unit head be used during the summer session. 
Hall of Nations Awards are made by the deans of CAS, KSB, 
SOC, SIS, or SPA, as appropriate, with the approval of the Dean 
of Academic Affairs. These awards, which are for tuition remis- 
sion only, are given to international students who do not have 
permanent residence status or U.S. citizenship. 
Dissertation Fellowships are awards that provide recipients 
with a stipend and up to 1 8 hours of tuition remission in one aca- 
demic year for dissertation seminar credits only. These awards 
are limited to students who have completed all doctoral course 
work and comprehensive examinations and who have an ap- 
proved dissertation proposal at the time of application. Disserta- 
tion fellows are selected by the deans of CAS, SIS, or SPA, as 
appropriate, with the approval of the Dean of Academic Affairs. 

Designated Awards 

A description of other designated awards, such as United Meth- 
odist Awards and Massey Awards and their eligibility require- 
ments is distributed annually by the Dean of Academic Affairs. 



Tuition, Expenses, and Financial Aid 29 



Veterans' Benefits 



American University's degree programs are approved for en- 
rollment of veterans (and eligible dependents of deceased or dis- 
abled veterans) for educational benefits under the various 
federal laws relating to veterans. While every effort has been 
made to provide accurate and complete information, changes in 
federal regulations and university policy may occur at any time 
without notice. The following should be considered informa- 
tional and not binding on the university. 
New Students 

Veterans entering American University must file a Veterans 
Application for VA Educational Benefits (22- 1 990) with a certi- 
fied copy of DD-2 14 through the Office of the Registrar. Service 
men and women wishing to receive Veterans Administration 
(VA) benefits for the first time must present the Serviceman's 
Application for VA Educational Benefits (22-1990), signed by 
the Education Office and the Commanding Officer. Enrollment 
Certification (22-1999) is sent to the VA by the Office of the 
Registrar to initiate benefits for the enrollment period. 

Transfer students who have received VA educational benefits 
at another institution and wish to receive VA benefits for the first 
time at American University should file a Request for Change of 
Program or Place of Training (22-1995) through the Office of 
the Registrar. This form will be sent to the VA with the Enroll- 
ment Certification (22-1999) completed by the university. 
Continuing Students 

Continuing students must file the American University VA 
claim card for educational benefits each semester with the Office 
of the Registrar. All changes in registration (adds, drops, and 
withdrawals) must be reported to the Office of the Registrar. 



Payment and Financial Responsibility 

With the exception of disabled veterans who are training un- 
der Vocational Rehabilitation, all beneficiaries of VA educa- 
tional benefits are personally responsible for the payment of 
their bills to the university. VA checks for educational benefits 
are sent directly to the address designated on the American Uni- 
versity VA claim card. Students who wish to receive advance 
payment must file an advance payment request form. Students 
who are granted advance payment pick up only the first check 
from the Office of the Registrar. Thereafter, checks are sent di- 
rectly to the address on file with the VA. 

VA benefits are awarded on the basis of the expected comple- 
tion of a certain number of credits each semester as stated on the 
Certification form. The VA interprets "completion of credits" 
differently from the university. Completion of credits is defined 
by the VA as grades of A, B, C, D, F, P, or ZF. However, veterans 
who drop below the anticipated number of credits by receiving a 
W (withdrawals), L (audit), or N (no grade reported) will be in 
overpayment status according to the VA. Benefits will be re- 
duced for future periods of enrollment or, should no further en- 
rollment occur, students will have to refund money directly to 
theVA. 

The VA directs the university to notify them of a change in 
status for students during or immediately after the end of the 
month in which the change occurs. Under mitigating circum- 
stances, exceptions to the above policies may be made through 
the Veterans Administration Regional Office. 

Forms and information are available from the Office of the 
Registrar, Asbury Building, second floor, 202-885-2235. 





The Cyrus and Myrtle Katzen Arts Center 



Campus Life 



• Student Learning and Development 
Services 

• Campus Life Centers 

• Intercultural Programs and Services 



The Office of the Vice President of Campus Life is located in 
Butler Pavilion 400. For more information, call 202-885-3310, 
e-mail campus life@american.edu or go to: 
www.american.edu/ocl . 

Recognizing students' unique needs and the diversity of 
American University's student body, the Office of Campus Life 
promotes students' integration into an inclusive university com- 
munity and supports and complements students' preparation for 
lifelong learning and global citizenship. 

The Office of Campus Life is guided in this mission by as- 
sessment of students' characteristics, dedication to service and 
advocacy for students, and accountability for our actions. The 
Vice President of Campus Life is the chief student affairs officer 
of the university and reports to the president. 

The Office of the Dean of Students is committed to cultivat- 
ing an environment that enriches and supports student develop- 



ment. The dean of students staff provides advocacy, 
information, referrals, and other assistance to students, and 
works closely with academic and administrative units to pro- 
mote student success. 

Student Conduct Code 

Each student is expected to adhere to established standards of 
behavior for members within the university community. Stu- 
dents must abide by all federal and local laws as well as all poli- 
cies and regulations of American University. The Student 
Conduct Code describes the rights and responsibilities for stu- 
dent conduct. By registering for classes or enrolling at American 
University, all students acknowledge their awareness of and 
agreement to adhere to the Student Conduct Code. The code is 
published annually in the Student Handbook, available from the 
Office of the Dean of Students and at: 
www.american.edu/handbook. 



Student Learning and Development Services 



The primary purpose of Student Learning and Development 
Services is to assist students in developing the competencies that 
are critical for success in the academic setting and beyond. Col- 
laboration with faculty is at the core of its programming and 
serves to strengthen its benefits for students. Through the ser- 
vices and programs provided, students may acquire specific 
skills that are directly applicable to their course work. 

Academic Support Center 

The Academic Support Center offers programs and services 
to all students to help them develop the skills and behaviors nec- 
essary for academic success in college. Services include individ- 
ual instruction in time management, textbook reading, note 
taking, and exam preparation. Students may also take advantage 
of study skills seminars, referrals for peer tutors, writing assis- 
tance, and supplemental instruction in selected courses. Services 
for students with learning disabilities and ADHD include help 
with accommodations, a writing lab, a computer lab, and the 
Learning Services Program for freshmen. Specific services are 



available for international students and student-athletes. Ser- 
vices are provided free of charge, except for special program 
fees and modest fees for peer tutors. The Academic Support 
Center is located in Mary Graydon Center 243. 

For more information, call 202-885-3360 or go to: 
www.american.edu/asc . 

Community Service Center 

The Community Service Center provides a range of opportu- 
nities for diverse members of the university community to chal- 
lenge their beliefs, explore new cultures, and share their unique 
experiences through public service. It cultivates a sense of global 
citizenship that demands both public service and civil action. 
Students and faculty utilize the resources of Washington, D.C. to 
forge academic learning connections between classroom and 
community through service-learning. 

Some of the projects and programs that are available to the 
community are Freshman Service Experience, the Volunteer 
Clearinghouse, D.C. Reads, Community Service Floor, the Ea- 



31 



32 Campus Life 



gle Endowment for Public and Community Service, and Com- 
munity Service Learning Projects. For more information, call 
202-885-SERV (7378) or go to : www.american.edu/volunteer/ . 

Counseling Center 

The Counseling Center is located in Mary Graydon Center 
214. Services and programs are available to help students de- 
velop the skills and insights they need to understand their own 
feelings and behaviors, solve personal and interpersonal prob- 
lems, and thrive in the university environment. 

The center offers individual and group counseling, crisis in- 
tervention, self-help materials, consultations, and referrals to 
off-campus resources for services not available on campus. 
Counselors also conduct classes and workshops on topics re- 
lated to students' well-being (e.g., stress and anxiety, depression, 
anger management, eating and body image concerns, relation- 
ship issues, alcohol and drug use, et cetera). 

The center's staff includes psychologists, social workers, a 
consulting psychiatrist, and graduate-level clinical trainees. Ser- 
vices are confidential in accordance with professional and legal 
standards, and are free of charge. For more information, call 
202-885-3500 or go to: www.american.edu/counseling/ . 

Disability Support Services 

The staff of Disability Support Services works to facilitate the 
full participation of students with physical and psychological 
disabilities in campus programs and activities. Services and ac- 
commodations are provided to ensure equal access and to pro- 
mote the inclusion and involvement of students with disabilities 
in the American University community. This office also pro- 
vides consultation and in-service training for faculty, staff, and 
students, with the overall goal of ensuring a campus environ- 
ment that is welcoming to individuals with disabilities. The of- 
fice is located in Mary Graydon Center 206. For more 
information, call 202-885-3315 (V/TDD). 

Judicial Affairs and Mediation Services 

Judicial Affairs and Mediation Services provides an orga- 
nized judicial system founded on principles of equity, fairness, 
and due process for the resolution of grievances in the American 
University community. In addition, this office promotes the 
learning and use of alternative dispute resolution methods. 

Judicial Affairs addresses alleged violations of the Student 
Conduct Code, Regulations for Student Conduct in the Resi- 
dence Halls, and other university policies. The Conduct Council 
is a community review board composed of students, faculty, and 
staff members that provides an excellent experiential learning 
opportunity. All students, regardless of their majors, are encour- 
aged to take active roles in the judicial system on campus. 

American University's Mediation Services (AUMS) pro- 
vides resources for the resolution of interpersonal and 
inter-group conflicts to all members of the AU community. 
AUMS helps parties learn about sources of and responses to 
conflict and their roles in this dynamic process. Services include 



conflict consultation, assessment and evaluation, mediation, 
facilitation, and post-conflict reconciliation. Services are confi- 
dential and free of charge to all students, faculty, and staff. 
AUMS also provides alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and 
conflict management skill-building workshops. Students, fac- 
ulty, and staff are welcome to participate in basic mediation 
skills training offered each semester. 

Judicial Affairs and Mediation Services is located in Butler 
Pavilion 408. For more information, call 202-885-3328, e-mail 
JAMS@american.edu or AUMS@american.edu or go to: 
www.american.edu/ocl/jams . 

New Student Programs 

New Student Programs designs and coordinates orientation 
programs for first year and transfer students. Through summer, 
fall, and spring orientation programs, the staff assists new stu- 
dents in their transition to American University. The office also 
coordinates Family Weekend in October and other programs to 
enhance the quality of life for all American University students. 
For more information, call 202-885-3303, e-mail 
orientation@american.edu or go to: 
www.american.edu/ocl/orientation . 

Student Health Center 

The Student Health Center (SHC) provides primary medical 
care, minor emergency care, gynecological care, immuniza- 
tions, allergy injections, and health education services to stu- 
dents. Routine office visits are without cost, but additional 
charges may be assessed for the allergy clinic, TB testing, immu- 
nizations, and other special services. 

The clinical staff consists of registered nurses and physician 
assistants, supported and supervised by two internal medicine 
physicians. These primary care practitioners initiate treatment 
and coordinate all aspects of care, including referrals to special- 
ists when indicated. Patients are seen on a walk-in basis. Ap- 
pointments are made for annual women's health exams. To 
schedule an appointment, call 202-885-3380. 
Immunizations 

District of Columbia law requires all students under age 26, 
attending schools within the District, to provide proof of having 
had the following immunizations: 

• Two vaccinations against Measles, Mumps and Rubella 
(MMR), given after one year of age and at least 30 days 
apart 

• One Tetanus/Diphtheria booster given within the preceding 
10 years 

• Beginning academic year 2003, Hepatitis B and Varicella 
(chicken pox) vaccines are added to existing immunization 
requirements. 

An immunization form is available through the SHC and 
should be completed in conjunction with a physician visit in or- 
der to consolidate records and update any missing immuniza- 



Campus Life 33 



tions. Incomplete immunization records, invalid dates, or forms 
which lack a validating stamp cannot be processed. Enrolled stu- 
dents may obtain immunizations at the SHC for a fee. For addi- 
tional information, call 202-885-3384 or go to: 
www.american.edu/ocl/healthcenter . 

Health Education Program 

The Health Education Program, supported by a Wellness Pro- 
ject Team of students, faculty, and staff, promotes student health 
and wellness activities on campus throughout the year. Outreach 
activities include residence hall programs, a campus-wide 
Health Fair, alcohol and other drug awareness programs, and 
general health and women's health education teams. 

Student Health Insurance 

Health insurance is mandatory for all full-time degree, resi- 
dent, and international students, unless the student is covered un- 
der another comparable health insurance plan. The fee is 



Campus Life Centers 



assessed automatically unless waived prior to the deadline. 
Waiver forms must be completed on-line at my.american.edu . 
Medical insurance coverage is available at an additional cost to 
part-time students carrying at least 6 credit hours, spouses, do- 
mestic partners, and children of students enrolled in the student 
health insurance plan. 

For information call the Student Health Insurance Office at 
202-885-3378 or go to: 
www.american.edu/ocl/healthcenter/health insurance . 

Tuition Refund Insurance Plan 

The Tuition Refund Plan can minimize financial loss incurred 
in a medical withdrawal from the university. This elective insur- 
ance plan provides coverage for tuition and housing charges. The 
plan extends and enhances the university's published refund pol- 
icy. To participate, applications and fees must be returned before 
the first day of fall semester classes. For specific benefits and limi- 
tations, premium, and other information, contact the Student 
Health Insurance coordinator at 202-885-3298. 



Housing and Dining Programs 

Housing and Dining Programs (HDP) is responsible for daily 
operations in American University's residence halls as well as 
management of the professional and student staff. Housing and 
Dining Programs is also responsible for the management of 
AU's off-campus apartment building, Park Bethesda. Comple- 
menting the goals of the Office of Campus Life, HDP seeks to 
create and maintain an environment that fosters intellectual, so- 
cial, and emotional growth. The staff works to provide a safe and 
comfortable living environment that encourages respect for in- 
dividual rights and social responsibility. 

Housing and Dining Programs is responsible for applications 
for student housing, student room assignments, summer hous- 
ing, and conference operations. Physical Plant is responsible for 
the maintenance of equipment as well as housekeeping in the 
residence halls. Housing and Dining Programs staff oversee mi- 
nor maintenance repairs. 

American University's nine residence halls have distinct 
characteristics and offer a variety of living arrangements. Sev- 
eral special interest housing options are available in the halls, in- 
cluding the Community Service Floor, Honors Program, and 
Leonard Intercultural Hall. 

Visitors to AU's residence halls must check in at the front 
desk and be escorted whiie in the hall. Residents msy not lend 
their access cards and keys to guests. There are no curfews; 
24-hour visitation is the policy in each hall. Overnight guests are 
permitted only with the agreement of the roommate. In all cases, 
overnight guests are limited to a 3-day stay. Residents are re- 
sponsible for their guests' behavior and may be charged in lieu of 
their guests for violations of the Student Conduct Code and dam- 
age to university property. 



The Off-Campus Housing Resource Center at American 
University serves AU students and the community by providing 
support to those looking for housing, as well as to those who 
wish to list rental property. In addition to a comprehensive, 
up-to-date web site of rental listings, information on land- 
lord/tenant relationships, and helpful hints and advice about the 
housing search process are also available. 

Housing is available to undergraduate students on a 
first-come, first-served basis. For further information call 
202-885-3370 or go to: www.american.edu/ocl/housing . 

Residence Hall Association 

The Residence Hall Association (RHA) is the student gov- 
ernment and program planning organization of the residence 
halls. RHA works with Housing and Dining Programs to ensure 
that university policies and services are responsive to students' 
needs. The Executive Board, the highest branch of the RHA, is 
the link between the administration and students. The Executive 
Board, in conjunction with the hall and floor officers, organizes 
both hall and campus-wide programs. The Executive Board and 
hall councils are elected in the spring and serve one-year terms. 
Floor officers are elected at the beginning of the fall semester 
and serve one-year terms. Floor officers work with the Resident 
Assistants (RAs) to plan activities such as movie nights, study 
breaks, and forums. 

RHA provides both social and educational programming 
within each hall and across campus. For more information, call 
202-885-1 RHA (xl742), e-mail rha@american.edu or go to: 
www.american.edu/ocl/housing/rha . 



34 Campus Life 



Kay Spiritual Life Center 

The Kay Spiritual Life Center is an interfaith house of wor- 
ship and home to a rich array of faith communities, cultural and 
educational programs, student organizations, feasts, festivals, 
circles of prayer, and activism. In keeping with the university's 
commitment to inquiry and diversity, the Kay Spiritual Life 
Center seeks to be not only a center for religious life, but a place 
where people of conscience, intellect, and spiritual curiosity 
come with their questions, their dreams, and their struggles. The 
center fosters a climate of interfaith understanding and open- 
ness, in which matters of faith and value are recognized as an in- 
tegral part of human growth and university life. 

Regular services of worship and religious observances are 
held throughout the year by Baha'i, Buddhist, Catholic, Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Jewish, Muslim, United 
Methodist/Protestant, Quaker, and Unitarian Universalist com- 
munities. Meditation from a variety of traditions is also offered. 
In addition, the center sponsors special interfaith celebrations, as 
well as a variety of workshops, panel discussions, retreats, out- 
ings, and social action opportunities. 

Chaplains from the diverse faith traditions assist in organiz- 
ing events and are available to students, faculty, and staff for pas- 
toral counseling and spiritual direction, residence hall 
programming, advisement on issues of faith and ethics, life 
events, baptisms, bat/bar mitzvahs, weddings, and memorial 
services. 

The Kay Interfaith Council serves to foster dialogue and dis- 
cussion among the member communities of the Kay Center, 
provides for collective interfaith action, and promotes 
awareness of and respect for interfaith issues. The Center for 
Community Action and Social Justice Coalition (CASJC), also 
located in the Kay Center, is a student-led consortium of clubs 
committed to expressing spirituality through active engagement 
in pursuit of a more just and peaceful world. This office serves as 
a resource for AU students seeking to work for responsible so- 
cial change. 

The Kay Spiritual Life Center is located at the north end of the 
Friedheim Quadrangle. Hours of operation during the fall and 
spring semesters are 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., Monday through Friday. 
For more information, call 202-885-3320, e-mail 
kslc@american.edu or go to: www.american.edu/ocl/kay/ . 

University Center 

The mission of the University Center is to provide a welcom- 
ing environment for AU students, faculty, staff, alumni, and visi- 
tors, and to support programs, activities, and services that 
promote community, individual growth, responsible citizenship, 
and a global perspective. University Event Scheduling (UES) 
manages the scheduling for all events on campus. The student 
staff includes event service coordinators and event crews to fa- 
cilitate events held in the center's facilities and an information 
desk staff at the entrance to Mary Graydon Center. The Univer- 
sity Center administrative office is located in Mary Graydon 
Center 274. 



Student Activities 

Student Activities is a department of the University Center in 
the Office of Campus Life. The Student Activities staff serves as 
advisors, mentors, and facilitators to the student leaders and 
members of more than 1 80 recognized clubs, coalitions, student 
government departments, and student media groups. The Stu- 
dent Activities team helps to prepare students for life-long learn- 
ing and global citizenship by promoting and supporting campus 
activities that appeal to a diverse community. The main goals are 
to provide students with information on how to get involved in 
student activities at American University and to provide leaders 
with the tools they need to be successful. Student Activities is lo- 
cated in Mary Graydon Center 274. 

Student Activities Organizations 

The four broad categories of organizations that Student Ac- 
tivities advises are: American University Club Council associa- 
tions and clubs, student coalitions, student government, and 
student media. 
American University Club Council: Associations and Clubs 

Many students enhance their collegiate experiences by get- 
ting involved in student-sponsored associations and clubs. Stu- 
dent Activities annually recognizes approximately 100 student 
associations and clubs. These organizations span a wide range of 
interests, including social life, academics, business, fellowship, 
music, journalism, service, recreation, and religion, and allow 
students to develop their talents and enhance organizational 
skills. Membership in student associations and clubs is open to 
all registered American University students and can provide op- 
portunities for meeting other students, networking with faculty 
and staff, learning outside the classroom, and developing leader- 
ship skills. For more information or to obtain a complete list of 
clubs and organizations contact Student Activities at 
202-885-3390 or go to: www.american.edu/ocl/activities . 

The American University Club Council (AUCC) is the gov- 
erning board for all clubs recognized by Student Activities. In 
addition to allocating student activity fees to the clubs the AUCC 
is responsible for mediating club disputes, encouraging collabo- 
ration among clubs, and helping clubs do business more effi- 
ciently. For more information, call 202-885-6453 or email 
aucc@american.edu. 
Student Coalitions 

Coalitions are student initiated and run advocacy and pro- 
gramming groups that are designed to centralize the efforts of 
many student clubs, and organizations that have a common 
agenda. Coalitions can also include faculty, staff and alumni 
members. Student Activities currently recognizes two coali- 
tions: The Ethnic and Cultural Coalition and the Community 
Action and Social Justice Coalition (CASJC). For more infor- 
mation or to obtain contact information for the Student Coali- 
tions, contact Student Activities at 202-885-3390 or go to: 
www.amencan.edu/ocl/activities. 



Campus Life 35 



Student Government 

There are two student government organizations advised 
through Student Activities: the undergraduate Student Govern- 
ment (SG) and the Graduate Leadership Council (GLC). 

The Student Government (SG) represents student interests, 
advocates for student concerns, and provides service to the stu- 
dent body. The SG executive office is the administrative branch 
of the SG and is located in Mary Graydon Center 270. It can be 
reached at 202-885-6400 or www.ausg.org 

The General Assembly (GA) is the legislative branch of the 
SG and is located in Mary Graydon Center 269. The GA is re- 
sponsible for allocating student activity fees to SG departments, 
enacting legislation to further the interests of undergraduate stu- 
dents, approving rules and regulations governing the SQ and 
acting as a forum for student concerns. The Student Union Board 
(SUB) is the social programming division of the Student Gov- 
ernment and books bands, comedians, and other talent, and 
shows movies. The Kennedy Political Union (KPU) is a nonpar- 
tisan student lecture bureau. Founded in 1968, KPU has grown 
into a nationally respected lecture series. 

The Graduate Leadership Council (GLC) is the graduate stu- 
dent government at American University. The GLC is com- 
posed of the five school/college Graduate Student Council 
(GSC) presidents, a chair and a vice chair. The GLC objective is 
to maximize students' return on their mandatory student activity 
fees by allocating a greater portion of activity fee revenue to 
each GSC. The GLC also provides students with opportunities 
and events more focused on their field-specific interests as well 
as advocates for graduate student concerns. For more informa- 
tion contact 202-885-2472 or stop by the GLC Office in 262 
Mary Graydon Center. 



Student Media 

The student community supports and manages the following 
campus media: 

• A-TV is a student-operated television station that airs news, 
sports, and entertainment programs. Located in Mary 
Graydon Center 256, A-TV broadcasts to residence hall 
lounges and rooms except on the Tenley Campus. For more 
information, call 202-885-2222. 

• American Literary (AmLit) publishes student works of 
creative art, photography, and literature. It is located in 
Mary Graydon Center 248. For more information, call 
202-885-6414. 

• American Word is an on-line news magazine written by 
students about students and student-related issues. For more 
information, call 202-885-641 8 or go to: www.auword.org/ . 

• The Eagle is American University's student newspaper, 
published twice a week during the academic year and twice 
during the summer months. The newsroom and business 
offices are located in Mary Graydon Center 252. To contact 
The Eagle, call 202-885-1400 or go to: 
www.theeagleonline.com . 

• The Talon, the American University yearbook, captures the 
issues, events, and people that mark each academic year. 
The Talon office is located in Mary Graydon Center 250. To 
contact The Talon, call 202-885-1422. 

• WVAU is a student-operated radio station and airs a 
contemporary music format along with a variety of sports 
and entertainment programs to the campus residence halls. 
To contact WVAU, call 202-885-1212. 



Intercultural Programs and Services 



The primary goal of Intercultural Services is to enhance the 
quality of student life and to foster one of the university's distinc- 
tive educational characteristics, which is its cosmopolitan and 
multicultural campus population. 

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and 
Ally Resource Center 

The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Ally 
(GLBTA) Resource Center works to strengthen and sustain an 
inclusive campus community that welcomes people of all sexual 
orientations and gender identities by providing support, educa- 
tional resources, and advocacy. The Resource Center houses a li- 
brary of books and magazines, hosts events and speakers, and 
conducts campus educational trainings on a regular basis. All 
programs are open to all members of the American University 
community. 

The office is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
and is located in Mary Graydon Center 201 . The Resource Cen- 
ter can be reached by phone at 202-885-3347, by fax at 



202-885-1883, by e-mail at glbtafa^american.edu, or go to: 
www . american.edu/glbta . 

International Student & Scholar Services 

International Student & Scholar Services (ISSS) provides 
cross-cultural advising and programming to all members of the 
university community, as well as specialized immigration sup- 
port services to foreign students and exchange visitors. 

ISSS administers the United States Immigration Services and 
the State Department's authorized international education ex- 
change programs. These programs, also known as the Fl 
Non-Immigrant Academic and Language Student Programs and 
the Jl Exchange Visitors Programs, assist students, scholars, 
professors, researchers, and others who come to the university 
for temporary periods for the purpose of educational exchange. 

To assist international students, specific and unique support 
services are provided in pre-arrival, arrival, on-going, and 
re-entry orientation and guidance; issuance of appropriate certif- 
icates of eligibility; assistance regarding academic, social, cul- 



36 Campus Life 



tural or personal matters of a cross-cultural nature; practical 
training and work authorization permits; and financial counsel- 
ing and financial certification. ISSS is located in Butler Pavilion 
410, 202-885-3350. For more information, go to 

www.american.edu/ocl/iss 

Multicultural Affairs 

Multicultural Affairs advocates for an inclusive campus envi- 
ronment that values a pluralistic perspective by collaborating 
with all segments of the university to provide academic support 
for ethnic minority students, and educational programming and 
resources for all. The staff provides counseling and tutoring ser- 
vices to African, Asian/Pacific, Hispanic, and Native American 



students, advises ethnic and cultural clubs, and addresses diverse 
cultural interests through lectures, seminars, historical tours, re- 
ceptions, award ceremonies, and festival events. 

Multicultural Affairs also administers the Frederick Douglass 
Scholarship Program, the Summer Transition Enrichment Pro- 
gram (STEP), the High School/College Internship Program 
(HI/SCIP), and a mentoring program. The office, located in 
Mary Graydon Center 204, houses historical and cultural mate- 
rials, as well as career information for undergraduate and gradu- 
ate students. For more information, or to be added to the 
Multicultural Affairs listserv, call 202-885-3651, go to 
www. american . edu/ocl/ma, or email oma@american.edu. 



Career Services, Internships, 
and Merit Awards 



The Career Center is located in Butler Pavilion, 5 tn floor. For 
more information on job listings, internships, career planning, 
graduate school advising, and merit awards, call 202-885-1 804 
or go to: www.american.edu/careercenter. 

Career education is a life-long process and the Career Center 
is the place to begin. The Career Center offers a sequence of 
services designed to accompany and enhance the student's aca- 
demic studies. These integrated, comprehensive career services 
are available for American University students and alumni. 

Students are encouraged to use the Career Center's services 
to develop career awareness as early as possible in their aca- 
demic programs. The center's Internship and Cooperative Edu- 
cation Programs assist students to obtain field experience related 
to their education and career goals. The Office of Merit Awards 
helps undergraduate students identify, prepare, and apply for a 
variety of nationally competitive merit-based scholarships and 
fellowships (primarily for students after graduation). The Career 
Development unit provides students and alumni with career de- 
cision-making assistance, job search coaching, expert career ad- 
vising services, graduate school advising, and the latest 
information resources. The Outreach and Marketing unit helps 
connect students with alumni and employers through network- 
ing programs, job and internship postings and job fairs, and in- 
terviewing programs. 

All Career Center services may be pursued parallel to class- 
room learning throughout students' academic programs at 
American University. It is never too early for students to come in 
to the Career Center. The following is a summary of a career de- 
cision-making process for each year of academic study: 
Freshman: Exploring academic majors and career options. 
Sophomore: Deciding on academic majors, exploring career op- 
tions, preparing resumes and cover letters, and gaining hands-on 
experience through internships. Exploring national merit award 
options. 

Junior: Focusing on career fields and gaining experience in spe- 
cific careers through internships. Conducting mock interviews. 
Exploring graduate school and national merit award options. In- 
formational interviewing with alumni. 

Senior/Graduate student: Determining and pursuing 
post-graduate goals of either an active job search or application 
for post-graduate study. 

Career Development Services 

Graduate School Advising: To help students explore and pur- 
sue graduate, law and medical school, our staff will guide you 
through individual appointments, specialized workshops, and 
mock interviews. 



Career Advising: Each of the colleges and schools of the uni- 
versity has a career advisor in the Career Center who counsels 
and coaches students on career development, job search 
preparation and employment issues. 

Career Resource Library and Computer Lab: Career explo- 
ration and job search assistance is provided through our collec- 
tion of career directories, books, periodicals, and extensive 
web-based resources. Staff and Peer advisors are available to as- 
sist students to learn about the resources available. One com- 
puter is equipped with software providing access for visually 
impaired students. 

Alumni Networking: Thousands of alumni are registered with 
the Alumni On-Line Community and are willing to provide in- 
formation to students about careers. Alumni are searchable by 
professional field, college major, company, and geographic lo- 
cation, all readily accessible on-line. Alumni panels and net- 
working receptions are conducted regularly. 
Job Search Support: Workshops and materials are offered on 
resume writing, interviewing skills, salary negotiation and more. 
These are designed to help students make a planned transition 
from college to work and to fully capitalize on internships and 
employment opportunities. 

Self-Assessment Tools: The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 
Strong Interest Inventory™, FOCUS, CareerLeader College™, 
and Self Directed Search are available to help students assess 
their career interests. 

Special Events: Career Center staff host annual events such as 
two job and internship fairs and Career Weeks, which bring 
speakers and employer representatives to campus from a wide 
variety of organizations to meet with students. In addition, stu- 
dents have access to numerous networking receptions with 
alumni employers, and multiple employer presentations 
throughout the academic year. 

Off-Campus Federal Work Study: Students who have re- 
ceived Federal Work-Study funds are encouraged to explore 
working off-campus, tutoring in the community through DC. 
Reads or D.C Counts, or working in a service organization. 

Employment Programs 

Job Listings: Using the latest technology, the Career Center an- 
nually lists thousands of jobs and internships on line for students 
and recent alumni via AU CareerWeb. This exceptional career 
management tool is used extensively by both students, alumni 
and employers. 

Recruiting Program: Graduating students who have signed up 
with the Career Center through AU CareerWeb may interview 
for a variety of permanent positions with recruiters who visit 



37 



38 Career Services, Internships, and Merit Awards 



campus each year or who participate in our resume referral 
services. 

Information Sessions: Sessions offered by employers give stu- 
dents the opportunity to learn about the organization, career 
fields, and the interview process at specific employment sites. 
Job and Internship Fairs: Two fairs are held each year, one in 
the fall and one in the spring. Each typically attracts between 1 20 
to 150 employers from a wide variety of organizations. 

Internships and Cooperative Education 

In order to integrate the academic curriculum with profes- 
sional experience, American University's academic internships 
enable students to earn credit for field experience related to their 
education and career goals. Many internships are paid and can be 
full- or part-time. Positions are with private businesses; local, 
state, or federal governments; or nonprofit community, so- 
cial-service, or international organizations. 

Full-time faculty from all university departments guide and 
evaluate students' experiential learning process in academic in- 
ternships. These experiences enable students to explore aca- 
demic and career options, make career decisions, and prepare for 
entry into either an advanced degree program or the professional 
job market. Personal development, acquisition of independent 
learning skills, and a balanced education are other significant 
benefits to students participating in internships. 
Eligibility and Degree Credit 

Opportunities are open to qualified degree-seeking undergrad- 
uate and graduate students. Applicants must be in good academic 
standing and must obtain approval from appropriate academic ad- 
visors. Students must have completed at least the freshman year 
(30 credit hours), a full semester as transfer students (12 credit 
hours), or 9 credit hours as graduate students before they are eligi- 
ble. Undergraduates must have a minimum GPA of 2.00; graduate 
students must have a minimum GPA of 3.00. Schools or depart- 
ments may stipulate additional specific eligibility criteria. 

There is no guarantee of selection, nor is a student obligated 
to accept offers of employment. However, once hired under the 
auspices of the university's internship program, a student is ex- 
pected to complete all employment and academic obligations 
agreed to at the time of registration. 

Working with an internship advisor, qualified candidates ap- 
ply directly to the employers. Students register for credit (with 
their academic advisors) once an employer selects them for a po- 
sition. 

Internship jobs must be reviewed and approved for credit by 
department faculty. Hundreds of academic and non-academic 
internships are posted on the Career Center web site each term, 
and students may propose internships of their own design. The 
credit value depends on the duration of the work periods, the 
content of the job, and the academic assignments. Students are 
required to demonstrate what they have learned with written 
journals, papers, reports, portfolios, conferences, or seminars. 
Specific requirements are set by internship faculty in their syl- 
labi. All credit-bearing internships and co-ops are for a mini- 
mum of 12 consecutive weeks per term. 



Students working full time in credit-based experiences are 
considered full-time students by the university. Undergraduates 
enroll in xxx-39 1/491 Internship (1-6 credits) and graduate stu- 
dents in xxx-691 Internship (3-6 credits). 
Cooperative Education in the Federal Government 

Students earn academic credit for federal government co-op 
work experience related to their education and career goals. 
Field experience courses should have both an academic and a 
work component. These specific internships may lead to non- 
competitive appointments to career positions upon successful 
completion of the student's degree and work program. 

Undergraduates must have completed 30 credit hours with a 
minimum grade point average of 2.00 to be eligible. Graduate 
students must have completed 9 credit hours with a minimum 
grade point average of 3.00. Departments may have additional 
prerequisites. Students must also obtain approval from their aca- 
demic advisor and the Career Center. 

Undergraduates enroll in xxx-392 Cooperative Education Field 
Experience (3-6 credit hours) and graduate students in xxx-692 
Cooperative Education Field Experience (3-6 credit hours). 
International Internships 

Credit-based internship opportunities are available abroad. 
Students should have a demonstrated knowledge of the lan- 
guage of the country in which they expect to work, and previous 
work experience. Several months lead time is essential to work 
toward securing these jobs. Information is available from the in- 
ternational internship advisor in the Career Center, 5 tn floor But- 
ler Pavilion, at 202-885-1804 or online. 

Office of Merit Awards 

The Office of Merit Awards helps enrolled students prepare ap- 
plications for highly competitive merit based scholarships and fel- 
lowships, such as the Marshall Scholarship, which provides two 
years of study at a British University; the $30,000 Harry S. Truman 
Scholarship; and the Fulbright Grant for a year of research and 
graduate study in a foreign country. In 2005-2006 American Uni- 
versity had one Marshall Scholar and one Truman Scholar (of 75 
nationwide) and in 2006-2007, there were two Truman Scholars 
and four Fullbright Scholars, among numerous other award recipi- 
ents. Awards exist for nearly every major and provide a wide range 
of opportunities. American University graduate and undergraduate 
students have been awarded challenging internships, the chance to 
live, study, and conduct research or work abroad, and receive sig- 
nificant funds for graduate school. 

Students work with the professional stafThoused in this office 
to identify appropriate awards and prepare competitive propos- 
als. Appointments may be made by calling the Career Center 
front desk at 202- 885-1804. Students should begin thinking 
about awards as early as the sophomore year and may be invited 
to participate in the Early Identification Program if they have 
achieved a high degree of academic success their freshman year. 

For more information about national merit awards and fel- 
lowships, contact the Office of Merit Awards, located in the Ca- 
reer Center, 5 th floor Butler Pavilion, at 202-885- 1 804 or go to: 
www.american.edu/careercenter. 



Registration 



• Degree and Nondegree Registration 

• International Student Registration 

• Course and Schedule Information 



Academic Advising 

Academic advising is an essential element of the educational 
process. American University requires advisor/student confer- 
ences at least once a semester, but students have the responsibil- 
ity for selecting their courses, meeting course prerequisites, and 
adhering to university policies and procedures. The advisor as- 
sists the student in obtaining a well-balanced education and in- 
terprets university policies and procedures 

Students should be aware of the university's many advising 
resources and utilize these resources as needs arise. Students 
may consult faculty and peer advisors, department chairs, deans, 
and student support services throughout the university. The uni- 
versity has the responsibility to ensure that advising resources 
maintain high standards for serving students effectively and effi- 
ciently 

The university uses a degree audit system (DARS) to track 
undergraduate students' academic progress. The DARS report 
displays academic program requirements completed and to be 
fulfilled. Prior to an official declaration of major, the reports are 
based on requirements for the student's intended major. Students 
may request a copy of their degree audit report from their advisor 
or the Office of the Registrar, or on line from their my.amer- 
ican.edu account. 

Continuing Degree and Nondegree 
Student Registration 

Note: International students in F 1 or J 1 student status are not eli- 
gible to enroll as nondegree students. International students in F 
1 or J 1 student status should refer to specific instructions for in- 
ternational students. 

Course Registration 

Currently-enrolled students receive registration information 
through their American University e-mail account each fall (for 
spring registration) and spring (for fall and summer registration). 
1. Check your AU e-mail account for information concerning 
registration. 
2. Schedule an appointment with your academic advisor. 

Nondegree students receive academic advising and registra- 
tion assistance through the academic department in which they 
intend to study. 



3. Before meeting with your academic advisor, prepare a draft 
course schedule. It is your responsibility to select a schedule of 
courses that is free of day/time conflicts. For updated schedule 
information check: http://american.edu/american/regis- 
trar/schedule.html 

4. With your advisor, confirm or revise your semester course 
schedule. Your advisor will enter an electronic signature into the 
student registration system to document authorization of your 
registration. This approval must be in the system before you will 
be allowed to register for classes. 

5. Be sure that you have met all the prerequisites and obtained all 
required approvals and authorizations for the courses for which 
you intend to register. You will only be permitted to register for 
courses for which you have met the prerequisite or received a 
waiver. 

In addition to meeting course prerequisites, all students wish- 
ing to take courses in Applied Music (Department of Performing 
Arts), the Kogod School of Business, and the School of Commu- 
nication must obtain approval from the department or school. 
Students must obtain all permissions or prerequisite waivers 
from the appropriate departments prior to registration. 

6. Clear any outstanding financial or other stops before attempt- 
ing to register. 

7. Confirm the dates when you are eligible to register. Under- 
graduate students may register starting on the date correspond- 
ing to their completed credits. 

8. Log onto my.american.edu , go to "Course Registration," and 
follow the instructions for registration. Before processing your 
registration, you should verify that your chosen course sections 
are still open. To view the Schedule of Classes from my.amer- 
ican.edu, click on Schedule of Classes: General from the Learn 
@ AU menu. 

Admission to courses is subject to space availability and con- 
firmation of eligibility. Your enrollment in courses will be con- 
firmed immediately, but validation of registration is subject to 
settlement of your student account within the stipulated period 
for payment of tuition and fees. Failure to comply with payment 
schedules may result in cancellation of your registration and will 
necessitate reregistering for courses. 



39 



40 Registration 



Note: students will not be allowed to re-enroll in course sec- 
tions that have closed. 

The following are not available for web registration: intern- 
ship, cooperative education field experience, independent study 
or reading, community service learning projects, consortium, 
Washington Semester or AU Abroad programs, alumni audit, 
maintaining matriculation (graduate students), and any courses 
with a variable credit value. 

Once registered, students can view their semester schedules 
at My Schedule (under "Academics"). To make registration 
changes (add/drop) within permitted time periods, go to "Course 
Registration" and follow the instructions to add or drop courses. 

See Changes in Registration for more information on add- 
ing and dropping courses. 

Special Departmental Requirements for Nondegree 
Students: 

Departmental approval must be obtained for nondegree reg- 
istration in courses at the 600 or 700 level. 

School of International Service (SIS): Approval must be ob- 
tained for all courses at the 500, 600, or 700 level. 

Kogod School of Business (KSB): Approval must be ob- 
tained for nondegree registration in all KSB courses. In addition, 
nondegree students must demonstrate that prerequisites have 
been met. If prerequisites have been completed at a college or 
university other than American University, students must pro- 
vide copies of appropriate transcripts. Graduate students must 
have satisfactory GMAT scores, and a satisfactory grade point 
average in the last 60 hours of undergraduate work. Students 
must provide copies of all undergraduate and graduate tran- 
scripts and GMAT results. 

School of Communication (SOC): Approval must be ob- 
tained for nondegree registration in all SOC courses. 

First-Time Degree and Nondegree 
Student Registration 

Note: All F-l and J-l international students who are enrolling at 
American University for the first time or for a new program are 
required to bring to International Student & Scholar Services 
(ISSS) their passport, 1-94, and 1-20, or DS-2019. Non-native 
speakers of English, regardless of citizenship, must take an Eng- 
lish language proficiency test before they register. International 
students in F-l or J-l student status should refer to specific in- 
structions for international students. International students in 
F-l or J-l student status are not eligible to enroll as nondegree 
students. 

1 . Schedule an appointment with your academic advisor. 
New nondegree students must meet with an advisor in the 

school or department in which they intend to study. 

2. With your advisor, select your semester course schedule. Your 
advisor will enter an electronic signature into the student regis- 
tration system to document authorization of your registration. 



This approval must be in the system before you can be registered 
for classes. 

For updated schedule information check: 
http://american.edu/american/registrar/schedule.html 

Be sure that you have met all the prerequisites and obtained 
all required approvals and authorizations for the courses for 
which you intend to register. You will only be permitted to regis- 
ter for courses for which you have met the prerequisite or re- 
ceived a waiver. 

In addition to meeting course prerequisites, all students wish- 
ing to take courses in Applied Music (Department of Performing 
Arts), Kogod School of Business, and School of Communica- 
tion must obtain approval from the department or school. Stu- 
dents must obtain all permissions or prerequisite waivers from 
the appropriate departments prior to registration. 
3. New students are eligible to register anytime after the begin- 
ning of General Registration for the semester. Initial registra- 
tions for all new students must be processed by your academic 
advisor or by the Office of the Registrar. 

Admission to courses is subject to space availability and con- 
firmation of eligibility. Your enrollment in courses will be con- 
firmed immediately, but validation of registration is subject to 
settlement of your student account within the stipulated period 
for payment of tuition and fees. Failure to comply with payment 
schedules may result in cancellation of registration and will ne- 
cessitate reregistering for courses. 

Note: students will not be allowed to re-enroll in course sec- 
tions that have closed. 

New undergraduates must contact their advisor to make any 
changes to their course registration prior to the first day of 
classes for the semester. New graduate students may add and 
drop courses online at any time after their initial registration by 
logging onto my.american.edu . 

See Changes in Registration for more information on add- 
ing and dropping courses. 

Special Departmental Requirements for Nondegree 
Students: 

Departmental approval must be obtained for nondegree reg- 
istration in courses at the 600 or 700 level. 

School of International Service (SIS): Approval must be ob- 
tained for all courses at the 500, 600, or 700 level. 

Kogod School of Business (KSB): Approval must be ob- 
tained for nondegree registration in all KSB courses. In addition, 
nondegree students must demonstrate that prerequisites have 
been met. If prerequisites have been completed at a college or 
university other than American University, students must pro- 
vide copies of appropriate transcripts. Graduate students must 
have satisfactory GMAT scores, and a satisfactory grade point 
average in the last 60 hours of undergraduate work. Students 
must provide copies of all undergraduate and graduate tran- 
scripts and GMAT results. 

School of Communication (SOC): Approval must be ob- 
tained for nondegree registration in all SOC courses. 



Registration 41 



International Student Registration 

In addition to the registration procedures for continuing or 
new degree students, the following steps must be taken by inter- 
national students (students who are not U.S. citizens or perma- 
nent residents): 

• All F-l and J-l international students who are enrolling at 
American University for the first time or for a new program 
are required to bring to International Student & Scholar 
Services (ISSS) their passport, 1-94, and 1-20, or DS-20 1 9. 

• International students are not required to obtain an 
international student advisor's signature to register unless 
they are registering for an internship or cooperative 
education field experience. 

• International students in F-l and J-l status are required to 
register full-time (at least 1 2 credit hours for undergraduates 
and 9 credit hours for graduate students) for each semester. 
International students with F-l or J-l visas who intend to 
initially register for less than full-time credit hours should 
first consult with an international student advisor. 
International students who register for less than a full course 
load are required to obtain written permission from ISS each 
term. Failure to do so may result in loss of status. 
Students who fail to register full-time or fail to provide 
International Student & Scholar Services (ISSS) with 
copies of all required immigration documents as of the first 
day of classes for the semester may be prevented from 
registering and must meet with an international student 
advisor in ISSS to have the registration STOP removed. 

• Students in B-l/B-2 status are not eligible to register. For 
more information regarding this DHS regulation, please 
contact the International Student & Scholar Services office. 

• Audit courses are not counted toward a full course of study 
for the purpose of maintaining an F-l or J-l status. 
Therefore, F-l and J-l students may audit courses only if 
they are registered full-time for courses taken for credit. 

SEVIS: Student and Exchange Visitor System 

Effective January 30, 2003, universities enrolling F-l and J-l 
students are required to report to the DHS any student who fails 
to maintain status or who completes his or her program. Each 
term and no later than 30 days after the deadline for registering 
for classes, universities are required to report the following reg- 
istration information: 

1 ) whether the student has enrolled, failed to enroll, or dropped 
below a full course of study without authorization by Interna- 
tional Student & Scholar Services; 

2) current address of each enrolled student; 

3) graduation, termination date of study, or authorized employ- 
ment. 

Questions concerning DHS regulations should be directed to 
International Student & Scholar Services (ISSS), Butler Pavil- 
ion 410; telephone 202-885-3350; fax 202-885-3354. Regular 
office hours are Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5 :00 p.m. 



Audit Registration 

Note: International students in F-l or J-l visa status should not 
audit courses. Audit courses are not counted toward a full course of 
study for the purpose of maintaining an F-l or J-l status. 

Students who attend a class but do not wish to receive a final 
grade or credit for the course must register as an auditor. Tuition 
and fees for auditors are the same as those for students register- 
ing for credit. Changes to or from audit must be made before the 
last day to add a course. Audit registration is subject to the same 
regulations as credit registration. Faculty may establish stan- 
dards of class participation and attendance for auditing that must 
be met if a student is to remain in audit status. To register as an 
auditor, choose "Audit" as the grade type when processing your 
registration. 

Internship and Cooperative Education 
Registration 

An internship or cooperative education field experience 
(co-op) is a combination of academic study and substantive 
work experience, approved by a supervising faculty member in 
advance. Registration for internships and federal co-ops is open 
to degree students in good academic standing. Academic depart- 
ments may have additional requirements, but generally the pre- 
requisite for registration at the undergraduate level is completion 
of 30 credit hours of course work ( 1 2 credit hours for transfer 
students) with a minimum grade point average of 2.0; at the 
graduate level, completion of 9 credit hours with a minimum 
grade point average of 3.0. 

All students are encouraged to work with an advisor in the 
Career Center. For additional information about internships and 
Cooperative Education, call or visit the Career Center, Butler 
Pavilion 5th floor, 202-885-1804. Information is also available 
at: www.american.edu/careercenter . 

Registration for internships or co-ops is during the registra- 
tion period for the fall or spring semester or summer session. 
Students may add these courses until the end of the second week 
of classes in the spring semester or summer session and the third 
week of classes in the fall semester. 

Students must have met all prerequisites, secured the work 
position, and confirmed their work schedule with their site su- 
pervisor prior to registration. The student and supervising fac- 
ulty member must agree upon and document the credit value of 
the field experience, depending on the nature of the academic 
component and the number of hours required for the work com- 
ponent. The recommended standards for academic credit may 
vary but typically are: 8- 1 hours per week for 1 -2 credits; 15-16 
hours per week for 3 credits; and 20-24 hours per week for 6 
credits. Students work throughout the term ( 1 2 weeks or more). 

Students must submit a completed and approved Intern- 
ship/Cooperative Education Registration Form, along with the 
Internship Consent and Release Form to the Registrar's Office. 
Forms are available at: 
http://american.edu/american/registrar/forms . 



42 Registration 



Independent Reading and Study 
Registration 

An independent reading course is defined as a course in 
which a student, by arrangement with an instructor, reads a body 
of material with a minimum of formal instruction. An independ- 
ent study project is defined as a course in which a student does 
research on a topic agreed upon by the student and the instructor. 

Enrollment for these courses is during the registration period 
for the fall or spring semester or summer session. Students may 
add these courses until the end of the fourth week of classes in 
the fall and spring semesters or the end of the second week of a 
summer session. 

Before processing registration for these courses, the student 
and the supervising faculty member must agree upon and docu- 
ment the title, objective, scope, and credit value ( 1 -6) of the pro- 
ject to be pursued. The department chair or program director 
must approve the project and faculty member's involvement. In 
particular, he or she must attest that the project does not duplicate 
a course already offered in the semester's schedule which would 
be available to the student. 

Students must submit a completed and approved Independent 
Study Registration Form to the Registrar's Office. Forms are 
available at: 
http://american.edu/american/registrar/forms . 

Community Service Learning Projects 

Undergraduate students may have the opportunity to earn 
credit for community service performed in conjunction with 
courses in which they are enrolled. In addition to at least 40 
hours of approved field work, community service learning pro- 
jects require an academic component related to the course with 
which the service project is associated. Students earn one credit 
for each community service learning project they successfully 
complete, with a maximum of three credits applied to gradua- 
tion. Only the pass/fail grading option is available. Permission of 
the instructor of the course is required. The Office of Campus 
Life certifies community service organizations and provides ori- 
entation sessions for students, for more information on registra- 
tion for Community Service Learning Projects, go to 
www.american.edu/volunteer/cslpreg . 

Consortium Registration 

The Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropol- 
itan Area combines the resources of area universities and col- 
leges. In cooperation with the Catholic University of America, 
Gallaudet University, George Mason University, The George 
Washington University, Georgetown University, Howard Uni- 
versity, Marymount University, Southeastern University, Trinity 
College, the University of the District of Columbia, and the Uni- 
versity of Maryland, American University offers qualified de- 



gree students the opportunity to enroll for courses at any of these 
institutions. 

With the appropriate approvals, undergraduate and graduate 
degree students may take courses for AU residence credit at 
member institutions of the Consortium of Universities of the 
Washington Metropolitan Area, provided the course is not of- 
fered at American University. Off-campus courses, courses in 
law and medicine, independent study and reading courses, spe- 
cial institutes, and noncredit courses (except ROTC at 
Georgetown and Howard) are excluded from the consortium. 

To be eligible for this program, students must be fully admit- 
ted degree students who are actively enrolled and in good aca- 
demic standing. Course registration must be approved by the 
American University dean or department chair of the field of 
study for which registration is requested and by the Office of the 
Registrar. Students are responsible for securing approval at the 
cooperating institution when requested. 

American University students pay the American University 
tuition rate. Students registering for consortium courses at all 
universities will be billed for any special fees (such as lab fees) 
for the course. Consortium registration can be confirmed only 
after classes begin at the visited school. 

For course selection eligibility and registration, contact the 
Operations Coordinator for Academic Services in the Office of 
the Registrar at 202-885-2208. Information on the Consortium 
is also available at www.consortium.org. 

Maintaining Matriculation 

Graduate students whose degree requirements are not com- 
pleted and who have not been granted a leave of absence must 
register each fall and spring semester during regular registration 
periods for courses, for thesis or dissertation seminars, or for 
maintaining matriculation. Those who do not will be considered 
as having withdrawn. Such students may then reapply and, if re- 
admitted, are governed by requirements and regulations in effect 
at the time of readmission. 

During a semester when a student is not enrolled in credit 
course work but is utilizing the services of the university (e.g., to 
prepare for comprehensive examinations or complete research 
for the thesis or dissertation), the student maintains enrolled sta- 
tus by registering for maintaining matriculation, the equivalent 
of one graduate-level credit hour. Schools and departments may 
establish specific requirements as to when and for how many se- 
mesters students may be in maintaining matriculation status. 

Students who change degree objective, college, or school, 
whose candidacy for an advanced degree expires, or who choose 
to conform to new regulations or requirements must be prepared 
to complete all requirements and abide by all regulations in ef- 
fect at the time such a change is made. 



Registration 43 



Alumni Audit Registration 

Graduates of American University in good financial standing 
with the university may enroll in one course each fall, spring, 
and summer semester as alumni auditors. No credit is given for 
courses taken through this program, and courses will not appear 
on student transcripts. Alumni who wish to receive credit for 
courses must register as nondegree students and pay tuition at 
the prevailing rate. Alumni who are also currently enrolled in a 
degree program at AU may participate in the alumni audit op- 
tion, except in courses for their degree program. Alumni audi- 
tors are expected to follow all university conduct policies. 

Alumni audit registration is available during the first two 
weeks of classes for the fall and spring semesters and only for 
courses which have not reached their enrollment limits (no 
"bluecards" are issued for alumni audit registration). 

In-person registration is available at the Alumni Programs of- 
fice, Constitution Building, Tenley Campus. Registrations may 
also be mailed to Alumni Programs, American University, 4400 
Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016, or faxed to 
202-885-5964. When faxing registration forms, please call 
202-885-5960 to verify receipt of the fax. 

The Alumni Audit fee is $100, which supports the Alumni 
Scholarship Fund and administrative costs. Some courses may 
also have additional fees. Payment will be accepted by check, 
money order, VISA, MasterCard, Discover, and American Ex- 
press only (no cash). 

Courses not available for Alumni Audit include independent 
study or reading, private music instruction, laboratory courses, 
and maintaining matriculation. 

The following schools and departments require faculty or de- 
partmental approval. If approval is required, the instructor or de- 
partment must sign the authorization section of the registration 
form before the student may register as an alumni auditor. 

• School of International Service (SIS), School of 
Communication (SOC), and School of Public Affairs 
(SPA): all courses 

• College of Arts and Sciences (CAS): Anthropology 
(graduate- level courses), Art, Audio Technology, Health 
and Fitness, History (graduate-level courses), Language 
and Foreign Studies, Literature (400-level and 
graduate-level courses), Psychology, and Sociology. 

For additional information, call 202-885-5960 or go to 
http://alumni.american.edu/ 

For availability of courses, check the Schedule of Classes at 
www.american.edu/american/registrar/schedule.html . 



Changes in Registration 

To make changes in registration online, log on to 
myamerican.edu and go to ADD/DROP COURSE. 

Adding Courses 

Students may add a course through the second week of 
classes for the fall or spring, or the equivalent for a summer ses- 
sion. 

In addition to any course prerequisites and required authori- 
zations, approvals are required for the following: 

• Students adding business courses must obtain approval 
from the Kogod School Undergraduate or Graduate 
Program Office. 

• Students adding communication courses must have 
approval from the School of Communication. 

• Cooperative Education students must have worked directly 
with the Career Center and have signed approval. 

Dropping Courses 

Students may drop a course through the semester midterm 
date for the fall or spring, or the equivalent for a summer session. 
When a student withdraws from a course during the first two 
weeks of a semester (or the equivalent for summer), the course 
will not appear on the transcript; withdrawal thereafter is noted 
with a "W" in place of a grade. 

Note: Discontinuing attendance in class or notifying an in- 
structor of a status change does not constitute an official action. 

Approvals are required for the following: 

• Withdrawal from courses used to satisfy the University 
Mathematics Requirement requires the approval of an 
academic advisor based on the placement 
recommendations made by the Department of Mathematics 
and Statistics. 

• International students with F-l or J-l visas should consult 
first with an international student advisor in International 
Student & Scholar Services regarding how to maintain their 
status. 

• Athletes must not drop below 12 credit hours without 
authorization of the director of athletics. 

• Kogod students dropping business courses must obtain 
approval from the Kogod School Undergraduate or 
Graduate Program Office. 

• Cooperative Education students must have prior approval 
from the Career Center. 

Grade Type Option 

Students may change grade type options (A-F or Pass/Fail) 
on the web through the second week of classes for the fall or 
spring, or the equivalent for a summer session. 

Note: Changing grade type is not permitted for courses that 
require a specific grade type, such as Pass/Fail only. 



44 Registration 



Withdrawal from the University 

Degree students who withdraw completely from the univer- 
sity must file an official Withdrawal Request Form though the 
Registrar's Office. Students on academic probation will be re- 
quired to obtain the signature of their academic dean before they 
will be permitted to withdraw. 

Course and Schedule Information 

Course Numbers 

Each course is designated by a subject code and a course 
number. The subject code identifies a particular academic disci- 
pline or teaching unit in the curriculum; e.g. ANTH = Anthro- 
pology; ECON = Economics; ARTH = Art History. The 
numbers identify the level of the course as follows: 001-099 = 
no degree credit; 100-499 = undergraduate degree credit; 
500-599 = graduate courses to which advanced undergraduate 
students may be admitted; 600-799 = graduate courses to which 
undergraduate students usually are not admitted. 

Courses taken for undergraduate General Education credit 
have a "G"in the course number, e.g., HIST-100G 

Credit Hour Value 

All undergraduate and graduate courses are valued in credit 
hours. Generally, each credit hour is equal to 50 minutes of class 
instruction a week. 
Course Descriptions and Syllabuses 

Descriptions of permanent courses currently in the university 
curriculum are listed by course number in Course Descriptions. 
Catalog course descriptions, as well as selected and rotating top- 
ics course descriptions are available each semester from the 
Schedule of Classes at 
www.american.edu/american/registrar/schedule.html . 

A syllabus describing the general nature and scope of each 
course is available from the department offering the course for 
three years. 
Course Prerequisites 

Many courses call for a minimum background of knowledge, 
as indicated by prerequisite courses cited in individual descrip- 
tions. Titles and numbers are those of American University 
courses; equivalent courses satisfactorily completed at other ac- 
credited institutions also meet prerequisite requirements by 
transfer credit. 

Students are responsible for entering the class with the re- 
quired competence. Thus, prerequisites warn students of the 
knowledge they are to bring with them in order to meet the ex- 
pected standards of performance. 

Class Periods 

Day classes, except those on Wednesday and Saturday, ordi- 
narily meet two days a week for 75 minutes a meeting. Wednes- 
day classes ordinarily meet once a week for two hours and 30 
minutes. Some classes meet three times a week for 50 or 60 min- 



utes a meeting. Evening classes ordinarily meet once a week for 
two hours and 30 minutes or twice a week for 75 minutes a meet- 
ing. Classes at the 600- and 700-level may, in some cases, meet 
for a total of two hours a week at the discretion of the teaching 
unit concerned. 

Courses involving laboratory, studio, discussion groups, or 
workshops may vary from these schedules. Independent reading 
courses, study projects, internships, and similar kinds of study 
opportunities meet according to the special arrangement with 
the school, department, or faculty members concerned. 

Cancellation of Courses 

Occasionally it is necessary to cancel a scheduled course be- 
cause of low enrollment, the last-minute unavailability of an in- 
structor, or other unavoidable reasons. Every effort is made to 
announce the cancellation before the first class meeting, but this 
is not always possible. If a course is canceled, a student who does 
not choose to transfer to another course may receive a full refund 
of the tuition and fees paid for the canceled course by completing 
a refund request form in the Office of Student Accounts. 

Class Attendance 

The university considers class attendance a matter best left to 
the discretion of the individual instructor. It is expected, how- 
ever, that faculty members who have a particular attendance pol- 
icy will announce that policy at the first few class meetings each 
semester. 

Veterans and others receiving government benefits are re- 
minded that the paying agency may have specific attendance 
policies. 
Emergency Cancellation of Classes 

Classes at American University are expected to meet accord- 
ing to the announced schedule and no instructor is authorized to 
change the day, hour, or place of any meeting. Unless cancella- 
tion of classes is announced publicly, classes will meet. When 
cancellation of classes is necessary, instructors are expected to 
arrange for additional reading, study assignments, or class meet- 
ings to compensate for attendance time lost. 

Student Responsibility 

Students are responsible for their behavior, academic and oth- 
erwise, at American University. American University expects 
that students, as mature members of the academic community, 
will adhere to the highest standards of personal and academic in- 
tegrity and good taste. 

To protect their academic status, students should seek the ap- 
propriate approval of their academic program advisors. It is 
highly recommended that students keep their own records of all 
transactions with the university (grade reports, registration 
schedules and changes, incomplete forms, etc.). 

It is also advisable to keep copies of all tests and papers sub- 
mitted in fulfillment of course work. 



Academic Regulations 

• Academic Integrity Code 

• Student Academic Grievance Policy 



As part of providing a high-quality education, the university 
continuously examines its academic requirements. As a result, 
the information contained in this and other sections of this publi- 
cation may be revised. Students should consult their deans or de- 
partment chairs for any new requirements that may affect their 
individual programs of study. 

Academic Integrity Code 

Academic integrity stands at the heart of intellectual life. The 
academic community is bound by a fundamental trust that pro- 
fessors and students alike undertake and present their work hon- 
estly. As a community of the mind, we respect the work of 
others, paying our intellectual debts as we craft our own work. 

The Academic Integrity Code ("Code") for American Uni- 
versity defines honorable conduct, outlines attendant rights and 
responsibilities, and describes procedures for handling allega- 
tions of academic misconduct. Violating standards of academic 
conduct is a serious matter subject to discipline. Most charges of 
Code violations are brought by the university faculty to the Aca- 
demic Integrity Code Administrator of the major teaching unit 
(School or College) in which the course is taught. 

Violations adjudicated under the Code include the following: 
plagiarism; inappropriate collaboration; dishonesty in examina- 
tions (in-class or take-home); dishonesty in papers; work done 
for one course and submitted to another; fabrication of data; in- 
terference with other students' or scholars' work; bribes, favors, 
and threats; and other academic misconduct. Violations of the 
Code will be treated seriously, with special attention to repeat of- 
fenders. Sanctions for Code violations may include failure for 
the course, a notation on the student's permanent record, suspen- 
sion and dismissal, as well as other lesser sanctions. Freshman 
Forgiveness does not apply to Code violations. 

By enrolling at American University and then each semester 
when registering for classes, students acknowledge their com- 
mitment to the Code. As members of the academic community, 
students must become familiar with their rights and their respon- 
sibilities. In each course, they are responsible for knowing the 
requirements and restrictions regarding research and writing, 
examinations of whatever kind, collaborative work, the use of 
study aids, the appropriateness of assistance, and other issues. 
Students are responsible for learning the conventions of docu- 
mentation and acknowledgment of sources. American Univer- 



sity expects students to complete all examinations, tests, papers, 
creative projects, and assignments of any kind according to the 
highest ethical standards, as set forth either explicitly or implic- 
itly in this Code or by the direction of instructors. 
The Academic Integrity Code is incorporated in the university's 
Academic Regulations and may be found at: amer- 
ican.edu/american/registrar/AcademicReg/New/reg8Q.html 

Student Academic Grievance Policy 

In the course of academic life, a student may come into dis- 
agreement with a faculty member or with the policies and ac- 
tions of an academic unit as they affect the student's progress 
toward completion of a course or degree. In cases of complaint 
or disagreement over academic matters not resolved by consul- 
tation among the parties, the university provides the student the 
right to initiate a grievance procedure. 

Students should have protection through orderly procedures 
against prejudiced or capricious academic evaluation. At the 
same time, they are responsible for maintaining standards of ac- 
ademic performance established for each course in which they 
are enrolled. Evaluation of students and the awarding of credit 
must be based on academic performance professionally judged 
and not on matters irrelevant to that performance, such as per- 
sonality, physical disability, age, race, gender, sexual orienta- 
tion, religion, national origin, degree of political activism, or 
personal beliefs. 

Judgement regarding standards of evaluation for a student's 
academic performance is a faculty responsibility and is not 
grievable. Normally, only questions relating to whether a faculty 
member complied with the stated requirements of the course and 
applied standards of evaluation fairly and equitably are poten- 
tially grievable. Cases involving complaints about grades will be 
considered only when there is clear evidence that casts signifi- 
cant doubt on the objectivity of the grading process or indicates 
that the faculty member failed to comply with the stated require- 
ments of the course. 

The university's policy and procedures for consultation and 
informal resolution, formal process, and appeal for student aca- 
demic grievances may be found in Academic Regulation 
50.00.02 at 
www.american.edu/american/registrar/AcademicReg 



45 



Academic Regulations 

• Student Records 

• Grading System 

• Graduation 

• Undergraduate Academic Honors 



Student Records 

A file is maintained for each student who registers at Ameri- 
can University. Degree students' records begin in the Admis- 
sions Office, which assembles the application and supporting 
documents and the record of admission actions. After an appli- 
cant is approved for admission and registers, the academic his- 
tory is maintained by the Office of the University Registrar. 
Normally the only record maintained for nondegree students 
who are citizens of the United States are the record of their regis- 
tration^) and their academic performance. A full record is kept 
for each international nondegree student. 

The purpose of the official student record is to document the 
student's academic career and to provide a repository of infor- 
mation which can be useful to advisors. All relevant materials 
are maintained until the student has received the degree or has 
left the university. Periodically, the basic materials in files are 
microfilmed and only the microfilmed copy and the electronic 
permanent record, on which the summary of the total record is 
entered, are retained. 

Information needed for the continuing evaluation of the prog- 
ress of a student, grades earned, and the like are made available 
to the dean by the University Registrar. The various colleges, 
schools, and departments also develop files to aid in the counsel- 
ing and appraisal of their own students. Such files are not, how- 
ever, to be considered official. Important decisions relating to a 
student's academic career should always be based on the infor- 
mation maintained by the Office of the University Registrar. 

The alteration or misuse of official student records, or attempt 
to alter or misuse them, under any circumstances or for any pur- 
pose, will result in the peremptory dismissal of any student or 
employee of the university involved and the institution of such 
legal proceedings as may be appropriate. 

Confidentiality of Student Records 

The university's policy and procedures for confidentiality of 
student records may be found in Academic Regulation 90. 1 0.00 
at www.american.edu/american/registrar/AcademicReg 



The following explains the university's policy for complying 
with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 
("FERPA" or "Act"). Students at American University have the 
following rights regarding their education records: 1 ) to have ac- 
cess to their education records, 2) to consent to release a record 
to a third party, 3) to request nondisclosure of directory informa- 
tion, 4) to seek amendment of information in an education record 
which the student demonstrates is inaccurate, 5) to be notified of 
their privacy rights, and 6) to file complaints with the Family 
Policy Compliance Office of the U.S. Department of Education 
concerning alleged failures by American University to comply 
with the Act. 

For purposes of this policy, the term "student" means any in- 
dividual who is attending or has attended American University 
and for whom the university maintains education records. The 
term "education records" or "student education records" means, 
with certain exceptions, any records 1 ) that are directly related to 
a student and 2) maintained by the university or its agents. Stu- 
dent education records are confidential and may only be released 
with consent of the student or as otherwise permitted by law. 

The university does not maintain education records in one 
central office. Education records are maintained in the various 
departments, schools, or colleges. A student should contact the 
Office of the University Registrar, or, for law students, the 
Washington College of Law (WCL) Registrar, for guidance in 
determining which unit(s) a student should contact about an edu- 
cation record. 

Examples of academic and non-academic student education 
records include without limitation: 

• Academic Records: Permanent record of academic 
performance (e.g., transcript, including supporting 
documents) maintained by the Office of the University 
Registrar, the WCL Registrar, academic advisor, dean's 
office, and Provost's Office; files of academic progress 
maintained by the individual school/college academic 
office and Provost's Office; admission files of students; 
Career Center files. 

• Non-Academic Records: Files related to Financial Aid, 
Housing and Dining Programs, International Student and 



46 



Academic Regulations 47 



Scholar Services, Student Accounts, and the Library; 

student discipline files; employment files of students who 

are employed because of their student status (e.g. 

work-study, graduate assistantship/fellowship). 
Only information directly relevant to the educational pro- 
cesses of the university or which is voluntarily offered by the 
student and accepted from the student shall be included in stu- 
dent education records. 

Specifically excluded from such student education records 
are: 

• Medical and mental health information which is created, 
maintained, or used by a physician, psychiatrist, 
psychologist, or other recognized professional in 
connection with treatment of the student and disclosed only 
to individuals providing the treatment. Such records are 
strictly confidential and not accessible except as provided 
by applicable laws; 

• Sole possession records or private notes maintained by 
individual faculty and instructional, supervisory, or 
administrative personnel for their own use and which are 
not accessible or released to anyone except a substitute; 

• Records created and maintained by Public Safety solely for 
law enforcement purposes; 

• Employment records of students which are made and 
maintained in the normal course of business, relate 
exclusively to their employment, and are not available for 
use for any other purpose; 

• Alumni records which contain only information about 
former students after they are no longer students at the 
university. 

Student Access to Student Education Records 

Each student may inspect his or her education record, subject 
to reasonable time, place, and manner restrictions. A student 
must submit a written request to review an education record. The 
request will be granted as soon as possible, but no later than 
forty- five (45) days from the date of the receipt of the request. At 
the time of inspection, the student must present identification 
and must inspect the records in the presence of a designated uni- 
versity official. In lieu of inspection and at the request of the stu- 
dent, the university may provide a copy of the requested 
education record. The student may be charged for the actual 
costs of copying the records. The university reserves the right to 
deny requests for copies of records if there is an administrative 
restriction on the individual's student account (e.g. financial ob- 
ligation, disciplinary stop). 

Student may not access the following education records: 

• Financial information submitted by parents; 

• Confidential letters of recommendation for which a student 
has waived the right of access provided that the 
recommendations are used only for their intended purpose 
(i.e. admission, employment, or consideration for any 
honor). However, the student may know the names of all 
people making recommendations; and 



• Confidential letters of recommendation placed in a record 
before January 1 , 1975, if the letters were used only for the 
intended purpose. 

Disclosures of Student Education Records 

The university may verify or release directory information 
unless the student has filed a request for nondisclosure of direc- 
tory information with the Office of the University Registrar or, 
for law students, the WCL Registrar. Prior to verifying or releas- 
ing directory information, the university official processing the 
request must contact the Office of the University Registrar to en- 
sure that the student has not requested nondisclosure of directory 
information. Directory information includes a student's name, 
telephone numbers, addresses, e-mail addresses, date and place 
of birth, dates of attendance at the university, major field of study 
and class, date of graduation, degrees and honors received at the 
university, the most recent previous educational agency or insti- 
tution attended, participation in officially recognized university 
activities, height and weight of members of athletic teams, pho- 
tographs and similar information. 

The university may verify directory information for persons 
requesting such information. In the event that the individual 
seeking verification provides incorrect or incomplete informa- 
tion, the university will not complete, correct, volunteer, or pro- 
vide additional information to the inquirer. The university, in 
connection with specific events such as commencements, dean's 
list announcements, scholarship presentations, athletic contests, 
or other university-related news stories, may release directory 
information to the news media or the public. The university may 
release directory information for law enforcement purposes, and 
will release directory information as required by law. 

Students who object to the verification and release of direc- 
tory information must notify in writing the Office of the Univer- 
sity Registrar or, for law students, the WCL Registrar. Forms for 
this purpose are available from the Office of the University Reg- 
istrar or the WCL Registrar and should be filed within thirty (30) 
days following enrollment at the university. The request for 
nondisclosure may be rescinded by written notification to the 
Office of the University Registrar or the WCL Registrar. 

University officials are determined to have legitimate educa- 
tional interest if the information requested is necessary for that 
official to perform a task that is related to their normally assigned 
job functions or related to their performance of a contract with 
the university. A "university official" includes faculty, staff, a 
member of the board of trustees, third-parties acting on behalf of 
the university, and individuals, including students, serving on 
university committees. The determination as to whether a legiti- 
mate educational interest exists will be made by the custodian of 
the records on a case-by-case basis. 

Third-Party Access to Education Records 

The university may disclose student education records with 
the prior written consent of the student. A student may authorize 
access to third parties to review the student's education record by 
completing a written and dated authorization form which speci- 



48 Academic Regulations 



fies the information to be released, the reasons for the release, 
and to whom the information is to be released. 

The university may disclose information in the following cir- 
cumstances without the prior written consent of the student: 

• To comply with a judicial order or lawfully issued 
subpoena. Unless otherwise directed by the order or 
subpoena, the university will make a reasonable effort to 
notify the student in writing of the order or subpoena in 
advance of compliance; 

• To the parents of a dependent student, as defined in the 
Internal Revenue Code. The parent must sign, and provide 
to the university, a written statement confirming that the 
student is a dependent; the statement must be accompanied 
by a copy of the parent's most current tax return which 
reports the student as a dependent; 

• To persons or organizations providing the student financial 
aid, or who determine financial decisions concerning 
eligibility, amount, conditions, and enforcement or terms of 
the financial aid; 

• To organizations conducting studies for educational 
agencies to 1) develop, validate, or administer predictive 
tests, 2) administer student aid programs; or 3) improve 
instruction. Disclosure under this paragraph shall only be 
made if the study is conducted in a manner that does not 
permit personal identification of students by individuals 
other than representatives of the organization and that 
personally identifiable data will be destroyed when no 
longer needed for the purpose for which it was collected; 

• To authorized representatives of the Comptroller General of 
the United States; Secretary of Education; or state and local 
educational authorities to audit or evaluate a federal or state 
supported education programs, or for the enforcement of or 
compliance with legal requirements of those programs. 
Disclosure under this paragraph shall only be made if 
information is protected in a manner that does not permit 
personal identification of students by individuals other than 
the specified officials and that personally identifiable data 
will be destroyed when no longer needed for the purpose for 
which it is collected. 

• To accrediting organizations for purposes related to 
accreditation of the university; 

• To appropriate parties in a health or safety emergency; 

• To victims of crimes of violence or non-forcible sex 
offenses concerning the results of disciplinary proceedings 
about those incidents; 

• To appropriate parties as permitted by the university's 
Parental Notification of Disciplinary Violations Involving 
the Use or Possession of Alcohol or a Controlled Substance; 
and 

• To appropriate parties in other circumstances as required by 
law. 

Education records will only be disclosed to third parties if 
thev are advised not to redisclose the information to others with- 



out the prior written consent of the student or as permitted by 
law. 

Each university office must maintain a list of all individuals 
or organizations who have obtained access to a student's record. 
The list must indicate the legitimate interest that each person or 
organization has in obtaining the information. This "record of 
access" is part of the student's education record. A record of ac- 
cess is not necessary for disclosures: 1 ) to the student, 2) pursu- 
ant to a written authorization from a student, 3) to university 
officials, 4) of directory information, and 5) in response to a sub- 
poena or court order specifying that the existence and/or con- 
tents of such documents may not be revealed. 

Student's Right to Challenge Information in the 
Student Education Record 

If a student demonstrates that the student's education record is 
inaccurate, misleading or otherwise in violation of the student's 
privacy rights, the student may request in writing that the record 
be changed. The request should be made directly to the custo- 
dian of the record. Any disagreement should be resolved infor- 
mally, if possible and within a reasonable time period. If the 
request is denied, the student may file a written appeal within 30 
days to the University Registrar or, for law students, the WCL 
Registrar. The Registrar will appoint a hearing committee to re- 
view the complaint. The committee will provide the student a 
full and fair opportunity to present evidence. The student may 
be assisted or represented by one or more individuals of the stu- 
dent's choice, including an attorney After the committee com- 
pletes the proceeding and makes findings, it will render a written 
decision and forward it to the relevant parties for implementa- 
tion. 

Students, dissatisfied with the results of a hearing, may place 
an explanatory statement in the relevant education record com- 
menting upon the information in dispute, and/or setting forth any 
reason for disagreement with the institutional decision not to 
correct or amend the record. Such a statement will become part 
of the student education record. 
Inactivity of Student Education Records 

After five years since the student has graduated or was last 
registered at the university, the university generally destroys stu- 
dent education records. Exceptions include but are not limited to 
the following: permanent records of academic performance, in- 
cluding supporting documents; such financial records as are 
necessary so long as there exists a financial obligation to the uni- 
versity; and disciplinary records that involve a permanent nota- 
tion to the student's record. 

Transcripts 

Students may obtain transcripts of their academic records 
from the Office of the Registrar. Transcripts will be released only 
on the signed request or release of the student concerned. 

The university will not issue a transcript that reflects only a 
part of the student's record, nor will it make copies of transcripts 
on file from other colleges and universities. 



Academic Regulations 49 



Certification of Enrollment 

The Office of the Registrar supplies, on request of a currently 
enrolled student, certification of certain academic data concern- 
ing the records and status of the student. These certifications are 
used for Department of Education and scholarship forms, em- 
ployment applications, and so forth. They are not to be confused 
with transcripts of the student's permanent academic record. 

Grading System 

Calculated in the Grade Point Average: 

Grade Quality Points 

A (Excellent) 4.0 

A- 3.7 

B+ 3.3 

B(Good) 3.0 

B- 2.7 

C+ 2.3 

C (Satisfactory) 2.0 

C- 1.7 

D(Poor) 1.0 

F(Fail) 

X (administrative penalty)* 

*The X grade is assigned by the instructor in lieu of an F 
when a student never attended or ceased attending the class, ren- 
dering an assessment of academic performance impossible. 
Not Calculated in the Grade Point Average: 

I incomplete 

IP in progress 

(for a course for which a grade is not necessarily due at the 
end of the semester, e.g. independent study) 

L auditor (no credit) 

N ... no grade reported by instructor or invalid grade 

P pass 

W withdrawal 

ZF fail on pass/fail option 

ZL administrative withdrawal from audit 

ZX . . . fail (administrative penalty) on pass/fail option 

Grade Point Average 

The cumulative grade point average includes only those 
courses taken for conventional grades (A through F). Courses 
below the 1 00-level or taken pass/fail are not included in the 
grade point average, nor are grades of Incomplete (I). See also 
Repetition of Courses, below. 

Credit accepted for transfer from another institution is in- 
cluded in the total amount of credit applicable to degree require- 
ments, but grades earned in such courses are not recorded on the 
permanent record at American University and are not used in 
computing the cumulative grade point average needed for grad- 
uation. 

Pass/Fail 

For undergraduate students, the grade of P indicates a quality 
of performance no less than C (2.00) on a conventional grading 
scale. For graduate students, the grade of P indicates perfor- 



mance equivalent to a B (3.00) or better on a conventional 
grading scale. Performance below these levels is reported as ZF. 
Neither the P grade nor the ZF or ZX grade is calculated in the 
grade point average. Degree credit, however, is received with the 
grade of P. 

Incomplete Grades 

At the discretion of the faculty member, the grade of I (In- 
complete) may be given to a student who, because of extenuat- 
ing circumstances, is unable to complete the course during a 
semester. The grade of Incomplete may be given only if the stu- 
dent is receiving a passing grade for the course work completed. 
Arrangements for a grade of Incomplete must be made in ad- 
vance of the final examination. An Incomplete Contract form 
detailing what work is to be submitted, the deadlines for such 
submission, and a grade to be substituted for the I should sub- 
mission deadlines not be met is signed by both the student and 
the faculty member. The submission deadline should not extend 
beyond the last day of the following semester (not counting sum- 
mer). 

No grade of I will be recognized by the Office of the Registrar 
without the proper documentation. On completion of the re- 
quirements of the course within the time specified in the elec- 
tronic submission of the Incomplete, the grade of I must be 
resolved to a grade of A through F, P, or ZF. Unless resolved by 
the faculty member to one of these grades, the default grade 
specified in the electronic submission of the Incomplete will be 
inserted as a final grade in place of the I by the Office of the Reg- 
istrar. A W may not be given to remove a grade of I . An I may not 
stand as a permanent grade. 

Changes in Grades 

Once reported, a grade may not be changed except to remove 
a grade of I (Incomplete) as stated above, or to correct a grade re- 
corded in error. To remove a grade recorded incorrectly, the fac- 
ulty member must certify in writing to the Office of the Registrar 
that an error was made. 

Repetition of Courses 

Whenever a course is repeated, each attempt, including the fi- 
nal grade, is entered separately on the permanent academic re- 
cord. Unless specifically indicated to the contrary, however, 
only one successful attempt of a course is counted toward fulfill- 
ment of graduation credit requirements. With the exception of 
the Freshman Forgiveness rule (see the Undergraduate Study 
chapter in this publication), the grades received in all attempts 
are considered in the computation of the undergraduate cumula- 
tive grade point average. 

Graduation 

Candidates for degrees submit an Application for Graduation 
form to the Office of the Registrar during the registration period 
for their last expected term of study. Application forms are avail- 
able at: www.american.edu/american/registrar/grad . 

Only after application for graduation has been made can the 
Office of the Registrar begin processing the necessary informa- 



50 Academic Regulations 



tion for final certification of graduation. Students who fail to 
complete all degree requirements by the end of the term for 
which they applied to graduate must reapply in order to graduate 
later. 

Conferral of Degrees and Commencement 

The university confers degrees and issues diplomas at the end 
of the fall, spring, and summer terms. Formal commencement 
ceremonies are held in May. 

Only students who successfully complete degree require- 
ments by the end of the term for which they have applied (or re- 
applied) to graduate are certified for conferral of a degree. In 
witness of the degree conferred, the permanent records of the 
graduates are appropriately noted with a statement of graduation 
and their diplomas are released. 

Candidates for degrees whose academic records indicate that 
they can satisfy degree requirements by the end of the term for 
which they have applied are permitted to participate in com- 
mencement ceremonies. Participation in a commencement cere- 
mony does not itself constitute conferral of a degree, nor does it 
imply an obligation on the part of the university to award a de- 
gree before all requirements have been met and certified. 

Undergraduate Academic Honors 

Dean's List 

Each college or school may issue a dean's list of its under- 
graduate honor students at the end of each semester. The mini- 
mum standard for listing is a 3.50 grade point average for the 
semester, earned in a full-time undergraduate program of not 
fewer than 1 5 completed credit hours of which at least 1 2 hours 
must be completed for A-F grade credit. 

Graduation Honors 

Undergraduate graduation honors at American University 
include Latin Honors, based on cumulative grade point average, 
and University Honors, based on a combination of honors 
course options, cumulative grade point average, and completion 
of an honors capstone. To be eligible for graduation honors, stu- 
dents must have completed at least 60 credit hours required for 
their degree in residence at American University and have 
achieved the requisite grade point average. Both Latin Honors 
and University Honors are listed in the commencement program 
and on the student's diploma and permanent record. 

Latin Honors 

Undergraduate Latin Honors and the grade point averages re- 
quired are as follows: 

summa cum laude: 3.90 or higher 
magna cum laude: 3.70 through 3.89 
cum laude: 3.50 through 3.69 



No more than 15 credit hours taken Pass/Fail may be included in 
American University work applied toward Latin Honors. Courses 
taken Pass/Fail are not computed in the grade point average. 

University Honors Program 

The University Honors Program is a comprehensive program 
of honors options drawn from the General Education curriculum 
and departmental course offerings to qualified undergraduate 
students. The program is characterized by small seminars, indi- 
vidualized attention from faculty, unique access to the resources 
of Washington, D.C, and the special atmosphere of an honors 
community of committed faculty and students. 

Qualified entering freshmen, transfer students, and current 
students are eligible for admission to the program. Entering 
freshmen are admitted to the program based upon excellence in 
their high school academic performance. Other students, includ- 
ing transfers, may be admitted to the program at the discretion of 
the honors director if they have achieved a cumulative grade 
point average (GPA) of 3.60 for the equivalent of at least one ac- 
ademic year (30 credit hours). 

Students entering the program as freshmen are required to 
complete a minimum of 30 credit hours of honors course work 
with a grade of B or better in each honors course and a cumula- 
tive GPA of 3.50 or above. Honors students take 12 to 1 8 credit 
hours of foundation-level work from honors sections of English, 
statistics, General Education, or departmental courses. Six to 12 
credit hours of advanced level (300 or above) specialized honors 
work is drawn from honors sections of major or major-related 
courses, honors supplements linked to courses in the major or re- 
lated fields, University Honors colloquia, and honors independ- 
ent study. All University Honors students must complete an 
honors senior capstone project (3 to 6 credit hours). 

Students who enter the University Honors Program after the 
freshman year are not required to complete the full 30 hours of 
honors course work. Exceptions to the number of required hours 
are determined by the program director and subtracted from the 
foundation-level requirements. 

All University Honors students are required to meet with 
their Honors counselor for advisement before registering each 
semester. 

Students who fulfill the requirements for the University 
Honors Program are eligible to graduate with University 
Honors. University Honors Program students whose honors 
work includes completion of 12 hours of advanced-level honors 
work in the major (which may include senior capstone credits) 
will, with departmental recommendation, graduate with Univer- 
sity Honors in the Major. For more information contact the Uni- 
versity Honors Program at 202-885-6194. 



Academic Regulations 

• Graduate Academic Standards and 
Degree Requirements 



It is university policy that no student shall be involuntarily 
subjected to regulations and academic requirements introduced 
during the student's continuous enrollment in good standing in a 
single degree program if the new regulations involve undue 
hardships or loss of academic credits earned to satisfy the re- 
quirements previously in effect. 

Graduate students are governed by the following minimum 
requirements for the graduate degree. Each teaching unit may 
have further requirements. Graduate students are advised to con- 
sult their own advisor, department chair, or dean for detailed in- 
formation. 

Academic Load and Full-Time Status 

The normal load of full-time graduate study is 9 to 12 credit 
hours a semester; however, an academic unit may declare cir- 
cumstances under which full-time involvement in thesis or dis- 
sertation research constitutes full-time standing. 

In summer sessions, because of the combination of six-week 
and seven-week sessions, there are various possibilities for 
full-time standing. Usually, registration for 6 credit hours during 
any session is considered full-time. 

Academic Probation and Dismissal 

A graduate student who fails to maintain a 3.00 grade point 
average (on a 4.00 scale) after completion of the first 12 credit 
hours of graduate study may be placed on academic probation 
for one semester, after which the student must achieve and main- 
tain a 3.00 average or be dismissed. A graduate student may be 
placed on academic probation only once. It should be noted that 
the grade point average is only one measure of academic perfor- 
mance. Maintenance of the required average does not necessar- 
ily imply that a student is making satisfactory progress, and the 
university reserves the right to dismiss a student whose perfor- 
mance is judged unsatisfactory even though the student has 
maintained the required grade point average. A student who is 
dismissed may not be readmitted to the university or enroll as a 
nondegree student for a full year after the effective date of the 
dismissal. 



Advancement to Candidacy 

Each academic unit may at its discretion require a formal ad- 
vancement to candidacy and determine the nature of the ad- 
vancement procedure it will use. 

Credit Hour and Residence Requirements 

Master's Degrees 

At least 30 credit hours of graduate work including (a) no less 
than 3 and no more than 6 credit hours of research resulting in a 
thesis (thesis option) or (b) 6 credit hours of graduate work with 
grades of B or better involving a case study, an in-service project, 
an original creative work, specified research courses, or such 
other effort as the academic unit may designate (nonthesis op- 
tion). 

At least 24 of these hours, including the thesis or nonthesis 
option, must be completed in residence at American University. 
Up to 1 2 credit hours taken in nondegree status at American Uni- 
versity may be counted toward the degree, or up to 21 credit 
hours if earned in a completed graduate certificate program. 

Graduate students may count a maximum of 6 credit hours of 
internship and cooperative education field experience toward 
their degree requirements. The field experience credit hours that 
may be counted toward the requirements for a degree program 
may be fewer, as determined by the academic department, but 
may not exceed the maximum of 6 credit hours. 

Graduate students may take graduate-level courses that meet 
with undergraduate-level courses. However, no more than 50 
percent of course work taken in residence (not counting thesis or 
dissertation seminars without regular meetings) may be taken in 
joint graduate-undergraduate courses. 
Doctoral Degrees 

For students admitted to graduate work at American Univer- 
sity without a previously earned master's degree, the require- 
ment is 72 credit hours of graduate study including no fewer than 
6 and no more than 24 hours of directed study on the dissertation. 
At least 42 of these hours, including the research requirement, 
must be completed in residence at American University. Up to 
1 2 credit hours taken in nondegree status at American Univer- 
sity may be counted toward the degree, or up to 21 hours if 
earned in a completed certificate program. Course credit earned 



51 



52 Academic Regulations 



toward a master's degree at American University may, if rele- 
vant, be counted toward the Ph.D. degree. 

For students admitted with a master's degree earned previ- 
ously, the requirement is at least 42 credit hours of additional 
graduate work, of which 36 hours, including the research re- 
quirement, must be completed in residence at American Univer- 
sity. 

Graduate students may count a maximum of 6 credit hours of 
internship and cooperative education field experience toward 
their degree requirements. The field experience credit hours that 
may be counted toward the requirements for a degree program 
may be fewer, as determined by the academic department, but 
may not exceed the maximum of 6 credit hours. 

Graduate students may take graduate-level courses that meet 
with undergraduate-level courses. However, no more than 50 
percent of course work taken in residence (not counting thesis or 
dissertation seminars without regular meetings) may be taken in 
joint graduate-undergraduate courses. 

All But Dissertation Master's 

Students who enter a doctoral program without a master's de- 
gree may be awarded the appropriate master's degree by Ameri- 
can University in the field in which their doctoral work is being 
done when they have completed all requirements for the doctor- 
ate except the dissertation. 

Combined Bachelor's and Master's 
Degrees 

A student admitted to a combined bachelor's/master's pro- 
gram (involving tentative admission to graduate standing, so 
that both a bachelor's and master's degree may be earned as the 
result of a planned program of studies during the junior, senior, 
and first graduate year) must follow a prescribed program of 
work, and the student's record must show which courses will be 
applied toward the undergraduate degree and which courses will 
be applied toward the master's degree. 

Once admitted to a combined bachelor's/master's program, a 
student may not be denied entry into that master's program if that 
student completes the bachelor's program in good standing and 
meets university and teaching unit minimum standards for ad- 
mission to the master's program involved. 

Students will be admitted to the combined program at two 
levels, once for the undergraduate degree and once for the gradu- 
ate degree. Tuition and fees will be paid on the basis of the level 
at which the student is currently registered. When the student has 
completed the requirements for a bachelor's degree and has been 
admitted to the graduate portion of the program, tuition and fees 
will be charged at the graduate rate. 

Undergraduate students may complete up to 6 graduate credit 
hours which may be applied to the requirements for both degree 
programs. (This assumes a graduate degree requirement of up to 
36 credit hours. In graduate programs with greater requirements, 
the number of credits applicable to both degrees may be in- 
creased). 



Students are required to complete the graduation application 
and clearance process once for the bachelor's degree and once 
for the master's degree. 

Examinations 

Master's Degrees 

At least one comprehensive examination, the nature and 
scope of which are determined by the academic unit, is required. 

An oral examination on the thesis may be required by the aca- 
demic unit. 

Doctoral Degrees 

At least four comprehensive examinations are required, at 
least one of which must be oral. At least two of the comprehen- 
sive examinations must be written and must be taken within one 
year following the completion of the residence requirement. A 
qualifying examination and master's comprehensive examina- 
tion, if taken at American University, may, at the discretion of 
the academic unit, be credited toward the comprehensive re- 
quirements for a doctoral degree. Comprehensive examinations 
given by other institutions will not be credited toward the satis- 
faction of degree requirements. 

An oral examination on the dissertation is also required. 

Examination Timetable 

For both master's and doctoral degree students, the dean or 
department chair (or designated representative) determines the 
time and eligibility for taking the comprehensive, tool, and 
(where required) oral examinations. 

Application to take comprehensive examinations is made to 
the academic unit on a standard form available from that office. 
After approval is obtained, the student pays the appropriate fee 
to Student Accounts. In most cases, students should plan to ap- 
ply during the first week of classes of the semester in which they 
plan to take the examinations. 

Examination Fields 

Each college, school, or department offers its current list of 
standard comprehensive examination fields, including certain 
"core" fields and areas in which candidates in particular degree 
programs must present themselves for examination. In some dis- 
ciplines it may be possible to choose an available field outside 
the major area of study. 
Examination Grading 

Usually each comprehensive written examination is read by 
two readers and is rated "distinction," "satisfactory," or "unsatis- 
factory" by each. In order to pass the examination, the candidate 
must obtain at least "satisfactory" from both readers in each of 
the examination fields. In the event of a disagreement in the rat- 
ings between readers as to whether or not the candidate should 
pass, a third reader is appointed to break the deadlock. Each dean 
or department chair may, however, elect to determine a different 
system of grading comprehensive examinations. Students 
should consult the specific college, school, or department to as- 
certain what system is used. 



Academic Regulations 53 



Re-examination 

Comprehensive Examination: A student who fails a com- 
prehensive examination (other than a qualifying examination) 
may be permitted additional attempts within two years. The na- 
ture and extent of the examination to be retaken and the number 
of retakes allowed will be determined by the academic unit. 
Teaching units may establish their own rules for retaking quali- 
fying examinations. 

Thesis and Dissertation Oral Examinations: In the event 
of failure to complete the oral examination satisfactorily, the ac- 
ademic unit may, at its discretion, permit one retake. 

Grade Point Average 

Students enrolled in a graduate program must maintain a cu- 
mulative grade point average of at least 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) in 
order to remain in good standing and to graduate. The calcula- 
tion of the graduate cumulative grade point average is specific to 
the program in which a student is enrolled. Only graduate-level 
American University courses that are accepted by the de- 
gree-conferring teaching unit as fulfilling degree requirements 
are included in the cumulative grade point average. 
Minimum Grades 

No degree credit is earned by a graduate student for any grade 
lower than C (2.00 on a 4.00 scale) received in a graduate-level 
course. However, grades lower than C are used in calculating the 
grade point average. 

Prerequisite Undergraduate Credit 

Credit earned in undergraduate courses taken as required pre- 
requisites for other courses by graduate students may not be 
counted toward satisfying the total credit requirement for a grad- 
uate degree, and grades earned in such courses are not used in 
calculating the student's grade point average. 

Interdisciplinary Studies 

Graduate students who want to pursue an M.A. or M.S. inter- 
disciplinary degree must first be admitted to a school or college. 
In applying for admission, the prospective graduate student 
should alert the faculty of the teaching unit of his or her interdis- 
ciplinary goals. The initiative in formulating an interdisciplinary 
major is left to the student. The student is responsible for secur- 
ing the advice and approval of three faculty advisors, at least one 
from each of the two or more disciplines involved in the interdis- 
ciplinary field, who will help in setting up the program. The stu- 
dent should select one of the three faculty advisors as the 
primary advisor who must be from the admitting school. The 
student, with the assistance of the faculty advisors, must formu- 
late in writing and submit to the office of the dean the following 
items in the approved format and bearing the signatures of all 
three faculty members: 



1 . A statement of the central concept around which the interdis- 
ciplinary major is organized. 

2. An explanation of why existing programs are inadequate to 
the student's purpose. 

3. A list of all proposed courses — major, related, and tool— with 
prerequisites to these courses. Individually designed courses 
must be outlined by the student, after consultation with the fac- 
ulty member. 

4. A rationale for the selection of courses. 

5. The title of each standardized comprehensive field, with a ra- 
tionale for selecting it. 

6. A statement of how the 6-hour research requirement is to be 
fulfilled. If the research requirement is not to be met by a thesis, 
specifics of the nonthesis option must be listed. If the choice is to 
write a thesis, the thesis proposal and names of thesis committee 
members must be specified. 

7. The title of the interdisciplinary program and whether an M.A. 
or M.S. degree is to be awarded upon successful completion of 
the program. 

A meeting of all three faculty advisors, the student, and a rep- 
resentative of the dean's office must be held before final ap- 
proval of the major program. Approval or disapproval of an 
interdisciplinary major will be given by the dean's office within 
four weeks of receiving the proposal. In accepting the proposal, 
the dean's office certifies that the rules established for interdisci- 
plinary studies have been followed and that courses necessary 
for completion of the program will be available, and it assumes 
administrative responsibility for monitoring the student's prog- 
ress and clearing the student for graduation. 

Leave of Absence 

If a student is unable to pursue course work or to work with 
faculty for a fall or spring semester, the dean of the student's 
teaching unit may authorize a leave of absence for one or two se- 
mesters, during which the student's enrollment status in the de- 
gree program would be maintained. During a leave of absence, 
the student is not entitled to use the services of the university. 
Time limitations for completing graduate degrees continue to 
apply during periods when students are on leaves of absence. 
Students may petition for an extension of candidacy at the time 
they apply for a leave or at a later time. Procedures for granting 
leaves of absence may vary among schools and colleges. 

A graduate student taking a leave of absence because of mili- 
tary or government assignment required as a direct result of hos- 
tilities or war, or for incarceration resulting from refusal to 
accept induction under such circumstances, may receive a tui- 
tion refund and have other charges prorated on the basis of the 
number of weeks during which the student was registered for 
classes in a given semester. If a student has completed at least ten 
weeks of a session, he or she may be given full credit for any 
course, subject to the approval of the instructor and department 
chair. Additional work may be required. No tuition refund will 
be given for courses for which credit was given. 



54 Academic Regulations 



A student whose studies are interrupted for the reasons stated 
above may resume study at American University in the same de- 
gree program, provided he or she returns within a period of six 
months following the completion of duties and provided that the 
degree program in which the student was enrolled is still offered. 
A student who wishes to be enrolled in a different degree pro- 
gram must apply for readmission. 

Maintaining Matriculation 

Graduate students whose degree requirements are not com- 
pleted and who have not been granted a leave of absence must 
register each fall and spring semester during regular registration 
periods for courses, for thesis or dissertation seminars, or for 
maintaining matriculation. Those who do not will be considered 
as having withdrawn. Such students may then reapply and, if re- 
admitted, are governed by requirements and regulations in effect 
at the time of readmission. 

During a semester when a student is not enrolled in credit 
course work but is utilizing the services of the university (e.g., to 
prepare for comprehensive examinations or complete research 
for the thesis or dissertation), the student maintains enrolled sta- 
tus by registering for maintaining matriculation, the equivalent 
of one graduate-level credit hour. Schools and departments may 
establish specific requirements as to when and for how many se- 
mesters students may be in maintaining matriculation status. 

Students who change degree objective, college, or school, 
whose candidacy for an advanced degree expires, or who choose 
to conform to new regulations or requirements must be prepared 
to complete all requirements and abide by all regulations in ef- 
fect at the time such a change is made. 

Statute of Limitations 

Candidates for a master's degree must complete all degree re- 
quirements no later than three years after the date of first enroll- 
ment in the degree program. Candidates for the doctoral degree 
must complete all degree requirements no later than five years 
after the date of first enrollment in the doctoral program, or 
seven years if the doctoral program was entered directly from a 
bachelor's degree. 

A student may petition for an extension of candidacy in a de- 
gree program for a limited period if such extension is sought be- 
fore these time limits expire. In no case may the total amount of 
time granted in extensions of candidacy exceed three years. If, 
however, the time limit has expired, a student may seek readmis- 
sion to the university for a period of no more than three years, 
less any time granted in previous extensions of candidacy. 

Readmission to an advanced degree program may involve 
completing additional courses or other appropriate work. Any 
degree calling for additional undergraduate prerequisite courses 
has the statute of limitations extended for the amount of time re- 
quired to complete them. 



Study at Another Institution 

Once matriculated at American University, a graduate stu- 
dent, may be granted approval to take a maximum of 6 credit 
hours of graduate courses as transfer credit from another accred- 
ited institution. The student must secure advance approval from 
his or her advisor and dean for specific graduate courses by com- 
pleting the Graduate Permit to Study at Another U.S. Institution 
form. Graduate students on a Permit to Study for the fall or 
spring terms must maintain matriculation by registering for at 
least one graduate credit hour at American University. Master's 
degree students must complete a minimum of 24 credit hours in 
residence. Doctoral students must complete a minimum of 42 
credit hours in residence. 

Transfer credit from a Permit to Study is accepted for courses 
with earned grades of B or better. Grades for transferred courses 
are not recorded on the American University permanent record 
or computed in the student's grade point average. 

Theses and Dissertations 

Thesis and Nonthesis Options 

For master's candidates, the thesis is expected to demonstrate 
the student's capacity to do original, independent research. 
Some colleges, schools, and departments offer the opportunity 
to substitute a case study, an in-service project, an original cre- 
ative work, or specific advanced research courses in lieu of a the- 
sis. In each such case, the thesis seminar or other accepted 
alternative must be considered part of the residence requirement 
for the master's degree and must meet the standards of the indi- 
vidual college, school, and department as well as those of the 
university. 

No academic credit is given for the master's thesis unless the 
student registers for the thesis seminar. However, a student 
should not enroll for this seminar until ready to start work on the 
formal thesis proposal or the thesis itself. Traditionally, an advi- 
sory committee is appointed for each candidate working on a 
thesis. The committee may be composed of no fewer than two 
members, at least one of whom must be a member of the 
full-time faculty. An oral examination by this committee is often 
required. Suggestions for revision may be made as conditions 
that must be met before members will sign the title page of the 
thesis. If the chair of the thesis committee or the department 
chair certifies failure to complete a satisfactory thesis, the stu- 
dent may be dismissed from the university. 

A student who writes a thesis must adhere to the required 
form and content for the proposal and to the other procedures de- 
scribed in detail in the published guides that may be obtained 
from the office of the dean of the college or school. 

Students electing the nonthesis option should consult the in- 
dividual program descriptions and obtain specific departmental 
requirements from their teaching units. The university minimum 
requirement is two research-oriented courses. These courses 
must be completed with grades of B or better. 



Academic Regulations 55 



Dissertation 

Capping the requirements for the doctorate is the dissertation, 
together with the required oral examination of the dissertation by 
the student's teaching unit. Normally, the candidate must have 
completed all other academic requirements for the degree before 
the oral examination can be held. 

A candidate who is declared ready to proceed to the disserta- 
tion must submit a dissertation topic proposal reporting the re- 
sults of preliminary research. This proposal should contain, 
among other things, a concise statement of the major problem of 
research and of related supporting problems, the data to be used, 
a selected bibliography, a statement of the probable value or im- 
portance of the study, a brief description of the methods to be 
used, and a preliminary outline of the dissertation in some detail. 

After approval of the proposal by the candidate's advisor, it is 
presented to the dean of the college or school for final approval. 
Acceptance of the proposal indicates that the topic is a suitable one 
and that the dissertation will be accepted if developed adequately 
by the candidate. The university will take responsibility for direct- 
ing research only in fields and problem areas that its faculty mem- 
bers feel competent to handle. Acceptance of a dissertation topic 
proposal under no circumstance commits any department or 
school or the university to accept the dissertation itself. 

A dissertation advisory committee of three to five persons is 
usually appointed by the candidate's academic dean for each 
candidate undertaking a dissertation. After the draft manuscript 
has received the tentative approval of all members of the com- 
mittee, the committee chair arranges for the oral examination. 
This covers the dissertation itself and the general field of study. 
Conditions to be met before final acceptance of the dissertation 
may be specified without necessarily holding a second oral ex- 
amination. 
Thesis or Dissertation Progress 

It is the collective responsibility of the student, the student's 
advisor, and the student's committee to ensure that satisfactory 
progress is being made on the student's thesis or dissertation. 
The student may request, at least once each semester, that the 
committee meet with him or her to discuss progress. 

Final Manuscript 

Candidates are responsible for being familiar with and com- 
plying with the regulations concerning the form and preparation 
of the final manuscript, abstract, copyright, and so forth, which 
may be obtained from the dean or department chair of the teach- 
ing unit offering the doctorate. Deadlines are published in the 
Academic Calendar. These must be met if a candidate expects to 
receive a degree at the appropriate commencement. 
Filing of Thesis or Dissertation 

On completion of the final manuscript, a student obtains the sig- 
nature of the department chair and dean on the Thesis/Dissertation 
Completion form, and takes the form and the manuscript to Student 
Accounts to pay the fee. This fee is required for entering into the 
mandatory agreement with University Microfilms. Every thesis and 



dissertation must be microfilmed. The student then proceeds to the 
Office of the Registrar for certification of the completion of degree 
requirements, and then to the library for filing of the manuscript. 
This procedure is to be followed after all other requirements for the 
degree have been satisfied. 
Publication 

It is the policy of the university to encourage publication of 
dissertations, case studies, and theses, with acknowledgment to 
the university. If substantial alterations are made before publica- 
tion, this fact must be noted in the prefatory statement that gives 
acknowledgment. 

Tools of Research 

Each academic unit specifies the tool of research require- 
ment. Tools should relate to research in the student's discipline. 
The student's satisfaction of tool requirements is certified by the 
teaching unit, but aid in ascertaining this may be sought outside 
the unit. 

Transfer of Credit 

The university is liberal in accepting credit earned in the past. 
Nonetheless, a student who has not been engaged in formal 
study for a number of years or whose study has been intermit- 
tent, at American University or elsewhere, must understand that 
full credit will not necessarily be granted for past work simply 
because it is a matter of record. 

The evaluation of graduate work completed elsewhere by an 
entering graduate student, in terms of its applicability to the pro- 
gram at American University, will be made by the office of the 
dean or department chair concerned no later than the completion 
of 12 credit hours of course work at American University. 

Up to 6 credit hours earned at another institution may be ap- 
plied to a master's degree. Up to 36 credit hours earned at an- 
other institution may be applied to a doctoral degree, including 
30 credit hours for a master's degree earned at another institution 
and 6 credit hours beyond the master's degree. 

For transfer credit, individual courses (that is, courses not part 
of a completed master's program) must have been completed 
with grades of B or better and must have been completed within 
seven years of the beginning of the semester for which the stu- 
dent is admitted to degree status at American University. In no 
case may graduate credit be given for course work designated as 
undergraduate by the offering institution. 

See also Credit Hour and Residence Requirements, or 
consult the individual department for further details. 

Transfer of Credit from One American University 
Advanced Degree to Another 

A student may transfer 6 credit hours from one master's de- 
gree earned at American University to another master's degree 
to be completed at American University (see the dual master's 
degrees option, below, for two master's degrees earned simulta- 
neously). A student pursuing a second doctoral degree at Ameri- 
can University may transfer a total of 36 credit hours from one 



56 Academic Regulations 



doctoral degree to another. However, the student must complete 
an additional 36 credit hours of graduate work in residence in 
that new doctoral degree program. 

In all cases students are required to meet the residency re- 
quirements established by the university and any further resi- 
dency requirements which may be stipulated for each program 
by the individual departments. 
Dual Master's Degrees Option 

In the case of simultaneous approved registration in two mas- 
ter's degree programs, additional courses may be counted to- 
ward both degrees. The student must meet the admission criteria 
for each of the degrees and must be admitted separately to each 
degree program. The student must be admitted to the second 
program before completing the first. Admission to one degree 
program does not guarantee automatic admission to a second; 
each admission decision is separate and conducted according to 
established procedures for the particular degree. 



All the course and other requirements for each degree pro- 
gram must be met, including the thesis or non-thesis research 
option for each degree. Students must complete at least 48 credit 
hours in residence at American University with at least 24 cred- 
its unique to each degree. Individual departmental requirements 
may demand more than 24 credit hours for either or both de- 
grees. Courses used to satisfy requirements for an undergraduate 
degree may not also be used to satisfy requirements for dual 
master's degrees. 

The details of a student's dual master's degrees program must 
be approved by the department chair/degree program director 
and the dean or designee for each of the two degrees. Candidates 
for dual master's degrees must submit a formal petition to the di- 
rectors of each master's program before the conferral date of the 
first degree. Students apply for and receive each degree upon 
completion of all the requirements for that degree. The degrees 
may or may not be completed simultaneously. 



Academic Regulations 

• Undergraduate Academic Standards and 
Degree Requirements 

• Undergraduate University Degree 
Requirements 



Academic Load 

An undergraduate student admitted to and enrolled in a de- 
gree program usually registers for 1 5 credit hours each semester 
so that the required minimum of 120 credit hours for the bache- 
lor's degree is completed in four years. 

In any given semester, a student may carry a minimum of 12 
credit hours and be classified and certified (for veteran's bene- 
fits, financial aid, etc.) as full-time for that semester. The addi- 
tional credit hours must be made up through summer enrollment 
or by an overload (if approved by the dean) in another semester 
in order to maintain normal annual progress toward the degree, 
as is often required by the regulations of government agencies. 
Students are urged to become familiar with such regulations. A 
total of 19 credit hours is the maximum load permitted without 
special approval. 

An undergraduate student wishing to register for more than 
19 credit hours in a semester is required to have the approval of 
the academic advisor and the appropriate dean. The approval is 
for the overload, not permission for a specific course. A 
per-credit-hour tuition fee is assessed, in addition to the full-time 
tuition fee, for registered credit hours over seventeen. 

Academic Probation and Dismissal 

An undergraduate student who fails to maintain the academic 
average required by the university and/or fails to make satisfac- 
tory progress toward a degree is subject to dismissal. A student 
who does not fulfill these criteria but who gives evidence of 
probable substantial improvement may, under certain circum- 
stances and the discretion of the student's dean, be placed on ac- 
ademic probation for a specified period of time in lieu of being 
dismissed. 

An undergraduate student who fails to maintain a 2.00 cumu- 
lative grade point average (GPA) during the first semester of 
full-time study (or the equivalent in part-time study) is subject to 
academic probation or dismissal. A student whose cumulative 
GPA after attempting or completing 24 credit hours (excluding 
courses in which the recorded grade is W) falls below 1.00 will 



be dismissed. A student whose cumulative GPA is at any time 
between 1 .00 and 2.00 may be dismissed or, at the discretion of 
the student's dean, placed on academic probation. 

A student on probation may be subject to restrictions as to the 
course load for which he or she may register and is ineligible to 
hold office in student organizations or to participate in intercol- 
legiate activities. The student may be given permission to partic- 
ipate in intercollegiate athletics at the end of a semester in which 
the student's cumulative GPA is raised to 2.00, even though the 
student's probation may extend for an additional semester. With 
permission of the student's dean, a student may complete the 
season of any collegiate sport in which he or she is participating 
at the time the student's cumulative GPA falls below 2.00. 

Probationary and dismissal actions are made by the colleges 
and school each January, June, and August based on the stu- 
dent's academic performance. Students on academic probation 
are informed in writing of their status, the period of probation, 
and any conditions imposed by the student's dean. 

A student who is dismissed may not be readmitted to the uni- 
versity or enroll as a nondegree student for a full calendar year 
after the effective date of the dismissal. 

Actions involving academic probation and dismissal are en- 
tered on the student's permanent record and may not be re- 
moved. 

Changes in Field of Study 

A student who wishes to change from one college or school to 
another, or from one major to another, must receive the permis- 
sion of the dean or department chair in charge of the program to 
which the student wishes to transfer. A change in college, school, 
or major affiliation, when approved, may not become effective 
until the beginning of the next semester. It does not become ef- 
fective if the student is suspended or dismissed. A student who 
changes a field of study may lose credit already earned in other 
study that is not appropriate to the new program. 



57 



58 Academic Regulations 



Class Standing 

Undergraduate class standing is defined as follows: 



Credit Hours 
Completed 



Standing 



0-29 

30-59 

60-89 

90 or above 



Freshman 

Sophomore 

Junior 

Senior 



It is university policy that no student shall be involuntarily 
subject to regulations and academic requirements introduced 
during the student's continuous enrollment in good standing in a 
single degree program if the new regulations involve undue 
hardships or the loss of academic credits earned to satisfy the re- 
quirements previously in effect. 

Undergraduate students are governed by the following mini- 
mum requirements for the undergraduate degree (each teaching 
unit may have further major and major-related requirements). 
Undergraduate students are advised to consult their own advisor, 
department chair, or dean for detailed information. 

Credit Hour and Residence Requirements 

Associate Degree 

The Associate in Arts degree requires the completion of at 
least 60 credit hours. At least 24 of the last 30 credit hours ap- 
plied to the degree must be taken in residence at American Uni- 
versity. A maximum of 36 credit hours may be transferred to the 
degree. 

Students must complete at least 24 hours of courses in the 
General Education Program including one foundation course in 
each of the five curricular areas and one second-level course in 
each of three of the five curricular areas. Students must also ful- 
fill the College Writing and English Competency Requirement 
and the University Mathematics Requirement. 

Bachelor's Degrees 

The university offers the following bachelor's degrees: Bach- 
elor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.), Bachelor of 
Science (B.S.), and Bachelor of Science in Business Adminis- 
tration (B.S.B.A.). 

All bachelor's degrees require completion of at least 120 
credit hours of course work. At least 45 credit hours out of the 
last 60 must be completed in residence at American University. 
A minimum of 1 5 credit hours must be completed at American 
University in upper-level courses in the student's major. A maxi- 
mum of 75 hours may be transferred towards a bachelor's de- 
gree. Credit earned in any American University course, on or off 
campus, is residence credit. Credit earned by an American Uni- 
versity student through the Consortium of Universities of the 
Washington Metropolitan Area is also residence credit. 

Within the total 120 credit hours, students must fulfill a 
6-credit-hour College Writing and English Competency Re- 
quirement, a 3-credit-hour University Mathematics Require- 



ment, the General Education Requirement, and requirements for 
a major. 

Undergraduates may count a maximum of 1 2 credit hours of 
internship and cooperative education field experience toward 
the 1 20 minimum credit hours required for graduation. The field 
experience credit hours that may be counted toward the require- 
ments for a major or minor program may be fewer, as deter- 
mined by the academic department, but may not exceed the 
maximum of 12 credit hours. 

Two Undergraduate Degrees 

A student who fulfills all the requirements for two bachelor's 
programs (including major, major-related, and residence re- 
quirements) and earns a total of 150 credit hours may be 
awarded two bachelor's degrees. 

In order to be eligible for the second bachelor's degree, the 
student must apply for admission to the second degree program, 
preferably by the end of the junior year. If the student is granted 
admission to the second program, then upon completion of all 
requirements for the first program and the award of the first de- 
gree, the student's status will be changed to the second program. 
The student must again apply for graduation to be granted the 
second bachelor's degree. 

Combined Bachelor's and Master's 
Degrees 

A student admitted to a combined bachelor's/master's pro- 
gram (involving tentative admission to graduate standing, so 
that both a bachelor's and master's degree may be earned as the 
result of a planned program of studies during the junior, senior, 
and first graduate year) must follow a prescribed program of 
work, and the student's record must show which courses will be 
applied toward the undergraduate degree and which courses will 
be applied toward the master's degree. 

Once admitted to a combined bachelor's/master's program, a 
student may not be denied entry into that master's program if that 
student completes the bachelor's program in good standing and 
meets university and teaching unit minimum standards for ad- 
mission to the master's program involved. 

Students will be admitted to the combined program at two 
levels, once for the undergraduate degree and once for the gradu- 
ate degree. Tuition and fees will be paid on the basis of the level 
at which the student is currently registered. When the student has 
completed the requirements for a bachelor's degree and has been 
admitted to the graduate portion of the program, tuition and fees 
will be charged at the graduate rate. 

Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours at the 
500-level to the requirements for both degree programs. (This 
assumes a graduate degree requirement of up to 36 credit hours. 
In graduate programs with greater requirements, the number of 
credits applicable to both degrees may be increased). 

Students are required to complete the graduation application 
and clearance process once for the bachelor's degree and once 
for the master's degree. 



Academic Regulations 59 



Grade Point Average 

Students enrolled in an undergraduate degree program must 
maintain a grade point average of at least 2.00 in order to remain 
in good standing and to graduate. 

Evaluation of Progress 

An evaluation of each undergraduate student's progress is 
made by the office of the student's dean after each semester. In 
addition to the cumulative grade point average, this evaluation 
considers completion of all university requirements and the ratio 
of courses satisfactorily completed to all courses attempted by 
the student. Students who are not making satisfactory progress 
are informed in writing of the result of their evaluation and of- 
fered academic advising. 

The university has no strict regulations governing the total 
amount of time an undergraduate student may take to fulfill the 
requirements for a degree, provided the student maintains the 
appropriate grade point average and gives evidence of being se- 
riously interested in the eventual achievement of his or her aca- 
demic objective. 

Freshman Forgiveness 

A freshman who, during the first two semesters of full-time 
study, receives a grade of F or X in a course may repeat the 
course at American University within the calendar year thereaf- 
ter, or in the next two regular semesters in which the student is 
enrolled. If the course is not offered within that time, the student 
may use the option the next time it is offered. No grade is re- 
moved from the student's record, but only the grade earned the 
second time the course is taken is used in calculating the grade 
point average for purposes of making decisions concerning pro- 
bation, dismissal, and required average for graduation. 

A part-time undergraduate or nondegree student who, during 
the first 30 credit hours of study, receives a grade of F in a course 
may repeat the course at American University within one calen- 
dar year after the semester in which the grade of F was received, 
with the resulting cumulative index benefits stated above. 

The freshman forgiveness rule does not apply to transfer stu- 
dents even though they may have entered the university with 
freshman status. 

Graduate Credit 

Senior students, with the written permission of their depart- 
ment chairs or deans, may enroll in specifically approved gradu- 
ate courses not required for their undergraduate programs. Such 
courses must be designated in writing as graduate-degree credit 
at the time the student registers for them. A copy of this written 
agreement must be filed in the Office of the Registrar. Retroac- 
tive application of these credits for such purposes is not permit- 
ted. Credit for these courses may be applied toward meeting the 
course requirements for a graduate degree after the student has 
been awarded an undergraduate degree if the student is then ad- 
mitted to a graduate degree program. 



Leave of Absence 

Undergraduate students desiring a leave of absence for rea- 
sons other than study at another collegiate institution should re- 
quest an appointment with their dean. If it seems desirable to 
guarantee the student an automatic readmission, the dean will is- 
sue a permit for leave of absence. This permit will specify a limi- 
tation, one year at most, of automatic readmission to the same 
undergraduate program. 

The permit becomes void if the student attends any domestic 
or foreign collegiate institution during the period of leave. In 
such instances, the student must obtain a permit to study at an- 
other institution before leaving American University. 

Major Requirements 

Each undergraduate must complete at least 36 credit hours in 
the degree major and related courses, no fewer than 1 5 of which 
must be earned in upper-level courses taken in residence at 
American University. 

A grade of C (2.00) or better is required for each major, ma- 
jor-related, or minor course. Students should note that a C- does 
not qualify and any course with a C- or lower will have to be re- 
peated or an equivalent course taken to satisfy the major require- 
ment involved. Courses in the major may be taken on a pass/fail 
basis only with permission of the student's dean or department 
chair. 
Declaration of Major 

By the end of the sophomore year, if not before, each student 
must choose and formally declare an academic major. 

Admission to the university in an undergraduate program 
does not automatically constitute admission to a major program. 
Acceptance is official only when specific approval has been 
granted by the department chair or program director. 

Multiple Majors 

A student may complete multiple majors by satisfactorily 
passing the major and major-related course work required by the 
departments or schools. 

If the majors are pursued in different schools, the student 
must designate when declaring the majors which school he or 
she will be enrolled in and graduated from. The student will need 
to satisfy the general requirements of that school only. If a stu- 
dent is majoring in recognized majors that lead to different de- 
grees (e.g., B.A. and B.S.), the student specifies which of the 
degrees is to be awarded. A student may apply the same course 
to each major program in which it meets the requirements. 
Interdisciplinary Majors 

In addition to the established major programs, students have 
the option of constructing their own major programs leading to a 
B.A. or B.S. in Interdisciplinary Studies. To design and com- 
plete an interdisciplinary major, a student must have the ap- 
proval of three faculty members who represent the various 
disciplines involved in the interdisciplinary field. The major ad- 
visor must be a full-time faculty member. The student applies for 



60 Academic Regulations 



permission to undertake an interdisciplinary major to the dean of 
the school or college in which he or she is enrolled. If the focus of 
the interdisciplinary program makes a change of college or 
school affiliation advisable, the student must follow the proce- 
dures for changes in fields of study. 

Interdisciplinary major programs must include a total at least 
42 credit hours with grades of C or better, including 36 credit 
hours selected to form an academically sound, unified, and 
well-defined program, and 6 credit hours in independent study 
or senior seminars supervised by the major advisor and focused 
on the program's central concept. With pnor approval, an appro- 
priate internship or advanced level course may be substituted for 
all or part of the 6-credit hour independent study. 

At least 75 percent of the 36 credit hours must be upper-level 
as defined by the teaching units that offer them. Students are en- 
couraged to include at least two 500-level courses, although in 
some areas this may not be possible. A maximum of 1 8 credit 
hours of work completed prior to the semester in which applica- 
tion is made may be included in the program. 

Students must have at least a 2.50 grade point average (on a 
4.00 scale) to be accepted. All arrangements should be com- 
pleted by the end of the first semester of the junior year, except 
by special permission of the appropriate dean, and no earlier 
than the second semester of the freshman year. 

The student must submit a completed Interdisciplinary 
Studies Major Program Form, with required attachments and 
bearing the signatures of the major advisor and the two sponsors, 
to his or her dean. Information submitted must include the fol- 
lowing: 

1 . A statement of the central concept of the major and an expla- 
nation of its interdisciplinary character. 

2. A statement demonstrating that existing programs do not sat- 
isfy educational needs or vocational goals of the student. 

3. An outline of the academic requirements of the major, includ- 
ing a list of all required courses and a tentative schedule for their 
completion. Individually designed courses must be outlined. 

4. A Declaration of Major Form, which must specify the name of 
the major and whether a B.A. or a B.S. degree is to be awarded 
upon successful completion of the program. 

In accepting the proposal for an interdisciplinary major, the 
dean's office certifies that the rules established for interdisciplin- 
ary studies have been followed and that courses necessary for 
completion of the program will be available, and assumes ad- 
ministrative responsibility for monitoring the student's progress 
and clearing the student for graduation. 

Minors 

Specific course requirements for minors are listed under de- 
partmental programs. All minor programs consist of a minimum 
of 18 credit hours, including at least 9 credit hours at the 300 
level or above. For all minors, at least 9 credit hours of the stated 
requirements must be taken in residence at American Univer- 
sity. At least 12 credit hours of the minor must be outside of the 
course requirements for each major the student is pursuing. A 



grade of C (2.00) or better is required for each course used to sat- 
isfy the requirements of a minor. 

Students should consult with their advisors as to the proce- 
dure for declaring a minor. Minors are noted as a comment on 
the student's permanent record at the time of graduation, but will 
not appear on the student's diploma. 

Interdisciplinary Minors 

In addition to established minors, students have the option of 
constructing their own minor programs. To design and complete 
an interdisciplinary minor, a student must have the approval of 
two faculty members who represent the disciplines involved. In- 
terdisciplinary minors must include a total of 24 credit hours 
with grades of C or better, including at least 9 credit hours at the 
300 level or above, selected to form an academically sound, uni- 
fied, and well-defined program. For all minors, at least 9 credit 
hours of the stated requirements must be taken in residence at 
American University. At least 1 2 credit hours of the minor must 
be outside of the course requirements for each major the student 
is pursuing. 

Pass/Fail 

Students may take up to 50 percent of their courses on a 
pass/fail basis. If a student's major department approves, this 
percentage may be greater. Courses in the student's major must 
be taken for a letter grade unless special permission is given by 
the dean or department chair. The grade of P (pass) is not used in 
calculating the grade point average. (For more information, see 
the Academic Information and Regulations chapter.) 

Resuming Study 

Students who cease to attend the university for an entire se- 
mester, whether voluntarily or not, may not resume study until 
they have been readmitted. Readmitted students are subject to all 
regulations and must meet all requirements in force when stud- 
ies are resumed unless other arrangements have been agreed to 
in writing by the student's dean before the beginning of such an 
absence. 

Students who change degree objective, college, or school, or 
who choose to conform to new regulations or requirements, 
must be prepared to complete all requirements and abide by all 
regulations in effect at the time such a change is made. 

Study at Another Institution 

Study at another institution is usually undertaken during the 
summer or as part of an study abroad program. Once matricu- 
lated at American University, students may have up to 6 credit 
hours transferred only from institutions accredited for granting 
bachelor's or higher degrees. 

An enrolled student who plans to take courses at another col- 
lege or university for transfer credit to American University 
must be in good academic standing and must receive prior ap- 
proval from the student's department chair and dean using the 
Permit to Study Abroad form or the Permit to Study at Another 



Academic Regulations 61 



U.S. Institution form. For study abroad, approval is also required 
from the AU Abroad director. If the course to be taken is outside 
the area of the student's major, the chair of the department which 
would offer credit for such a course must also approve the per- 
mit. Approval is granted for specific courses. Permits to Study 
may not be authorized for courses at community colleges or 
non-accredited four year institutions. 

The visited institution, if in the United States, must be region- 
ally accredited. With departmental approval, transfer credit is 
applicable toward the requirements of a major. Transfer credit 
may be used to fulfill General Education Requirements through 
the evaluation of equivalent courses taken at another institution 
and with the approval of the student's dean. Because of the spe- 
cial nature of the program, after the student has been admitted to 
American University no credit toward General Education Re- 
quirements may be earned through transfer credit. 

Study Abroad 

American University offers numerous study abroad pro- 
grams through the AU Abroad Program. Students may also par- 
ticipate in study abroad programs offered by other institutions 
that are part of a regionally accredited U.S. college or university, 
and are recorded on the transcripts of those institutions. For de- 
termination of regional accreditation, the publication Credit 
Given is the accepted reference. 

After consultation with and approval of the student's dean 
and the AU Abroad director, application is made directly to the 
institution for admission to its foreign study program. Transfer 
credit will be granted on the basis of the transcript from the spon- 
soring U.S. college or university. 

Students may also attend institutions abroad not affiliated 
with an American college or university. Requests for transfer 
credit must be made on a Permit to Study Abroad form and must 
be approved before the student registers at the foreign institu- 
tion. The institution to be visited must be approved by the stu- 
dent's dean and the AU Abroad director. The student's dean and 
academic advisor review the official transcript when the student 
returns to confirm course approval, and forward the transcript 
and evaluation to the Office of the Registrar for transfer of ap- 
proved credit. The student's academic advisor and dean also ap- 
prove the academic areas or specific courses of study. 

Students who complete the Permit to Study Abroad form and 
enroll in an non-AU study abroad program are required to pay 
the Permit to Study Abroad fee for each semester, including 
summer, they are registered. 

Transfer of Credit 

The Admissions Office evaluates official documents show- 
ing previous college-level work completed. Individual teaching 
units determine how this credit will apply to specific degree pro- 
grams. 

Grades and quality points earned in courses accepted for 
transfer will not be included in the grade point average to be 



maintained at American University, but the credits will count to- 
ward the total number required for graduation. 

Transfer students may normally expect to receive credit for 
courses taken at collegiate institutions that were, at the time the 
courses were taken, regionally accredited or recognized candi- 
dates for accreditation. These courses must be appropriate for 
academic credit at American University towards an undergradu- 
ate degree program. A maximum of 75 credit hours will be ac- 
cepted on transfer from four-year collegiate institutions. A 
maximum of 60 credit hours will be accepted from two-year col- 
legiate institutions. A maximum of 75 credit hours from all insti- 
tutions of higher education may be transferred toward a 
bachelor's degree. 

A maximum of 30 credit hours will be accepted on transfer 
for a combination of relevant work completed satisfactorily in 
college-level Armed Services School courses, U.S. Armed 
Forces Institute correspondence or extension courses, or any 
Military Occupational Skills (MOS) courses completed with a 
grade of 70 or better, as recommended at the baccalaureate level 
by the American Council on Education and which is appropriate 
for academic credit as determined by the Admissions Office af- 
ter consultation with the appropriate academic unit. 

A maximum of 30 credit hours may be granted for a combina- 
tion of relevant work completed in college-level nondegree, cor- 
respondence or extension courses completed at an accredited 
institution provided the course work is recognized by that insti- 
tution for credit toward a degree, and is appropriate for academic 
credit as determined by the Admissions Office after consultation 
with the appropriate academic unit. 

Transfer students may be awarded credit for satisfactory 
scores in subject examinations of the College Level Examina- 
tion Program (CLEP). Students may not receive credit for a sub- 
ject examination if a course comparable in content has been 
accepted in transfer by the university, or if the student failed such 
a course (see Advanced Standing, below). Official score reports 
must be sent directly to the Admissions Office from the Educa- 
tional Testing Service. No transfer credit towards the General 
Education requirements may be earned once the student has ma- 
triculated at American University. 
Advanced Standing 

Up to 30 credit hours will be accepted from one or a combina- 
tion of Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate, 
and CLEP subject examinations. Upon recommendation of the 
appropriate teaching unit, advanced standing may be awarded or 
a course requirement waived for an entering student on the basis 
of performance in the Advanced Placement Examination Pro- 
gram of the College Entrance Examination Board, the Higher 
Level subjects of the International Baccalaureate Program, or 
successful performance in the Subject Examination Program of 
the College Level Examination Program (CLEP). 

All undergraduate students in a degree program are eligible 
for course credit, with advanced placement where appropriate, 
on the basis of performance on the CLEP subject examinations, 



62 Academic Regulations 



if the student has not failed or completed a credit-bearing course 
comparable in content. 

Course credit, with advanced placement where appropriate, 
will be assigned for successful performance in the Subject Ex- 
amination Program of CLEP, contingent upon the specification 
of norms and upon approval of the appropriateness of the con- 
tent of the examinations by the teaching unit concerned. Se- 
lected CLEP examinations may be applied to up to four courses 
to meet General Education requirements (see below). Credit to- 
ward General Education requirements may be awarded only for 
examinations taken prior to entering American University. Un- 
der no circumstances will students be permitted to re-take a sub- 
ject examination. 

Students should consult with their advisors as to how exami- 
nations will apply to their degree programs. Information on reg- 
istering for CLEP subject examinations may be found at: 
www.coHegeboard.org/clep . 



The following are CLEP Subject Examinations accepted by 
American University for the 2007-08 academic year: 

American Government (AU course equivalent 

GOVT- 110*) 
American Literature 
Analyzing and Interpreting Literature 
Biology 
Calculus 
French Language 
German Language 
Spanish Language 

Information Systems and Computer Applications 
Introduction to Educational Psychology 
English Literature 
Chemistry (AU course equivalent CHEM-1 10 and 

CHEM-210*) 
Introductory Psychology 
Human Growth and Development 
Principles of Management 
Principles of Marketing 
Principles of Macroeconomics (AU course equivalent 

ECON-100*) 
Principles of Microeconomics (AU course equivalent 

ECON-200*) 
Introductory Sociology (AU course equivalent 

SOCY-210*) 
* course equivalents for General Education credit 



Undergraduate University Degree Requirements 



College Writing and English Competency 
Requirement 

AU students must be able to write in English with a level of 
mastery equivalent to the demands of college course work. In 
addition, students need to acquire the critical reading skills 
needed for all their college courses. 

Students satisfy the College Writing and English Compe- 
tency requirement by taking one of the required 6-credit course 
sequences listed below during the freshman year. Students must 
achieve a grade of C or better. Normative and native speakers of 
English must meet the same requirements: 

• LIT- 1 00 College Writing and 
LIT-101 College Writing Seminar 

• LIT- 1 02 College Writing and 
LIT- 103 College Writing Seminar 

(for students who need extra work on language skills) 

• LIT- 130 Honors English I and 
LIT-131 Honors English II 

The College Writing and English Competency requirement 
may also be satisfied through: 

• Advanced Placement English Test score of 4 or 5. 

• Transfer students who present 6 hours of acceptable 
composition credit from another institution satisfy the 



College Writing and English Competency requirement by 
passing the English Competency Examination. Transfer 
students who present 3 hours of acceptable composition 
credit from another institution may satisfy the College 
Writing requirement by passing the course in the College 
Writing sequence for which they have not been given credit 
with a C or better. 

In those cases when a competency examination is required, 
students failing the exam twice must enroll in LIT-180 
Writing Workshop and must pass the course with a grade 
of C or better. 

The English Competency Examination is administered by the 
College Writing Program in the Department of Literature. Stu- 
dents who do not pass the examination may schedule a meeting 
with a writing consultant in the Writing Center who will review 
the student's exam, explain the deficiencies, and offer counsel 
about additional work on writing skills through courses, Writing 
Center tutorials, or independent study. A preparation packet for 
the examination, including a practice exam, is available at the 
Department of Literature, Battel le 237 or the Writing Center, 
Battelle 228. For more information about the exam, contact the 
director of the College Writing Program at 202-885-3911. To 
schedule an appointment at the Writing Center, call 
202-885-2991. Nonnative and native speakers of English must 
meet the same requirements, although nonnative speakers are 



Academic Regulations 63 



afforded extra time to complete the English Competency Exam- 
ination. 

University Mathematics Requirement 

All students must demonstrate skills in mathematics and 
quantitative reasoning at the college level. Students who do not 
satisfy this requirement by examination as specified below must 
enroll in an appropriate mathematics course before the comple- 
tion of 30 credits at American University and must continue to 
enroll each semester until the requirement is satisfied. After stu- 
dents have matriculated at American University, no credit to- 
ward the University Mathematics Requirement may be earned 
through transfer credit. Students meeting the requirement 
through course work must receive a C or better. The University 
Mathematics Requirement may be satisfied in one of the follow- 
ing ways: 

• Earning a grade of C or better in any American University 
mathematics course at the level of MATH-15X Finite 
Mathematics or above or any American University statistics 
course in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. 
This includes, for example: 
MATH- 150 Finite Mathematics, 
MATH- 1 5 1 Finite Mathematics, 

MATH- 155 Finite Mathematics: Elementary Models, 
MATH- 157 Finite Mathematics: Business, 
MATH- 170 Precalculus Mathematics, 
MATH-211 Applied Calculus I, 
MATH-221 Calculus I, 
STAT-202 Basic Statistics. 

The Department of Mathematics and Statistics will 
recommend placement of students in mathematics courses. 
Students whose placement is below MATH-15x Finite 
Mathematics must take MATH-022 Basic Algebra 
before enrolling in Finite Mathematics. Students whose 
placement is above Finite Mathematics may enroll in Finite 
Mathematics to satisfy the requirement but are to be 
encouraged to enroll in appropriate sections of the course, as 
designated by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. 
Students may also satisfy the University Mathematics Require- 
ment through examination: 



• AP Calculus AB or AP Calculus BC score of 3, 4, or 5 

• AP Statistics score of 3, 4, or 5 

• SAT II Mathematics Level II Achievement test score of 650 

• CLEP Calculus examination score of 75% 

• British A-level mathematics examination with a passing 
grade 

• International Baccalaureate higher-level mathematics 
examination score of 6 or above 

Transfer students and graduates of secondary schools outside 
the United States may also satisfy this requirement by: 

• Passing one of the examinations given by the Department of 
Mathematics and Statistics which demonstrate competence 
equivalent to having successfully completed one of the 
following courses: MATH-15x Finite Mathematics, 
MATH-211 Applied Calculus I, or STAT-202 Basic 
Statistics. Only one of these examinations may be taken and 
that examination may be taken only once, during the first 
semester for which the student is enrolled in degree status 

or 

Transferring a course named "Calculus I" or a mathematics 
course for which "Calculus I" is the prerequisite with a grade 
of B or better from an AG-rated collegiate institution. 
Eligible students should contact the Department of Mathe- 
matics and Statistics for more information about the Mathemat- 
ics and Statistics Equivalency Examination. 



General Education Program 

• Curricular Area Requirements 

• Questions about General Education 

• Curricular Area Course Clusters 



The General Education Program is designed for all under- 
graduate students regardless of degree program. Aimed at build- 
ing a strong intellectual foundation, the General Education 
requirements are drawn from five curricular areas. The program 
is designed to be completed during the first two years of study, 
allowing students ample time to pursue a major as well as study 
abroad, internships, and cooperative education. 

General Education Program Definitions 

Curricular Area (or "Area"): One of the five content-specific 
subdivisions of the General Education Program: 

1 . The Creative Arts 

2. Traditions that Shape the Western World 

3. Global and Multicultural Perspectives 

4. Social Institutions and Behavior 

5. The Natural Sciences 

The Area is represented after a course title as the first number in 
the following: 1 :x, 2:x, 3:x, 4:x, or 5:x. 
Foundation course: A 100-level course in the General Educa- 
tion Program. 

Second-level course: A 200-level course in the General Educa- 
tion Program. 

Level: Refers to whether a course is a foundation or a sec- 
ond-level course. The level is represented after a course title as 
the second number in the following: x:l or x:2. 
Cluster: One of two groups of courses (several foundation 
courses and a larger number of second-level courses) in a Cur- 
ricular Area. 

Sequence: A specified order for taking General Education 
classes: take a foundation course first and follow it with one of 
the second-level courses from the same cluster. 
Discipline: Refers to the subject prefix in a course number re- 
gardless of academic department or course content. For exam- 
ple, the course number PHIL- 105 refers to a philosophy course; 
the course number RELG-2 1 refers to a religion course. Al- 
though these courses are in the Philosophy and Religion Depart- 
ment, they have different prefixes and are in different 
disciplines. The course number ARTH-105 refers to an art his- 
tory course; the course number HIST- 100 refers to a history 
course. Although these courses are both about history, they are 
in different disciplines. 



Curricular Area Requirements 

Students select courses from those that are designated as 
General Education courses. Students choose two courses, one 
foundation course and one second-level course in the same clus- 
ter, in each curricular area. 

Each curricular area offers students a choice of one of two 
course clusters comprising several foundation courses any of 
which may lead to a larger number of second-level courses. 

Courses at the foundation level introduce students to the fun- 
damental concepts, issues, and achievements in the disciplines. 
Courses deal explicitly with the appropriate processes and stan- 
dards for gathering and evaluating information (quantification, 
experiments, primary sources, authoritative texts) and interpre- 
tation (methods of investigation and analytic skills) in a specific 
disciplinary field. All science foundation courses include labo- 
ratory experience. The courses are designed to help students 
achieve a broad view of how different disciplinary viewpoints 
and fields of knowledge can contribute to their understanding of 
themselves and the world around them. 

General Education foundation courses differ from traditional 
survey courses by integrating into the course some of the per- 
spectives and foundation skills essential to a full education. 

These elements include the following, as appropriate: 

• writing experience to enhance basic communication skills 
and to reinforce what is taught in the College Writing 
program 

• a critical thinking component to enhance the ability to make 
and analyze judgments based on reasoning and evidence 
and to evaluate the reliability of sources of information 

• recognition of the ethical issues pertinent to the field or 
discipline 

• development of quantitative and computing skills 

• development of intuitive, creative, and aesthetic faculties, 
and the ability to connect these with reasoning skills 

• attention to a variety of perspectives, including those 
perspectives that emerge from the new scholarship on 
gender, race, and class as well as from non- Western cultural 
traditions 

• a global perspective 



65 



66 General Education Program 



• information literacy to evaluate the myriad sources of 
knowledge in a complex electronic environment 
The second-level courses follow specific groups of founda- 
tion courses, forming a coherent curricular sequence and rein- 
forcing the learning objectives of the foundation course. The 
foundation courses selected from a variety of disciplines assure 
breadth in the student's program while the second-level courses 
build on the foundation and encourage study in depth. 

Course Selection 

Students select two courses, a foundation course followed by 
a more specialized course in an approved sequence, in each cur- 
ricular area Students will not be able to satisfy General Educa- 
tion Requirements with more than two courses in any one 
discipline even though a discipline may have courses included in 
more than one curricular area. Courses required for College 
Writing and University Mathematics do not count in the 
two-course limit. 

Prerequisites 

A second-level course may not be taken for General Educa- 
tion credit until after the prerequisite foundation course has been 
satisfactorily completed. Students who have placed at or below 
Finite Mathematics must satisfy the University Mathematics 
Requirement before enrolling in a foundation course in the Nat- 
ural Sciences curricular area. Students who have placed above 
Finite Mathematics may take the foundation course in the Natu- 
ral Sciences curricular area at the same time they take the course 
work satisfying the University Mathematics Requirement, or 
even beforehand. 

Relation to the Major 

The requirements for the major, the area of a student's aca- 
demic concentration, are listed under individual degree pro- 
grams. Many of the courses in the General Education Program 
also meet requirements of the major. Students interested in a 
double major need to plan ahead if they expect to fulfill all re- 
quirements within 120 credit hours. 

Grading Requirements 

To receive General Education credit, a student must success- 
fully complete a General Education course with a grade of D or 
better. Students may elect to take a General Education course on 
a pass/fail basis. However, if the course is also being taken to ful- 
fill a requirement for the major the grading policies for that pro- 
gram should be consulted. 



Advanced Placement Credit 

Students presenting a 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement ex- 
amination, 75% on the CLEP examination, or grades for which 
they have received credit from the British A Levels, CEGEP, In- 
ternational Baccalaureate, German Abitur, or other international 
credential for which they have been granted credit by American 
University may apply the credit for up to four courses to meet 
General Education requirements in any of the five curricular ar- 
eas. Credit for General Education may only be awarded when 
specific General Education courses, which have been so desig- 
nated, match particular exam results (with the exception of the 
CEGEP and German Abitur, which are handled ad hoc) and only 
for examinations taken prior to entering American University. 
Specific information regarding application of this principle is 
contained in the "General Education Advanced Placement 
Credit Articulation" effective for the academic year of admis- 
sion. This document is maintained by the General Education of- 
fice and is available in all advising units. 

Transfer Students 

Transfer students satisfy their General Education Require- 
ments through a combination of appropriate transfer courses and 
completion of courses in the General Education Program at 
American University. Through the evaluation of equivalent 
courses taken at another institution and with the approval of a 
student's dean, transfer credit may fulfill all 30 credit hours. In 
some cases, students supplement transfer credit with General 
Education courses taken at the university to meet the 30-hour re- 
quirement. The need to satisfy sequences is waived when 6 
hours in a curricular area are accepted for transfer credit. 

Associate in Arts Degree 

In the fields in which the university offers an associate de- 
gree, this degree requires the completion of at least 60 credit 
hours. Twenty-four hours of courses must be in the General Edu- 
cation Program, to include one foundation course in each of the 
five curricular areas and one second-level course in each of three 
of the five curricular areas. 

Study at Another Institution 

Transfer credit may be used to fulfill General Education Re- 
quirements through the evaluation of equivalent courses taken at 
another institution and with the approval of the student's dean. 
Because of the special nature of the program, after the student 
has been admitted to a degree program at American University 
no credit toward General Education Requirements may be 
earned through transfer credit. 



General Education Program 67 



General Education and the University 
Mathematics Requirement 

All students must fulfill the University Mathematics Require- 
ment before enrolling in their first (foundation level) course in 
the Natural Sciences curricular area (Area 5), unless they have 
placed above Finite Mathematics. Students who have placed 
above the level of Finite Mathematics may take the foundation 
course before or concurrently with course work taken to satisfy 
the University Mathematics Requirement. 

Questions about General Education 

Who has to complete the General Education Program? 

All American University undergraduates must fulfill General 
Education requirements. 

How many courses do I take? 

You must take two courses in each of the five Curricular 
Areas (for a total often). First select one of two course clusters in 
an area. Take from it a foundation course and then follow it with 
a second-level course that appears in the same cluster. This se- 
quencing is essential to the concept of the program, as each sec- 
ond-level course links in content to particular foundation 
courses. 

Is it possible to take a second-level course before taking the 
foundation course? 

No, if you are taking the courses for General Education credit, 
the foundation courses serve as a prerequisite for second-level 
courses. 

What if a course closes before I can register for it or it 's not of- 
fered the semester I want to take it? 

Almost all courses are offered at least once a year, so wait un- 
til next semester and see if it fits into your schedule. Or, you may 
take a different course if it's compatible with your schedule and 
you've met all the prerequisites. However, if it's a second-level 
course, be sure it's in the same cluster as the foundation course 
you've taken. 

How many courses may I take from each discipline for General 
Education credit? 

Although some academic departments have courses in sev- 
eral Areas, you may not take more than two General Education 
courses in a discipline. For example, you may only take two so- 
ciology courses (course numbers beginning with SOCY) out of 
your ten General Education courses. 

What grade do I have to get in my General Education classes? 

You must get a D or better in order to get General Education 
credit. You may also take a General Education class on a 
pass/fail basis. However, if you are taking a General Education 
class to fulfill a requirement towards your major, you may need a 
different grade. Check with the appropriate academic depart- 
ment to be sure. 



May I take a General Education course, but not for General Ed- 
ucation credit? 

Yes, you may be able to count courses in the General Educa- 
tion Program towards your major or minor requirements, or for 
elective credit. Courses are offered for non-General Education 
credit under the same course number. 

May I spread out my General Education courses over four 
years? 

The program is designed so that it can be completed in your 
first two years. You should finish your General Education re- 
quirements as soon as possible to keep your last years open for 
off-campus opportunities, such as internships and study abroad. 
If you have not yet completed your math requirement, it is essen- 
tial that you speak to your advisor about its connection to the 
Area 5 Natural Sciences requirement. 

Is there any way lean be exempted from the General Education 
requirements? 

No, all undergraduate students at American University must 
complete the General Education Program as well as the College 
Writing and University Mathematics requirements. 

May I use my advanced placement credits towards General Ed- 
ucation requirements? 

Students presenting a 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement ex- 
amination, 75% on the CLEP examination, or grades for which 
they have received credit from the British A Levels, CEGEP, In- 
ternational Baccalaureate, German Abitur or other international 
credential for which they have been granted credit may be able 
to apply the credit for up to four courses to meet the General Ed- 
ucation requirements in any of the five Curricular Areas. Credit 
for General Education may only be awarded when specific Gen- 
eral Education courses, which have been so designated, match 
particular exam results (with the exception of the CEGEP and 
German Abitur, which are handled ad hoc) and only for exams 
taken prior to entering American University. Specific informa- 
tion is contained in the General Education Advanced Placement 
Credit Articulation effective for the academic year of admission. 
This document is maintained by the General Education Office 
and is available in all advising units and on-line at: 
www.gened.american.edu . Click "Students" at the top of the 
page. 

What if I want to take a General Education course at another 
school or use a study abroad course for General Education 
credit? 

Due to the unique nature of General Education courses and 
how they're taught, once students are enrolled, they must com- 
plete all General Education courses at American University. 
Courses at other institutions or other American University 
courses may not be substituted. 



68 General Education Program 



Do transfer students have to complete General Education re- 
quirements? 

Yes, transfer students must still fulfill General Education re- 
quirements. However, courses taken prior to admission to 
American University will be matched with General Education 
courses to determine whether they qualify for credit in the pro- 
gram. It is technically possible for all ten courses to be trans- 
ferred with a dean's approval. If a student transfers both courses 
in one Curricular Area, the sequencing requirement is waived. 

Where do I go for help in planning my General Education 
courses? 

Students should take the responsibility of planning which 
General Education courses they will take, making sure they fol- 
low all program requirements and rules. Each semester before 
registering on-line, you will be reminded to review your elec- 
tronic degree audit report, which will indicate the General Edu- 
cation requirements you still need to fulfill. If you have 
questions or are having difficulty in choosing a particular course, 
your academic advisor or the publications available on campus 
and on-line at www.gened.american.edu may be able to assist 
you. You may also contact the General Education office at 
202-885-3879 or e-mail: gened@american.edu. 

What 's the connection between the General Education Program 
and the University Mathematics Requirement? 

You must fulfill the University Mathematics Requirement 
before enrolling in your first (foundation level) course in the 
Natural Sciences curricular area (Area 5), unless you have 
"placed" above Finite Mathematics. If you have placed above 
the level of Finite Mathematics, you may take the foundation 
course in Area 5 before or concurrently with course work taken 
to satisfy the University Mathematics Requirement. 



Most Important Program Regulations 

• Take a foundation and second-level course in sequence 
from the same cluster in each curricular area. 

• Take the foundation course before the second-level course, 
unless the credit for the second-level course is accepted 
through transfer. 

• Do not take more than two courses from any single 
discipline as indicated by the subject prefix (for example, 
BIO is Biology and HIST is History) for General Education 
credit (including transferred courses). 

• Fulfill the University Mathematics requirement before 
enrolling in the Natural Sciences curricular area, unless you 
have placed above Finite Mathematics. 

• Once enrolled, all courses to fulfill General Education 
requirements must be taken at American University. 

• You must pass a General Education course with a grade of D 
or better. You may take a General Education course 
Pass/Fail if the course is not taken for your major or if your 
major program allows the Pass/Fail option. 



General Education Program 69 



Curricular Area 1: The Creative Arts 



This dimension of the curriculum is designed to develop an informed understanding of literary and artistic creativity and of the dis- 
tinct aesthetic languages of the visual arts, literature, music, theater, and dance. Students gain this understanding through the study of 
historical and contemporary examples of the arts and letters, or through the disciplined practice of a creative art form. 



Course Goals 

• study classic works of the human imagination 

• critically analyze creative works from the viewpoints of form, 
style, and meaning 

• understand how and by whom aesthetic value judgments have 
been made historically 

• examine the nature of imaginative and intuitive thinking 



consider the relationship between problem solving and 
creativity 

develop aesthetic sensibility, discernment, and informed 
judgments 

explore the interaction of art and society 

develop creative and expressive abilities in order to 
understand the qualities that shape an artist's work 



Foundation Courses: Students select a 100-level course in one of the two clusters. 

Second-level Courses: Students select a 200-level course in the same cluster as the foundation course. 



Cluster One: Understanding Creative 
Processes 



Cluster Two: Understanding Creative 
Works 



Foundation Courses 

ARTS- 1 00 Art: The Studio Experience 

LIT- 105 The Literary Imagination 

PERF-1 10 Understanding Music 

PEPvF-1 15 Theater: Principles, Plays and Performance 

Second-Level Courses 

ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 
ARTS-210 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 
ARTS-215 The Artist's Perspective: Sculpture 
LIT-2 1 5 Writers in Print/in Person 
PERF-200 Dance and Society 
PERF-205 Masterpieces of Music 
PERF-210 Greatness in Music 
PERF-225 The African American Experience in the 
Performing Arts 



Foundation Courses 

ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 

COMM-105 Visual Literacy 

LIT- 120 Interpreting Literature 

LIT- 135 Critical Approach to the Cinema 

Second-Level Courses 

ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 
ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 
ARTH-215 Architecture: Washington and the World 
LIT-225 The African Writer 
LIT-245 The Experience of Poetry 
LIT-270 Transformations of Shakespeare 
PERF-215 Opera on Stage and Film 
PERF-220 Reflections of American Society on Stage 

and Screen 
PHIL-230 Meaning and Purpose in the Arts 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-210 General Education Area 1 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-210 General Education Area 1 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



70 General Education Program 



Curricular Area 2: Traditions that Shape the Western World 

This curricular area aims to enrich students' knowledge and appreciation of Western civilization. Courses explore the people, 
forces, events, and institutions that have shaped history, and the various philosophical, religious, and ethical questions that provide the 
foundation for moral choice. Students become aware of the accomplishments and limitations of particular cultures, of how our lives to- 
day reflect the past from which we evolved, and of how ideas about the past shape perceptions of the present and plans for the future. 



Course Goals 

• understand the historical and philosophical traditions that 
shape the Western world 

• recognize that Western intellectual traditions are defined by 
diversity as much as by commonality, by both resistance to 
and enrichment by influences from the rest of the world, and 
that challenge to authority has been a distinctive 
characteristic of these traditions 

• read and discuss fundamental texts from these traditions 



examine and assess evidence, draw conclusions, and 
evaluate the meaning of these conclusions 

examine historical and philosophical issues critically and 
comparatively 

consider the contributions of ethical and religious systems 
to human life 

discuss the complex interplay between the rich varieties of 
tradition and the necessity of change 



Foundation Courses: Students select a 100-level course in one of the two clusters. 

Second-level Courses: Students select a 200-level course in the same cluster as the foundation course. 



Cluster One: Cultures of the West 



Cluster Two: Western Heritage and 
Institutions 



Foundation Courses 

HIST-100 Historians and the Living Past 
HIST-1 10 Renaissance and Revolutions: 

Europe, 1400-1815 
LIT- 125 Great Books That Shaped the Western World 
WGST-150 Women's Voices through Time 



Foundation Courses 

GOVT- 1 05 Individual Freedom vs. Authority 

HIST-1 15 Work and Community 

JLS-1 10 Western Legal Tradition 

PHIL- 105 Western Philosophy 

RELG-105 The Religious Heritage of the West 



Second-Level Courses 

ANTH-235 Early America: The Buried Past 
ARTH-205 Art of the Renaissance 
HIST-205 American Encounters: 1492-1865 
HIST-215 Social Forces that Shaped America 
JWST-205 Ancient and Medieval Jewish Civilization 
JWST-210 Voices of Modem Jewish Literature 
LIT-235 African American Literature 
LIT-240 Asian American Literature 
LIT- 265 Literature and Society in Victorian England 



Second-Level Courses 

COMM-270 How the News Media Shape History 
HIST-235 The West in Crisis, 1900-1945 
JLS-225 American Legal Culture 
LFS-230 The Modernist Explosion: Culture and 

Ideology in Europe 
PHIL-220 Moral Philosophy 
PHIL-235 Theories of Democracy and Human Rights 
PHYS-230 Changing Views of the Universe 
RELG-220 Religious Thought 
SOCY-215 The Rise of Critical Social Thought 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-220 General Education Area 2 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-220 General Education Area 2 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



General Education Program 71 



Curricular Area 3: Global and Multicultural Perspectives 

This dimension of the curriculum is designed to create an informed understanding of our interdependent world and to foster greater 
intercultural awareness and communication. Courses in this area seek to develop an understanding of non-Western cultures and tradi- 
tions. They also address both timeless and newly emergent issues of international relations and introduce students to cultural diversity 
and its effects on the interaction of peoples and states. 



Course Goals 

• understand those habits of thought and feeling that 
distinguish cultures from one another 

• explore comparative and cross-cultural perspectives 

• develop analytical skills appropriate to the study of 
international and intercultural relations 



understand concepts, patterns, and trends that characterize 
international and intercultural relations 

analyze systematically major issues such as war and peace, 
global order, distributive justice, and the finite character of 
the earth's resources 



Foundation Courses: Students select a 100-leveI course in one of the two clusters. 

Second-level Courses: Students select a 200-level course in the same cluster as the foundation course. 



Cluster One: Global Perspective 

Foundation Courses 

ECON-1 10 The Global Majority 
GOVT- 130 Comparative Politics 
HIST- 120 Imperialism and Revolution 
SIS- 105 World Politics 
SIS-1 10 Beyond Sovereignty 



Cluster Two: Multicultural Experience 

Foundation Courses 

ANTH-1 10 Culture: The Human Mirror 

LIT- 150 Third World Literature 

RELG-185 Forms of the Sacred: Religions of the East 

SIS- 140 Cross-Cultural Communication 

SOCY-1 10 Views from the Third World 



Second-Level Courses 

COMM-280 Contemporary Media in a Global Society 

EDU-285 Education for International Development 

GOVT-235 Dynamics of Political Change 

HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary Eurasia 

IBUS-200 The Global Marketplace 

LFS-200 Russia and the United States 

SIS-215 Competition in an Interdependent World 

SIS-220 Confronting Our Differences/Discovering Our 

Similarities: Conflict Resolution 
SIS-255 China, Japan and the United States 
SOCY-225 Contemporary Arab World 



Second-Level Courses 

ANTH-210 Roots of Racism and Interracial Harmony 

ANTH-215 Sex, Gender, and Culture 

ANTH-220 Living in Multicultural Societies 

ANTH-230 India: Its Living Traditions 

HIST-250 Civilization and Modernization: Asia 

LFS-210 Latin America: History, Art, Literature 

RELG-210 Non- Western Religious Traditions 

SIS-210 Human Geography: Peoples, Places, and Cultures 

SIS-245 The World of Islam 

SIS-250 Civilizations of Africa 

SOCY-235 Women in the Third World 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-230 General Education Area 3 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-230 General Education Area 3 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



72 General Education Program 



Curricular Area 4: Social Institutions and Behavior 

This dimension of the curriculum is designed to broaden understanding of the structures and principles that underlie and sustain po- 
litical, social, and economic institutions. In addition, students examine the role of the individual in society through sustained analysis of 
major modes of organization and important theories and models. 



Course Goals 

• understand and critically analyze concepts, patterns, and 
issues that affect the organization of societies and the 
relationship between the individual and the society 

• study institutions, systems, and patterns of governance and 
of economic and social organization that underlie 
contemporary societies 

• critically analyze classic theories of human organization 



discuss the values and ethical issues that underlie social, 
political, and economic organizations 

examine the formulation of policies and the consequences 
of different policy options 

analyze distinctive methods of inquiry appropriate to the 
study of societal institutions and patterns, using quantitative 
as well as qualitative techniques 



Foundation Courses: Students select a 100-level course in one of the two clusters. 

Second-level Courses: Students select a 200-level course in the same cluster as the foundation course. 



Cluster One: Institutions 



Cluster Two: Social Behavior 



Foundation Courses 

COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 
ECON-100 Macroeconomics 
GOVT-1 10 Politics in the United States 
SOCY-150 Global Sociology 



Foundation Courses 

ANTH-150 Anthropology of American Life 
PSYC-105 Psychology: Understanding Human Behavior 
SOCY-100 American Society 
WGST- 1 25 Gender in Society 



Second-Level Courses 

AMST-240 Poverty and Culture 
COMM-275 Dissident Media: Voices from the 

Underground 
ECON-200 Microeconomics 
FIN-200 Personal Finance and Financial Institutions 
GOVT-210 Political Power and American Public Policy 
GOVT-215 Civil Rights and Liberties 
PHIL-240 Ethics in the Professions 
SOCY-210 Inequality: Class, Race, Ethnicity 
WGST-225 Gender, Politics, and Power 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-240 General Education Area 4 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



Second-Level Courses 

EDU-205 Schools and Society 

HFIT-245 Gender, Culture and Health 

HIST-210 Ethnicity in America 

HIST-220 Women in America 

IDIS-210 Contemporary Multi-ethnic Voices 

JLS-200 Deprivation of Liberty 

JLS-215 Violence and Institutions 

JLS-245 Cities and Crime 

PSYC-205 Social Psychology 

PSYC-2 1 5 Abnormal Psychology and Society 

PSYC-235 Theories of Personality 

SOCY-205 The Family 

Wild Card Courses 

GNED-240 General Education Area 4 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



General Education Program 73 

Curricular Area 5: The Natural Sciences 

This curricular area provides students with a basic understanding of the natural sciences and an informed understanding of the na- 
ture of scientific reasoning, discovery, and invention through a systematic exploration of the basic concepts and practices of biology, 
chemistry, physics, and experimental psychology. 

Course Goals 



understand the makeup and workings of the natural world 
and the beings living in it 

understand how science works through explicit 
examination of the historical development and current 
status of scientific methods, concepts, and principles 

understand how the sciences use successive 
experimentation to replicate, control variables, explain 
error, and build explanatory models 
experience scientific experimentation through laboratory 



practice problem solving using quantification, statistical 
analysis, and computer data manipulation 

analyze and evaluate the contributions of important 

scientists 

develop a respect for the finite resources of our planet, 

responsible use of technology and nuclear power, the limits 

of humane research, and the fragile wonders of the natural 

world 



exercises 
Foundation Courses: Students select a 100-level course in one of the two clusters. 

Second-level Courses: Students select a 200-level course in the same cluster as the foundation course. 



Cluster One: The Living World 

Foundation Courses 

BIO- 100 Great Experiments in Biology 

BIO-110 General Biology I 

PSYC-1 15 Psychology as a Natural Science 



Cluster Two: The Physical World 

Foundation Courses 

CHEM-100 The Molecular World 
CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 
PHYS-100 Physics for the Modem World 
PHYS-105 College Physics I 
PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 



Second-Level Courses 

ANTH-250 Human Origins 

BIO-200 Structure and Function of the Human Body 

BIO-210 General Biology II 

(prerequisite: BIO- HOG General Biology I) 
BIO-220 The Case for Evolution 
BIO-240 Oceanography 
BIO-250 Living in the Environment 
CHEM-205 The Human Genome 
HFIT-205 Current Concepts in Nutrition 
PSYC-200 Behavior Principles 
PSYC-220 The Senses 
PSYC-240 Drugs and Behavior 



Second-Level Courses 

BIO-240 Oceanography 
CHEM-205 The Human Genome 
CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 

(prerequisite: CHEM-1 10G General Chemistry I) 
CHEM-220 Environmental Resources and Energy 
CHEM-230 Earth Sciences 
CHEM-250 Criminalistics, Crime, and Society 
PHYS-200 Physics for a New Millennium 
PHYS-205 College Physics II 

(prerequisite: PHYS-1 05G College Physics I) 
PHYS-210 University Physics II 

(prerequisite: PHYS-110G University Physics I) 
PHYS-220 Astronomy 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-250 General Education Area 5 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



Wild Card Courses 

GNED-250 General Education Area 5 Topic 
Special topics offered for second-level credit; specific topics are 
listed each semester in the Schedule of Classes. 



College of Arts and Sciences 



Dean Kay J. Mussell 

Associate Dean for Academic Affairs Thomas Husted 

Associate Dean for Budget and Administration 

Kathleen Kennedy-Corey 

Associate Dean for Sciences David Culver 

Assistant Dean for Program Development 

Mary Schellinger 

Academic Counselors Maria Boren, Sandra Dewey, 

Cheryl Gindlesperger, Anne Kaiser, Jack Ramsey, 

Darryl Robinson, Douglas Vibert 

Students should make appointments to meet with 

academic counselors through Academic Affairs 

by phone: 202-885-2453, e-mail: ask-cas@american.edu 

or go to: www.american.edu/cas 

The mission of the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) is to 
inspire and invigorate the creative potential of students and fac- 
ulty to perceive, conceptualize, and act. In pursuing these goals, 
we are dedicated to preserving civilization's accumulated ac- 
complishments as expressed through the arts, humanities, sci- 
ences, and social sciences. We are further dedicated to 
expanding knowledge through the original contributions of fac- 
ulty and students. In developing the professional applicability of 
our programs, we attest to and demonstrate our immediate rele- 
vance to the larger world. 

Members of the CAS community work collaboratively to 
achieve their academic, professional, and personal objectives. 
In this spirit, the college has established a proud tradition of 
combining outstanding teaching with excellence in research 
and creative endeavors, through which we freely explore the 
past and present in order to better shape the future. Students 
learn to examine Western and non-Western cultures in their 
many aspects; to appreciate scientific inquiry; to master written 
and oral expression; to develop the critical ability to analyze and 
synthesize information; and to build an understanding of the 
moral and ethical dimensions that should inform all individual 
and collective decision making. Working with faculty and peer 
mentors, as well as with professional academic counselors, stu- 
dents select courses, majors, and programs of study to achieve 
these goals. 

The college takes particular pride in the broad range of its 
programs and in its interactive approach to learning. CAS units 



include: the Departments of Anthropology, Art, Biology, 
Chemistry, Computer Science, Audio Technology, and Phys- 
ics, Economics,, History, Language and Foreign Studies, Liter- 
ature, Mathematics and Statistics, Performing Arts, Philosophy 
and Religion, Psychology, and Sociology; the School of Educa- 
tion, Teaching and Health; and programs in American Studies, 
Arab Studies, Environmental Studies, Jewish Studies, 
Multi-Ethnic Studies, North American Studies, and Women's 
and Gender Studies. Degrees offered include master's programs 
in sixteen fields and doctorates in four fields. Our varied and 
rigorous curricular offerings reaffirm the values and ideals of 
traditional, comprehensive arts and sciences education. 

The College of Arts and Sciences draws on the educational 
resources of Washington, D.C. — social, cultural, artistic, and 
scientific — that bring a unique dimension to intellectual inquiry. 
These include the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing 
Arts, the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution, the 
National Academy of Sciences, the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration, the National Archives, the World Bank, 
and foreign embassies. Through off-campus visits, distin- 
guished lecturers, and field experiences such as co-ops and in- 
ternships, the college creates a "Washington Connection" that 
enhances traditional classroom learning. These experiences 
outside of the classroom help students discover how liberal arts 
perspectives enable them to create a broad vision and under- 
standing as they acquire the knowledge and skills appropriate to 
the fulfillment of life as responsible and educated citizens of the 
world. 
Faculty 

The College of Arts and Sciences has a distinguished 
teacher-scholar faculty of over 500 full-time and adjunct profes- 
sors. Experts in their own fields, they have included ambassa- 
dors, advisors to presidents, world-renowned performers, 
distinguished scientists, recognized writers, artists, and com- 
posers, pioneers in education and learning theories, and consul- 
tants to major organizations, corporations, and nations. Each 
year the college invites professors from other institutions, 
American and international, as well as artists in residence, to 
join the faculty. 

Ninety-five percent of the faculty hold doctorates or the ap- 
propriate terminal degree in their disciplines. The faculty's 
achievements are also reflected in their strong record of publi- 
cations, grants, and scholarly awards in teaching and research. 



75 



76 College of Arts and Sciences 



Undergraduate Study 



Academic Advisement 

The college challenges students to assume substantial re- 
sponsibility for defining their educational goals, yet provides 
careful professional guidance to help them respond to the chal- 
lenge. Undergraduates plan their academic programs with aca- 
demic counselors and faculty advisors according to their 
interests, professional plans, and academic progress. Before 
they enroll in classes, first-semester freshmen choose courses 
with the assistance of a detailed curriculum guide. During 
freshman orientation, students are assigned an academic coun- 
selor who advises them until they choose their majors, usually 
by the end of the sophomore year. After students formally de- 
clare their majors, they are advised by faculty advisors from 
their major departments. Transfer students go to the depart- 
ments of their intended majors for academic advisement, or if 
undecided on a major, are advised by an academic counselor. 
Assessment of Experiential Learning 

The Assessment of Experiential Learning (AEL) program, 
designed for adults who have been out of high school for at 
least eight years, enables students to earn credit for learning 
gained through work, travel, and community service. In 
EDU-240 Analysis of Experiential Learning, students work 
closely with faculty to develop a portfolio that describes, ana- 
lyzes, and documents their life experience and learning. Stu- 
dents can earn up to 30 credits applied as electives toward an 
undergraduate degree program. For more information on the 
AEL program call 202-885-2453. 
Foreign Language 

The College of Arts and Sciences encourages students to 
gain proficiency in at least one foreign language, especially 
those embarking on a career in international relations, study of 
the humanities, or specialization in minority groups in the 
United States. Graduate study will often require proficiency in 
one or more foreign languages. 
Internships and Cooperative Education 

Internship and cooperative education engage the student in 
practical experiences, support learning, and provide on-the-job 
training. Interns work in many organizations in both the public 
and the private sectors in the Washington area. The growing 
number of internships in the college is testimony to both their 
popularity and their success. For more information on intern- 
ships and cooperative education, see also Career Services. 
Majors 

No later than the end of the sophomore year, CAS students 
are expected to declare an academic major. In this field the stu- 
dent pursues study in depth and synthesizes academic knowl- 
edge. Major programs are described in the departmental 
sections. Students should become familiar with departmental 
requirements and regulations as stated in this catalog. When 
making a formal declaration of major, students are assigned an 
academic advisor who will supervise their studies until gradua- 
tion. Students interested in the natural sciences, mathematics, 
music, and art need to take specific courses in the freshman 



year if they intend to complete a degree in eight semesters. Such 
students should declare their interests as soon as possible and 
seek explicit counseling from the appropriate department. 

Interdisciplinary Major 

This program permits College of Arts and Sciences under- 
graduates to complete an interdisciplinary major according to 
their needs, abilities, and interests. A program is formulated with 
the advice and approval of three faculty members from disci- 
plines relevant to the student's defined emphasis, and is subject 
to the review and approval of the dean. 

The initiative lies with the student, who is responsible for de- 
termining the concept or theme on which the program is to cen- 
ter. With the three faculty members, the student determines the 
requirements of the chosen concentration and identifies a se- 
quence of course work that fulfills the program's objectives. The 
program must be formulated in a written statement no later than 
the first semester of the junior year. For more information see un- 
dergraduate degree requirements. 

Minors 

Undergraduate students may earn a minor in most depart- 
ments and programs of the College of Arts and Sciences. All mi- 
nor programs consist of a minimum of 1 8 credit hours, including 
at least 9 credit hours at the 300 level or above. For all minors, at 
least 9 credit hours of the stated requirements must be taken in 
residence at American University and at least 12 credit hours of 
the minor must be unique to the minor. For more information see 
undergraduate degree requirements. For descriptions of specific 
minor programs, see individual departmental listings. 

Preprofessional Programs 

Preprofessional programs are available in engineering, law, 
and medicine and related health fields. Pre-theology students 
find the university's relationship with the Wesley Theological 
Seminary beneficial, and the Kay Spiritual Life Center directs an 
innovative program of religious activities that complements 
preprofessional studies in religion. 

Study Abroad 

AU Abroad offers the opportunity for students to study 
abroad and gain full American University course credit. All stu- 
dents are encouraged to learn and work in another culture. AU 
Abroad enclave programs, many of which include internship op- 
portunities, are offered in Beijing, Berlin, Brussels, Havana, 
London, Madrid, Nairobi, Paris, Prague, Rabat, and Santiago. In 
addition, through the AU Abroad Partner program students may 
spend a semester or year at prestigious universities across the 
globe, including Canada, Mexico, England, Scotland, Ireland, 
France, Poland, Netherlands, Argentina, Australia, New Zea- 
land, Korea, Israel, Egypt, Lebanon, and Sharjah, U.A.E. Inter- 
national study tours led by faculty members are offered during 
semester breaks and summer sessions. For more information on 
AU Abroad programs, call 202-885-1320 or 866-313-0757, 
e-mail auabroad(a)ameri can . edu or go to: 
www.auabroad.american.edu/. 



American Studies 77 



Associate in Arts (A.A.) 



This program is designed to serve the educational needs of 
high school graduates who seek professional or personal ad- 
vancement through either full- or part-time study. Some stu- 
dents do not or cannot remain in college for four years, yet 
desire to complete a degree program. The Associate in Arts de- 
gree may be awarded after successful completion of two years' 
study or the equivalent. 
Admission to the Program 

Any student admitted to degree status at American Univer- 
sity is eligible for admission to this program. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 60 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 



General Education Requirements 

• A total of eight courses including one foundation course in 
each of the five curricular areas and one second-level course 
in three of the five curricular areas, in an approved sequence. 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Graduate Study 

The graduate programs of the College of Arts and Sciences 
are directed toward the development of highly competent scien- 
tists, artists and performers, sensitive teachers, and critical 
scholars. To achieve this objective, the college provides an aca- 
demic setting and climate favorable to the free interchange of 
ideas and the disciplined exploration and testing of concepts 
and hypotheses. 

Doctoral programs are offered in anthropology, economics, 
history, and psychology with tracks in clinical psychology and 
behavior, cognition, and neuroscience. All departments offer 
master's programs, including innovative interdisciplinary stud- 
ies that enhance students' understanding of, and sensitivity to, 
the intellectual issues and practical applications of their own 
fields. 



American Studies 



Coordinator R.J. Dent, Department of Anthropology, 

Faculty from the Departments of Anthropology, History, Litera- 
ture, and other departments and schools of the university teach 
courses in the program. 

The American Studies Program offers students the opportu- 
nity to explore American culture through many paths, including 
America's intellectual traditions, creative arts, popular media, 
material culture, ethnic variety, folklore, social structure, and 
social change. Students learn to draw together the tools and in- 
sights of other disciplines to capture the complexities of Ameri- 
can society, and to discover what Americans share as well as 
how they differ. In addition to foundation courses in the pro- 
gram, students choose one area of particular interest to them. 
Some decide to concentrate in a field such as literature, busi- 
ness, journalism, anthropology, history, or art. Others create a 
more personalized specialty such as women's studies, Afri- 
can-American studies, or urban affairs. 

All students learn to use and appreciate Washington's re- 
search centers and cultural resources, including the Library of 
Congress, the National Archives, the Smithsonian Institution, 
and the city's many museums, and many study the city itself. 
Most students work at internships during their senior year in 
such places as Congress, the Kennedy Center, the Smithsonian, 
or Common Cause. 

The goals of the program are to help each student develop an 
area of expertise and to build the skills for thinking critically, 
writing clearly, and untangling the relationship between large 
cultural forces and ordinary peoples' life experiences. Program 



graduates work in such diverse fields as journalism, local or na- 
tional government, foreign service, teaching, museums, private 
business, and social services. Many students go on to graduate 
study or to law school. 

B.A. in American Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale) in two courses related to the major. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 43 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• AMST-206 American Dreams/ American Lives (3) 

• AMST-400 Interpreting American Culture (4) 

• ANTH-251 Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology (3) 



78 College of Arts and Sciences 



• 9 credit hours from the following: 
HIST-205 American Encounters: 

1492-1865 2:2(3) 
HIST-206 The United States from Emancipation to 

World War II (3) 
LIT-210 Survey of American Literature I (3) 
LIT-21 1 Survey of American Literature II (3) 

• 12 credit hours of courses dealing with some aspect of 
American life selected from a single department or related 
departments 

• 9 additional credit hours in American studies (AMST-xxx) 
courses at the 300 level or above, excluding independent 
study and internships 

• One of the following as a senior project: 
AMST-410 Senior Thesis I (3) 
AMST-41 1 Senior Thesis II (3) 
AMST-491 Internship in American Studies (3) 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 



courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in American Studies 

• 22 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 12 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• AMST-206 American Dreams/ American Lives (3) 

• AMST-400 Interpreting American Culture (4) 

• ANTH-25 1 Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology (3) 

• 12 credit hours in American studies (AMST-xxx) at the 300 
level or above 



Anthropology 



Chair William Leap 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a GL. Burkhart, GL. Harris, 

C.W. McNett, Jr. 

Professor D.B. Koenig, W.L. Leap, B. Williams 

Associate Professor R.J. Dent, J. Gero, L. Gill 

Assistant Professor P. Geller, C. Howe, S. McDonic, 

S. Prince, E. Smith, R. Watkins 

Public Anthropologist in Residence G Schafft 

Humans have always constituted their families, sexuality, 
gendered identities, social groups, religious practices, work, 
play, and artistic expression in dramatically diverse ways. An- 
thropologists explore everyday experience, cultural difference, 
and power relations in order to understand this diversity in the 
context of local and global histories. Stark inequalities are also 
part of the human experience, and anthropologists seek to un- 
cover the ideologies and processes that create and mask those 
inequalities. 

Different kinds of anthropologists explore difference and 
power from specialized perspectives. Cultural and social an- 
thropologists search for the connections between cultural 
meanings and lived human experience. Archaeologists probe 
the remains of past civilizations for significant transformations 
in the ways communities organized their homes and labor. Bio- 
logical anthropologists document the dynamics of human evo- 
lution and study nutrition, health, and illness in their cultural 
contexts. Linguists examine the varied texts that speakers cre- 



ate for clues that language holds to hierarchy and personal 
expression. 

Anthropology students examine past and present societies to 
bring anthropological and archaeological theory and practice to 
ongoing struggles against racism, sexism, homophobia, inequal- 
ity, poverty, environmental degradation, and ethnic/cultural 
genocide. The undergraduate anthropology program at Ameri- 
can University introduces students to all four subfields of anthro- 
pology, and many students specialize in one. Graduate programs 
include the M.A. in Public Anthropology and doctoral concen- 
trations in cultural/social anthropology; archaeology; and race, 
gender, and social justice. A Certificate in Public Anthropology 
is offered for both undergraduates and graduate students. All 
programs stress active, cooperative learning, for anthropology 
opens up many exciting questions for discussion and debate. 

Students are encouraged to learn outside the classroom, 
through internships and job placements, field trips and experien- 
tial classes, and study abroad. Washington, D.C. offers many op- 
portunities for students to broaden their learning through 
museums and research facilities and the rich community life of 
the city. Many anthropology majors choose to spend a semester 
abroad. With prior approval, the department accepts courss taken 
through AU Abroad as credit for the major. 

B.A. in Anthropology 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major by the department's under- 
graduate studies director requires a cumulative grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and a grade point average of 2.00 or 
higher in two anthropology courses. 



Anthropology 79 



University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curncular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 48 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

Core Courses (24 credit hours) 

• ANTH-250 Human Origins 5:2 (3) 

• ANTH-251 Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology (3) 

• ANTH-253 Introduction to Archaeology (3) 

• ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 

• ANTH-340 Contemporary Ethnographies (3) 

• ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3 ) 

• ANTH-450 Anthropology of Power (3) 

• ANTH-552 Anthropological Research Methods (3) 

Fieldwork (3 credit hours) 

• 3 credits from the following: 

ANTH-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3-9) 
ANTH-491 Internship in Anthropology (1-6) 
ANTH-550 Ethnographic Field Methods (3) 
ANTH-560 Summer Field School: Archaeology (3-9) 
Other fieldwork, including study abroad programs or 
community service learning projects, may be used with the 
approval of the student's advisor 
Elective Courses (21 credit hours) 

• 21 credit hours from the following with a minimum of 12 
credit hours at the 300 level or above: 

ANTH-210 Roots of Racism and Interracial 

Harmony 3:2 (3) 
ANTH-215 Sex, Gender, and Culture 3:2 (3) 
ANTH-220 Living in Multicultural Societies 3:2 (3) 
ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 1 :2 (3) 
ANTH-230 India: Its Living Traditions 3:2 (3) 
ANTH-235 Early America: The Buried Past 2:2 (3) 
ANTH-334 Environmental Justice (3) 
ANTH-337 Anthropology of Genocide (3) 
ANTH-350 Special Topics (3) 
ANTH-430 Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion (3) 
ANTH-431 Taboos (3) 

ANTH-498 Senior Thesis in Anthropology (3-6) 
ANTH-53 1 Topics in Archaeology (3) 
ANTH-532 Changing Culture (3) 



ANTH-534 Class and Culture (3) 
ANTH-535 Ethnicity and Nationalism (3 ) 
ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture (3) 
ANTH-542 Reinventing Applied Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-543 Anthropology of Development (3) 
ANTH-544 Topics in Public Anthropology (3) 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.deptshonors/ . 

Minor in Anthropology 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• ANTH-251 Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology (3) 

• Two courses from the following: 
ANTH-250 Human Origins 5:2 (3) 
ANTH-253 Introduction to Archaeology (3) 
ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 

• An additional 9 credit hours at the 300 level or above chosen 
in consultation with an advisor 

Minor in Public Anthropology 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• ANTH-251 Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology (3) 

• ANTH-542 Reinventing Applied Anthropology (3) (taken 
after completion of at least 6 credit hours in anthropology) 

• An additional 1 2 credit hours with at least 9 credit hours at the 
300 level or above, chosen from at least two subfields 
(socio-cultural, linguistic, archaeological, physical) in 
consultation with an advisor. 

Undergraduate Certificate in Public 
Anthropology 

Admission to the Program 

Open to undergraduate degree and nondegree students. Stu- 
dents must complete 6 credit hours with grades of C or better in 
anthropology courses at the 200 level or above, or have intern- 



80 College of Arts and Sciences 



ship experience in a related field before beginning course work 
for the certificate. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 9 credit 
hours at the 300-level or above, with grades of C or better. 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of 
the GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 12-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 12 credit 
hours each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 
credit hours earned at an accredited college or university 
may be applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

Course Requirements 

• ANTH-541 Anthropology and State Policy (3) 
or 

ANTH-542 Reinventing Applied Anthropology (3) 

• 12 credit hours in public anthropology courses at the 300 
level or above, chosen in consultation with the student's 
faculty advisor. 

Combined B.A. in Anthropology and 
M.A. in Public Anthropology 

This program allows qualified students to complete both 
the B.A. in Anthropology and the M.A. in Public Anthropol- 
ogy- 
Admission to the Program 

The standards for admission to the undergraduate major 
must first be satisfied. Undergraduate majors ordinarily apply 
for admission to the combined B.A./M.A. program at the end 
of their junior year. Admission decisions follow the procedures 
used to evaluate graduate applicants to the M.A. program. In- 
terest in this program should be discussed with members of the 
faculty before formal application is begun. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. in Anthropology 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of 
approved 500-level course work in anthropology to satisfy 
the requirements for both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Public Anthropology, 
including a minimum of 24 credit hours completed in 
residence in graduate status after the undergraduate degree 
has been awarded. 



M.A. in Public Anthropology 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for admission to graduate study. Admission is based on academic 
record, two academic letters of reference, and an example of the 
applicant's work, e.g., a term paper. Graduate Record Examina- 
tion (GRE) scores are required. 
Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 

Students focus their studies in either cultural/social 
anthropology or archaeology 

• One written comprehensive examination, appropriate to the 
student's concentration 

• A thesis or nonthesis option of two substantial research papers 
prepared in conjunction with advanced courses or research 
seminars, read and approved by two faculty members and the 
department chair 

Tracks 

Cultural/Social Anthropology or Archeology 

Course Requirements 

• ANTH-552 Anthropological Research Methods (3) 

• ANTH-632 Contemporary Theory: Culture, Power, 

History (3) 
Cultural/Social Anthropology 

• 18 credit hours from the following as approved by the 
student's advisor, with no more than 6 credit hours from 
ANTH-691 andANTH-797: 

ANTH-53 1 Topics in Archaeology (3) 
ANTH-532 Changing Culture (3) 
ANTH-534 Class and Culture (3) 
ANTH-535 Ethnicity and Nationalism (3) 
ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture (3) 
ANTH-541 Anthropology and State Policy (3) 
ANTH-542 Reinventing Applied Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-543 Anthropology of Development (3) 
ANTH-544 Topics in Public Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-550 Ethnographic Field Methods (3) 
ANTH-631 Foundations of Social and Cultural 

Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-634 Foundations of Archaeology (3) 
ANTH-635 Race, Gender and Social Justice (3) 
ANTH-637 Discourse, Narrative, and Text (3) 
ANTH-640 Current Issues in Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-691 Internship in Anthropology (1-6) 
ANTH-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (6) (thesis option) 

• 6 credits hours of approved graduate course work from another 
discipline, such as history, sociology, communication, or 
international service. 

Archeology 

• ANTH-533 Cultural Resources Management (3) or 
ANTH-536 Archaeology and Politics (3) 



Anthropology 81 



• ANTH-634 Foundations of Archaeology (3) 

• 12 credit hours from the following as approved by the 
student's advisor. Students without field archaeology 
experience are strongly encouraged to take ANTH-560 
Summer Field School: Archaeology: 

ANTH-53 1 Topics in Archaeology (3) 

ANTH-532 Changing Culture (3) 

ANTH-533 Cultural Resources Management (3) (if not 

taken to meet requirement above) 
ANTH-534 Class and Culture (3) 
ANTH-535 Ethnicity and Nationalism (3) 
ANTH-536 Archaeology and Politics (3) (if not taken to 

meet requirement above) 
ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture (3) 
ANTH-541 Anthropology and State Policy (3) 
ANTH-542 Reinventing Applied Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-543 Anthropology of Development (3) 
ANTH-544 Topics in Public Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-550 Ethnographic Field Methods (3) 
ANTH-560 Summer Field School: Archaeology (3-9) 
ANTH-590 Independent Reading in Anthropology (1-6) 
ANTH-631 Foundations of Social and Cultural 

Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-635 Race, Gender and Social Justice (3) 
ANTH-637 Discourse, Narrative, and Text (3) 
ANTH-639 Culture Area Analysis (3) 
ANTH-640 Current Issues in Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-690 Independent Study Project in Anthropology (1-6) 
ANTH-691 Internship in Anthropology (1-6) 
ANTH-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (6) (thesis option) 

• 6 credit hours of approved graduate course work from another 
discipline, such as history, sociology, communication, 
economics, mathematics and statistics, computer science, 
information systems, business, and public affairs. 

Ph.D. in Anthropology 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for admission to graduate study. Admission is based on aca- 
demic record, two academic letters of reference, and an exam- 
ple of the applicant's work, e.g., a term paper. GRE scores 
should be sent directly to the department. 
Degree Requirements 

• 72 credit hours of approved graduate work 

Students entering the program with an M.A. in Anthropology 
earned elsewhere must complete at least 30 credit hours of 
course work and no more than 12 credit hours of dissertation 
credit in residence. 

• Two languages or one language and statistical or computer 
analysis as a tool of research 

• Four comprehensive examinations, at least two written and at 
least one oral 

• Dissertation and oral defense 



• Field work is a component of dissertation research 

Concentrations 

Cultural/Social Anthropology, Archeology, or Race, Gender, 
and Social Justice 

Course Requirements 

Cultural/Social Anthropology or Archeology 

• ANTH-631 Foundations of Social and Cultural 

Anthropology (3) 

• ANTH-634 Foundations of Archaeology (3) 

• ANTH-637 Discourse, Narrative, and Text (3) 

• ANTH-799 Doctoral Dissertation Seminar (6) 

Race, Gender, and Social Justice 

• ANTH-632 Contemporary Theory: Culture, Power and 

History (3) 

• ANTH-635 Race, Gender and Social Justice (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in race, gender, and social justice course work 
from the following, chosen in consultation with the student's 
advisor: 

ANTH-53 1 Topics in Archaeology : 

Archaeology and Politics (3) 
ANTH-532 Changing Culture (3) 
ANTH-535 Ethnicity and Nationalism (3) 
ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture: 

Language, Culture, and Education (3) 
ANTH-541 Anthropology and State Policy (3) 
ANTH-542 Reinventing Applied Anthropology (3) 
ANTH-544 Topics in Public Anthropology : 

Environmental Justice (3) 

Human Rights (3) 
ANTH-637 Discourse, Narrative, and Text (3) 
ANTH-640 Current Issues in Anthropology (3) 

• 1 5 credit hours of course work from at least two other 
teaching units, including the Departments of Justice, Law and 
Society; History; and Sociology; and the School of 
International Service 

• ANTH-691 Internship in Anthropology (3) or other 
practical experience in race, gender and social justice 

• ANTH-799 Doctoral Dissertation Seminar (6) including a 
3-credit hour capstone seminar in race, gender and social 
justice 

Graduate Certificate in Public 
Anthropology 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent from 
an accredited institution. Students must complete 6 credit hours 
with grades of C or better in anthropology courses at the 200 
level or above, or have internship experience in a related field 
before beginning course work for the certificate. 



82 College of Arts and Sciences 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 6 credit 
hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of C or better 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of 
the GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 



four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 
Course Requirements 

• ANTH-541 Anthropology and State Policy (3) 
or 

ANTH-542 Reinventing Applied Anthropology (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in graduate public anthropology courses with at 
least 6 credit hours at the 600 level or above, chosen in 
consultation with the student's faculty advisor. 






Arab Studies 



The interdisciplinary program in Arab studies draws on the 
distinguished faculty in the College of the Arts and Sciences, 
School of International Service, and School of Public Affairs 
who teach courses related to the Arab world. In both the minor 
and undergraduate certificate, students take two core courses 
that introduce the scholarly study of Islam and the modem his- 
tory and contemporary sociology of the Arab world. Five other 
courses are selected from history, culture, and society, and in- 
ternational studies. For the certificate, students also take two 
courses in Arabic. 

Minor in Arab Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the minor requires a minimum grade 
point average of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and approval of the pro- 
gram advisor. 
Requirements 

• 21 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor and at least 9 credit hours at 
the 300 level or above 

Course Requirements 

• SIS-245 The World of Islam 3:2 (3) 

• SOCY-225Contemporary Arab World 3:2 (3) 

• Five courses from the following, with at least one selected 
from each group: 

History, Culture, and Society 
ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 
ECON-358 Economics of the World Regions: 

The Arab Economies (3) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 
HIST-248 Transformations of the Middle East (3) 
SOCY-53 1 Regional Studies in Social Change (3) (topics) 

International Studies 
SIS-264 Contemporary Middle East (3) 
SIS-365 Arab-Israeli Relations (3) 
SIS-571 International Relations of the Middle East I (3) 



Undergraduate Certificate in 

Arab Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Open to undergraduate degree and nondegree students. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 29 credit hours of approved course work with at least 1 5 
credit hours at the 300-level or above with grades of C or 
better. 

Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 1 2 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 6 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

Course Requirements 

• SIS-245 The World of Islam 3:2 (3) 

• SOCY-225 Contemporary Arab World 3:2 (3) 

• Five courses from the following, with at least one selected 
from each group: 

History, Culture, and Society 
ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 
ECON-358 Economics of the World Regions: 

The Arab Economies (3) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 
HIST-248 Transformations of the Middle East (3) 
SOCY-53 1 Regional Studies in Social Change (3) (topics) 

International Studies 

SIS-264 Contemporary Middle East (3) 

SIS-365 Arab-Israeli Relations (3) 

SIS-571 International Relations of the Middle East I (3) 



Art 83 



• Two courses from the following with grades of C or better: 
ARAB- 102 Arabic Elementary I (4) 



Art 



ARAB- 103 Arabic Elementary II (4) 
ARAB-202 Arabic Intermediate I (4) 
ARAB-203 Arabic Intermediate II (4) 



Chair Luis Silva 

Full-Time Faculty 

University Professor Emeritus B.L. Summerford 

Professor Emeritus/a M.D. Garrard, S. Lewis,, M. Oxman, 

S. Pace, L. Penay 

Professor N. Broude, D. Kimes 

Associate Professor Emeritus/a M. Graham, M. Hirano, 

C. Ravenal 

Associate Professor D. Kahn, H. Langa, C. Montes, L. Silva 

Assistant Professor K. Butler, Z. Charlton, T. Doud, 

R. Packer, S. Shannon, K. Resnick, I. Lampe, W. Willis 

The Department of Art encompasses the creative activities 
of the fine arts (painting, sculpture, printmaking, and 
multimedia), the artistic applications of design, and the theoreti- 
cal and historical concerns of art history. These complementary 
programs function together, so that the student gains not only 
depth of knowledge in a chosen specialty but also the breadth of 
experience that yields understanding of artistic traditions, val- 
ues, cultural awareness, and contemporary issues. A faculty of 
exhibiting artists, practicing designers, published and respected 
historians, and strong studio programs focused on giving stu- 
dents facility with materials and familiarity with visual and the- 
oretical concepts make the art department, in effect, an art 
school within a university. 

The Art Department offers the Bachelor of Arts in Art His- 
tory, Graphic Design, or Studio Art, all of which can also be 
taken as minors, a Bachelor of Fine Arts ,the Bachelor of Arts in 
Multimedia, and the M.F.A. in Studio Art. 

The study of art awakens the ability to undertake a serious 
exploration of visual form, opens the mind to the special mean- 
ings encoded in visual language, and develops the creative, ex- 
pressive, and analytic abilities inherent in all people. In studio 
courses, students learn to see with acuity, to explore forms in na- 
ture or from the imagination, and to make images that are for- 
mally coherent and personally expressive. In art history courses, 
students are introduced to the art of civilizations past and pres- 
ent, learn how to interpret works of art critically and historically, 
and discover how art functions both to reflect and to shape so- 
cial values. In graphic design courses, students develop an un- 
derstanding of the dynamic power of visual imagery and learn 
to apply their knowledge of the formal elements of art to the 
production of effective graphic communication. 

The multidisciplinary multimedia program prepares gradu- 
ates to design and develop multimedia presentations from a fine 
arts perspective. This program integrates text, graphics, anima- 
tion, audio, and video. Reflecting the different skills required to 
accomplish this integration, it blends courses, practices, and 



technologies from graphic design, computing, and communica- 
tion. 

American University's new Katzen Arts Center provides our 
students with a state of the art facility for the investigation and 
pursuit of both the visual and performing arts. The Art Depart- 
ment's offices, classrooms, and studios are equipped for the in- 
struction of drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, design, 
computer graphics, multimedia, and ceramics. 

As well as multiple performance stages and a full array of 
classroom and studio facilities, the Katzen Arts Center contains 
more than 30,000 square feet of gallery space. The many 
world-class museums in Washington, D.C also form an integral 
component of students' experience at American University. 

Graduates with art degrees become practicing artists, teach- 
ers, museum professionals, architectural preservationists, art 
consultants, graphic designers, and more. 

The Katzen Art Center also maintains an impressive mu- 
seum including the Watkins and Katzen collections, with works 
by Avery, Chagall, Dove, Klee, Kokoshka, Marin, Matisse, and 
Picasso, and a vital rotating schedule of exhibitions. 

In addition to the full-time faculty, each year the studio pro- 
gram brings nationally and internationally distinguished visit- 
ing artists-in-residence to the department, including Olive 
Ayhens, Gregory Amenoff, Frances Barth, Jake Bertlot, 
Susanna Coffey, Diana Cooper, Stuart Diamond, Tara Dono- 
van, Andrew Forge, Sam Gilliam, Judy Glantzman, Glenn 
Goldberg, Margaret Grimes, Diana Guerrero-Macia, Bill 
Jensen, Shirley Kaneda, Catherine Murphy, Judy Pfaff, Kather- 
ine Porter, Hanneline Rogeberg, Roger Tibbetts, Tracy Miller, 
James Sheehan, Pat Steir, John Walker, Stephan Westfall, and 
others. 

An internationally-prominent art history faculty and strong 
curriculum give the art history major a solid grounding in art as 
a historical and humanistic discipline in an environment that 
provides continuing contact with art in the making. Because of 
the university's location in one of the major art capitals of the 
world and its proximity to Washington's great museums and art 
collections, all programs afford students the advantage of im- 
mediate experience with art masterpieces of the past and pres- 
ent. 

The design curriculum is highly structured and sequential to 
provide students with the theory and practice of graphic com- 
munications design applicable to many purposes, as well as the 
development of professional production methods. Courses cov- 
er publication and editorial design, corporate identity, packag- 
ing, illustration, poster design, multimedia, experience and 
interactive design, etc. Along with creative and technical skills, 
verbal and analytical abilities are developed through class cri- 
tiques. Through internships with designers working in the field, 



84 College of Arts and Sciences 



students learn to balance the ideal creative solution with the re- 
ality of budget constraints, technical limitations, and deadlines. 
An important objective of the department is to prepare stu- 
dents for careers in the arts. Given the sound theoretical and 
technical bases of our programs, graduates find that a wealth of 
individual career opportunities awaits them. Depending on the 
specific discipline pursued, they have become professional 
painters and sculptors, teachers, critics, graphic designers, il- 
lustrators, and exhibition design specialists. Graduates also go 
on to careers in museum and gallery work, visual resources, 
and historic preservation. 

B.A. in Art History 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires satisfactory com- 
pletion (grades of C or better) of 12 credit hours of art history 
courses and departmental approval. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of col lege writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 54 credit hours with grades of C or better 

24 of the last 30 credit hours in the major program must be 
taken in residence, 1 8 credit hours of which must be in art 
history and 6 credit hours in related fields or studio. 
Internships in local agencies, museums, galleries, and 
libraries are permitted with departmental approval, but are 
limited to 3 credit hours unless taken as electives. 
Course Requirements 

• ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1 : 1 (3) 

• ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1:2(3) 

• ARTH-500 Approaches to Art History (3) 

• 3 credit hours in each of four periods: 
Ancient 

ARTH-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 
ARTH-520 Seminar in Art History (3) (appropriate topic) 
ARTH-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 
Medieval 

ARTH-303 Medieval Art (3) 

ARTH-308 Gothic Art (3) 

ARTH-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 

ARTH-520 Seminar in Art History (3) (appropriate topic) 



ARTH-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 

Renaissance 

ARTH-205AH of the Renaissance 2:2 (3) 
ARTH-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 
ARTH-513 Italian Painting: Early Renaissance (3) 
ARTH-514 Italian Painting: High Renaissance (3) 
ARTH-514 Italian Painting: Late Renaissance (3) 
ARTH-520 Seminar in Art History (3) (appropriate topic) 
ARTH-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 

Modern 

ARTH-331 Visual Arts in the United States to 1890 (3) 
ARTH-332 Visual Arts in the United States: 

1890to 1935 (3) 
ARTH-333 Visual Arts in the United States: 

1935 to 1970 (3) 
ARTH-334 Contemporary Visual Art and 

Postmodernism (3) 
ARTH-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 
ARTH-508 Painting: Rococo through Impressionism (3) 
ARTH-5 10 Painting: Post-Impressionism to Expressionism (3) 
ARTH-5 1 1 Painting: Cubism through Surrealism (3) 
ARTH-520 Seminar in Art History (3) (appropriate topic) 
ARTH-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of advisor 

• 15 additional credit hours in art history with at least two 
courses at the 500 level 

• 6 credit hours in studio from the following: 
ARTS- 100 Art: The Studio Experience 1:1 (3) 
ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1 :2 (3) 
ARTS-210 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 1 :2 (3) 
ARTS-215 The Artist's Perspective: Sculpture 1:2 (3) 
ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 

ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 
ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 
ARTS-363 Relief Printmaking Studio (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours at the 300 level or above from one of the 
following fields: American studies, anthropology, history, 
literature, music, or philosophy. Course selections must be 
related to the major and to each other and must be approved by 
the faculty. 

Note: Students contemplating graduate study in art history are 
advised to attain a reading knowledge of French, Italian, or 
German to the intermediate level (or equivalent of 1 2 credit 
hours at the college level). 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 



Art 85 



tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Graphic Design 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires satisfactory comple- 
tion (grades of C+ or better) of the following foundation 
courses: 

GDES-200 Introduction to Graphic Design (3) 

GDES-210 Introduction to Typography (3) 

GDES-220 Computer Literacy for Design (3) 

COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curncular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 54 credit hours with grades of C or better 

24 of the last 30 credit hours in the major program must be 
taken in residence, of which 1 8 credit hours must be in design 
and 3 credit hours in art history or studio. 
All students will submit a portfolio for departmental 
evaluation prior to beginning their senior year. The 
department may issue formal warnings to students 
performing at marginal levels. 

Tracks 

Print Media or Experience Design and Multimedia 

Course Requirements 

• ARTH-105AH: The Historical Experience 1:1 (3) 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• GDES-200 Introduction to Graphic Design (3) 

• GDES-210 Introduction to Typography (3) 

• GDES-220 Computer Literacy for Design (3) 

• GDES-230 Graphic Design History (3) 

• GDES-300 Intermediate Typography (3) 

Print Media 

• GDES-3 10 Print Design and the Computer (3) 

• GDES-320 Design and Photography (3) 

• GDES-400 Advanced Design I: Systems Design (3) 

• GDES-420 Advanced Design II: Narrative Design (3) 



• 9 credit hours from the following: 

GDES-3 1 5 Experience Design and the Computer (3) 

GDES-325 Kinetic and Sequential Graphics (3) 

GDES-350 Illustration (3) 

GDES-405 User Experience Design I (3) 

GDES-425 User Experience Design II (3) 

GDES-450 Packaging Design (3) 

GDES-490 Independent Study Project (1-6) with 

department approval 
GDES-491 Internship (1-6) with department approval 

• 1 2 credit hours from the following, with at least 3 credit hours 
from each set of courses: 

Set One 

ARTS- 1 00 Art: The Studio Experience 1 : 1 (3) 

ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1:2 (3) 

ARTS-210 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 1 :2 (3) 

ARTS-215 The Artist's Perspective: Sculpture 1:2 (3) 

ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 

ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 

ARTS-344 Ceramics Studio (3) 

ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 

ARTS-363 Relief Pnntmaking Studio (3) 

ARTS-364 Intaglio Studio (3) 

ARTS-520 Advanced Printmaking (3) 
Set Two 

ARTH-205Art of the Renaissance 2:2 (3) 

ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 
Centuries 1 :2 (3) 

ARTH-2 15 Architecture: Washington and the World 1:2 (3) 
Set Three 

COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication. (3) 

COMM-523 Intermediate Photography (3) 

COMM-525 Advanced Photography (3) 

COMM-529 Large Format Photography and Studio 

Lighting (3) 
Experience Design and Multimedia 

• GDES-3 1 5 Experience Design and the Computer (3) 

• GDES-325 Kinetic and Sequential Graphics (3) 

• GDES-405 User Experience Design I (3) 

• GDES-425 User Experience Design II (3) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
GDES-3 10 Print Design and the Computer (3) 
GDES-320 Design and Photography (3) 
GDES-350 Illustration (3) 

GDES-400 Advanced Design I: Systems Design (3) 
GDES-420 Advanced Design II: Narrative Design (3) 
GDES-450 Packaging Design (3) 
GDES-490 Independent Study Project (1-6) with 

department approval 
GDES-491 Internship (1-6) with department approval 

• 1 2 credit hours from the following, with at least 3 credit hours 
from each set of courses: 



86 College of Arts and Sciences 

Set One 

COMM-33 1 Film and Video Production I (3) (prerequisite: 

COMM-105 Visual Literacy) 
COMM-352 Web Studio (3) 
COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication. (3) 
COMM-435 Introduction to Studio Television (3) 
(prerequisite: COMM-105 Visual Literacy) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-523 Intermediate Photography (3) 
COMM-525 Advanced Photography (3) 
COMM-529 Large Format Photography and Studio 
Lighting (3) 
Set Two 

ATEC-101 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 
ATEC- 1 02 Audio Technology Laboratory ( 1 ) 
CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 
CSC-281 Introduction to Computer Science II (3) 
CSC-435 Web Programming (3) 
PERF-1 10 Understanding Music 1 : 1 (3) 
Set Three 

ARTH-205 Art of the Renaissance 2:2 (3) 
ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1:2(3) 
ARTH-215 Architecture: Washington and the World 1:2 (3) 
ARTS- 100 Art: The Studio Experience 1:1 (3) 
ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1:2 (3) 
ARTS-210 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 1 :2 (3) 
ARTS-215 The Artist's Perspective: Sculpture 1:2 (3) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 1 2 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Studio Art 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires satisfactory com- 
pletion (grades of C or better) of 1 2 credit hours of studio 
courses and departmental approval. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 



General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 54 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Areas of Specialization 

Drawing, Painting, Printmaking, Sculpture, or Installation 
Course Requirements 

• ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1 : 1 (3) 

• ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1:2(3) 

• ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1:2 (3) 

• ARTS-210 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 1 :2 (3) 

• ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 

• ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 

• ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 

• ARTS-363 Relief Printmaking Studio (3) 
or 

ARTS-364 Intaglio Studio (3) 

• ARTS-400 Senior Seminar (3) (taken for a total of 6 credit 
hours) 

• 12 credit hours from the following including 9 credit hours 
from the student's area of specialization and 3 credit hours 
from another area: 

ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 
ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 
ARTS-344 Ceramics Studio (3) 
ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 
ARTS-363 Relief Printmaking Studio (3) 
ARTS-364 Intaglio Studio (3) 
ARTS-520 Advanced Printmaking (3) 
ARTS-560 Drawing Practicum I (3) 
ARTS-561 Drawing Practicum II (3) 

• 3 credit hours in art history (ARTH) 

• 3 additional credit hours in art history or from the following: 
COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4:1 (3) 
COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 

COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
PHIL-230 Meaning and Purpose in the Arts 1 :2 (3) 

• 6 credit hours of electives; additional courses from the 
student's area of specialization are recommended 






Art 87 



Area of Specialization 

Multimedia 

Course Requirements 

• ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1 : 1 (3) 

• ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1:2(3) 

• ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1 :2 (3) 

• ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 

• ARTS-400 Senior Seminar (3) (taken for a total of 6 credit 
hours) 

• ATEC-101 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• COMM-331 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• COMM-350 Digital Imaging (3) 

• COMM-352 Web Studio (3) 

• GDES-220 Computer Literacy for Design (3) 

• GDES-3 1 5 Experience Design and the Computer (3) 

• MMDD-205 Introduction to Multimedia History and 
Theory (3) 

• MMDD-300 Multimedia Authoring (3) 

• MMDD-350 Composing with Media (3) 

• MMDD-405 Multimedia Thesis (3) 

• 3 credit hours in art history (ARTH) or from the following: 
COMM-100 Understanding 

Mass Media 4:1 (3) 
COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 
COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
PHIL-230 Meaning and Purpose in the Arts 1 :2 (3) 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 



Bachelor of Fine Arts 



Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the program is subject to the approval 
of a portfolio, evaluation of the academic record, and a personal 
interview. Admission depends entirely on faculty action result- 
ing from this review. Consideration for the B.F.A. is permitted 
only after 1 8 credit hours or three semesters of studio work have 
been completed at American University but before beginning 
the senior year. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 72 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Areas of Specialization 

Drawing, Painting, Printmaking, Sculpture, or Installation 
Course Requirements 

• ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1:1 (3) 

• ARTH-21 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1:2(3) 

• ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1 :2 (3) 

• ARTS-2 1 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 1 :2 (3) 

• ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 

• ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 

• ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3 ) 

• ARTS-363 Relief Printmaking Studio (3) 
or 

ARTS-364 Intaglio Studio (3) 

• ARTS-400 Senior Seminar (3) (taken for a total of 6 credit 
hours) 

• ARTS-560 Drawing Practicum I (3) 

• ARTS-561 Drawing Practicum II (3) 

• 27 credit hours from the following including 1 8 credit hours 
from the student's area of specialization and 9 credit hours 
from another area: 

ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 
ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 
ARTS-344 Ceramics Studio (3) 
ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 
ARTS-363 Relief Printmaking Studio (3) 
ARTS-364 Intaglio Studio (3) 



88 College of Arts and Sciences 

ARTS-520 Advanced Printmaking (3) 
ARTS-560 Drawing Practicum I (3) 
ARTS-561 Drawing Practicum II (3) 

• 3 credit hours in art history (ARTH) 

• 3 additional credit hours in art history or from the following: 
COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4:1 (3) 
COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 

COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 
COMM-51 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 1 7 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
PHIL-230 Meaning and Purpose in the Arts 1 :2 (3) 

• 6 credit hours of electives; additional courses from the 
student's area of specialization are recommended 

Area of Specialization 

Multimedia 

Course Requirements 

ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1:1 (3) 

ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1 :2 (3) 
ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1 :2 (3) 
ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 

ARTS-400 Senior Seminar (3) (taken for a total of 6 credit 
hours) 

ATEC-101 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 
COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 
COMM-33 1 Film and Video Production I (3) 
COMM-350 Digital Imaging (3) 
COMM-352 Web Studio (3) 
GDES-220 Computer Literacy for Design (3) 
GDES-3 15 Experience Design and the Computer (3) 

MMDD-205 Introduction to Multimedia History 
and Theory (3) 

MMDD-300 Multimedia Authoring (3) 

MMDD-350 Composing with Media (3) 

MMDD-405 Multimedia Thesis (3) 

3 credit hours in art history (ARTH) or from the following: 
COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4:1 (3) 
COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 
COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
PHIL-230 Meaning and Purpose in the Arts 1 :2 (3) 



University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Multimedia 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the program is subject to the ap- 
proval of a portfolio, evaluation of the academic record, a 
written statement, and a personal interview. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 57 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

Groundwork (27 credit hours) 

• ARTH-105AH: The Historical Experience 1:1 (3) 

• ATEC- 1 1 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 

• COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• GDES-200 Introduction to Graphic Design (3) 

• GDES-2 1 Introduction to Typography (3) 

• GDES-220 Computer Literacy for Design (3) 

• MMDD-205 Introduction to Multimedia History 

and Theory (3) 

• PERF-1 10 Understanding Music 1 : 1 (3) 

Integration (18 credit hours) 

• COMM-33 1 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• COMM-350 Digital Imaging (3) 

• COMM-352 Web Studio (3) 



Art 89 



• GDES-3 1 5 Experience Design and the Computer (3) 

• MMDD-300 Multimedia Authoring (3) 

• MMDD-350 Composing with Media (3) 

Emphasis (6 credit hours) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ATEC-210 Sound Synthesis I (3) 

ATEC-410 Sound Studio Techniques and Practice (3) 
COMM-323 Computer Techniques for Communication 

Studies (3) 
COMM-434 Film and Video Production II (3) 
COMM-454 Motion Graphics and Effects I (3) 
CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 
CSC-435 Web Programming (3) 
CSC-438 PL/SQL Database Programming (3) 
GDES-300 Intermediate Typography (3) 
GDES-325 Kinetic and Sequential Graphics (3) 
GDES-405 User Experience Design I (3) 
GDES-425 User Experience Design II (3) 
Portfolio (6 credit hours) 

• MMDD-405 Multimedia Thesis (3) 

• MMDD-455 Multimedia Seminar (3) 
or 

MMDD-491 Internship (3) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 



Minor in Art History 



• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1 : 1 (3) 

• ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1 :2 (3) 

• 3 credit hours at the 200 or 300 level and 9 credit hours at the 300 
level or above, approved in advance by an art history advisor 

Minor in Graphic Design 

• 21 credit hours with grades ofC or better and at least 12 credit 
hours unique to the minor 



Course Requirements 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• GDES-200 Introduction to Graphic Design (3) 

• GDES-2 10 Introduction to Typography (3) 

• GDES-220 Computer Literacy for Design (3) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
GDES-230 Graphic Design History (3) 
GDES-300 Intermediate Typography (3) 
GDES-3 10 Print Design and the Computer (3) 
GDES-3 1 5 Experience Design and the Computer (3) 
GDES-320 Design and Photography (3) 
GDES-325 Kinetic and Sequential Graphics (3) 
GDES-350 Illustration (3) 

GDES-400 Advanced Design I: Systems Design (3) 
GDES-405 User Experience Design I (3) 
GDES-420 Advanced Design II: Narrative Design (3) 
GDES-425 User Experience Design II (3) 
GDES-450 Packaging Design (3) 

Minor in Studio Art 

• 21 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Specific requirements depend on the student's interest and 
area of concentration, which may include drawing, painting, 
printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, installation, or multimedia 

Course Requirements 

• 21 credit hours from the following approved in advance by a 
studio faculty advisor: 

ARTS-100 Art: The Studio Experience 1:1 (3) 

ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1 :2 (3) 

ARTS-210 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 1 :2 (3) 

ARTS-215 The Artist's Perspective: Sculpture 1:2 (3) 

ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 

ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 

ARTS-344 Ceramics Studio (3) 

ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 

ARTS-363 Relief Printmaking Studio (3) 

ARTS-364 Intaglio Studio (3) 

ARTS-520 Advanced Printmaking (3) 

ARTS-560 Drawing Practicum I (3) 

ARTS-561 Drawing Practicum II (3) 

or 

21 credit hours from the following multimedia courses: 

• ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1 :2 (3) 

• ATEC-101 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• COMM-331 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• GDES-220 Computer Literacy for Design (3) 

• MMDD-205 Introduction to Multimedia History 

and Theory (3) 

• MMDD-300 Multimedia Authoring (3) 



90 College of Arts and Sciences 



M.A. in Art History 



Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university require- 
ments for graduate study, applicants should hold a bachelor of 
arts degree from an accredited college or university. Students 
whose records indicate a strong aptitude for graduate study, but 
whose undergraduate major was not in art history, will be re- 
quired to complete at least 24 credit hours of art history before 
being considered for admission to the graduate program. Ad- 
mission is based on academic record, Graduate Record Exami- 
nation (GRE) scores, and two letters of recommendation (if the 
undergraduate degree was not earned in the department). 

At the department's discretion, students who have com- 
pleted at least 1 8 credit hours of art history may be considered 
for admission and, if admitted, may complete the 6 credit hour 
deficiency during the course of their M.A. program. 

Part-time students are advised that an M.A., which takes at 
least three semesters of full-time study, cannot be completed at 
night or in summer only. 

Special Opportunities 

Individually structured programs in museum training and 
internships in local museums, galleries, agencies, or libraries 
are available for qualified students with departmental ap- 
proval. 

Curriculum Models 

Curriculum Model I: General History of Western Art. A 
discipline-oriented approach for students who intend to con- 
tinue for a Ph.D. elsewhere or to teach at the high school or ju- 
nior college level. The program emphasizes a range of art 
history courses with a conventional period specialization. 

Curriculum Model II: Applied Research in Art History. A 
practical-applications approach with intensive training in re- 
search and writing for students who seek special training for 
museum work, architectural survey, historic preservation re- 
search, etc. The program may include related course work in 
history, culture, American studies, etc., as well as internships 
and field experience. 

Curriculum Model III: Concepts of Art and Art History. A 
problem-oriented approach aimed at depth of understanding of 
art and methods of art history, for students interested in 
connoisseurship and critical analysis, generally with an em- 
phasis in painting. The program may include related courses 
such as ARTS-700 Criticism of Painting, as well as independ- 
ent reading courses in criticism, theory, or historiography. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 

A 36-credit hour program with a structured museum 
internship option is available to qualified students. 

• Tool of research: intermediate-level French, German, or 
Italian, or reading knowledge of one of these languages 
demonstrated through examination 



• Advancement to candidacy after completion of 1 8 credit hours 
with a grade point average of 3.00 or higher (on a 4.00 scale) 
and satisfactory completion of the tool requirement 

• Two written examinations: 

History of Western Art (Greek to Modem) 
One in the student's field of specialization: medieval art, 
Renaissance art, baroque and rococo art, nineteenth and 
twentieth century art, or art in the United States 

• Two substantial research papers in lieu of a thesis; at least one 
paper must originate in a graduate seminar and one must be in 
the student's field of specialization. 

Course Requirements 

• ARTH-500 Approaches to Art History (3) 

• ARTH-792 Research Seminar in Art History (3) 

• ARTH-793 Directed Research in Art History (3) or 
ARTH-690 Independent Study (3) 

• 9 credit hours in the field of specialization 

• Remaining 1 2 credit hours as approved 

Note: 6 additional credit hours of course work are required if mu- 
seum training or more than one internship is selected. 

M.F.A. in Studio Art 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants should hold a Bachelor of Arts 
(with a major in Fine Arts) or a Bachelor of Fine Arts. Under spe- 
cial circumstances, applicants without a B. A. or B.F.A. degree or 
without a major in Fine Arts, but with outstanding artistic or pro- 
fessional qualifications, may be considered for admission. 

Admission is based on academic record, two letters of rec- 
ommendation, and a portfolio of at least twenty slides, including 
examples of drawings. A resume of the applicant's background 
should be included in the portfolio. Slide portfolios should be 
sent directly to the Department of Art. The department cannot be 
liable for loss or damage or for any transportation or mailing ex- 
pense. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work 

Additional studio (or art history) courses may be required to 
attain maturity and proficiency and to complete satisfactorily 
the comprehensives and thesis. The number and kinds of 
additional courses will be stipulated by the admissions 
committee at the time of admission. 

• One public oral examination after completion of each semester 
of ARTS-797 Master's Thesis Seminar and mandatory 
attendance at all M.F.A. in Studio Art public oral examinations 

• A thesis exhibition of original works of art in the student's area 
of specialization executed independently by the student in 
consultation with a thesis committee of two or three faculty 
members. Written and photographic documentation of 
approved thesis is also required. 



Asian Studies 91 



• Mandatory attendance at all visiting artist lectures and 
critiques 

Course Requirements 
Areas of Specialization 

Drawing, Painting, Printmaking, Sculpture, or Installation 

• ARTS-560 Drawing Practicum I (3) 

• ARTS-561 Drawing Practicum II (3) 

• ARTS-600 Twentieth Century Art Theory (3) 

• ARTS-601 Contemporary Art Theory (3) 

• ARTS-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (3) ( 1 2 credit hours 

total) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
graduate art history (ARTH) course 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 1 7 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-5 5 8 Survey of American Cinema (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following studio courses: 
ARTS-520 Advanced Printmaking (3) 
ARTS-530 Advanced Sculpture (3) 
ARTS-560 Drawing Practicum I (3) 
ARTS-561 Drawing Practicum II (3) 



• 3 additional credit hours from the studio courses above, or 
other graduate course approved by the department chair 

Area of Specialization 
Multimedia 

• ARTS-600 Twentieth Century Art Theory (3) 

• ARTS-601 Contemporary Art Theory (3) 

• ARTS-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (3) ( 1 2 credit 

hours total) 

• 9 credit hours of approved graduate course work 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
graduate art history (ARTH) course 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 
ARTS-560 Drawing Practicum I (3) 
ARTS-561 Drawing Practicum II (3) 
COMM-63 1 Film and Video Production I (3) 
COMM-634 Film and Video Production II (3) 
COMM-650 Digital Imaging (3) 
COMM-652 Web Studio (3) 
COMM-654 Motion Graphics and Effects I (3) 

other graduate course approved by the department chair 



Asian Studies 



Coordinator Quansheng Zhao, Director, Center for Asian 
Studies and Professor, School of International Service 

The Asian Studies certificate is an interdisciplinary program 
involving courses taught by faculty from across the university. 

Undergraduate Certificate in 

Asian Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Open to undergraduate degree and nondegree students. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 9 credit 
hours at the 300-level or above, with grades of C or better. 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 12 credit 
hours each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 
credit hours earned at an accredited college or university may 
be applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 



• Capstone: successful completion of a 3-credit hour Asian 
studies research project conducted under the supervision of 
an Asian studies faculty member. An independent study or 
Honors Capstone paper may be used to fulfill this 
requirement. 

• Students must complete at least one year of language courses 
or the equivalent in Chinese, Hindi, or Japanese, or other 
languages with approval of the faculty advisor. 

Course Requirements 
Gateway Requirement 

• One of the following: 
HIST-347 Asian Studies (3) (topics) 
PHIL-313 Studies in Asian Philosophy (3) (topics) 
SIS-161 Civilizations of Asia (3) 

SIS-567 International Relations of East Asia (3) 

Concentration 

• 9 credit hours from the following with at least one course from 
a department other than the one in which the student has a 
primary focus: 

ANTH-230 India: Its Living Traditions 3:2 (3) 
HIST-347 Asian Studies (3) (topics) (if not used for 
Gateway requirement above) 



92 College of Arts and Sciences 



PHIL-313 Studies in Asian Philosophy (3) (topics) (if not 

used for Gateway requirement above) 
RELG-185 Forms of the Sacred: Religions of the 

East 3: 1(3) 
RELG-210 Non- Western Religious Traditions 3:2 (3) 
RELG-370 Islam (3) 
RELG-373 Hinduism (3) 
SIS-161 Civilizations of Asia (3) (if not used for Gateway 

requirement above) 
SIS-245 The World of Islam 3:2 (3) 
SIS-255 China, Japan and the United States 3:2 (3) 
SIS-560 Chinese Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-561 Modem China (3) 
SIS-562 Political Economy of China (3) 
SIS-563 Japanese Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-564 Chinese Politics (3) 
SIS-565 U.S. Economic Relations with Japan and 

China (3) 
SIS-567 International Relations of East Asia (3) (if not 

used for Gateway requirement above) 

• Capstone (3) 

Graduate Certificate in Asian Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work, with at least 6 
credit hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of C or 
better. Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses will 
not be accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate 
requirements, although these grades will be included in the 
calculation of the cumulative grade point average. Students 
must have at least a 3.0 grade point average in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. 

Students in certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 
credit hours during each 12-month period after they are 
admitted. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 



each semester. All programs must be completed within four 
years. A maximum of 3 credit hours earned at an accredited 
college or university may be applied toward the certificate as 
transfer credit. 

• Capstone: successful completion of a 3 credit-hour Asian 
studies research project conducted under the supervision of an 
Asian studies faculty member. A Substantial Research Paper 
(SRP) or graduate independent study may be used to fulfill this 
requirement. 

• Students must complete the Graduate Tool of Research 
Language Exam. 

Course Requirements 
Gateway Requirement 

• One of the following: 
HIST-647 Asian Studies (3) (topics) 
PHIL-613 Studies in Asian Philosophy (3) (topics) 
SIS-567 International Relations of East Asia (3) 

Concentration 

• 9 credit hours from the following with at least one course from 
a department other than the one in which the student has a 
primary focus: 

HIST-647 Asian Studies (3) (topics) (if not used for Gateway 

requirement above) 
PHIL-613 Studies in Asian Philosophy (3) (topics) (if not 

used for Gateway requirement above) 
RELG-670 Islam (3) 
RELG-673 Hinduism (3) 
SIS-560 Chinese Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-561 Modem China (3) 
SIS-562 Political Economy of China (3) 
SIS-563 Japanese Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-564 Chinese Politics (3) 

SIS-565 U.S. Economic Relations with Japan and China (3) 
SIS-567 International Relations of East Asia (3) (if not used 

for Gateway requirement above) 
SIS-676 Selected Topics in Cross-National Studies (3) 

(approved topic) 
• Capstone (3) 



Biology 



Chair Catherine Schaeff 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a W.C. Banta, E.J. Breyere, 

B.J. Clarke, R.H. Fox 

Professor DC. Culver 

Research Professor D. Boness, B. Chambers, F. Ferari, 

R. Fleischer, J. Harasewych, G Loeb, M. Morin, R. Nelson, 

J. Norenburg, D. Pawson, D. Swanson, K. Swartz 

Associate Professor D. Carlini, V. Connaughton, D.W. 

Fong, K. Kim, C. Schaeff 



Assistant Professor L. Ameson, K. Bushaw-Newton, 
A. Chen, K. De Cicco-Skinner, S. MacAvoy 

The Department of Biology provides courses in the life sci- 
ences, emphasizing advances in molecular genetics, embryol- 
ogy, development, and evolutionary biology. Faculty members 
conduct research in numerous areas including biodiversity, cave 
biology, cell biology, conservation biology, developmental biol- 
ogy, evolutionary ecology, immunology, marine science, marine 
mammals, microbiology, molecular genetics, oceanography, 
tropical reefs, and vertebrate vision. Students are encouraged to 



Biology 93 



participate in research projects at all levels. Students also have 
the opportunity to visit, observe, and intern at some of the na- 
tion's most prestigious biological research centers, including 
the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of 
Mental Health (NIMH), Smithsonian Institution, Environmen- 
tal Protection Agency (EPA), National Oceanic & Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA), National Aquarium in Baltimore, and 
the National Zoo. 

The department has both undergraduate and graduate teach- 
ing laboratories as well as faculty research laboratories in which 
students are encouraged to learn. Students have the opportunity 
to gain experience with a wide variety of techniques including 
nucleic acid and protein isolation, DNA analysis and electro- 
phoresis, bacterial and primary cell culture, stereo, compound, 
and fluorescent microscopy, and computer-assisted measure- 
ments with data analysis. The facilities of the Department of Bi- 
ology and cooperative agreements with various government 
laboratories make possible opportunities for research in envi- 
ronmental, ecological, marine, and biomedical sciences. 

The Department of Biology offers programs leading to the 
B.S. in Biology and the M.A. or M.S. in Biology. An 
undergraduate minor in biology is also available. The depart- 
ment provides basic training in the life sciences, emphasizing 
modem advances in the areas of molecular genetics, embryol- 
ogy and development, and evolutionary biology. In addition to 
training for a career or graduate study in biology, students are 
prepared for medical, dental, and veterinary schools. The De- 
partment of Biology offers courses that combine traditional ed- 
ucation with the training necessary for today's professional 
marketplace. The curriculum is designed to allow individuals 
maximum choice of course selection after departmental re- 
quirements have been met. 

The graduate degree programs both emphasize the develop- 
ment of research techniques. Research and teaching laborato- 
ries are well equipped and constantly upgraded. Students have 
the opportunity to gain experience in scientific methods and ex- 
perimental design in the laboratory and in the field. 

The department also offers a B.A. in Environmental Studies, 
B.S. in Marine Science, minor in environmental science, M.S. 
in Environmental Science, and a Graduate Certificate in 
Environmental Assessment. See Environmental Studies for in- 
formation on admission and program requirements. 

The premedical programs of the College of Arts and Sci- 
ences, including a Postbaccalaureate Premedical Certificate, are 
available to help all undergraduate, postbaccalaureate, and 
graduate students who are considering a career in medicine or 
one of the allied health professions. For more information see 
Preprofessional Programs. 

Special Opportunities 

. Teaching fellowships or assistantships 

. Helmlinge and Burhoe Awards for biology graduate students 



B.S. in Biology 



Admission to the Program 

Admission is through formal declaration of major. The de- 
partment counsels freshmen and transfer students. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 72 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

Departmental Requirements 

• BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5:1 (4) 

• BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 

• BIO-300 Cell Biology with Laboratory (4) 

• BIO-356 Genetics with Laboratory (5) 

• BIO-499 Senior Seminar in Biology (3) 

• 20 credit hours in biology or other courses approved by the 
department chair at the 300 level or above. No more than 3 
credit hours of a combination of BIO-390 Independent 
Reading, BIO-392 Cooperative Education, BIO-490 
Independent Study Project in Biology, or BIO-491 Internship 
may be counted toward this requirement. 

Related Requirements 

• CHEM- 1 1 General Chemistry I 5 : 1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-3 1 Organic Chemistry 1(3) 

• CHEM-3 1 2 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 

• CHEM-322 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 
or 

STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) (recommended) 
or 

PHYS-1 05 College Physics I 5: 1 (4) 

• PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) (recommended) 
or 

PHYS-205 College Physics II 5:2 (4) 



94 College of Arts and Sciences 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Biology 

• 28 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5:1 (4) 

• BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 

• BIO-300 Cell Biology with Laboratory (4) 

• BIO-356 Genetics with Laboratory (5) 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• One additional upper-level Biology course approved by the 
department chair 

Combined B.S. and M.A. or M.S. in 
Biology 

Admission to the Program 

Undergraduate biology majors should apply for admission 
to the B.S./Master's program by the end of the junior year. Ad- 
mission is open to undergraduates whose overall grade point 
average and grade point average in biology course is 3.00 or 
higher. Applications must be accompanied by two letters of 
recommendation, a statement of purpose, and Graduate Re- 
cord Examination (GRE) scores. Each student's file must be 
approved by the department's Graduate Studies Committee 
prior to the end of the junior year to assure adequate time to 
complete degree requirements for the program. 

Students should discuss their interest in the program and 
their course schedules with members of the faculty before sub- 
mitting a formal application. Interested students are encour- 
aged to enroll in up to 3 credit hours of BIO-490 Independent 
Study Project to conduct independent study research before 
applying. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Biology 

Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of 
approved 500-level course work in biology, CHEM-560 



Biochemistry I, and STAT-514 Statistical Methods to satisfy 
the requirements for both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. or M.S. in Biology, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

M.A. in Biology 

This is a nonthesis degree for students seeking various life 
science professions, as additional training for students seeking 
admission to professional schools, or as an intermediate degree 
for those intending to pursue further graduate study. 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must take the Graduate Record Ex- 
amination, including the General Test and the Advanced Test in 
Biology. International applicants whose first language is not 
English are required to submit results of the Test of English as a 
Foreign Language (TOEFL). Applicants must submit two letters 
of recommendation. 
Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Comprehensive examination 

• Directed literature research (BIO-790) resulting in a 
significant paper reviewing some aspect of life science; the 
subject of this review paper is selected by the student subject to 
approval by the graduate studies committee and the chair of the 
department 

• An oral report presented in the form of a public seminar on the 
topic of the review paper 

Course Requirements 

• BIO-566 Evolutionary Mechanisms (3) 

• BIO-583 Molecular Biology (3) 

• BIO-677 Special Topics in Developmental Biology (1) 
or 

BIO-679 Topics in Evolutionary Biology (1) 

• BIO-697 Research Methods in Biology (3) 

• BIO-790 Biology Literature Research (3) 

• STAT-5 14 Statistical Methods (3) (satisfies tool of research 
requirement) 

• An additional 1 4 hours of approved graduate course work 

M.S. in Biology 

This is a research degree that may serve as an intermediate 
degree for those intending to pursue further graduate study, as 
well as a necessary degree for a variety of careers in the life sci- 
ences. 
Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must take the Graduate Record Ex- 
amination, including the General Test and the Advanced Test in 






Chemistry 95 



Biology. International applicants whose first language is not 
English are required to submit results of the Test of English as a 
Foreign Language (TOEFL). Applicants must submit two let- 
ters of recommendation. Preference is given to applicants with a 
clear interest in working in the research laboratory of one of the 
full-time faculty members in the department. 
Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Comprehensive examination 

• Advancement to candidacy, which requires the acceptance of 
a research proposal by the student's advisor, the graduate 
studies committee, and the chair of the department at least one 
semester prior to the oral defense of the thesis. 



• Completion, oral defense, and the acceptance of thesis by the 
thesis committee, chair of the department, and the university 

Course Requirements 

• BIO-566 Evolutionary Mechanisms (3) 

• BIO-583 Molecular Biology (3) 

• BIO-677 Special Topics in Developmental Biology (1) 
or 

BIO-679 Topics in Evolutionary Biology (1 ) 

• BIO-697 Research Methods in Biology (3) 

• BIO-797 Master's Thesis Research (5) 

• STAT-5 14 Statistical Methods (3) (satisfies tool of research 
requirement) 

• An additional 1 2 hours of approved graduate course work 



Chemistry 



Chair David Culver 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus H.S. El Khadem (Isbell Chair Emeritus), 

D. Horton (Isbell Chair Emeritus), P.F Waters 

Professor A.M. Cheh, J.E. Girard 

Research Professor L.T Hughes, J. Kutina, O. Marcq 

Associate Professor FW. Carson, M. Konaklieva 

Assistant Professor D. Fox, B. Polk 

Lecturer R. Davis 

Chemistry is the science that deals with the composition of 
materials, their structures and properties, the transformations 
they undergo, and the energy changes that accompany these 
transformations. Areas of study include general, organic, physi- 
cal, analytical, and inorganic chemistry, as well as biochemistry 
and earth science. Students are encouraged to participate in re- 
search projects at all levels. 

Accredited by the American Chemical Society, the depart- 
ment offers programs leading to the B.S. and M.S. in Chemistry 
and the B.S. in Biochemistry. Besides training for a career or 
graduate study in chemistry, undergraduate students are pre- 
pared for medical or dental school, engineering programs, and 
other careers where technical expertise is needed. The depart- 
ment provides a personal, congenial environment where stu- 
dents can develop and pursue a flexible program of study 
designed to fulfill individual interests and needs. 

The Department of Chemistry is equipped with standard 
chemical instrumentation, including spectrometers and chro- 
matographic equipment. Laboratory facilities in the Beeghly 
Building include modem teaching and research laboratories as 
well as a computer room, dark room, controlled temperature 
room, and instrument rooms. Specialized laboratories have 
been established for research in biochemistry, polymer chemis- 
try, and carbohydrate chemistry, and for work requiring an inert 
atmosphere. Graduate and undergraduate students are involved 



in a variety of research projects using the facilities of the 
department or through cooperative agreements with many gov- 
ernmental laboratories. 

Faculty members are involved in conducting research in an- 
alytical chemistry, biochemistry, carbohydrate chemistry, inor- 
ganic chemistry, biotechnology, organic synthesis, and physical 
biochemistry. Laboratory research projects are available in our 
own well-equipped modern building and also at many 
world-renowned research laboratories in the Washington, D.C. 
area. 

Research opportunities in the Washington area through in- 
ternships, cooperative education work-study programs, and 
special arrangements are available at the following laboratories: 
Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, Food and 
Drug Administration, National Institute of Standards and Tech- 
nology, National Institutes of Health, Naval Medical Research 
Institute, Naval Research Laboratory, Naval Surface Weapons 
Laboratory, U.S. Army Mobility Equipment Research and De- 
velopment Command at Fort Belvoir, and the Walter Reed 
Army Institute of Research. Students who participate in these 
programs obtain experience with specialized equipment and in- 
teract with research scientists outside the university. 

The premedical programs of the College of Arts and Sci- 
ences, including a Postbaccal aureate Premedical Certificate, are 
available to help all undergraduate, postbaccalaureate, and 
graduate students who are considering a career in medicine or 
one of the allied health professions. For more information see 
Preprofessional Programs. 

Special Opportunities 

• Anthony M. Schwartz Undergraduate Research Fellowship 
. Qualified junior and senior chemistry majors may conduct 

research under CHEM-390/490 Independent Study Project. 

• A cooperative work-study program involving several 
research organizations is available through the Department of 



96 College of Arts and Sciences 



Chemistry. Undergraduate students work full time for six 
months and study at the university for five months. 
Teaching Certification 

Students interested in obtaining teaching credentials for 
grades 7-12 may take a 36-credit hour second major in sec- 
ondary education or combine their undergraduate degree with 
the M.A.T. degree with a concentration in secondary educa- 
tion. For information on admission and program requirements, 
see the School of Education, Teaching and Health secondary 
education programs. 

B.S. in Biochemistry 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale). The department counsels fresh- 
men and transfer students, as well as declared biochemistry 
majors. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 72 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5:1 (4) 

• BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 

• BIO-300 Cell Biology with Laboratory (4) 

• BIO-356 Genetics with Laboratory (5) 

• BIO-440 Microbiology with Laboratory (4) 

• BIO-583 Molecular Biology (3) 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-2 10 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-3 1 Organic Chemistry I (3) 

• CHEM-3 1 2 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 

• CHEM-322 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-4 10 Biophysical Chemistry (3) 

• CHEM-4 1 1 Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory (1) 

• CHEM-460 Instrumental Analysis (3) 

• CHEM-461 Instrumental Analysis Laboratory (2) 

• CHEM-508 Human Biochemistry Laboratory (1) 

• CHEM-560 Biochemistry I (3) 



• CHEM-561 Biochemistry II (3) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) 

• PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.S. in Chemistry 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point average 
of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale). The department counsels freshmen and 
transfer students, as well as declared chemistry majors. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 68 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-3 1 Organic Chemistry I (3) 

• CHEM-3 1 2 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 

• CHEM-322 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-350 Quantitative Analysis (3) 

• CHEM-35 1 Quantitative Analysis Laboratory (2) 

• CHEM-4 10 Biophysical Chemistry (3) 

• CHEM-4 1 1 Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory (1) 



Chemistry 97 



• CHEM-460 Instrumental Analysis (3) 

• CHEM-461 Instrumental Analysis Laboratory (2) 

• CHEM-5 1 Advanced Physical Chemistry (3) 

• CHEM-5 1 1 Advanced Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2) 

• CHEM-550 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (3) 

• CHEM-552 Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-560 Biochemistry I (3) 

• CHEM-561 Biochemistry II (3) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• MATH-313 Calculus III (4) 

• PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) 

• PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 

• At least 3 credit hours from the following: 
CHEM-490 Independent Study Project (1-6) 
CHEM-498 Honors: Senior Year (1-3) 
CHEM-499 Honors: Senior Year (1-3) 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Biochemistry 

• 35 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5:1 (4) 

• BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 

• BIO-300 Cell Biology with Laboratory (4) 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5:1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-3 1 Organic Chemistry I (3) 

• CHEM-3 1 2 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 

• CHEM-322 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-508 Human Biochemistry Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• CHEM-560 Biochemistry I (3) 

• CHEM-561 Biochemistry II (3) 



Minor in Chemistry 



• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-3 1 Organic Chemistry I (3) 

• CHEM-3 12 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory (1) 

• CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 

• CHEM-322 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• 8 credit hours from the following with the approval of the 
department chair: 

CHEM-350 Quantitative Analysis (3) 
CHEM-351 Quantitative Analysis Laboratory (2) 
CHEM-410 Biophysical Chemistry (3) 
CHEM-41 1 Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory (1) 
CHEM-460 Instrumental Analysis (3) 
CHEM-461 Instrumental Analysis Laboratory (2) 
CHEM-5 10 Advanced Physical Chemistry (3) 
CHEM-5 1 1 Advanced Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2) 
CHEM-560 Biochemistry I (3) 
CHEM-561 Biochemistry II (3) 

Combined B.S. and M.S. in Chemistry 

Admission to the Program 

Undergraduate chemistry majors should apply for admis- 
sion to the B.S./M.S. program by the end of the junior year. Ad- 
mission is open to undergraduates whose overall grade point 
average and grade point average in chemistry courses is 3.00 or 
higher. Applications must be accompanied by two letters of rec- 
ommendation and a statement of purpose. 

Students should discuss their interest in the program with 
members of the faculty before submitting a formal application. 
Interested students are encouraged to enroll in CHEM-490 In- 
dependent Study Project to conduct independent study research 
before applying. 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Chemistry or Biochemistry 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work in chemistry or 3 credit hours in 
chemistry and STAT-514 Statistical Methods to satisfy the 
requirements for both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Chemistry, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 



M.S. in Chemistry 



Admission to the Program 

Applicants must have earned a degree equivalent to fulfill- 
ing the requirements for a B.S. in Chemistry or Biochemistry 



98 College of Arts and Sciences 



with a 3.00 cumulative grade point average (on a 4.00 scale) in 
chemistry from a college accredited by the American Chemi- 
cal Society or equivalent. Graduate Record Examination 
(GRE) scores are required. All applications must be approved 
by the faculty of the Department of Chemistry. 
Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 

The entire course of study must constitute a unified program. 
Each student must have a proposed curriculum approved by 
the department's academic advisor and the department chair 
within one semester after entering the program. 

• Tool of research: an examination in German, French, 
Russian, or statistics. 

• One comprehensive examination 

• Research requirement: 

CHEM-797 Master's Thesis Research (6) or 
CHEM-797 Master's Thesis Research (3) and 
CHEM-691 Internship in Chemistry (3) 
with grades of B or better 

A thesis of publishable quality based on original chemical 
laboratory research must be presented at a public seminar 
and defended before the students 's committee immediately 
thereafter. A research proposal must be accepted by the 



student's thesis committee at least one semester prior to the 
oral defense of the thesis. 
Course Requirements 

Skills Courses (9 credit hours) 

• CHEM-602 Research Method Design (3) 

• CHEM-605 Research Seminar (3) 

• STAT-5 14 Statistical Methods (3) or speciality skills course 
approved by advisor 

Concepts Courses (15 credit hours) 

• 1 5 credit hours from the following: 
CHEM-5 10 Advanced Physical Chemistry (3) 
CHEM-520 Advanced Organic Chemistry I (3) 
CHEM-540 Advanced Analytical Chemistry (3) 
CHEM-561 Biochemistry II (3) 
CHEM-635 Topics in Biological and Organic 

Chemistry (3) (may be taken twice with different topic) 
CHEM-655 Topics in Inorganic and Analytical 

Chemistry (3) (may be taken twice with different topic) 
CHEM-660 Topics in Environmental Chemistry (3) (may be 

taken twice with different topic) 
Research Courses (6 credit hours) 

• CHEM-797 Master's Thesis Research (6) 
or 

CHEM-797 Master's Thesis Research (3) and 
CHEM-691 Internship in Chemistry (3) 



Computer Science, Audio Technology, and Physics 



Chair Angela Wu 

Full-Time Faculty 

Computer Science 

Professor Emeritus R.A. Bassler, T.J. Bergin, 

EW. Connolly, W.J. Kennevan 

Professor M. Owrang, A. Wu 

Associate Professor MA. Gray 

Assistant Professor M. Black 

Physics 

Professor Emeritus R. Berendzen, R.B. Kay, H.R. Reiss, 

R.A. Segnan, R.V. Waterhouse, J.A. White 

Associate Professor T Larkin 

Assistant Professor N. Harshman, P. Johnson, S. Picozzi 

Audio Technology 

Assistant Professor P. Oehlers 

The Department of Computer Science, Audio Technology, 
and Physics provides programs in three disciplines that stand at 
the forefront of most scientific and technical areas. Students in 
these programs learn the fundamentals of a discipline while 
preparing themselves for careers in the sciences or technolo- 
gies. In addition, the department is able to provide innovative 
cross-discipline courses so that students can gain a broader ed- 
ucation. 



The department's Washington, D.C. location affords students 
access to many governmental, cultural, scientific, and historical 
institutions. These institutions serve as an important research re- 
source and as a source of employment for students with the 
strong technological background provided by these programs. 

Audio Technology 

The B.S. in Audio Technology, the B.A. in Audio Produc- 
tion, and a minor in audio technology are offered. The B.S. in 
Audio Technology prepares students for careers in the audio, en- 
tertainment, acoustics, computer, and electronics fields, while 
the B.A. in Audio Production concentrates on audio and music 
production within the broader context of a liberal arts education. 
These programs focus on the art and science of audio and music 
technology, including sound synthesis and electronic music pro- 
duction, multitrack studio recording, analog and digital electron- 
ics, physics/acoustics, and digital audio workstations. Students 
can gain real-world experience by interning at a professional re- 
cording studio, radio or television station, theater, or other such 
facility. 

Computer Science 

The B.S., M.S., and undergraduate minor in Computer Sci- 
ence are offered. These programs prepare students for a wide 
range of career opportunities in software development and de- 
sign, multimedia computing, artificial intelligence and computer 



Computer Science, Audio Technology, and Physics 99 



vision, and other technical computing professions. They ensure 
a balanced presentation of the practical and theoretical aspects 
of computer science and provide students with a background for 
professional employment or further graduate study in the disci- 
pline. 

Physics 

The B.S. in Physics, a minor in physics, and a minor and un- 
dergraduate certificate in applied physics are offered. Courses 
focus on the study of physical phenomena and properties of the 
universe: gravitation, electricity and magnetism, atomic and nu- 
clear structure, fundamental particles, and the properties of mat- 
ter. 

In our high-technology society, people with undergraduate 
physics backgrounds are employed in research labs and engi- 
neering fields, work in consulting companies, or pursue gradu- 
ate studies. Physics graduates are in diverse fields such as 
computer systems analysis and design, fiber-optics telecommu- 
nications systems, medical physics, acoustics, environmental 
science, digital audio and multimedia technology, science edu- 
cation, and science policy. Educational facilities include general 
laboratories, as well as laboratories in physics education, 
Mossbauer spectroscopy, laser physics, computational physics, 
and neural computing. 

B.A. in Audio Production 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the program requires a grade point av- 
erage of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and departmental approval. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 56 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

Core Courses (23 credit hours) 

• ATEC-101 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 

• ATEC- 1 02 Audio Technology Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• ATEC-210 Sound Synthesis I (3) 

• ATEC-220 Sound Synthesis II (3) 

• ATEC-410 Sound Studio Techniques and Practice (3) 

• ATEC-420 Advanced Sound Studio Techniques (3) 

• ATEC-450 Audio Technology Capstone (1-6) 

• ATEC-507 Digital Audio Workstations I (3) 



• ATEC-508 Digital Audio Workstations II (3) 

Arts Courses (12 credit hours) 

• Two sequences (4 courses total) from the following: 
MMDD-200 Multimedia I (3) and 

MMDD-400 Multimedia II (3) 
PERT- 102 Modem Dance I (3) and PERF-202 Modem 

Dance II (3) 
PERF-1 15 Theatre: Principles, Plays, 

and Performance 1:1 (3) and PERF-200 Dance and 

Society 1:2(3) 
PERF-1 24 Harmony I (3) and PERF-1 25 Harmony II (3) 
PERF-227 Musicianship I (3) and 

PERF-228 Musicianship II (3) 
PERF-260 Production I: Stagecraft (3) and 

PERF-261 Production II: Introduction to Design (3) 
PERF-305 History and Philosophy of Dance I (3) and 

PERF-306 History and Philosophy of Dance II (3) 
PERF-322 Music History I (3) and 

PERF-323 Music History II (3) 
PERF-365 Theatre History I (3) and 

PERF-366 Theatre History II (3) 

Business and Communication Courses 
(12 credit hours) 

• Two sequences (4 courses total) from the following 
ACCT-201 Legal Issues in Business (3) and 

ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 
COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4:1 (3) and 

COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 
COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) and COMM-200 

Writing for Mass Communication (3) 
COMM-331 Film and Video Production I (3) and 

COMM-333 Fundamentals of TV and VTR (3) 
ECON- 1 00 Macroeconomics 4: 1 (3) and ECON-200 

Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 
FIN-200 Personal Finance and Financial Institutions 4:2 (3) 

and BUS-200 The Global Marketplace 3:2 (3) 
Electives (9 credit hours) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1:1 (3) 
ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 

Centuries 1:2(3) 
ATEC-305 Acoustics (3) 
ATEC-390 Independent Reading (1-6) 
ATEC-491 Internship (1-6) 
COMM-331 Film and Video Production I (3) 
COMM-333 Fundamentals of TV and VTR (3) 
CSC- 100 Computers and Information (3) 
CSC-210 Creativity and Computers (3) 
MMDD-200 Multimedia I (3) 
MMDD-400 Multimedia II (3) 
MMDD-450 Multimedia III (3) 
PSYC-105 Psychology: UnderstandingHuman 

Behavior 4:1 (3) 



100 College of Arts and Sciences 



PSYC-1 1 5 Psychology as a Natural Science 5:1 (4) 
PSYC-235 Theories of Personality 4:2 (3) 
PSYC-240 Drugs and Behavior 5:2 (3) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to wvvw.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.S. in Audio Technology 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the program requires a grade point av- 
erage of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and the approval of the depart- 
ment undergraduate advisor. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 54 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

Core Courses (36 credit hours minimum) 

• ATEC-101 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 

• ATEC- 1 02 Audio Technology Laboratory ( 1 ) 

• ATEC-210 Sound Synthesis I (3) 

• ATEC-220 Sound Synthesis II (3) 

• ATEC-305 Acoustics (3) 

• ATEC-410 Sound Studio Techniques and Practice (3) 

• ATEC-420 Advanced Sound Studio Techniques (3) 

• ATEC-450 Audio Technology Capstone (1-6) 

• ATEC-507 Digital Audio Workstations I (3) 

• ATEC-508 Digital Audio Workstations II (3) 

• MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) 



MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• One of the following: 

COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4: 1 (3) 
COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 
COMM-333 Fundamentals of TV and VTR (3) 

• One of the following: 
PERF-120 Music Fundamentals (3) 
PERF-260 Production I: Stagecraft (3) 
PERF-362 Lighting Design (3) 

Physics Courses (6 credit hours minimum) 

• A two-course sequence from the following: 
PHYS-1 00 Physics for the Modem World 5: 1 (4) and 
PHYS-200 Physics for the New Millennium 5:2 (3) 
or 

PHYS-1 05 College Physics I 5: 1 (4) and 

PHYS-205 College Physics II 5:2 (4) 

or 

PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5:1 (4) and 

PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 

Electronics and Computer Science Courses 
(12 credit hours minimum) 

• Two sequences from the following: 

ATEC-312 Electronics I (3)/ATEC-322 Electronics Lab I (2) 

and 

ATEC-3 13 Electronics II (3)/ATEC-323 Electronics Lab II (2) 

ATEC-500 Microelectronics (4) and 

ATEC-501 Digital Electronics (4) 
CSC- 100 Computers and Information (3) and 

CSC-210 Creativity and Computers (3) 
CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) and 

CSC-281 Introduction to Computer Science II (3) 
CSC-282 Assembly-Language Programming (3) and 

CSC-330 Organization of Computer Systems (4) 
CSC-543 Object-Oriented Analysis and Design (3) and 

CSC-544 Advanced Object-Oriented Programming (3) 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 



Computer Science, Audio Technology, and Physics 101 



B.S. in Computer Science 



Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and departmental approval. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 61 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• CSC-28 1 Introduction to Computer Science II (3) 

• CSC-330 Organization of Computer Systems (4) 

• CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures (3) 

• CSC-521 Design and Organization of Programming 

Languages (3) 

• CSC-570 Database Management Systems (3) 

• CSC-565 Operating Systems (3) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
MATH-3 10 Linear Algebra (3) 

MATH-508 Automata, Languages and Computability (3) 
CSC- xxx courses at the 300-level or above as approved by the 
student's advisor 

No more than 3 credit hours of cooperative education, 
internship, independent study, or independent reading may be 
used to fulfill this requirement. 

• 9 additional credit hours of CSC-xxx courses at the 300-level 
or above as approved by the student's advisor, or four 
interelated courses approved by the department; no more than 
3 credit hours of cooperative education, internship, 
independent study, or independent reading may be used to 
fulfill this requirement. 

• A two-semester sequence of laboratory science: 
BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5:1 (4) and 
BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 

or 

CHEM- 1 1 General Chemistry 1 5: 1 (4) and 

CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 



PHYS-105 College Physics I 5:1 (4) and 

PHYS-205 College Physics II 5:2 (4) 

or 

PHYS- 1 1 University Physics 1 5: 1 (4) and 

PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 



B.S. in Physics 



Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and departmental approval. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Tracks 

Chemical Physics, Computational Physics, or Traditional 

Physics 

Major Requirements 

• 57 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

Core (45 credit hours) 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• MATH-3 1 3 Calculus III (4) 

• MATH-321 Differential Equations (3) 

• PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5:1 (4) 

• PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 



102 College of Arts and Sciences 



(PHYS- 1 1 and PHYS-2 1 may be waived for students with 
exceptional high school preparation) 

• PHYS-365 Waves and Optics (3) 

• PHYS-370 Modem Physics (3) 

• PHYS-430 Classical Mechanics (3) 

• PHYS-440 Experimental Physics (3) 

• PHYS-450 Electricity and Magnetism (3) 

• PHYS-470 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (3) 

Tracks (12 credit Hours) 
Chemical Physics 
Prerequisite: CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• 12 credit hours from the following: 
CHEM-3 10 Organic Chemistry I (3) 
CHEM-3 1 2 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory ( 1 ) 
CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 
CHEM-322 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory ( 1 ) 
CHEM-350 Quantitative Analysis (3) 
CHEM-3 5 1 Quantitative Analysis Laboratory (2) 
CHEM^t 10 Biophysical Chemistry (3) 
CHEM-41 1 Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory ( 1 ) 
CHEM-460 Instrumental Analysis (3) 
CHEM-461 Instrumental Analysis Laboratory (2) 

Computational Physics 

• 12 credit hours from the following: 

CSC-281 Introduction to Computer Science II (3) 
CSC-330 Organization of Computer Systems (4) 
CSC-432 Introduction to Simulation and Modeling (3) 
CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures (3) 
CSC-543 Object-Oriented Analysis and Design (3) 
Traditional Physics 

• 12 credit hours from the following: 
ATEC-305 Acoustics (3) 
ATEC-3 1 2 Electronics I (3) 
ATEC-3 13 Electronics II (3) 
ATEC-322 Electronics Lab I (2) 
ATEC-323 Electronics Lab II (2) 
MATH-3 10 Linear Algebra (3) 
MATH-550 Complex Analysis (3) 
MATH-551 Partial Differential Equations (3) 
PHYS-220 Astronomy 5:2 (3) 

PHYS-230 Changing Views of the Universe 5:2 (3) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 



Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more information, 
go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Audio Technology 

• 22 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• ATEC- 1 1 Fundamentals of Audio Technology (3) 

• ATEC- 102 Audio Technology Laboratory (1) 

• ATEC-210 Sound Synthesis I (3) 

• ATEC-220 Sound Synthesis II (3) 

• ATEC-410 Sound Studio Techniques and Practice (3) 

• ATEC-420 Advanced Sound Studio Techniques (3) 

• ATEC-507 Digital Audio Workstations I (3) 

• ATEC-508 Digital Audio Workstations II (3) 
or 

COMM-333 Fundamentals of TV and VTR (3) 

Minor in Computer Science 

• 1 9 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• CSC- 1 00 Computers and Information (3) 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• CSC-28 1 Introduction to Computer Science II (3) 

• 9 credit hours in CSC-xxx courses at the 300-level or above as 
approved by the student's advisor 

Minor in Applied Physics 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• PHYS- 1 00 Physics for the Modem World 5: 1 (4) 
or 

PHYS-105 College Physics I 5:1 (4) 

or 

PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) 

• PHYS-200 Physics for the New Millennium 5:2 (3) 
or 

PHYS-205 College Physics II 5:2 (4) 

or 

PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 

• PHYS-220 Astronomy 5:2 (3) 
or 

PHYS-230 Changing Views of the Universe 5:2 (3) 

• PHYS-370 Modem Physics (3) 

• 6 credit hours in elective courses at the 300 level or above , 
including courses outside of physics in relevant areas of 



Computer Science, Audio Technology, and Physics 103 



technology, society, and policy, as approved by the 
department. 

Minor in Physics 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) and 
MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

or 

MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) and 

MATH-212 Applied Calculus II (3) 

• PHYS-105 College Physics I 5:1 (4) 
or 

PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) 

• PHYS-205 College Physics II 5:2 (4) 
or 

PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 

• PHYS-370 Modem Physics (3) 

• 6 credit hours in PHYS-xxx courses at the 300-level or 
above as approved by the student's advisor 

Undergraduate Certificate in 

Applied Physics 

Admission to the Program 

Open to undergraduate degree and nondegree students. 
Credits earned for the certificate may be applied toward an un- 
dergraduate degree program. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved course work with at least 9 credit 
hours at the 300-level or above, with grades of C or better. 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 12-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 12 credit 
hours each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 
credit hours earned at an accredited college or university may 
be applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

Course Requirements 

• PHYS-1 00 Physics for the Modem World 5: 1 (4) and 
PHYS-200 Physics for the New Millennium 5:2 (3) 
or 

PHYS-105 College Physics I 5: 1 (4) and 

PHYS-205 College Physics II 5:2 (4) 

or 

PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) and 

PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 



• PHYS-370 Modem Physics (3) 

• 9 credit hours in elective courses, at least two of which must 
be at the 300 level or above, including courses outside of 
physics in relevant areas of technology, society, and policy, as 
approved by the department. 

Combined B.S. and M.S. in 

Computer Science 

Admission to the Program 

Admission is open to undergraduate computer science ma- 
jors with a minimum grade point average of 3.20. Applicants 
must have completed the following by the end of the junior 
year: 

CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I 

CSC-281 Introduction to Computer Science II 

CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Computer Science 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements of both 
degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Computer Science, including 
a minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

Combined B.S. in Mathematics and 
M.S. in Computer Science 

Admission to the Program 

Admission is open to undergraduate mathematics majors 
with a minimum grade point average of 3.20. Applicants must 
have completed the following by the end of the junior year: 
CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I 
CSC-28 1 Introduction to Computer Science II 
CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Mathematics 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements of both 
degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Computer Science, including 
a minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

Students may apply 6 credit hours of approved course work at 
the 500 level to satisfy the requirements of both degrees. 

Combined B.S. in Physics and 
M.S. in Computer Science 

Knowledge of physics and computing techniques can en- 
hance careers in a variety of fields. Computing is an integral part 
of physicists' work, and a knowledge of physics gives comput- 



104 College of Arts and Sciences 



ing professionals an advantage in today's technology and ap- 
plications environment. A full-time student can complete this 
program and receive a B.S. in Physics and a M.S. in Computer 
Science in five years. 

Admission to the Program 

Admission is open to undergraduate physics majors with a 
minimum grade point average of 3.00. Applications must be 
accompanied by two letters of recommendation and a state- 
ment of purpose. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Physics 

• Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of 
approved 500-level course work to satisfy the requirements 
of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Computer Science, 
including a minimum of 24 credit hours completed in 
residence in graduate status after the undergraduate degree 
has been awarded. 

M.S. in Computer Science 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university require- 
ments for graduate study, applicants must have adequate un- 
dergraduate preparation or experience in computer science. 
Students entering the program without the appropriate back- 
ground will be expected to take certain undergraduate courses 
as a prerequisite. Applicants must submit scores from the 
Graduate Record Examination (GRE) aptitude test. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 

CSC-520, CSC-521, CSC-540, and all course work for 
comprehensive, and thesis or nonthesis requirements must 
be passed with grades of B or better 

• Comprehensive examination: satisfied by completion of 
CSC-694 Capstone Project or CSC-797 Master's Thesis 
Seminar in Computer Science with grades of B or better 

• 6 credit hours of thesis or nonthesis option 

Thesis option: CSC-797 Master's Thesis Seminar in 

Computer Science with grades of B or better and an oral 

defense of the thesis 

Nonthesis option: 6 credit hours with grades of B or better 

from the following: 

CSC-694 Capstone Project and 3 credit hours from the 

following: 
CSC-636 Advanced Database Management 
CSC-637 Database Administration 
CSC-689 Topics in Computer Science 
CSC-690 Independent Study in Computer Science 

Course Requirements 

• CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures (3) (or 
equivalent) 



• CSC-521 Design and Organization of Programming 

Languages (3) (or equivalent) 

• CSC-540 Computer System Organization and 

Programming (3) (or equivalent) 

• CSC-565 Operating Systems (3) 

• CSC-570 Database Management Systems (3) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
CC-5 10 Legal Issues in Computing (3) 
CSC-535 User Interface Analysis and Design (3) 
CSC-543 Object-Oriented Analysis and Design (3) 
CSC-544 Advanced Object-Oriented Programming (3) 
CSC-546 Introduction to Computer Networks (3) 
CSC-568 Artificial Intelligence (3) 

CSC-589 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
CSC-596 Selected Topics (with departmental approval) 
CSC-610 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (3) 
CSC-636 Advanced Database Management (3) (if not used 

to fulfill nonthesis option requirement) 
CSC-637 Database Administration (3) (if not used to fulfill 

nonthesis option requirement) 
CSC-689 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
CSC-691 Internship (1-6) 

CSC-692 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3-6) 
CSC-696 Selected Topics(with departmental approval) 

Thesis or Nonthesis Option 

• CSC-797 Master's Thesis Seminar in Computer Science (6) 
or 

CSC-694 Capstone Project 93) and 

3 credit hours from the following: 

CSC-636 Advanced Database Management (3) 

CSC-637 Database Administration (3) 

CSC-689 Topics in Computer Science (3) 

CSC-690 Independent Study in Computer Science (1-6) 

Graduate Certificate in Computer Science 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree from an accredited 
institution and a course in calculus. 

Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 6 credit 
hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of B or better 
Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 12-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 



Computer Science, Audio Technology, and Physics 105 



Course Requirements 

• CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures (3) (or 
equivalent) 

• CSC-521 Design and Organization of Programming 

Languages (3) 

• CSC-540 Computer System Organization and 

Programming (3) 

• CSC-600 Simulation (3) 

• 3 credits from the following: 
CSC-689 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
CSC-696 Selected Topics: Nonrecurring (3) 

M.S. in Applied Science 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must have taken undergraduate 
science courses appropriate to the concentration, or have signif- 
icant practical background in a relevant science area. A 
cumulative undergraduate grade point average of 3.00 (on a 
4.00 scale) is required. Specific courses needed to prepare for 
entering the program will be identified through interviews with 
the applicant. 
Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Tool of research: analytical courses (see Course 
Requirements, below) 

• One written comprehensive examination 

• Non thesis course work: 6 credit hours in 600-level courses as 
approved by a faculty advisor, with grades of B or better 

• Students participate in noncredit workshops and seminars on 
professional skills and current issues in science and 
technology. Students are required to demonstrate proficiency 
in these areas as part of the capstone project and internship. 

Course Requirements 
Core (18 credit hours) 

• 9 credit hours in analytical courses from the following: 
CSC-610 Introduction to Geographic Information 

Systems (3) 
CSC-689 Topics in Computer Science: 

Simulation and Modeling (3) 

Informatics and Analytics (3) 
STAT-514 Statistical Methods (3) 
STAT-525 Statistical Software (3) 
Internship and Capstone Project 

• One of the following: 
BIO-691 Internship (6) 
CHEM-691 Internship (6) 



CSC-691 Internship (6) 
ENVS-691 Internship (6) 

• One of the following: 

BIO-697 Research Methods in Biology (3) 
CSC-694 Capstone Project (3) 
EN VS-68 1 Environmental Research Seminar 
and Practicum (3) 

Concentration (18 credit hours) 

Applied Computing 

• CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures (3) 

• CSC-546 Introduction to Computer Networks (3) 

• CSC-570 Database Management Systems (3) 

• 9 credit hours as approved by of the faculty advisor, including 
from the following: 

CSC-543 Object-Oriented Analysis and Design (3) 
CSC-544 Advanced Object-Oriented Programming (3) 
CSC-568 Artificial Intelligence (3) 
CSC-589 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
CSC-689 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
Biotechnology 

• BIO-583 Molecular Biology (3) 

• BIO-589 Topics in Biology: 
Bioinformatics and Genomics (3) 

• CHEM-560 Biochemistry I (3) 

• 9 credit hours as approved by of the faculty advisor, including 
from the following: 

BIO-589 Topics in Biology 

BIO-677 Special Topics in Developmental Biology (1) 
BIO-679 Topics in Evolutionary Biology (1) 
CHEM-589 Topics in Biochemistry (3) 
Environmental Science and Assessment 

• ENVS-580 Environmental Science I: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 

• ENVS-581 Environmental Science II: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 

• ENVS-575 Environmental Risk Assessment (3) 

• 9 credit hours as approved by the faculty advisor, from areas 
such as conservation biology, ecology, or toxicology 



1 06 College of Arts and Sciences 



Economics 



Chair John A. Willoughby 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a B. Bergmann (Distinguished 

Professor Emerita), W.D. Bowles, T.F. Demburg, PC. Thanh, 

H.M. Wachtel, J.H. Weaver 

Professor R.A. Blecker, I.E. Broder, R. Feinberg, A. Golan, 

R. Hahnel, T. Husted, R. I. Lerman, M. Meurs, R. Miiller, 

L. Sawers, J. Willoughby, J. D. Wisman 

Associate Professor C. Callahan, M. Floro, M. Hazilla, 

A. Isaac, W. Park, P. Winters, E. E. Meade 

Assistant Professor E. Catilina, M. Hansen, M. Heracleous, 

S. Headlee, T. Hertz, K. Reynolds, M. Starr 

Distinguished Economist in Residence G Ayittey 

Economist in Residence C. Grown 

The Department of Economics at American University 
emphasizes economic studies that enable graduates to partici- 
pate actively in the process of finding answers to the important 
economic questions that face our society and other nations of 
the world. Emphasis is placed on viewing economic problems 
in both their domestic and international contexts. 

The university's location in Washington, D.C. enables it to 
assist students and graduates in obtaining employment and in- 
ternships in several of the world's most important economic in- 
stitutions, including the World Bank, the International 
Monetary Fund, research institutes, and the treasury, labor, and 
commerce departments. Many of our graduates find pol- 
icy-making positions in the public and private sectors of both 
the United States and other nations. 

The Department of Economics adopts a pluralistic ap- 
proach to economics education that includes neoclassical, 
Keynesian, and institutional economics as well as political 
economy. International economic issues receive special em- 
phasis, as do such socially-important topics as the economics 
of gender. The neoclassical and Keynesian traditions form the 
core of economic theory that our majors are expected to mas- 
ter. The study of economic history, the history of economic 
thought, and alternative economic methodologies alert stu- 
dents to divergent perspectives and to the role of institutions. 
Courses in comparative economic policies and post-Keynesian 
economics widen the range of fields available. Courses in spe- 
cialized fields deal with monetary economics, public finance 
and government, development, the structure of U.S. industry, 
international trade and finance, and the economics of earnings 
and employment. 

The B.S. in Economics provides rigorous training in eco- 
nomic theory, econometrics, and quantitative skills and pre- 
pares students for research positions or graduate work. Within 
the B.A. in Economics students choose the general or interna- 
tional track. The major is designed to allow students the flexi- 
bility of a double major with other departments in the College 
of Arts and Sciences, School of International Service, Kogod 



School of Business, School of Public Affairs, and School of 
Communication. 

Master's programs include the M.A. in Economics with 
tracks in economics, development, financial economic policy, 
and business. The Ph.D. in Economics offers tracks in main- 
stream and heterodox economics and allows students to spe- 
cialize in microeconomics or macroeconomics. 
Study Abroad 

American University's AU Abroad program offers study 
abroad programs in which students take courses, participate in 
internships, and interact with public officials and political lead- 
ers. Students wishing to use courses from study abroad pro- 
grams to count as their capstone must obtain approval of the 
undergraduate advisor. 
Honor Society 

A chapter of Omicron Delta Epsilon, the economics honor 
society, is active on campus. Membership requires an overall 
grade point average of 3.25 and a grade point average of 3.50 in 
economics courses. Consult the undergraduate advisor for fur- 
ther eligibility requirements. 
Special Opportunities 
. The Simon Naidel Dissertation Fellowship is awarded for a 

promising dissertation close to completion. 

• Several student prizes are awarded each spring: 

The Simon Naidel Prize for the best performance on a 

comprehensive examination in economic theory 

The Frank Tamagna Prize for excellence in international 

finance and monetary economics 

The Jose Epstein Prize in Development Finance 

The James Weaver Prize for Excellence in Teaching 

B.A. in Economics 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and the approval of the department 
undergraduate advisor. The department counsels freshmen and 
transfer students. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Tracks 

General or International 



Economics 1 07 



Major Requirements 

• 37 credit hours with grades of C or better 

• For the International track, demonstration of intermediate 
level or higher competence in one modem foreign language 

Course Requirements 

Core (19 credit hours) 

• ECON-100 Macroeconomics 4:1 (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• ECON-300 Intermediate Microeconomics (3) 
or 

ECON-500 Microeconomics (3) 

• ECON-301 Intermediate Macroeconomics (3) 
or 

ECON-501 Macroeconomics (3) 

• One of the following: 

ECON-480 Research Seminar in Economics (3) 
ECON-491 Internship (3) 
ECON-492 Internship in Teaching Economics (3) 
Study abroad course with emphasis in economics or 
political economy at the 300-level or higher (3) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

General 

• 1 8 credit hours in economics courses (ECON-xxx) at the 300 
level or above 

Students may take no more than two of the following: 
ECON-370 International Economics 
ECON-371 International Economics: Trade 
ECON-372 International Economics: Finance 
One course at the 300 level may be taken outside of the 
Economics Department with the advisor's approval if the 
course is closely related to economics. 
No more than 6 of these credit hours may be fulfilled by 
Washington Economic Policy Semester courses or 
economics courses from study abroad programs. 
No more than 3 credit hours of independent reading and study 
courses, internships, and co-ops may be used to satisfy this 
requirement. 
International 

• ECON-371 International Economics: Trade (3) 

• ECON-372 International Economics: Finance (3) 

• One of the following: 

ECON-351 Comparative Economics Systems (3) 
ECON-358 Economics of the World Regions (3) (topics) 
ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 
ECON-362 Microeconomics of Economic Development (3) 
ECON-363 Macroeconomics of Economic Development (3) 
ECON-552 Economics of Transition (3) 

• One of the following: 

IBUS-300 Fundamentals of International Business (3) 
SIS-385 International Economic Policy (3) 



SIS-465 International Trade and Investment Relations (3) 

SIS-466 International Monetary and Financial Relations (3) 
• 6 credit hours of additional economics courses (ECON-xxx) 

at the 300 level or above, excluding ECON-370 International 

Economics 

No more than 6 credit hours may be fulfilled by Washington 

Economic Policy Semester courses or economics courses 

from study abroad programs. 

No more than 3 credit hours of independent reading and study 

courses, internships, and co-ops may be used to satisfy this 

requirement. 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.S. in Economics 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and the approval of the department 
undergraduate advisor. The department counsels freshmen and 
transfer students. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 48 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• ECON-100 Macroeconomics 4:1 (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• ECON-300 Intermediate Microeconomics (3) 
or 

ECON-500 Microeconomics (3) 



108 College of Arts and Sciences 



• ECON-301 Intermediate Macroeconomics (3) 
or 

ECON-501 Macroeconomics (3) 

• ECON-322 Introduction to Econometrics (4) 

• One of the following: 

ECON-480 Research Seminar in Economics (3) 

ECON-491 Internship (3) 

ECON-492 Internship in Teaching Economics (3) 

Study abroad course with emphasis in economics or political 

economy at the 300-level or higher (3) 

• ECON-505 Introduction to Mathematical Economics (3) 

• MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) 
or 

MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• One of the following: 

ACCT-240 Principles of Accounting (3) 
CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 
MATH-21 2 Applied Calculus II (3) 
MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 
MATH-3 1 Linear Algebra (3) 

• 15 credit hours of additional economics courses 
(ECON-xxx) at the 300 level or above, excluding 
ECON-370 International Economics: 

No more than 6 of these credit hours may be fulfilled by 
Washington Economic Policy Semester courses or 
economics courses from study abroad programs. No more 
than 3 credit hours of independent reading and study courses, 
internships, and co-ops may be used to satisfy this 
requirement. 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100- 200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Washington Semester in Economic Policy 

This one-semester undergraduate program draws on the 
unique environment of Washington, D.C. to introduce students 
to governmental policymaking as it relates to international and 
domestic economic policy through seminars, internships, and 
research. Students earn undergraduate credit which may be ap- 
plied toward the requirements for a bachelor's degree. 



Admission to the Program 

The program is open to American University students and 
students from affiliated institutions from across the country. Re- 
quirements for admission to the program include nomination by 
a Washington Semester Program representative (at affiliated 
member schools), a minimum grade point average of 2.50 (on a 
4.00 scale); introductory courses in economics; and at least sec- 
ond-semester sophomore standing at the time of participation. 
Requirements 

• ECON-383 Washington Economic Policy Semester 

Seminar I (4) 

• ECON-384 Washington Economic Policy Semester 

Seminar II (4) 

• ECON-385 Washington Economic Policy Semester 

Internship (4) 

• ECON-490 Independent Study Project (4) 
or 

Elective course from university evening course offerings 

Minor in Economics 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• ECON-100 Macroeconomics 4: 1 (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• ECON-300 Intermediate Microeconomics (3) 

• ECON-301 Intermediate Macroeconomics (3) 

• 6 additional credit hours in economics at the 300 level or above 
(not including independent study, Washington Semester 
courses, internships, or co-ops). No more than 3 of these credit 
hours may be fulfilled by economics courses from study 
abroad programs. 

Combined B.A. or B.S. and M.A. in 
Economics 

Admission to the Program 

Interested students should apply to the program in their junior 
year. Students in this program will not be required to take the 
Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Students will be admitted 
formally to M.A. status only after they have completed all re- 
quirements for the B.A. or B.S. in Economics with a cumulative 
grade point average of 3.00 or higher. 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. or B.S. in Economics 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work in economics to satisfy the 
requirements of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Economics, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 



Economics 1 09 



M.A. in Economics 



Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. Admission is based on the academic record 
and two letters of recommendation. In general, a B+ average in 
undergraduate or previous graduate course work is required. 
The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general test is 
required. Admission is not automatic for students who qualify 
and may be limited by programmatic constraints. 

A student whose undergraduate background does not meet 
the standards for admission may be considered for admission 
after completing 1 2 credit hours of approved graduate course 
work in nondegree status with a grade point average of at least 
3.50 (on a 4.00 scale). ECON-500 Microeconomics, 
ECON-501 Macroeconomics, and ECON-505 Introduction to 
Mathematical Economics must be taken within these 1 2 hours. 

Tracks 

General, Development Economics, Financial Economic 
Policy, or Business Economics 
Degree Requirements 

• 30-36 credit hours of approved graduate course work; 
including 6 credit hours of core courses in economic theory, 6 
credit hours to fulfill the research requirement, and 18-24 
credit hours of other required courses or electives 
Prerequisite credit (including ECON-603) does not count 
toward the degree. All courses must be taken for grades (the 
pass/fail option is not permitted). No more than 3 credit hours 
of ECON-69 1 Internship may be taken. 

• Research requirement: 

Thesis: ECON-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (6) with grades 
of B or better and submission of approved thesis 
Nonthesis: ECON-523 Econometrics I and ECON-524 
Econometrics II with grades of B or better 

• Comprehensive examination in economic theory taken after 
the student has completed ECON-500 and ECON-501; 
students are allowed two retakes. 

Course Requirements 

Prerequisite Courses 

• ECON-300 Intermediate Microeconomics (3) and 
ECON-301 Intermediate Macroeconomics (3) 

or 

ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 

• MATH-211 Applied Calculus (4) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

Waiver of these prerequisites may be granted for qualified per- 
sons with comparable prior education or experience. 

Core (12 credit hours) 

• ECON-500 Microeconomics (3) 

• ECON-501 Macroeconomics (3) 

• ECON-523 Econometrics I (3) 



• ECON-524 Econometrics II (3) 

ECON-500 and ECON-501 must be completed within the first 9 
credit hours of the program. 

Tracks (18-24 cedit hours) 

• 1 8-24 credit hours of approved graduate course work in one 
of the following tracks: 

General (18 credit hours) 

• ECON-505 Introduction to Mathematical Economics (3) 

• 1 5 additional credit hours of approved graduate course work 
in economics; 3 credit hours may be taken outside the 
Economics Department with the advisor's approval. 

Development Economics (24 credit hours) 

• ECON-662 Development Microeconomics (3) 

• ECON-663 Development Macroeconomics (3) 

• 1 8 credit hours from the following: 

ECON-505 Introduction to Mathematical Economics (3) 
ECON-552 Economics of Transition (3) 
ECON-573 Labor Economics (3) 
ECON-574 Women in the Economy (3) 
ECON-579 Environmental Economics (3) 
ECON-630 Monetary Theory and Policy (3) 
ECON-633 Financial Economics (3) 
ECON-634 Development Finance and Banking (3) 
ECON-635 International Capital Markets (3) 
ECON-658 Economics of the World Regions (3) (topics) 
ECON-665 Project Evaluation in Developing Countries (3) 
ECON-670 Survey of International Economics (3)* 
ECON-671 International Economics: Trade (3)* 
ECON-672 International Economics: Finance (3)* 
ECON-69 1 Internship (1-3) 
ECON-788 Seminar in Economic Development (3) 
* Students may not receive credit for ECON-670 if they take 
either ECON-671 or ECON-672. 

The 1 8 credit hours may include up to 1 2 credit hours fromthe 
following: 

SIS-616 International Economics (3) 
SIS-632 Microfinance: Concepts and Tools 
SIS-635 Advanced Topics in Development Management (3) 
SIS-637 International Development (3) 
SIS-650 Global Economy and Sustainable Development (3) 
(prerequisite: SIS-637 International Development) 
SIS-65 1 Managing Economic Policy Reform (3) 
Financial Economic Policy (24 credit hours) 

• ACCT-607 Accounting Concepts and Applications (3) 

• ECON-505 Introduction to Mathematical Economics (3) 

• ECON-633 Financial Economics (3) 

• ECON-641 Policy Issues in Financial Economics (3) 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
ECON-541 Public Economics (3) 



1 College of Arts and Sciences 



ECON-547 Economics of Antitrust and Regulation (3) 
ECON-634 Development Finance and Banking (3) 
ECON-635 International Capital Markets (3) 
ECON-663 Development Macroeconomics (3) 
ECON-672 International Economics: Finance (3) 
ECON-691 Internship (1-3) 

FIN-672 Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management (3) 
FIN-674 Derivatives and Risk Management (3) 
FIN-676 Financial Institutions (1 .5) 
IBUS-700 International Finance (3) 
IBUS-701 International Banking (1.5) 
Business Economics (24 credit hours) 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• ITEC-63 1 Operations and Information Management (3) 

• MKTG-632 Fundamentals of Marketing (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 

IBUS-636 Global Strategy and Management (1 .5) 
IBUS-637 Cross-Cultural Management (1 .5) 
MGMT-633 Leading People and Organizations (3) 
MGMT-634 High-Performance Teams (1 .5) 
MGMT- 635 Ethics, Social Responsibility, and 
Governance (1.5) 

• 12 credit hours of approved graduate courses in economics 

Ph.D. in Economics 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university require- 
ments for graduate study, applicants must earn a satisfactory 
score on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general 
tests (verbal, math, analytical). The GRE test in economics is 
recommended. Admission is based on academic record, test 
scores, and at least two letters of recommendation. Applicants 
who are not native speakers of English must submit the results 
of TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language). In general, 
a B+ average for previous undergraduate work or a B+/A- av- 
erage for previous graduate work, whichever is more recent, is 
the minimum required. (Most students admitted have higher 
grade averages.) As a rule, students are admitted for the fall se- 
mester only; application must be made by the previous Febru- 
ary 1 in order to be considered for financial support. 

Tracks 

Mainstream and Heterodox 
Degree Requirements 

• 72 credit hours of approved graduate work: 

48 credit hours must be taken in designated courses; no more 
than 40 percent of course work and no more than 6 hours of 
independent study or reading courses (exclusive of 
dissertation hours) may be taken with any one professor. 
Credit may be given for previous graduate work in 
accordance with university academic regulations. 

• Tools of research 



The following courses must be completed with grades of B- or 

better: 

ECON-619 U.S. Economic History 

or 

ECON-618 Economic History of Europe and the World 

ECON-620 Economic Thought 

ECON-705 Mathematical Economic Analysis 

ECON-723 Econometric Methods 

ECON-724 Advanced Econometric Methods 

• Field Requirement 

Students must take a major field and minor field. Completing a 
major field requires a grades of B- or better in two designated 
field courses and the satisfactory completion of a 
comprehensive exam. Completing a minor field requires a B- 
or better in two designated field courses. Courses can not be 
applied to two different fields. 

• Four comprehensive examinations: 

Preliminary theory: ECON-702 and ECON-703 must be taken 

completed before taking the examination 

Advanced theory: 

Mainstream: ECON-712 and ECON-713 must be taken 

completed before taking the examination 

Heterodox: ECON-701 and ECON-711 must be taken 

completed before taking the examination 

One field comprehensive 

Defense of dissertation proposal 

• Dissertation and oral comprehensive 

The student obtains approval for the dissertation topic from an 
interested faculty member in the field who then becomes chair 
of the dissertation committee. This committee, especially the 
chair, supervises the preparation of the dissertation and 
reviews it when it is completed. An oral comprehensive 
examination on the dissertation proposal is given by the 
committee before its submission for approval. 
Students must attend the dissertation seminar in their third 
year, or when they are working on their dissertation proposals. 
Between 6 and 24 credit hours of ECON-799 Doctoral 
Dissertation Seminar, which must be taken pass/fail, are taken 
while students complete their proposals and prepare 
dissertations. After the completed dissertation is submitted to 
the committee, a final oral examination is held. 

Course Requirements 

Theory (15 credit hours) 

The following courses must be completed with grades of B- or 
better: 

Mainstream 

• ECON-701 Micro Political Economy I (3 
or 

ECON-71 1 Macro Political Economy II (3) 

• ECON-702 Macroeconomic Analysis I (3) 

• ECON-703 Microeconomic Analysis I (3) 



Economics 



• ECON-712 Macroeconomic Analysis II (3) 

• ECON-713 Microeconomic Analysis II (3 
Heterodox 

• ECON-701 Micro Political Economy I (3) 

• ECON-702 Macroeconomic Analysis I (3) 

• ECON-703 Microeconomic Analysis I (3) 

• ECON-71 1 Macro Political Economy II (3) 

• ECON-713 Microeconomic Analysis II (3) 
or 

ECON-712 Macroeconomic Analysis II (3) 

Fields (12 credit hours) 

• Two courses in each of two of the following fields completed 
with grades of B or better: 

Comparative Economic Systems 

• ECON-551 Comparative Economic Systems {3} 

• ECON-552 Economics of Transition (3) 
Economic Growth and Development 

• ECON-662 Development Microeconomics (3) 

• ECON-663 Development Macroeconomics (3) 
Economics of Gender 

• ECON-573 Labor Economics (3) 

• ECON-574 Women in the Economy (3) 
Industrial Organization 

• ECON-546 Industrial Economics (3) 

• ECON-547 Economics of Antitrust and Regulation (3) 
Labor Economics 

• ECON-573 Labor Economics (3) 

• ECON-789 Seminar in Labor Economics (3) 
Monetary Economics 

• ECON-630 Monetary Economics (3) 

• ECON-633 Financial Economics (3) 
Public Finance and Fiscal Policy 

• ECON-541 Public Economics (3) 

• PUAD-607 Economics and Politics of Public Policy (3) 

Tools of Research (15 credit hours) 

The following courses must be completed with grades of B- or 
better: 

• ECON 619 U.S. Economic History (3) 
or 

ECON 6 1 8 Economic History of Europe and the World (3) 

• ECON 620 Economic Thought (3) 

• ECON 705 Mathematical Economic Analysis (3) 

• ECON 723 Econometric Methods (3) 

• ECON 724 Advanced Econometric Methods (3) 



Research Seminar (6 credit hours) 

• ECON 782 Seminar in Empirical Macroeconomics (3) (for 
students whc have taken ECON-702, ECON-71 1 , and 
ECON-712) 

or 

ECON 783 Seminar in Empirical Microeconomics (3) 
(for students who have taken ECON-701 , ECON-703, and 
ECON-713) 

• one other seminar approved by department 

Graduate Certificate in Applied 
Microeconomics 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree from an accred- 
ited institution. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved course work with at least 6 credit 
hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of C or better 
Course work includes 9 credit hours of core requirements and 
9 credit hours of electives. Prerequisite credit does not count 
toward the certificate. All courses must be taken for grades 
(the pass/fail option is not permitted). Grades of C- or D in 
certificate program courses are not accepted toward the 
fulfillment of certificate requirements, although these grades 
will be included in the calculation of the GPA. Students must 
have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate courses in order to be 
awarded a certificate. Students in certificate programs must 
take a minimum of 6 credit hours during each 12-month 
period and complete the certificate in four years. International 
students must enroll in 9 credit hours each semester (except 
for summer). A maximum of 3 credit hours earned at an 
accredited college or university may be applied toward the 
certificate as transfer credit. 

Course Requirements 
Prerequisite Courses 

• ECON-300 Intermediate Microeconomics (3) 

• ECON-301 Intermediate Macroeconomics (3) 

• MATH-211 Applied Calculus (4) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

Waiver of these prerequisites may be granted for qualified per- 
sons with comparable prior education or experience. 
Core (9 credit hours) 

• ECON-500 Microeconomics (3) 

• ECON-505 Introduction to Mathematical Economics (3) 

• ECON-522 Econometrics (3) 

Electives (9 credit hours) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
ECON-541 Public Economics (3) 
ECON-546 Industrial Economics (3) 

ECON-547 Economics of Antitrust and Regulation (3) 
ECON-573 Labor Economics (3) 



12 College of Arts and Sciences 



ECON-574 Women in the Economy (3) 
ECON-579 Environmental Economics (3) 
ECON-630 Monetary Theory and Policy (3) 
ECON-633 Financial Economics (3) 
ECON-662 Development Microeconomics (3) 
ECON-665 Project Evaluation in Developing Countries (3) 
ECON-671 International Economics: Trade (3) 
ECON-672 International Economics: Finance (3) 
Other approved electives may be substituted with 
departmental approval 

Graduate Certificate in International 
Economic Relations 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree from an accred- 
ited institution. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 6 credit 
hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of C or better 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of 
the GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 



four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

Course Requirements 

Core 

• ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 
(students with sufficient background in economics may 
substitute an additional economics course from the list of 
electives, below) 

• SIS-600 Quantitative Analysis in International Affairs (3) 

• ECON-611 Survey of International Economics (3) 
or 

SIS-616 International Economics (3) 
Electives 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 
ECON-55 1 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 
ECON-552 Economics of Transition (3) 
ECON-658 Economics of the World Regions (3) (topics) 
ECON-66 1 Survey of Economic Development (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 

SIS-565 U.S. Economic Relations with Japan and China (3) 
SIS-630 Economic Policy of the European Union (3) 
SIS-65 1 Managing Economic Policy Reform (3) 
SIS-665 International Trade and Investment Relations (3) 
SIS-666 International Monetary and Financial Relations (3) 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 



Dean Sarah Irvine Belson 

Director of Teacher Education Karen DiGiovanni 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a C.A. Gross, D.S. Geiser, V.E. Hawke, 

B.A. Hodinko,.W. Hubbell, P.D. Leedy, N.J. Long, 

M.J. Safrit, R. Whitfield 

Professor F. Jacobs, R.C. Karch, D. Sadker, S.L. Smith, 

C.A. Tesconi, Jr. 

Associate Professor Emeritus/a F.E. Huber, 

C.E. Messersmith, B.G Coward, L. Fox, L.G Nyce, 

P. O'Connor Finn, B.J. Reimann 

Associate Professor S. Irvine Belson, A. Snelling, 

V. Vasquez 

Assistant Professor E. Anderson, Y. Chikamoto, 

A. Lawrence, P. Mehlert, F. Ramos 

In Residence M. Clark J. Percoco, M. Thompson, 

M. Schaeffer 

The School of Education, Teaching and Health (SETH) of- 
fers programs that prepare teachers, educational leaders and 
managers, educational specialists, health promotion special- 
ists, and researchers for careers in schools, colleges and univer- 
sities, federal, state and local government agencies, business, 



and community and professional organizations. These programs 
provide students with opportunities to collaborate with profes- 
sionals in public schools, educational organizations, and federal 
agencies through internships, practica, and research. Training in 
international education prepares graduates for careers in interna- 
tional organizations, nongovernmental organizations, interna- 
tional schools, and government agencies. Degree programs can 
be completed on a full or part time basis. 

The SETH faculty and programs demonstrate a commitment 
to the advancement of knowledge about the nature, function, and 
practice of education. Faculty conduct a wide range of research 
initiatives with emphasis on equity, gender, health promotion, 
multiculturalism, nutrition, socioeconomic status, learners with 
special needs, the infusion of technology into education, adult 
learning, and the relationship of government and public policy to 
education. Themes common to faculty research and programs 
include fair educational opportunity, meeting the needs of special 
learners, improving public health, research informed policy de- 
velopment, as well as international and domestic formal and 
non-formal education. Students benefit from working with a 
highly qualified and dedicated faculty in small classes, and from 
opportunities to participate in ongoing faculty research aimed at 
influencing educational policy and practice. In our shared view, 
the fields of education, teaching and health encompass the entire 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 1 1 3 



well-being of an individual-intellectually, emotionally, socially, 
environmentally, and spiritually. 

Education and Teaching Programs 

On the undergraduate level, the school offers a Bachelor of 
Arts in Elementary Education and a second major in Secondary 
Education, which lead to eligibility for certification to teach. 
Minors in education studies and special education are also of- 
fered. 

A minor in education studies accommodates undergraduate 
students interested in the study of education as a liberal or social 
science discipline. It serves students who intend to pursue grad- 
uate study in education or related fields, those who wish to ex- 
plore career opportunities in education and related fields, and 
those whose primary job and career opportunities are enhanced 
through the study of education. For students interested in broad- 
ening their knowledge and understanding of education for stu- 
dents with special needs, a minor in special education is also 
offered. Students seeking certification to teach or who plan to 
pursue graduate education in this field are especially well 
served by this minor. 

The school also offers graduate programs that lead to K-12 
certification. Students interested in teaching in elementary or 
secondary schools or in programs for English for speakers of 
other languages (ESOL) or international training and develop- 
ment enroll in the Master of Arts in Teaching (M. A.T.). A dual 
degree program leading to the M.A.T. and the M.A. in Interna- 
tional Peace and Conflict Resolution from the School of Inter- 
national Service is available. Those interested in working as 
special education resource teachers or in learning disabilities 
classrooms at all levels enroll in the M. A. in Special Education: 
Learning Disabilities. The Master of Education (M.Ed.) in Cur- 
riculum and Instruction is designed for students with a back- 
ground in educational theory and practice and offers extended 
study in the field and in areas of elementary education, second- 
ary education, and educational technology. 

The Graduate Certificate in Teaching is designed for stu- 
dents with bachelor's degrees in the arts, sciences, or humanities 
and several years of responsible work experience. Students who 
complete the program and pass the appropriate teacher's exami- 
nation are eligible to apply for certification (licensure) in the 
District of Columbia. Those with such certification are eligible 
for reciprocal certification in over 40 states. 

Teacher Education Program 

Selective admissions criteria allow the School of Education, 
Teaching and Health to emphasize early and sustained contact 
with children, youth, and adult learners. Students work closely 
with master teachers and clinical supervisors in their field place- 
ments in and around Washington, D.C. The teacher preparation 
programs benefit from the rich resources of the Washington 
area, including opportunities for internships in settings such as 
the Challenger Center for Space Science Education, the Na- 
tional Museum of Natural History, and the Washington Lab 
School, an internationally known school for students with learn- 
ing disabilities. 



Field Placements 

Field experiences, practicum placements, and student teach- 
ing take place in the District of Columbia and the greater Wash- 
ington metropolitan area, including Maryland and Virginia and 
are designed to give students experience in both urban and sub- 
urban schools. The director of teacher education arranges as- 
signments, taking into account student needs and preferences. 

Accreditation and Certification 

The School of Education, Teaching and Health is accredited 
by the District of Columbia State Board of Education and the 
National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education 
(NCATE). 

The following certification programs have been approved 
by the District of Columbia State Board of Education: biology 
(7-12 license), chemistry (7-12 license), elementary education 
(1-6 license), English (7-12 license), English as a second lan- 
guage (K-12 license), foreign language: French, German, Span- 
ish (K-12 license), mathematics (7-12 license), music (K-12 
license), performing arts (7-12 license), physics (K-12 license), 
social studies (7-12 license), and studio art (7-12 license). 

Students admitted to graduate teacher education programs 
may be required to complete additional course work in order to 
be eligible for certification upon graduation. Students will be in- 
formed of additional requirements upon admission. 

Ongoing Assessment of Academic and Professional 
Performance 

Students are expected to maintain cumulative grade point 
averages specific to each program; receive satisfactory evalua- 
tions in field and methods placements; obtain a satisfactory an- 
nual evaluation from the Teacher Education Committee based 
upon academic, professional, and performance criteria estab- 
lished by the committee; meet specific course grade require- 
ments; complete all Praxis I and subject area appropriate Praxis 
II examinations; and submit an electronic professional portfo- 
lio. 

Students in the B.A. in Elementary Education program must 
maintain an overall cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or 
higher. Students in the undergraduate second major in Second- 
ary Education must maintain an overall grade point average of 
2.70 and 3.00 or higher in their primary major. Graduate stu- 
dents must maintain a cumulative grade point average of 3 .00 or 
higher. 

Report of American University State Assessments, 

Requirements, and Standards for Teacher Certification 

and Licensure, and Performance of Teacher 

Preparation Programs 

In compliance with Section 207 of the Higher Education 
Act, American University is providing information regarding 
state assessments, other requirements, standards for teacher cer- 
tification and licensure, and performance of teacher preparation 
programs. 

American University's teacher preparation programs are ap- 
proved by the District of Columbia and nationally accredited by 
the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Educa- 



14 College of Arts and Sciences 



tion (NCATE), the organization responsible for professional 
accreditation of teacher education. 

There is a commitment to a strong general education foun- 
dation for students before their acceptance into the School of 
Education, Teaching and Health. Teacher preparation pro- 
grams are organized around four interrelated principles (eq- 
uity, community, diversity, and excellence) and are based on a 
conceptual framework that recognizes the importance of 
knowledge, beliefs, practice, and reflection. 

In academic year 2005-2006, 440 students were enrolled in 
teacher preparation programs; 185 of these students were 
completing supervised student teaching programs. Fifty one 
faculty members including 1 1 full time faculty in professional 
education, and 40 part time faculty members (adjunct faculty) 
supervised and/or taught students in the teacher education pro- 
gram. The student/faculty ratio was 4:1. The average hours per 
week required of students in the program was 35 hours per 
week over 14 weeks, for a total of 490 hours. 

Aggregate and Summary of Institution-Level 

Pass-Rate Data: Regular Teacher Preparation 

Program for 2005-2006 



Type of Assessment 


Institutional 
Pass Rate 


Statewide 
Pass Rate 


Aggregate-Basic Skills 


96% 


97% 


Summary 


91% 


92% 



orates with American University's Jacobs Fitness Center located 
on campus. Students in the health promotion degree programs 
are offered the opportunity for experiential learning in health 
promotion programming and fitness conditioning through 
part-time, full-time, and internship positions at both sites. 

Students enrolled in American University's health promotion 
degree programs benefit from a strong alumni network that pro- 
vides professional connections for informational interviews, in- 
ternships, and occasional employment. Many alumni are 
employed locally, making networking opportunities highly ac- 
cessible to students. Furthermore, the health promotion degree 
programs benefit from the Washington, D.C. location of 
well-known organizations whose purpose is to improve public 
health, such as specific departments of the federal government, 
national non-profits, and global corporations. In particular, our 
students have benefited from internships, cooperative-education, 
and presentations from organizations such as the National Can- 
cer Institute, National Business Group on Health, Center for Sci- 
ence in the Public Interest, AARP, President's Council on 
Physical Fitness and Sports, and the National Coalition for Pro- 
moting Physical Activity. Finally, there are an abundance of an- 
nual conferences and meetings that take place in Washington, 
D.C. and are available to students at a free or reduced rate which 
offer students invaluable networking experience and enhanced 
learning. 

For additional information contact 202- 885- 6275 or 
healthfitness@american.edu, or got to: 
www, american . edu/healthpromotion 



Health and Fitness Programs 

Health issues have universal interest and appeal, transcend- 
ing the boundaries of race, religion, culture, and national ori- 
gin. Over the past two decades, the importance of maintaining 
or improving one's well-being through health-enhancing be- 
haviors has become self evident. Responding to these develop- 
ments, the School of Education, Teaching, and Health offers 
the following academic programs to students at American Uni- 
versity: 

• Minor in Health Promotion 

• B.S. in Health Promotion 

• M.S. in Health Promotion Management 

Additionally, the health promotion undergraduate program 
offers a variety of health and fitness electives to American Uni- 
versity students. These electives provide students with enjoy- 
able opportunities to engage in physical activity through 
courses such as aerobic dance, weight training, yoga, golf, and 
many others. Exploratory courses within the field of health 
promotion are also open to all American University students, 
such as care and prevention of athletic injuries and sports psy- 
chology. 

American University's National Center for Health Fitness 
(NCHF) is an integral part of the health promotion degree pro- 
grams. NCHF manages the United States Postal Service's 
health promotion program for their employees and also collab- 



B.A. in Elementary Education 

Admission to Candidacy in Teacher Education 

Undergraduates seeking teacher certification in elementary 
education should contact an advisor in the School of Education, 
Teaching and Health as early as possible. Admission to the uni- 
versity and declaration of a major does not constitute admission 
to candidacy in teacher education, which is based on academic 
and related performance criteria. 

To be admitted to candidacy, students must earn a passing 
score (as set by the District of Columbia teacher licensing 
agency) on the PRAXIS I: Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST); 
earn an average grade of 2.70 or higher in EDU-205 Schools and 
Society and EDU-320 Psychology of Education, pass EDU-321 
Field Experience: Observation and Analysis, receive satisfactory 
recommendations from faculty, and have an overall cumulative 
grade point average of 2.70 or higher. The Teacher Education 
Committee reviews student applications. Decisions regarding 
admission to candidacy are made by this committee based on ac- 
ademic performance and references. 

Liberal Arts and Science Requirements for Teacher 
Certification: Elementary 

To qualify for teacher certification, students must have com- 
pleted all of the requirements from the specific curricular areas 
listed below. Some requirements may overlap with the university 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 1 1 5 



General Education requirements. Consult a School of Educa- 
tion, Teaching and Health advisor for more information. 

• 6 credit hours in literature 

• 3 credit hours in music 

• 3 credit hours in studio art 

• 2 credit hours in health and nutrition 

• 2 credit hours in health and fitness 

• 6 credit hours in the social sciences including 3 credit hours in 
U.S. history 

• 3 credit hours in the biological sciences 

• 3 credit hours in the physical sciences 
Note: one of the sciences must include a lab. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Note: Students must consult with an advisor from the School of 
Education, Teaching and Health as early as possible to discuss 
the coordination of General Education requirements with certifi- 
cation requirements. 
Major Requirements 

• 74 credit hours with grades of C or better, including 15 to 17 
credit hours in a concentration 

• An overall cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or higher 

• All students must complete the Praxis II Exam prior to 
graduation. 

Course Requirements 

• EDU-205 Schools and Society 4:2 (3) 

• EDU-250 Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers I (3) 

• EDU-25 1 Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers II (3) 

• EDU-319 Children's Literature: Multicultural and 

International Approaches (3) 

• EDU-320 Psychology of Education (3) 

• EDU-321 Field Experience: Observation and Analysis (1) 

• EDU-330 Instructional Strategies and Teaching Methods (3) 

• EDU-362 Classroom Management (3) 

• EDU-371 Foundations of Reading Instruction (3) 

• EDU-492 Service Learning in Teacher Education (1) 

• EDU-5 1 9 The Uses of Technology in Education (3) 

• EDU-541 Foundations of Special Education for 

Exceptional Children (3) 



EDU-545 Overview of all Exceptionalities: The Arts in 
Special Education (3) 

• EDU-552 Teaching Mathematics in Elementary 

Education (3) 

• EDU-553 Teaching Language Arts in Elementary 

Education (3) 

• EDU-554 Teaching Social Studies in Elementary 

Education (3) 

• EDU-555 Teaching Reading in Elementary Education (3) 

• EDU-556 Teaching Science in Elementary Education (3) 

• EDU-499 Student Teaching ( 1 2) 

Concentration 

• 15-17 credit hours in one of the following concentrations in 
Art, Biology, History, Literature, Mathematics, or Music 

Art (15 credit hours) 

• ARTS- 100 Art: The Studio Experience 1 : 1 (3) 

• One course from the following: 

ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1:1 (3) 
ARTH-210 Modem Art: Nineteenth and Twentieth 
Centuries 1:2(3) 

• Three courses from the following: 

ARTS-205 The Artist's Perspective: Drawing 1 :2 (3) 
ARTS-210 The Artist's Perspective: Painting 1 :2 (3) 
ARTS-215 The Artist's Perspective: Sculpture 1:2 (3) 
ARTS-320 Painting Studio (3) 
ARTS-340 Sculpture Studio (3) 
ARTS-360 Drawing Studio (3) 
ARTS-363 Relief Printmaking Studio (3) 
ARTS-364 Intaglio Studio (3) 
Biology (17 credit hours) 

• BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5:1 (4) 

• BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 

• Three courses from the following: 
BIO-200 Structure and Function of the 

Human Body 5:2 (3) 
BIO-220 The Case for Evolution 5:2 (3) 
ENVS-240 Oceanography 5:2 (3) 
ENVS-250 Living in the Environment 5:2 (3) 
BIO-xxx 300-level or above course, with advisor's approval 

History (15 credit hours) 

• HIST-205 American Encounters: 1492-1865 2:2 (3) 

• HIST-2 1 5 Social Forces that Shaped America 2:2 (3) 

• One course from the following: 

HIST-100 Historians and the Living Past 2:1 (3) 
HIST-1 10 Renaissance and Revolutions: Europe, 

1400-1815(3) 
HIST- 120 Imperialism and Revolution 3: 1 (3) 
HIST-2 1 Ethnicity in America 4:2 (3) 
HIST-220 Women in America 4:2 (3) 



16 College of Arts and Sciences 



HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary 

Eurasia 3:2 (3) 
HIST-235 The West in Crisis, 1900-1945 2:2 (3) 
HIST-250 Civilization and Modernization: Asia 3:2 (3) 

• One approved HIST-2xx course (3) 

• One approved HIST-3xx course (3) 

Literature (15 credit hours) 

• LIT- 120 Interpreting Literature 1:1 (3) 
or 

LIT- 105 The Literary Imagination 1:1 (3) 

• Two courses from the following: 

LIT- 1 25 Great Books that Shaped the Western 

World 2: 1 (3) 
LIT-210 Survey of American Literature I (3) 
LIT-21 1 Survey of American Literature II (3) 
LIT-220 Survey of British Literature I (3) 
LIT-221 Survey of British Literature II (3) 

• One course from the following: 
LIT-225 The African Writer 1 :2 (3) 
LIT-235 African-American Literature 2:2 (3) 
LIT-240 Asian American Literature 2:2 (3) 
LIT-245 The Experience of Poetry 1 :2 (3) 
LIT-265 Literature and Society in Victorian 

England 2:2 (3) 
LIT-270 Transformations of Shakespeare 1:2 (3) 

• One approved LIT-3xx course (3) 

Mathematics (17 credit hours) 

• Two courses at the 200-level to include: 
MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) and 
MATH-212 Applied Calculus II (3) 

or 

MATH-221 Calculus I {A) and 

MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• Three approved courses at the 300-level or above 

Music (16 credit hours) 

• PERF-124HarmonyI(3) 

• PEPvF-227 Musicianship I (3) 

• MUS-100 Class Instrumental Study: Piano (1) 

MUS-101 Class Vocal Study (1) 

• MUS-122 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study (2) (four 
semesters for a total of 8 credit hours) 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 



Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more information, 
go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Secondary Education 

Admission to Candidacy in Teacher Education 

The undergraduate program in Secondary Education is de- 
signed for students who wish to obtain teaching credentials in 
secondary education while completing their majors in the hu- 
manities, arts, natural and social sciences. To do so, students 
complete a second major in Secondary Education designed to 
meet certification requirements in the District of Columbia and 
make them eligible for certification in over 40 states. Students 
should consult with the director of Teacher Education to coordi- 
nate their general and subject-area certification requirements 
with other university and major requirements. 

Undergraduates seeking teacher certification in secondary 
education should contact an advisor in the School of Education, 
Teaching and Health as early as possible. Admission to the uni- 
versity and declaration of a major does not constitute admission 
to candidacy in teacher education, which is based on academic 
and related performance criteria. To be admitted to candidacy, 
students must earn a passing score (as set by the District of Co- 
lumbia teacher licensing agency) on the PRAXIS I: 
Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST); earn an average grade of 
2.70 or higher in EDU-205 Schools and Society and EDU-320 
Psychology of Education, pass EDU-321 Field Experience: Ob- 
servation and Analysis, receive satisfactory recommendations 
from faculty, and have an overall cumulative grade point average 
of 2.70 or higher. Secondary Education majors must also have a 
3 .00 grade point average in their primary major. The Teacher Ed- 
ucation Committee reviews student applications and makes deci- 
sions regarding admission to candidacy. 

Liberal Arts and Science Requirements for Teacher 
Certification: Secondary 

To qualify for teacher certification, students must complete sub- 
ject-area certification standards and U.S. History. These require- 
ments may overlap with General Education requirements. 
Major Requirements 

• 37 credit hours with grades of C or better 

• Completion of the major requirements with a cumulative 
grade point average of 3.00 in one of the following: American 
Studies; Art History; Anthropology; Biology; CLEG 
(Communication, Legal Institutions, Economics and 
Government); Chemistry; Economics; Environmental 
Studies; French Studies; Foreign Language and 
Communication Media; Justice; German Studies; Graphic 
Design; History; International Studies; Language and Area 
Studies; Law and Society; Literature; Mathematics; 
Multimedia; Music; Statistics; Studio Art; Performing Arts: 
Theatre; Performing Arts: Music Theatre; Physics; Political 
Science; Spanish Studies; or Sociology. 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 1 1 7 



• An overall grade point average of 2. 70 with 3.00 or higher in 
their primary major. 

• All students must complete the Praxis II Exam prior to 
graduation. 

Course Requirements 

• EDU-205 Schools and Society 4:2 (3) 

• EDU-320 Psychology of Education (3) 

• EDU-321 Field Experience: Observation and Analysis (1) 
Note: EDU-205, EDU-320, and EDU-321 must be taken prior to 
application for admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

• EDU-362 Classroom Management (3) 

• EDU-492 Service Learning in Teacher Education ( 1 ) 

• EDU-499 Student Teaching ( 1 2) 

• EDU-520 Reading, Writing, and Literature across the 

Curriculum (3) 

• EDU-522 Principles of Effective Methods and Instruction (3) 

• EDU-540 Methods and Materials in Secondary Education (3) 
(or other methods courses offered by arts and sciences 
departments and approved by the SETH advisor) 

• EDU-541 Foundations of Special Education for 

Exceptional Children (3) or 
EDU-545 Overview of all Exceptionalities: The Arts in 
Special Education (3) 

• EDU-xxx elective (2-3) as approved by SETH advisor 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www. american . edu/academic .depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Education Studies 

• 2 1 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• EDU-205 Schools and Society 4:2 (3) 

• EDU-320 Psychology of Education (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 

EDU-285 Education for International Development 3:2 (3) 
EDU-319 Children's Literature: Multicultural and 

International Approaches (3) 
PSYC-300 Memory and Cognition (3) 



• 9 credit hours from the following: 
ANTH-544 Topics in Public Anthropology: 

Anthropology of Education (3) 
EDU-490 Independent Study Project in Education (1-6) 

(permission of the SETH advisor required) 
EDU-491 Internship in Education (3-9) (permission of the 

SETH advisor required) 
EDU-5 19 The Uses of Technology in Education (3) 
EDU-541 Foundations of Special Education for Exceptional 

Children (3) or 
EDU-545 Overview of All Exceptionalities: The Arts in 

Special Education (3) 
TESL-522 Language Acquisition (3) 
TESL-528 Bilingual Education (3) 

Other courses may be substituted with permission of the 
SETH advisor. 

Minor in Special Education 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• EDU-205 Schools and Society 4:2 (3) 

• EDU-320 Psychology of Education (3) 

• EDU-502 Methods of Managing Pupils with Behavior 

Disorders (3) 

• EDU-541 Foundations of Special Education for 

Exceptional Children (3) 
or 
EDU-545 Overview of all Exceptionalities: The Arts in 

Special Education (3) 

• 6 credit hours from EDU-490 Independent Study in 
Education (1-6) or EDU-491 Internship in Education (3-9) 
Other courses may be substituted with permission of the 
SETH advisor. 

Accelerated Bachelor's Degree and 
Master's in Education Program 

Students receive a B.A. or a B.S. in a bachelor's degree pro- 
gram and the Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T) or the M.A. 
in Special Education: Learning Disabilities. 
Admission to the Program 

Students should apply to the master's program in the second 
semester of their junior year. Applicants must have a grade 
point average of 3.00 or higher in major and minor courses and 
must satisfactorily complete the following: 

• EDU-541 Foundations of Special Education for 

Exceptional Children (3) 
or 
EDU-545 Overview of All Exceptionalities: The Arts in 

Special Education (3) 

• EDU-521 Foundations of Education (3) (for the M.A.T) 
or 



1 8 College of Arts and Sciences 



EDU-502 Methods of Managing Pupils with Behavior 
Disorders (3) (for the M.A. in Special Education: 
Learning Disabilities) 

Requirements 

• All requirements for the B. A. orB.S. in the student's major 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours from 
EDU-502 or EDU-52 1 , and EDU-54 1 or EDU-545 to satisfy 
the requirements of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A.T. or M.A. in Special 
Education: Learning Disabilities 

M.A. in International Training and 
Education 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting university requirements for graduate 
study, preference is given to applicants who have a minimum 
of six months intercultural and/or international experience as 
either a student or professional. Applicants must earn a satis- 
factory score on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). 
Applicants are also required to submit two letters of recom- 
mendation from persons able to evaluate the applicant's poten- 
tial for graduate study in international training and education 
and their intercultural experience. Applicants in foreign coun- 
tries who are unable to take the GRE should contact the School 
of Education, Teaching and Health prior to applying for admis- 
sion to make alternative arrangements. All students whose first 
language is not English are required to take the Test of English 
as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work including 1 8 
credit hours of core courses, 1 5 credit hours in an area of 
concentration, and 3 credit hours of research methodology 
Students with extensive volunteer experience in 
development and training organizations such as the Peace 
Corps, VISTA, Americorp, etc., can earn up to 6 credit hours 
toward their degree. Students will be charged tuition for 
these credit hours. 

• Comprehensive examination requirement is satisfied by 
successful completion of EDU-685 Proseminar: 
International Training and Education. 

Course Requirements 

Core (15 credit hours) 

• EDU-598 Comparative and International Education (3) 

• EDU-6 1 2 Equity and Educational Opportunity (3) 

• EDU-6 1 8 Human Growth and Development across the 

Life Span (3) 

• EDU-642 Training Program Design (3) 

• EDU-685 Proseminar: International Training and 

Education (3) 



Social Science Research Methodology Requirement (3 
credit hours) 

• EDU-6 10 Methods of Inquiry: Utilizing Information 

Effectively (2) 

• EDU-621 Topics in Social Science Research 

Action Research ( 1 ) 
Another graduate research methods course may be substituted 
with approval of the SETH dean 

Area of Concentration (18 credit hours) 

• 18 credit hours in one of the following areas or in an 
individually-designed program, in consultation with an 
advisor 

International Development Education 

• EDU-648 Education and Development: Sector Analysis (3) 

• EDU-649 Nonformal Education and Development (3) 

• 12 additional approved graduate credit hours 
International Education Exchange 

• EDU-6 14 International Education Exchange: Policies 

and Practices (3) 

• EDU-647 Global and Multicultural Education (3) 

• 1 2 additional approved graduate credit hours 
Global Education 

• EDU-6 19 Children's Literature: Multicultural and 

International Approaches (3) 

• EDU-624 Language, Schooling, and Nation-Building (3) 

• 1 2 additional approved graduate credit hours 
Global Health 

• HFIT-575 Global Health (3) 

• HFIT-585 Global Health Policy (3) 

• 12 additional approved graduate credit hours 

M.A. in Special Education: Learning 
Disabilities 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must earn a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Record General Examination. To be admitted stu- 
dents must earn a passing score on the PRAXIS I: 
Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) as set by the District of Co- 
lumbia. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work 

Option to waive course work: Students with the appropriate 
prior study or professional experience in the field of education 
may be permitted to waive up to 6 credit hours of course work 
without replacement. The waiving of credit hours and the 
specific courses to be waived are determined and approved by 
the advisor and the SETH dean upon admission to a master's 
program. In addition, one of the following may be required: an 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 1 1 9 



assessment provided by an educational institution or 
organization which has criteria and evaluation procedures 
approved by the School of Education, Teaching and Health; 
or a portfolio developed in a one-credit independent study 
offered by SETH and submitted for evaluation and approval 
to the advisor and SETH dean. 

• Comprehensive examination 

• All students must complete the Praxis II Exam prior to 
graduation. 

Course Requirements 

• EDU-502 Methods of Managing Pupils with Behavior 

Disorders (3) 

• EDU-545 Overview of All Exceptionalities: The Arts in 

Special Education (3) 
or 
EDU-541 Foundations of Special Education for Exceptional 

Children (3) 

• EDU-605 Methods of Psychoeducational Assessment for 

Learning Disabilities and Emotional Disturbance (3) 

• EDU-606 Theories and Methods of Diagnostic and 

Remedial Mathematics (3) 

• EDU-607 Research Seminar in Special Education (3) 

• EDU-620 Theories of Educational Psychology and Human 
Development (3) (or an elective approved by the student's 
advisor) 

• EDU-644 Language Development and Remediation (3) 

• EDU-645 Learning Disabilities I (3) 

• EDU-646 Learning Disabilities II (3) 

• EDU-671 Foundations of Reading: Diagnosis and 

Remediation (3) 

• EDU-792 In-Service Training Project (6) 

Master of Arts in Teaching (M. A.T.) 

The Master of Arts in Teaching is designed for the student 
with no previous background or preparation in education who 
wishes to acquire teaching certification in elementary or second- 
ary education, or English for speakers of other languages. Stu- 
dents interested in international training and development may 
seek secondary certification in an appropriate content area. 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must earn a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Record General Examination. To be admitted stu- 
dents must earn a passing score on the PRAXIS I: 
Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) as set by the District of Co- 
lumbia. 

For secondary education certification, students must have a 
bachelor's degree or 33 credit hours in the subject area they are 
seeking licensure, such as art, biology, chemistry, dance, Eng- 
lish, French, German, mathematics, music, physics, social 
studies, Spanish, or theatre. 



Students seeking certification in English for speakers of 
other languages must be proficient in English. It is strongly rec- 
ommended that native speakers of English have some back- 
ground in at least one other language. International students are 
expected to demonstrate competence equivalent to a score of 
600 or better on the Test of English as a Foreign Language 
(TOEFL) in order to be endorsed for certification. 
Degree Requirements 

• 39 credit hours of approved graduate work, including 33 
hours of course work and 6 hours of student teaching with 
required seminar. 

Students' undergraduate transcripts will be evaluated 
individually; based on this evaluation, students may be 
required to take additional course work to meet certification 
requirements. 

Option to waive course work: Students with the appropriate 
prior study or professional experience in the field of education 
may be permitted to waive up to 6 credit hours of course work 
without replacement. The waiving of credit hours and the 
specific courses to be waived are determined and approved by 
the advisor and the SETH dean upon admission to a master's 
program. In addition, one of the following may be required: 
an assessment provided by an educational institution or 
organization which has criteria and evaluation procedures 
approved by the School of Education, Teaching and Health; 
or a portfolio developed in a one-credit independent study 
offered by SETH and submitted for evaluation and approval 
to the advisor and SETH dean. 

• Comprehensive examination 

• Students submit an electronic professional portfolio 

• Completion of the Praxis II Exam prior to graduation 
Course Requirements 

All course work must be approved by the director of the 
M.A.T program. Evaluation of field performance may involve 
videotaping of classroom teaching. 

Core (9 credit hours) 

• EDU-521 Foundations of Education (3) 

• EDU-541 Foundations of Special Education for 

Exceptional Children (3) 
or 
EDU-545 Overview of All Exceptionalities: The Arts in 

Special Education (3) 

• EDU-620 Theories of Educational Psychology and 

Human Development (3) 
Student Teaching (6 credit hours) 

• EDU-699 Student Teaching with required seminar (6) 

Elementary Education (24 credit hours) 

• EDU-5 1 9 Uses of Technology in Education (3) 

• EDU-601 Teaching Reading in the Elementary School (3) 

• EDU-602 Teaching Language Arts in the Elementary 

School (3) 



120 College of Arts and Sciences 



• EDU-603 Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary 

School (3) 

• EDU-604 Teaching Science in the Elementary School (3) 

• EDU-608 Teaching Social Studies in the Elementary 

School (3) 

• EDU-609 Effective Teaching for Diverse Learners (3) 

• EDU-619 Children's Literature: Multicultural and 

International Approaches (3) 
Secondary Education (24 credit hours) 

• EDU-520 Reading, Writing, and Literature across the 

Curriculum (3) 

• EDU-522 Principles of Effective Methods and Instruction (3) 

• EDU-540 Methods and Materials in Secondary Education (3) 
(or other approved methods courses) 

• EDU-662 Classroom Management (3) 

• Four elective courses (12 credit hours), normally with half 
taken in the academic discipline of the designated teaching 
area, and the other courses taken within the School of 
Education, Teaching and Health. 

English for Speakers of Other Languages 
(24 credit hours) 

• TESL-500 Principles of Linguistics (3) 

• TESL-501 English Language Teaching I (3) 

• TESL-502 English Language Teaching II (3) 

• TESL-503 Structure of English (3) 

• TESL-523 Second Language Acquisition (3) 

• TESL-524 Reading and Writing in the ESL/EFL 

Classroom (3) 

• TESL-527 Cultural Issues in the ESL/EFL Classroom (3) 

• TESL-53 1 Language Assessment (3) 

International Training and Development 
(24 credit hours) 

• EDU-520 Reading, Writing, and Literature across the 

Curriculum (3) 

• EDU-522 Principles of Effective Methods and Instruction (3) 

• EDU-540 Methods and Materials in Secondary Education (3) 

• EDU-642 Training Program Design (3) 

• EDU-647 Global and Multicultural Education (3) 

• EDU-662 Classroom Management (3) 

• SIS-637 International Development (3) 

• SIS-642 Cross-Cultural Communication (3) 

Ongoing Assessment of Academic and Professional 
Performance 

Students must be admitted to the M.A.T program before 
enrolling in methods courses (EDU-601-609, EDU-522/ 
EDU-540, or TESL-50 1/502). To enroll in EDU-699 Student 
Teaching, students must receive a positive evaluation from the 
Teacher Education Committee based on established criteria, a 



grade of B- or better in EDU-521 Foundations of Education and 
EDU-620 Theories of Educational Psychology and Human De- 
velopment, and grades of B or better in methods courses. Stu- 
dents must also earn a passing score (as set by the District of 
Columbia teacher licensing agency) on the PRAXIS I: 
Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST). 

Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.) and 
M.A. in International Peace and Conflict 
Resolution 

Graduates receive an M.A. in International Peace and Con- 
flict Resolution from the School of International Service and the 
M.A.T. in secondary education from the School of Education, 
Teaching and Health. 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must hold an accredited bachelor's degree with a 
cumulative grade point average of at least a B+ (3.30 or higher 
on a 4.00 scale) and should have had at least 24 credit hours of 
social science course work relevant to international studies. Stu- 
dents who do not meet these minimum requirements, if other- 
wise admissible, are assigned additional course work specified at 
the time of admission. 

Students must apply to both the School of International Ser- 
vice (SIS) and the School of Education, Teaching and Health 
(SETH) in the College of Arts and Sciences. Admission to either 
of the participating teaching units in no way implies admission to 
the other unit. For more information on admissions require- 
ments, contact the SIS Graduate Admissions Office at 
202-885-1646 or the SETH Teacher Education Office at 
202-885-3720. 

All applicants are required to submit results of the aptitude 
section of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Interna- 
tional applicants whose first language is not English are required 
to submit results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language 
(TOEFL). The minimum TOEFL score for full consideration is 
600. All applicants must submit two letters of reference evaluat- 
ing undergraduate academic performance and suitability for 
graduate study in international affairs and education. 

For secondary education certification, students must have a 
bachelor's degree or 33 credit hours in the subject area they are 
seeking licensure. It is anticipated that students who complete 
the M.A. in International Peace and Conflict Resolution will 
have sufficient background to meet certification requirements in 
social studies. However, students who meet requirements for 
other subject areas will also be considered. Students will be noti- 
fied at the time of admission concerning additional course work 
required for state certification. 
Degree Requirements 

• 57 credit hours of approved graduate course work with a 
cumulative grade point average of 3.00 
Students must complete the 9 credit hours in the education core 
courses, 1 2 credit hours in secondary education, 6 credit hours of 
student teaching, and at least 12 of the 15 credit hours in peace 
and conflict resolution to receive the M.A.T. 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 1 2 1 



Students must complete 1 5 credit hours in peace and conflict 
resolution, 3 credit hours in economics, 6 credit hours in 
methodology, 6 credit hours in research and writing, and the 9 
credit hours in the education core to receive the M.A. in 
International Peace and Conflict Resolution. 
In addition to intensive course work and student teaching 
placements, students are also required to participate in an 
educational internship program. These field placements are 
carefully supervised and coordinated to meet state 
certification requirements. 

• Proficiency in a modern foreign language 

• Comprehensive examination in international peace and 
conflict resolution 

• Comprehensive examination for MAT. 
Course Requirements 

Education Core (9 credit hours) 

• EDU-521 Foundations of Education (3) 

• EDU-54 1 Foundations of Special Education for 

Exceptional Children (3) or 
EDU-545 Overview of All Exceptionalities: The Arts in 
Special Education (3) 

• EDU-620 Theories of Educational Psychology and 

Human Development (3) 

Secondary Education Track (12 credit hours) 

• EDU-520 Reading, Writing, and Literature across the 

Curriculum (3) 

• EDU-522 Principles of Effective Methods and 

Instruction (3) 

• EDU-540 Methods and Materials in Secondary 
Education (3) (or other approved methods courses) 

• EDU-662 Classroom Management (3) 

Student Teaching (6 credit hours) 

• EDU-699 Student Teaching (6) 

Peace and Conflict Resolution (15 credit hours) 

• SIS-605 Theory of Cooperative Global Politics (3) 

• SIS-607 Peace Paradigms (3) 

• SIS-609 Conflict Analysis and Resolution: Theory 

and Practice (3) 

• SIS-610 Theory of Conflict, Violence and War (3) 

• SIS-611 International Negotiation (3) 

Economics (3 credit hours) 

• ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 

Methodology (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-600 Quantitative Analysis in International Affairs (3) 

• SIS-612 Research Seminar in Peace and Conflict 

Resolution (3) or 
other approved methods course 



Research and Writing Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-691 Internship (3) 

• SIS-795 Master's Research Requirement (3) (substantial 

research paper (SRP) 

Graduate Certificate in Teaching 

This teacher certification program is designed for students 
with bachelor's degrees in the arts, sciences, or humanities and 
several years of responsible work experience. Students com- 
plete the program and must pass certification (licensure) in the 
District of Columbia and through such certification are eligible 
for reciprocal certification in over 40 states. Some states may re- 
quire additional courses or examinations. The certificate pro- 
gram may be taken in elementary, secondary, or English for 
Speakers of Other Language (ESOL) teaching. 

Admission to the Program 

Applications must include transcripts of all college work, 
AARTS transcripts or equivalent, a cumulative grade point av- 
erage of 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) in the last 60 credit hours of un- 
dergraduate work and in all graduate work, a statement of 
purpose, and two letters of recommendations. Admission to the 
certificate program constitutes admission to the Teacher Educa- 
tion Program. To be admitted students must earn a passing score 
on the PRAXIS I: Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) as set by 
the District of Columbia. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 24—30 credit hours of approved graduate work, including 6 
credit hours of student teaching, with grades of C or better, 
and at least 9-12 credit hours at the 600-level or above 
For secondary certification, specific course work in the 
subject area to be taught may be needed to meet requirements 
for certification 

• Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 6 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

• Students submit an electronic professional portfolio and 
complete the PRAXIS II exam prior to being awarded the 
certificate. 

Course Requirements 
Core (12 credit hours) 

• EDU-521 Foundations of Education (3) 

• EDU-620 Theories of Educational Psychology and 

Human Development (3) 

• EDU-699 Student Teaching (6) 



122 College of Arts and Sciences 



Elementary (18 credit hours) 

• EDU-601 Teaching Reading in the Elementary School (3) 

• EDU-602 Teaching Language Arts in the Elementary 

School (3) 

• EDU-603 Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary 

School (3) 

• EDU-604 Teaching Science in the Elementary School (3) 

• EDU-608 Teaching Social Studies in the Elementary 

School (3) 

• EDU-609 Effective Teaching for Diverse Learners (3) 

Secondary Education (12 credit hours) 

• EDU-520 Reading, Writing, and Literature across the 

Curriculum (3) 

• EDU-522 Principles of Effective Methods and Instruction (3) 

• EDU-540 Methods and Materials in Secondary Education (3) 
(or other approved methods courses) 

• EDU-662 Classroom Management (3) 

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) 
(15 credit hours) 

• TESL-500 Principles of Linguistics (3) 

• TESL-501 English Language Teaching I (3) 

• TESL-523 Second Language Acquisition (3) 
or 

TESL-527 Cultural Issues in the ESL/EFL Classroom (3) 

• TESL-524 Reading and Writing in the ESL/EFL 

Classroom (3) 

• TESL-531 Language Assessment (3) 

Ongoing Assessment of Academic and Professional 
Performance 

To remain in the Teacher Education Program, certificate 
students must maintain a cumulative grade point average of 
3.00; receive satisfactory evaluations in field and methods 
placements; obtain a satisfactory evaluation from the Teacher 
Education Committee based upon academic, professional, and 
performance criteria established by the committee; and meet 
specific course grade requirements. Students must also earn a 
passing score (as set by the District of Columbia teacher licens- 
ing agency) on the PRAXIS I: Pre-Professional Skills Test 
(PPST). 

Admission to the M.A.T. 

Students in the certificate program seeking admission to the 
M.A.T. degree program will be considered after satisfactory 
completion of up to 18 credit hours of course work. A maxi- 
mum of 2 1 credit hours earned in nondegree status in a com- 
pleted certificate program may be applied to a graduate degree 
program. 



Master of Education in Curriculum and 
Instruction 

The Master of Education (M.Ed.) in Curriculum and Instruc- 
tion is designed for students with a background in educational 
theory and practice. The program follows the National Council 
for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) guidelines 
for advanced programs and provides an opportunity for students 
to earn National Board for the Professional Teaching Standards 
(NBPTS) certification. Students select a focus within the pro- 
gram including literacy, global literacy, educational leadership, 
and educational technology. The literacy focus prepares practic- 
ing teachers to become literacy specialists by providing a thor- 
ough grounding in theory, principles, and practices of literacy 
education as well as a critical understanding of key contempo- 
rary issues in relation to the teaching and learning of literacy and 
language. Global literacy provides practicing teachers the oppor- 
tunity to incorporate global perspectives on literacy teaching and 
learning into their existing curricula and pedagogies. Educa- 
tional leadership prepares teachers to develop effective profes- 
sional development programs, provide mentoring and 
instruction for new teachers, and develop assessment and evalu- 
ation programs for schools and other educational organizations. 
The technology focus with specializations in mathematics or sci- 
ence is designed for teacher leaders with particular interest in in- 
tegrating technology into the curriculum, specifically how math 
and science instruction is presented in schools and other educa- 
tional organizations. 
Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must earn a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). The GRE is required 
for applicants whose highest earned degree is a baccalaureate 
and for students who have completed a master's degree with less 
than a 3.5 GPA, and may be required for those with master's de- 
grees and GPAs above 3.5. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work 

Up to 6 credit hours may be transferred from work completed 
at other institutions and approved by the program director at 
time of admission 

• A program of study approved by the program director and the 
dean of the school must be submitted by the end of the first 
semester of enrollment in the program 

• Comprehensive examination requirement satisfied through 
specified course work: 3 credit hours of EDU-629 or EDU-691 

Course Requirements 
Core 

• EDU-525 Principles of Educational Assessment and 

Evaluation (3) 

• EDU-609 Effective Teaching for Diverse Learners (3) 

• EDU-683 Curriculum Design for the Classroom (3) 

• EDU-687 Analysis of Instruction and Supervision (3) 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 1 23 



Comprehensive Examination (3 credit hours) 

• EDU-629 National Board for Professional Teaching 
Standards Preparation (1-3) (for a total of three credits) 
or 

EDU-691 Internship (3) in an area of focus 
Social Science Methodology (3 credit hours) 

• EDU-610 Methods of Inquiry: Utilizing Information 

Effectively (2) 

• EDU-621 Topics in Social Science Research (1) 

Area of Focus (18 credit hours) 
Literacy 

• EDU-619 Children's Literature: A Critical Literacy 

Approach (3) 

• EDU-622 Language and Literacy Learning (3) 

• EDU-623 Topics in Literacy Education (3) 

• EDU-644 Language Development and Remediation (3) 
or 

EDU-671 Foundations of Reading: Diagnosis and 
Remediation (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture (3) 
ANTH-635 Race, Gender and Social Justice (3) 
ANTH-637 Discourse, Narrative, and Text (3) 
EDU-565 Gender and Cultural Diversity in School (3) 
EDU-623 Topics in Literacy Education (3) 
EDU-644 Language Development and Remediation (3) 
or 

EDU-671 Foundations of Reading: Diagnosis and 

Remediation (3) 
EDU-647 Global and Multicultural Education (3) 
SOCY-553 Multiculturalism (3) 

TESL-527 Cultural Issues in the ESL/EFL Classroom (3) 
Global Literacy 

• EDU-622 Language and Literacy Learning (3) 

• EDU-623 Topics in Literacy Education (3) 

• EDU-624 Language, Schooling, and Nation-Building (3) 

• EDU-647 Global and Multicultural Education (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ANTH-635 Race, Gender and Social Justice (3) 
EDU-627 Literacy Education Skills Institutes (1) 
EDU-792 In-Service Training Project: Internship in 

Education (3-9) 
SIS-546 Race, Ethnicity and Cultural Identity (3) 
SOCY-553 Multiculturalism (3) 
Educational Leadership 

• EDU-63 1 Fundamentals of Management in Educational 

Organizations (3) 

• EDU-632 Case Studies in Educational Management (3) 

• EDU-633 Financing Educational Systems (3) 

• EDU-634 Education and Public Policy (3) 



• EDU-639 Effective Leadership Skills (3) 
EDU-666 Legal Issues in Education (3) 

Educational Technology 

• EDU-5 19 The Uses of Technology in Education (3) 

• EDU-560 Advanced Technology in Education (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
COMM-652 Web Studio (3) 

CSC-5 10 Legal Issues in Computing (3) 
CSC-535 User Interface Analysis and Design (3) 
CSC-589 Topics in Computer Science (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
BIO-550 Developmental Biology (3) and 

BIO-551 Developmental Biology Laboratory (1) 
CSC-589 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
EDU-603 Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary 

School (3) 
EDU-604 Teaching Science in the Elementary School (3) 
EDU-606 Theories and Methods in Diagnostic and 

Prescriptive Mathematics (3) 
ENVS-580 Environmental Science I: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 
MATH-580 Topics in Mathematics (3) 
MATH-585 Mathematics Education (3) 
Science content area elective 

Graduate Certitifcate in Curriculum and 
Instruction 

The curriculum and instruction certificate program is de- 
signed for students with an interest in expanding their teaching 
or supervision skills, but who are not currently pursuing a mas- 
ter's degree. Students select a focus including literacy, global 
literacy, educational leadership, and educational technology. 

Admission to the Program 

Applications must include transcripts of all undergraduate 
and graduate course work, a cumulative grade point average of 
3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) in the last 60 credit hours of undergradu- 
ate work and in all graduate work, a statement of purpose, and 
two letters of recommendation. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved graduate work with grades of B- 
or better, and at least 9 credit hours at the 600-level or above 
Grades below B- in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 12-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 6 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 



124 College of Arts and Sciences 



Course Requirements 

Literacy (18 credit hours) 

• EDU-61 9 Children's Literature: A Critical Literacy 

Approach (3) 

• EDU-622 Language and Literacy Learning (3) 

• EDU-623 Topics in Literacy Education (3) 

• EDU-644 Language Development and Remediation (3) 
or 

EDU-671 Foundations of Reading: Diagnosis and 
Remediation (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture (3) 
ANTH-635 Race, Gender and Social Justice (3) 
ANTH-637 Discourse, Narrative, and Text (3) 
EDU-565 Gender and Cultural Diversity in School (3) 
EDU-623 Topics in Literacy Education (3) 
EDU-644 Language Development and Remediation (3) 
or 

EDU-671 Foundations of Reading: Diagnosis and 

Remediation (3) 
EDU-647 Global and Multicultural Education (3) 
SOCY-553 Multiculturalism (3) 
TESL-527 Cultural Issues in the ESL/EFL Classroom (3) 
Global Literacy (18 credit hours) 

• EDU-622 Language and Literacy Learning (3) 

• EDU-623 Topics in Literacy Education (3) 

• EDU-624 Language, Schooling, and Nation-Building (3) 

• EDU-647 Global and Multicultural Education (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ANTH-635 Race, Gender and Social Justice (3) 
EDU-627 Literacy Education Skills Institutes (1 ) 
EDU-792 In-Service Training Project: Internship in 

Education (3-9) 
SIS-546 Race, Ethnicity and Cultural Identity (3) 
SOCY-553 Multiculturalism (3) 
Educational Leadership (18 credit hours) 

• EDU-631 Fundamentals of Management in Educational 

Organizations (3) 

• EDU-632 Case Studies in Educational Management (3) 

• EDU-633 Financing Educational Systems (3) 

• EDU-634 Education and Public Policy (3) 

• EDU-639 Effective Leadership Skills (3) 
EDU-666 Legal Issues in Education (3) 

Educational Technology (18 credit hours) 

• EDU-5 1 9 The Uses of Technology in Education (3) 

• EDU-560 Advanced Technology in Education (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
COMM-652 Web Studio (3) 
CSC-510 Legal Issues in Computing (3) 
CSC-535 User Interface Analysis and Design (3) 



CSC-589 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
• 6 credit hours from the following: 

BIO-550 Developmental Biology (3) and 

BIO-551 Developmental Biology Laboratory ( 1 ) 
CSC-589 Topics in Computer Science (3) 
EDU-603 Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary 

School (3) 
EDU-604 Teaching Science in the Elementary School (3) 
EDU-606 Theories and Methods in Diagnostic and 

Prescriptive Mathematics (3) 
ENVS-580 Environmental Science I: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 
MATH-580 Topics in Mathematics (3) 
MATH-585 Mathematics Education (3) 
Science content area elective 

B.S. in Health Promotion 

The B.S. in Health Promotion provides rigorous academic 
preparation in scientific and clinical knowledge of exercise phys- 
iology, human physiological chemistry, programming, health 
psychology, and nutrition, as well as organizational/human re- 
source management. The program includes course work from 
the Departments of Biology, Chemistry, Psychology, and the 
Kogod School of Business. Experiential learning opportunities 
are available at federal government agencies and many organiza- 
tions dealing with health, education, managed care, and physical 
fitness to meet the internship/cooperative education requirement 
of the program. This curriculum prepares students for a health 
promotion position in a corporate, community, commercial, or 
school environment, or for graduate work in health-related 
fields. 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point average 
of 2.70 (on a 4.00 scale) after the freshman year and departmen- 
tal approval. In addition to the university requirements for trans- 
fer admission, applicants should have maintained a minimum 
grade point average of 2.70 (on a 4.00 scale). Students with a 
grade point average between 2.50 and 2.70 may be formally ad- 
mitted to the major after completion of 15 credit hours with a 
minimum grade point average of 3.00. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 



School of Education, Teaching and Health 1 25 



Major Requirements 

• 59 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• BIO-200 Structure and Function of the Human Body 5:2 (3) 

• CHEM-100 The Molecular World 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-506 Human Physiological Chemistry (3) 

• HFIT-200 Lifetime Health and Fitness (3) 

• HFIT-205 Current Concepts in Nutrition 5:2 (3) 

• HFIT-240 Introduction to Health Promotion (3) 

• HFIT-245 Gender, Culture, and Health 4:2 (3) 

• HFIT-250 Strategies in Stress Reduction (3) 

• HFIT-325 Exercise Physiology (3) 

• HFIT-335 Health Promotion Program Planning (3) 

• HFIT-410 Health Promotion Evaluation (3) 

• HFIT488 Senior Seminar (3) 

• HFIT-491 Internship in Health Promotion (6) or 

HFIT-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (6) 

• HFIT-540 Health Communication (3) 

• MGMT-353 Principles of Organizational Theory, 

Behavior and Management (3) 

• PSYC-105 Psychology: Understanding 

Human Behavior 4: 1 (3) 

• PSYC-333 Health Psychology (3) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

University Honors Program 

Students in the University Honors Program have the oppor- 
tunity to graduate with University Honors in the major. All Uni- 
versity Honors students must complete at least 1 2 credit hours 
of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors courses in- 
cluding a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone Project. 
Students may graduate with University Honors in the major if 
they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors courses in- 
cluding the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each de- 
partment has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options ( 1 00-200-!evel Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Health Promotion 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• HFIT-205 Current Concepts in Nutrition 5:2 (3) 

• HFIT-200 Lifetime Health and Fitness (3) 

• HFIT-240 Introduction to Health Promotion (3) 

• HFIT-325 Exercise Physiology (3) 



• HFIT-335 Health Promotion Program Planning (3) 

• 9 credit hours from the following, approved by a department 
advisor: 

HFIT-250 Strategies in Stress Reduction (3) 
HFIT-270 First Aid, CPR and Medical Emergencies (3) 
HFIT-323 Issues in Women's Health (3) 
HFIT-410 Health Promotion Evaluation (3) 
HFIT-540 Health Communication (3) 
HFIT-565 Quantitative Assessment (3) 

Combined B.S. in Health Promotion and 
M.S. in Health Promotion Management 

This program allows qualified students to earn both a B.S. in 
Health Promotion and an M.S. in Health Promotion Manage- 
ment. 
Admission to the Program 

Undergraduates whose overall grade point average is 3.00 or 
higher will be considered for the combined program. Students 
should discuss their interest in the program with the academic 
advisor for the B.S. in Health Promotion program before sub- 
mitting a formal application. The application for admission to 
the M.S. in Health Promotion Management program should be 
completed before the fall semester of their senior year. 

Course Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Health Promotion 
Undergraduate students may apply 9 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work including CHEM-506 Human 
Physiological Chemistry. HFIT-540 Health Communication, 
and another HFIT-5xx course requirement for the M.S. to 
satisfy the requirements of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Health Promotion 
Management, including a minimum of 24 credit hours 
completed in residence in graduate status after the 
undergraduate degree has been awarded. 

M.S. in Health Promotion Management 

The primary objective of the M.S. in Health Promotion 
Management is to provide a competency-based, 
multidisciplinary academic program for individuals dedicated 
to assuming leadership positions within the health promotion 
industry. The curriculum integrates managerial skills with sci- 
entific and clinical knowledge of exercise physiology, human 
biochemistry, behavioral psychology, and nutrition. Students 
also select an area of emphasis in either corporate health, exer- 
cise physiology, health communication, health policy, or global 
health. 

Admission to the Program 

The program is open to students with varied undergraduate 
backgrounds and has few science-related academic prerequi- 
sites. The academic record and experience of each applicant 
will be thoroughly reviewed by the program director. The mini- 
mum university requirements for admission to graduate study 
are a bachelor's degree earned at an accredited college or uni- 



126 College of Arts and Sciences 



versity and a 3.00 cumulative grade point average (on a 4.00 
scale) for the last 60 credit hours of undergraduate study. A sat- 
isfactory score on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is 
required for admission. Program prerequisites include human 
anatomy and physiology and exercise physiology. However, 
these courses can be taken after admission to the program. In- 
ternational applicants who are fluent in written and spoken 
English are encouraged to apply. To be considered for admis- 
sion, international applicants must meet university require- 
ments for writing and speaking English. 
Degree Requirements 

• 40 credit hours of graduate work 

• Tool of research: students must complete the tool of research 
examination or HFIT-565 Quantitative Assessment with a 
grade of B or better 

• Thesis or internship option 

• One written and one oral comprehensive examination 
Course Requirements 

• HFIT-5 10 Applied Human Physiology and Testing I (4) 

• HFIT-540 Health Communication (3) 



Environmental Studies 



HFIT-545 Nutrition for Health (3) 

HFIT-550 Programming for Health Promotion (3) 

HFIT-555 Research Methodology (3) 

HFIT-560 Health Promotion in Healthcare (3) 

HFIT-565 Quantitative Assessment (3) 

HFIT-618 Strategic Planning in Health Promotion (3) 

HFIT-620 Critical Issues (3) 

HFIT-682 In-Service Training (3) or 

HFIT-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (3) 

PSYC-570 Behavioral Medicine (3) 

6 credit hours in one of the following areas of emphasis: 

Corporate 

HFIT-575 Global Health (3) 
MGMT-633 Leading People and Organizations (3) 

Exercise Physiology 

CHEM-506 Human Physiological Chemistry (3) 
HFIT-5 1 5 Applied Human Physiology and Testing II (3) 

Health Communication 
COMM-640 Public Communication Principles (3) 
COMM-642 Public Communication Management (3) 



Director Kiho Kim 

A new generation of environmental professionals is needed 
to solve the myriad environmental problems faced by society. 
These rigorous, interdisciplinary programs provide students 
with a basic understanding of the scientific and social pro- 
cesses that shape our environment. Students completing the 
programs will have the fundamental knowledge and the critical 
thinking skills to make independent, rational decisions con- 
cerning current and pressing environmental issues. 

Offered by the Department of Biology, programs include a 
B.A. in Environmental Studies, B.S. in Marine Science, minor 
in environmental science, M.S. in Environmental Science, and 
Graduate Certificate in Environmental Assessment. 

The B.A. in Environmental Studies consists of a core and a 
set of related courses. The core provides a solid foundation 
based on the natural sciences as well as the social sciences. The 
student then builds upon the core by choosing from an ap- 
proved list of related courses spanning many disciplines, in- 
cluding courses in the College of Arts and Sciences, the School 
of International Service, and the School of Public Affairs. A 
careful choice of related courses, made in consultation with a 
faculty advisor, will allow the student to tailor a program of 
study suited to his or her specific interests and professional 
goals. 

Each student in the program is also encouraged to gain 
practical field experience through an internship at one or more 
of the many public and private environmental organizations in 



the Washington, D.C. vicinity, such as the Environmental 
Protection Agency (EPA), Smithsonian Institution, National 
Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), American 
Rivers, and Chesapeake Bay Foundation. 

Graduates of the program will be prepared for employment in 
natural resource fields dealing with basic and applied scientific 
interests, management, and policymaking. A minor in environ- 
mental science is also available. 

The M.S. in Environmental Science emphasizes the 
multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies while retaining 
disciplinary strength and rigor. The diversity of course offerings 
includes environmental toxicology, conservation biology, envi- 
ronmental economics, and environmental policy, with both a do- 
mestic and international scope. 

B.A. in Environmental Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Admission to the program is through formal declaration of 
the major through the Department of Biology. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 



Environmental Studies 127 



General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 70 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

Core (52 credit hours) 
Social Sciences (15 credit hours) 

• ECON- 1 00 Macroeconomics 4: 1 (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• GOVT-1 10 Politics in the United States 4: 1 (3) 

• SIS-105 World Politics 3:1 (3) 

• One of the following: 
ANTH-334 Environmental Justice (3) 
SOCY-389 Society and the Global Environment (3) 

Environmental Studies (19 credit hours) 

• CHEM-330 Environmental Chemistry (3) 

• ENVS-102 Seminar in Environmental Issues (1) 

• ENVS-360 Environment and the Atmosphere (3) 

• ENVS-375 Water Resources (3) 

• ENVS-492 Senior Capstone in Environmental Studies (3) 

• Two from the following: 

ECON-379 Economics of Environmental Policy (3) 
GOVT-370 Formation and Implementation of 

Environmental Policy (3) 
GOVT-423 Advanced Studies in Public Policy (3): 

Conservation Politics 
SIS-337 International Development (3) 
SIS-338 Environment and Development (3) 
SIS-388 International Environmental Politics (3) 
Natural Sciences and Mathematics (18-20 credit hours) 

• BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5: 1 (4) 
or 

BIO-1 00 Great Experiments in Biology 5:1 (4) 

• BIO-2 10 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 
or 

ENVS-250 Living in the Environment 5:2 (3) 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 
or 

CHEM-1 00 The Molecular World 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 
or 

CHEM-220 Environmental Resources and Energy 5:2 (3) 

• one of the following: 

MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) or 
MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 



Related Course Requirements (18 credit hours) 

Skills (3 credit hours) 

• One of the following: 

COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 
CSC-3 1 Introduction to Geographic Information 
Systems (3) 

Environmental Applications (12 credit hours) 

• 1 2 credit hours from the following: 

ANTH-334 Environmental Justice (3) (if not taken for core 

requirement) 
BIO-340 Marine Biology (3) 
BIO-342 Marine Mammals (3) 
BIO-423 Introduction to Ecology (3) 
BIO-440 Microbiology with Laboratory (4) 
BIO-562 Aquatic Field Methods (3) 
BIO-563 Terrestrial Field Methods (3) 
CHEM-3 10 Organic Chemistry I (3) and 

CHEM-312 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory (1) 
CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) and 

CHEM-3 22 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory (1) 
ECON-379 Economics of Environmental Policy (3)(if not 

taken for core requirement) 
ENVS-240 Oceanography 5:2(3) 
ENVS-303 Environmental Issues in the 

Chesapeake Bay (6) 
ENVS-520 Biogeochemistry (3) 
ENVS-572 Topics in Conservation Biology (3) 
ENVS-580 Environmental Science I: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 
ENVS-581 Environmental Science II: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 
ENVS-582 Environmental Law (3) 
GOVT-370 Formation and Implementation of 

Environmental Policy (3) (if not taken for core 

requirement) 
GOVT-423 Advanced Studies in Public Policy (3): 

Conservation Politics (if not taken for core 

requirement) 
PHYS-105 College Physics I 5:1 (4) 
or 

PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) 
PHYS-205 College Physics II 5:2 (4) 
or 

PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 
SIS-337 International Development (3) (if not taken for 

core requirement) 
SIS-338 Environment and Development (3) (if not taken for 

core requirement) 
SIS-388 International Environmental Politics (3) (if not 

taken for core requirement) 
SOCY-389 Society and the Global Environment (3) (if not 

taken for core requirement) 
STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 



128 College of Arts and Sciences 



Other courses may be substituted with approval of the Envi- 
ronmental Studies coordinator. 

Experiential Learning (3 credit hours) 

A maximum of 3 credit hours from: 

ENVS-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) 

ENVS-490 Independent Study Project (1-6) 

ENVS-491 Internship (1-6) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/. 

B.S. in Marine Science 

Admission to the Program 

Admission to the program is through formal declaration of 
the major through the Department of Biology. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 70 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• BIO-1 10 General Biology I 5: 1 (4) 

• BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-401 Geology (3) 

• CSC-3 1 Introduction to Geographic Information 

Systems (3) 

• ECON- 1 00 Macroeconomics 4: 1 (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• ENVS-104 Issues in Marine Science 1(1) 



• ENVS-105 Issues in Marine Science II (2) 

• ENVS-360 Environment and the Atmosphere (3) 

• ENVS-420 Applied Oceanography with Laboratory (4) 

• ENVS-492 Senior Capstone in Environmental Studies (3) 
or 

ENVS-303 Environmental Issues in the Chesapeake Bay (6) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 
or 

STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• One of the following: 

ECON-379 Economics of Environmental Policy (3) 

ENVS-582 Environmental Law (3) 

SIS-388 International Environmental Politics (3) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 
BIO-340 Marine Biology (3) 
BIO-342 Marine Mammals (3) 
BIO-423 Introduction to Ecology (3) 

BIO-520 Topics in Marine Zoology with Laboratory (4) 
ENVS-303 Environmental Issues in the Chesapeake Bay (6) 
ENVS-425 Advanced Marine Ecology with Laboratory (4) 

• 9 credit hours at a marine field station with approval from the 
marine science program advisor 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/. 

Minor in Environmental Science 

Requirements 

• A minimum of 22 credit hours with grades of C or better with at 
least 1 2 credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry I 5:2 (4) 

• CHEM-401 Geology (3) 

• ENVS-102 Environmental Issues (1) 

• ENVS-360 Environment and the Atmosphere (3) 

• ENVS-375 Water Resources (3) 

• MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) or 
MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 



Environmental Studies 1 29 



• Students whose major requirements include CHEM-110, 
CHEM-210, and MATH-211/MATH-221 take an additional 
course as approved by the Environmental Studies coordinator 

Combined Bachelor's Degree and 

M.S. in Environmental Science 

This program enables qualified students to earn both an un- 
dergraduate degree (in any field) and an M.S. in Environmental 
Science. The combined program can be completed with four 
years of undergraduate study plus 1 2 months of additional grad- 
uate study (fall and spring semesters plus a summer of research 
or internship). The program offers students an opportunity for 
strong training and careers in environmental science or policy. 
Admission to the Program 

Undergraduates should apply for admission to the combined 
program by the end of the junior year. At a minimum, students 
must have an overall grade point average of 3.00 or higher, and 
have taken a year of laboratory science (BIO- 1 10/210 General 
Biology I/II, CHEM-1 10/210 General Chemistry I/II, 
PHYS-105/205 College Physics I/II or PHYS-1 10/210 
University Physics I/II) and a year of calculus (MATH -22 1/222, 
MATH-2 11/212). 

Applications must be accompanied by two letters of recom- 
mendation and a statement of purpose. Graduate Record Exam- 
ination (GRE) scores may be required for admission to the 
combined program. Students should discuss their interest in the 
program with the Environmental Studies coordinator before 
submitting an application. 
Requirements 

• All requirements for a B.A. or B.S. (in any major) at 
American University 

Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements of both 
degrees. ENVS-580 Environmental Science I and ENVS-581 
Environmental Science II are recommended. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Environmental Science, 
including a minimum of 24 credit hours completed in 
residence in graduate status after the undergraduate degree 
has been awarded. 

M.S. in Environmental Science 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, students must have completed one year of 
calculus and one year of laboratory science (biology, chemistry, 
geology, or physics). A semester or more of economics is rec- 
ommended. Admission is based on academic record, personal 
statement, and two letters of recommendation. The Graduate 
Record Examination (GRE) is required. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work, including 6 credit 
hours of ENVS-681, ENVS-690, and ENVS-691 in lieu of a 
thesis 



Students are required to take ENVS-681 during the spring 
semester of their final year; they write a paper based on an 
internship, research, or independent study and present the 
paper during a venue approved by the graduate advisor. 

• One comprehensive examination; a maximum of two 
attempts is permitted. 

Course Requirements 
Core (18 credit hours) 

• CSC-610 Introduction to Geographic Information 

Systems (3) 

• ENVS-580 Environmental Science I: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 

• ENVS-581 Environmental Science II: A Quantitative 

Approach (3) 

• EN VS-68 1 Environmental Research Seminar and 

Practicum (3) 
and 

ENVS-690 Environmental Science Research (3) 
or 
ENVS-691 Internship (3) 

• STAT-514 Statistical Methods (3) 

Electives (18 credit hours) 

• 18 credit hours chosen in consultation with the graduate 
advisor from each of the two clusters below. A statistics 
course (STAT-5 15, STAT-5 1 6, STAT-520, or STAT-524) may 
be substituted for one of the courses; other courses may be 
substituted with permission of the graduate advisor. 

• 9 credit hours from the following environmental science 
courses: 

BIO-562 Aquatic Field Methods (3) 

BIO-563 Terrestrial Field Methods (3) 

BIO/ENVS-596 Selected Topics: Nonrecurring (approved 

topics) 
ENVS-520 Biogeochemistry (3) 
ENVS-572 Topics in Conservation Biology ( 
ENVS-575 Environmental Risk Assessment (3) 
ENVS-675 Hydrology 

• 9 credit hours from the following environmental 
policy/economics courses: 

ECON-579 Environmental Economics (3) 
ENVS-582 Environmental Law (3) 
PUAD-606 Foundations of Policy Analysis (3) 
SIS-620 Studies in Global Environmental 

Politics (3) (topics) 
SIS-649 Environment and Development (3) 
SIS-660 Environment and Politics (3) 
SOCY-689 Environmental Sociology (3) 



130 College of Arts and Sciences 






Graduate Certificate in 
Environmental Assessment 



Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree from an accred- 
ited institution. Students must have completed the following 
prerequisite courses: calculus, statistics, and organic chemistry. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 6 credit 
hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of C or better 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of 
the GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 



courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 
Course Requirements 

• CHEM-671 Principles of Toxicology (3) 

• CSC-610 Introduction to Geographic Information 

Systems (3) 

• ITEC-688 Introduction to Decision Analysis (3) 

• ENVS-575 Environmental Risk Assessment (3) 

• EN VS-68 1 Environmental Research Seminar and 

Practicum (3) 



History 



Chair Robert Griffith 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a R.L. Beisner, R.H. Brown, 

B. Reagon (Distinguished Professor Emerita) 

Professor R.D. Breitman, R. Griffith, A.M. Kraut, 

A.J. Lichtman, PS. Nadell 

Associate Professor Emeritus/a V. French, J. A. Malloy, 

T. R. Murphy 

Associate Professor E. Findlay, M. Friedman, I. Klein, 
P. Kuznick, E. Lohr, A. Shelford 

Assistant Professor M. Aksakal, M. Giandrea, K. Franz, 
K. Haulman, A. Lewis, K. Norris, K. Sims, P. J. Stem 
Distinguished Historians in Residence A. Nelson 
Historians in Residence J. Banner, J. Barry, P. Henson 

History covers the full range of human endeavors: the arts 
and sciences, politics and the spread of political ideas, eco- 
nomic and technological change, and the relationship of indi- 
viduals to their communities and cultures. The Department of 
History at American University encourages interdisciplinary 
study, individually designed programs, and close contact be- 
tween students and faculty. 

The department's outstanding faculty guides students 
through the range of fields and approaches employed by histo- 
rians. The undergraduate program explores United States, Eu- 
ropean, and world history and includes seminars, discussion 
groups, internships, and independent studies. A two-semester 
senior seminar provides a capstone experience for all majors 
that culminates in the preparation of a senior thesis. Master's 
and doctoral students may select programs in United States or 
modem European history that stress research, writing, and his- 
torical analysis. The department also offers programs in public 
history, which can be pursued at the master's level or as an out- 
side field in the doctoral program. 



Many history faculty have close, ongoing relationships with 
major historical institutions in Washington, D.C., such as the Na- 
tional Archives, Library of Congress, National Museum of 
American History, National Building Museum, and the Holo- 
caust Memorial Museum. These provide excellent opportunities 
for student internships and jobs following graduation. During the 
summer, students may participate in the department's popular 
Civil War and Nuclear Studies Institutes. 

In addition to preparing students for graduate or law school, 
the Department of History's emphasis on research, writing, and 
intellectual problem solving prepares its students for work in 
business, government, public interest, journalism, and many 
other professions. 

Special Opportunities 

• Dorothy Gondos Beers Scholarship; James W. Mooney 
Award; Janet Oppenheim History Essay Prize; Phi Alpha 
Theta Honorary Society 

• Internships at Washington area museums, libraries and 
archives, historic sites, and government agencies 

B.A. in History 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires departmental 
approval. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 



History 131 



• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 39 credit hours with grades of C or better including at least 1 5 
credit hours at the 300 level or above. 

The department recommends that before enrolling in a course 
at the 300 level or above, students should complete a suitable 
introductory course or attain equivalent knowledge. 

Advanced Placement 

Prospective history majors may qualify for 3 advanced 
placement (AP) credits toward the major in both American and 
European history (for a total of 6 credits), provided the appro- 
priate AP examination grade is a 4 or 5. Students cannot receive 
AP credit towards the major if they also take the comparable 
survey courses in either American history (HIST-205 and 
HIST-206) or European history (HIST-1 10). A satisfactory In- 
ternational Baccalaureate (IB) examination may count toward 
fulfilling a specific course requirement for the major. Entering 
students with academic credit for IB examinations in history 
courses should consult with the department. A total of 6 AP and 
IB credits can be counted toward the history major. 

Course Requirements 

• HIST-480 Major Seminar I (3) 

• HIST-481 Major Seminar II (3) 

• One course in ancient or medieval history 

• One course in Asian, East European, modem Middle Eastern, 
or Russian history 

• One course in African, African-American, Latin American, 
or Native American history 

• One course in Western European or British history at the 300 
level or above 

• One course in U.S. history at the 300 level or above 

• Additional courses to make a total of 39 credit hours in history 
(which may include JWST-205 Ancient and Medieval Jewish 
Civilization). At least 20 of the 39 credit hours must be taken 
at American University; at least 1 5 of the 39 must be at the 
300 level or above. 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 



Minor in History 



• 21 credit hours with grades of C or better and with at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• One course in Western European or British history at the 300 
level or above 

• One course in U.S. history at the 300 level or above 

• One course in an area other than Western European, British, 
or U.S. history 

• Four more courses in history, including at least two at the 300 
level or above. The department requires that all 300-level 
courses be taken at American University. 

At least 12 of the 21 credit hours in history must be taken at 
American University. 

Combined B.A. and M.A. in History 

The program enables students to complete both the B.A. and 
M.A. in History in five years of full-time study. 
Admission to the Program 

Interested students should apply for admission to the pro- 
gram in their junior year. Students in this program are not re- 
quired to take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). 
Students will be admitted formally to M.A. status only if they 
have completed all requirements for the B.A. in History with at 
least an overall 3.00 grade point average and a 3.20 grade point 
average in history courses. 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. in History 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work in history to satisfy the requirements of 
both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in History, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 



M.A. in History 



Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must earn a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Record Examination (verbal, quantitative, and an- 
alytic). Admission is based on academic record, test scores, let- 
ters of recommendation from two professors with whom work 
was taken recently, and favorable judgment by the department 
graduate committee and chair. 
Degree Requirements 

• 30-33 credit hours of approved graduate work; no more than 
50 percent of course work may be done in 300/600 level 
courses. 

• Tool of research: a relevant foreign language, quantitative 
methods, oral history, digital history, or a methodology 



132 College of Arts and Sciences 



approved by the graduate committee of the Department of 
History 

• One comprehensive examination 

• Standard (nonthesis) option: Two substantial research papers 
with grades of B or better, one in HIST-75 1/752 Research 
Seminar and one in HIST-500 Studies in History 

Thesis option: a satisfactory thesis, completed through 6 
credit hours of HIST-797 Master's Thesis Seminar with 
grades of B or better 
Course Requirements 

• HIST-500 Studies in History (3) with a grade of B or better 

• Two colloquia from the following with grades of B or 
better: 

HIST-720 Colloquium in Modem European History 

since 1789 1 (3) 
HIST-721 Colloquium in Modem European History 

since 1789 II (3) 
HIST-727 Colloquium in United States History I: 

to 1865(3) 
HIST-728 Colloquium in United States History II: 

since 1865(3) 
or approved substitute for one of the above colloquia 

• HIST-744 The Historian's Craft (3) with a grade of B or 
better, usually taken in the student's first fall semester in 
the program 

• Standard (nonthesis) option: 
One of the following: 

HIST-75 1 Research Seminar in European History (3) 

HIST-752 Research Seminar in United States History (3) 

or approved substitute 

or 

Thesis option: HIST-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (6) 

• 12-15 credit hours in approved graduate course work 
or 

Public History Concentration 

• HIST-729 Public History Seminar (3) with a grade of 
B or better 

• HIST-730 Public History Practicum (3) with a grade of B 
or better 



• HIST-691 Internship in History (3) 

• 6 credit hours in approved graduate course work 

Ph.D. in History 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants normally have completed an M.A. 
in History or a related field, have earned a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Record Exam (Verbal, Quantitative, and Analytic), 
and have made a substantial beginning in one tool of research. 
Admission is based on academic record, letters of recommenda- 
tion from two professors with whom work was taken recently, a 
sample of recent written work of substantial length (M.A. thesis, 
research paper, or interpretative essay) and favorable judgment 
by the department's graduate committee and department chair. 
Degree Requirements 

• 72 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Two of the following as tools of research: relevant foreign 
languages, quantitative methods, digital history, oral history, or 
a methodology approved by the graduate committee of the 
Department of History 

• Comprehensive examinations in four fields: Comprehensive 
examinations are offered in the areas of ancient history, United 
States history, modem European history, British history, Latin 
American history, modem Asian history, Russian history, 
Middle Eastern history, and diplomatic history. 

One field must be a historical field outside the student's main 
area of concentration, a comparative or multidisciplinary field, 
or a field in another discipline. 

• Dissertation and oral defense (Dissertation work is not usually 
available in ancient, Russian, Asian, or Latin American 
history.) 

Course Requirements 

Specific course requirements depend on whether students re- 
ceived their M.A. in History from American University. For more 
information, consult the Department of History. 

• HIST-744 The Historian's Craft (3) with a grade of B or 
better, taken in the student's first semester of course work 

• HIST-799 Doctoral Dissertation Seminar (12-24) 



Jewish Studies 



Director Pamela S. Nadell 

Faculty from other schools and departments of the university 
teach courses in the program. 



The Jewish Studies Program recognizes that Jews and Ju- 
daism constitute a distinct yet integral component of the heri- 
tage of Western civilization. Jewish studies courses analyze the 
civilization of the Jews and its various cultural and religious 
expressions from the patriarchal period to the present. 



Jewish studies courses embrace the total experience of the 
Jewish people, spanning the spectrum of the arts, humanities, 
and the social sciences. Moreover, since dynamic contact with 
many other religions and cultures influenced the development of 
Jewish civilization, courses view Jews and Judaism within the 
broader context of these dominant societies, and enrich one's un- 
derstanding of American and world Jewries. The majors and mi- 
nors in Jewish studies prepare students for leadership within and 
service to the Jewish community, and for a greater understanding 



Jewish Studies 133 



of our pluralistic society. A minor in Israeli Studies is also of- 
fered. 

As a center of Jewish organizational life, Washington, D.C. 
provides opportunities for internships with local Jewish organi- 
zations devoted to community relations, religious activities, Is- 
rael, and social welfare. A Jewish studies minor combined with 
an education major may lead to certification for teaching in 
Jewish schools. 
Special Opportunities 

• Dr. Everett and Marian Gordon Scholarship Awards in Jewish 
Studies: Established in 1976 to provide awards for 
outstanding senior theses in Jewish tudies, and scholarships 
for classroom performance by students in Jewish studies 
courses, with preference given to students without previous 
background in Jewish studies. 

• Jerrold and Jane Goodman Scholarships: Established in 1979 
through an annual grant from Yablick Charities, Inc. 
Scholarships are awarded annually to outstanding students in 
Jewish studies. 

B.A. in Jewish Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and the approval of the director of 
the program. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of col lege writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 39 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• HEBR-216 Hebrew, Intermediate Modem I (3) 

• HEBR-217 Hebrew, Intermediate Modem II (3) 

or equivalent proficiency in Hebrew as approved by the 
Jewish Studies faculty. 

Note: HEBR-116/HEBR-117 Hebrew, Elementary Modem 
I/II are prerequisites for the language requirement but do not 
count toward the major. 

• HIST-245 Modem Jewish Civilization (3) 

• JWST-205 Ancient and Medieval Jewish 

Civilization 2:2 (3) 

• JWST-481 Senior Thesis in Jewish Studies I (3) 

• JWST-482 Senior Thesis in Jewish Studies II (3) 



• One course in Jewish literature 

• One course in Jewish thought 

• One course in contemporary Jewish life 

• 12 additional credit hours in Jewish Studies 

Eighteen of the total 39 hours must be at the 300 level or above. 
Related courses from other university departments may be used 
with approval of the program director. 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Jewish Studies 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor; 9 of the 1 8 credit hours must be at 
the 300 level or above 

Course Requirements 

• HIST-245 Modem Jewish Civilization (3) 

• JWST-205 Ancient and Medieval Jewish 

Civilization 2:2 (3) 

• One course in Jewish literature 

• One course in Jewish thought 

• One course in contemporary Jewish life 

• One additional course in Jewish studies 

Minor in Israel Studies 

The minor in Israel Studies is an interdisciplinary program 
that draws on faculty and courses related to Israel from across 
the campus. Students take three core courses focused on the his- 
tory and civilization of Israel and the relationships between Is- 
rael and the Arab world. They then take 9 additional credit 
hours in approved elective course work. Students in the minor 
are encouraged to study abroad in Israel and to take Hebrew lan- 
guage courses. 
Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the minor requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 and approval of the program director. 
Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor and at least 9 credit hours at the 300 
level or above 



134 College of Arts and Sciences 

Course Requirements 
Core (9 credit hours) 

• HIST-245 Modem Jewish Civilization (3) 

• HIST-343 History of Israel (3) 

• SIS-365 Arab-Israeli Relations (3) 

Electives (9 credit hours) 

• 9 credit hours from the following with approval of the 
program director: 



Language and Foreign Studies 



HIST-344 Topics in Jewish History (3) (approved topics) 

JWST-320 Topics in Jewish Culture (3) (approved topics) 

JWST-390 Independent Reading (1-6) 

JWST-490 Independent Study (1-6) 

JWST-491 Internship (1-6) 

SIS-400 Senior Seminar in International Relations (3): 

Israeli Identity 
Study abroad in Israel is highly recommended and with 
approval of the program director courses taken abroad may 
fulfill minor requirements 



Chair Olga Rojer 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a E.I. Burkart, GS. Burkart, 

V. Medish, J. Schillinger 

Professor N.S. Baron, J. Child, B.F. Steinbruckner 

Associate Professor Emeritus/a V.Z. Borkovec, 

J. W. Goldin, M.A.G Hood, H. Pineda 

Associate Professor N. Harris, C. Hernandez, A. Israeli, 

A. Oliver, D. Rodamar, O. Rojer, J. Wisman 

Assistant Professor S. Aoshima, R. Delbene, A. Serra, 

Y. Sheen, R. Von Worde, B. Werth 

Instructor G Berg, R. Cavaceppi, E. Dawley, 

E. Holtermann, E. Lang, E. McCabe, M.Piniero, K. Taylor, 

K. Velleman 

In an increasingly complex world that grows smaller every 
day, the study of languages, literatures, and cultures is of vital 
importance. Learning the ways other nations live and think fur- 
thers understanding among peoples and cultures. The Depart- 
ment of Language and Foreign Studies (LFS) offers extensive 
undergraduate study in French, German, Russian, and Latin 
American and Spanish foreign language and culture, as well as 
two jointly-administered programs: one in area studies and 
language with the School of International Service and a foreign 
language and communication media program with the School 
of Communication. In addition, the department has joined with 
the Kogod School of Business to offer a Bachelor of Science in 
Business Administration and Language and Culture Studies. 
Minors are available in Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Jap- 
anese, Russian, or Spanish studies, as well as language and 
area studies minors in French/Europe, German/Europe, Ital- 
ian/Europe, Japanese/Asia, Russian/Area Studies, or Span- 
ish/Latin America. Master's programs include the M.A. in 
Spanish: Latin American Studies and the M.A. in TESOL 
(Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages). (For ad- 
mission and requirement information, see TESOL.) 

In addtion to French, German, Russian, and Spanish, lan- 
guage courses in Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, 
Korean, Persian, Portuguese, Swahili, and Turkish are offered. 

Programs in language and foreign studies meet the needs of 
both departmental majors and other students in the university. 



Many undergraduates choose to minor in a language area or to 
complete a translation certificate. Internships and cooperative 
education programs are available both locally and internationally 
for foreign language programs and TESOL. Students can com- 
plete translation certificates as part of their degree requirements 
or earn credits towards a TESOL certificate. Students also en- 
hance their language skills through study in the AU Abroad pro- 
gram. 

Many areas of business, industry, and government service 
consider a language background a career must. Recent graduates 
of the department have been employed in a variety of organiza- 
tions and fields including the Department of State, Library of 
Congress, National Security Agency, Voice of America, and Na- 
tional Academy of Sciences, as well as international import and 
export firms, public and private schools and colleges, and re- 
search and development firms. 

Language Resource Center 

The Language Resource Center (LRC) of the Department of 
Language and Foreign Studies is a comprehensive, multi-media 
facility which supports students and faculty in the study and 
teaching of foreign languages and cultures through the use of ad- 
vanced technologies in audio, video, film, computer, and satellite 
telecommunications. 

The LRC is located in the Asbury Building lower level and is 
reached via the street-level entrance to the north wing of Asbury. 
For more information call 202-885-2396. 

Undergraduate Language Program Courses 

First Year 100-Level Elementary Courses Emphasis on 
developing basic language skills for oral and written communi- 
cation with special attention to diverse cultural patterns. Three to 
five academic hours of class instruction per week supplemented 
by individual language laboratory work. A "native" speaker of a 
foreign language cannot enroll in or earn credit toward gradua- 
tion in a 1 00-level course. 

Second Year 200-LeveI Intermediate Courses Emphasis 
on cultural patterns and contrasts between cultures, refinement 
of basic language skills, study of more complex grammatical 
structures, and expansion of vocabulary in a cultural context. 
Three to five academic hours of class instruction per week sup- 
plemented by individual language laboratory work. A "native" 



Language and Foreign Studies 1 35 



speaker of a foreign language cannot enroll in or earn credit to- 
ward graduation in a 200-level course. 

Third Year 300-Level Non-topics Courses Emphasis on 
advanced language use and refinement of complex grammatical 
structures, focusing on culturally-specific contexts. Three aca- 
demic hours of class instruction per week. A "native" speaker of 
a foreign language cannot enroll in or earn credit toward gradu- 
ation in a 300-level non-topics course. 

300-, 400- and 500-Level Topics Courses Topics courses 
taught in the target language designed for both majors and 
nonmajors. 

300- and 400-Level Civilization Courses Multi-faceted 
approach to the survey of a target civilization designed for both 
majors and nonmajors. 

Note: A "native" speaker of a foreign language is defined as a 
person whose pre-college level instruction was conducted prin- 
cipally in that language. Students who have significant knowl- 
edge of a foreign language gained outside of pre-college 
instruction may also be considered by LFS to be "native" speak- 
ers, but may have valid reasons for studying the language at the 
300 level or lower. Requests for such consideration will be eval- 
uated on a case-by-case basis, and should be directed to the chair 
of the Department of Language and Foreign Studies. 

B.A. in French, German, Russian, or 
Spanish Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Students must be approved by the department for formal ad- 
mission to the major. Language course work may be waived if 
high school or other preparation warrants it. Placement will be 
made in consultation with a departmental advisor. 
Majors 

French, German, Russian, or Spanish Studies 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• French, German or Spanish: 39 credit hours with grades of C 
or better. Prerequisite: completion of intermediate language 
level. 

Russian: 36 credit hours with grades of C or better. 
Prerequisite: completion of intermediate language level. 

• One of the following field concentrations: 

1 2 credit hours in a second foreign language at any level 



12 credit hours in area studies in the major field at the 300 
level or above 
or 

Teacher education leading to certification to teach a foreign 
language (French, German, or Spanish) at the secondary level 
or 

An approved minor related to the major field; for example, 
another language, business administration, communication, 
economics, political science, history, sociology, literature, 
anthropology, or international studies 
Course Requirements 
French (39 credit hours) 

• FREN-322 Advanced French I (3) (may be replaced by 
other 300- or 500-level courses if warranted by language 
proficiency) 

• FREN-323 Advanced French II (3) (may be replaced by 
other 300- or 500-level courses if warranted by language 
proficiency) 

• FREN-324 Civilisation Francaise I (3) 

• FREN-325 Civilisation Francaise II (3) 

• 3 credit hours of linguistics course work from the following: 
ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 1:2 (3) 
ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 

TESL-5xx course as approved by advisor 

• Remaining credit hours at the 300 level or above in French 
studies 

German (39 credit hours) 

• GERM-332 German Conversation and Composition I (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 400-level courses if 
warranted by language proficiency) 

• GERM-333 German Conversation and Composition II (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 400- level courses if 
warranted by language proficiency) 

• GERM-438 German Civilization I (3) 

• GERM-439 German Civilization II (3) 

• 3 credit hours of linguistics course work from the following: 
ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 1 :2 (3) 
ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 

TESL-5xx course as approved by advisor 

• Remaining credit hours chosen from 300-400-level courses, 
independent study projects, internships, and topics courses in 
German studies 

Russian (36 credit hours) 

• RUSS-342 Russian Conversation and Composition I (3) 

• RUSS-343 Russian Conversation and Composition II (3) 

• 3 credit hours of linguistics course work from the following: 
ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 1:2 (3) 
ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 

TESL-5xx course as approved by advisor 



136 College of Arts and Sciences 



• Remaining credit hours chosen from 300-500-level courses, 
independent study, and internships 

Spanish (39 credit hours) 

• SPAN-352 Spanish Conversation and Composition I (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 500-level course if 
warranted by language proficiency) 

• SPAN-353 Spanish Conversation and Composition II (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 500-level course if 
warranted by language proficiency) 

• SPAN-357 Introduction to Latin American Literature (3) 

• SPAN-450 Spanish Civilization I: Spain (3) 

• SPAN-491 Internship: Spanish (2-6) 

• 3 credit hours of Lantin American culture and society course 
work as approved by advisor 

• 3 credit hours of linguistics course work from the following: 
ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 1:2 (3) 
ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 

SPAN-356 Spanish Topics (3) (approved topic) 
SPAN-361 Introduction to Spanish Linguistics (3) 
TESL-5xx course as approved by advisor 

• Remaining credit hours chosen from Spanish topics, 
colloquium, and literature courses 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes), 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in French, German, Russian, or 
Spanish Language 

Requirements 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better in courses taught in 
the language (French, German, Russian, or Spanish) with 1 2 
credit hours at the 300 level or above; or a total of 1 8 credit 
hours at the 300 level or above. At least 1 2 credit hours must 
be unique to the minor. 



Minor in Chinese Language 



Minor in Arabic Language 



Requirements 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better with 6 credit hours 
at the 300 level or above; at least 12 credit hours must be 
unique to the minor. 



Requirements 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better with 6 credit hours at 
the 300 level or above; at least 1 2 credit hours must be unique 
to the minor. 

Minor in Japanese Language 

Requirements 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better with 6 credit hours at 
the 300 level or above; at least 1 2 credit hours must be unique 
to the minor. 

Minor in Russian Studies 

Requirements 

• LFS-200 Russia and the United States 3:2 (3) 

• 1 5 credit hours with grades of C or better in Russian studies 
from course offerings in at least three different departments. 
Nine of these 1 5 credit hours must be at the 300 level or above. 
At least 1 2 credit hours must be unique to the minor. 

B.A. in Foreign Language and 
Communication Media 

Admission to the Program 

Students are admitted either to the School of Communication 
or to the Department of Language and Foreign Studies of the 
College of Arts and Sciences. 
Program Tracks 

French, German, Russian, or Spanish combined with Broad- 
cast Journalism, Print Journalism, Public Communication, or Vi- 
sual Media 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 54 credit hours with grades of C or better 

• Prerequisite competency in the major language at the 
intermediate level 

Course Requirements 

Foundation (6 credit hours) 

• COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4: 1 (3) 

• COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 



Language and Foreign Studies 1 37 



Foreign Language (15 credit hours) 

• 1 5 credit hours of courses in the major language (French, 
German, Russian, or Spanish) at the 300 level or above taken 
in the Department of Language and Foreign Studies 

Contempory Culture (6 credit hours) 

• Two courses related to any contemporary culture as approved 
by advisor 

Linguisitics (3 credit hours) 

• One of the following: 

ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 1:2 (3) 
ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 
TESL-5xx linguistics course as approved by advisor 
Communication (24 credit hours) 

• Three media studies courses from the School of 
Communication, with at least one at the 300-level or above; 
and five professional courses in one of the four 
communication program tracks: broadcast journalism, print 
journalism, public communication, or visual media: 

Broadcast Journalism 

• Three media studies courses with at least one at the 300-level 
or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-320 Reporting (3) 

• COMM-333 Fundamentals of TV and VTR (3) 

• COMM-385 Broadcast Journalism I (3) 

• COMM-428 Broadcast Journalism II (3) 

• COMM-432 Television Field Reporting (3) 
Print Journalism 

• Three media studies courses with at least one at the 300-level 
or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-320 Reporting (3) 

• COMM-322 Editorial Policies and Methods (3) 

• COMM-425 Advanced Reporting (3) 

• Two from the following: 

COMM-323 Computer Techniques for Communication 

Studies (3) 
COMM-325 Feature Article Writing (3) 
COMM-326 Sports Journalism (3) 
COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 
COMM-502 In-Depth Journalism (3) 
COMM-521 Opinion Writing (3) 
COMM-545 Business and Economic Journalism (3) 
Public Communication 

• COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 

• Two additional media studies courses with at least one at the 
300-level or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-301 Public Relations (3) 

• COMM-337 Public Relations Writing (3) 

• COMM-346 Public Relations Case Studies (3) 
COMM-380 Public Communication Research (3) 



• COMM-437 Public Relations Media (3) 
Visual Media 

• COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 

• Two additional media studies courses with at least one at the 
300-level or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• COMM-33 1 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• COMM-350 Digital Imaging and Design (3) 

• COMM-382 Writing for Visual Media (3) 

• One additional course approved by advisor 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Language and Area Studies 

The B.A. in Language and Area Studies is designed for stu- 
dents with a strong interest in a region of the world and in a lan- 
guage of that region. This innovative program achieves a 
balance between humanities and social sciences courses, com- 
bined with an advanced level of foreign language study. The 
program, jointly designed and administered by the College of 
Arts and Sciences (CAS) and the School of International Ser- 
vice (SIS), builds on the strengths of the CAS Department of 
Language and Foreign Studies (LFS) and the SIS field of Com- 
parative and Regional Studies. 
Admission to the Program 

To be considered for freshman admission, an applicant 
should have earned at least a 3.00 average in secondary school. 
Students from other regionally accredited collegiate institu- 
tions, and students in other programs at American University 
who have completed the freshman year, should maintain a cu- 
mulative grade point average of 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) to be con- 
sidered for transfer to the program. 
Majors 

French/Europe, German/Europe, Russian/ Area Studies, or 
Spanish/Latin America 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of col lege writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 






1 38 College of Arts and Sciences 



General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course from an approved sequence 
from each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 5 1 credit hours with grades of C or better 

• Proficiency in the appropriate foreign language 
demonstrated by achieving a B (3.00) average or better for 
all course work in the foreign language taken in the 
Department of Language and Foreign Studies. 

Students may, where appropriate, and with Faculty Advisory 
Committee approval, select special topics courses to fulfill 
requirements. Student may also apply up to 3 credit hours 
toward the major from an approved internship or cooperative 
education field experience. Study abroad course credits may 
be used toward the major with the approval of the Faculty 
Advisory Committee. 
Course Requirements 

Foundation Courses (9 credit hours) 

• SIS- 105 World Politics 3:1 (3) 

• One intercultural communication course from the following: 
SIS- 140 Cross Cultural Communication 3:1 (3) 
SIS-340 Foundations of International Communication (3) 
SIS-341 Intercultural Communication (3) 

• One comparative politics course from the following: 
GOVT-130 Comparative Politics 3:1 (3) 
GOVT-23 1 Third World Politics (3) 
GOVT-232 Politics of Post industrial Societies (3) 

Foreign Language Courses (18 credit hours) 

• 1 8 credit hours of course work in a single foreign language at 
the 300 level or above. 

Area Studies (21 credit hours) 

• 15 credit hours, with 12 credit hours at the 300 level or 
above, in humanities courses, including 3 credit hours from 
the Department of History (HIST-xxx) and an additional 3 
credit hours of course work with a strong historical 
component, from the following. Other appropriate area 
studies courses may be substituted with the approval of the 
major advisor. 

French/Europe 

FREN-324 Civilisation Francaise I (2>) 

FREN-325 Civilisation Francaise II (3) 

FREN-326 French Topics (3) 

FREN-327 Le Francois Commercial (3) 

FREN-328 French Translation: Concepts and Practice (3) 

FREN-365 Les Registres du Francois (3) 

FREN-432 Le Steele des Lumieres (3) 

FREN-433 Le Romantisme (3) 

FREN-434 Le Realisme (3) 



FREN-435 Litterature Contemporaine (3) 
PHIL-3 1 1 Modem European Movements (3) 

German/Europe 

GERM-336 German Topics (3) 

GERM-338 Introduction to German Translation (3) 

GERM-432 Studies in German Film (3) 

GERM-433 German Lyric Poetry (3) 

GERM-438 German Civilization I (3) 

GERM-439 German Civilization II (3) 

HIST-239 Modem Germany since 1848 (3) 

HIST-3 1 8 Nazi Germany (3) 

LFS-230 The Modernist Explosion: Culture and Ideology in 

Europe (3) 
PHIL-3 1 1 Modem European Movements (3) 

Russian/Area Studies 

HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary 

Eurasia 3:2(3) 
HIST-230 Early Russian History, 988-1700 (3) 
HIST-231 Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 (3) 
HIST-232 Twentieth Century Russia (3) 
HIST-345 Russian Studies (3) (topics) 
LIT-367 Russian and Soviet Literature (3) 
LIT-368 Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy (3) 
RUSS-347 Introduction to Russian Literature (3) 
RUSS-441 Russian Media and Political Translation (3) 
RUSS-543 Russian Classics (3) 
RUSS-548 Topics in Russian Studies (3) 

Spanish/Latin America 

HIST-241 Colonial Latin America (3) 
HIST-242 Latin America since Independence (3) 
HIST-340 Latin American Studies (3) (topics) 
LFS-210 Latin America: History, Art, Literature 3:2 (3) 
SPAN-356 Spanish Topics (3) 
SPAN-357 Introduction to Latin American Literature (3) 
SPAN-358 Introduction to Spanish Translation (3) 
SPAN-359 Advanced Spanish Translation (3) 
SPAN-450 Spanish Civilization I: Spain (3) 
SPAN-491 Spanish Internship: Proyecto Amistad (2-6) 
SPAN-554 Classics of Latin American Literature (3) 
SPAN-559 Colloquium on Latin America (3) 

• 6 credit hours of course work in social science courses, 
selected from the following. Other appropriate area studies 
courses may be substituted with the approval of the major 
advisor. 

French/Europe 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 
ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 
ECON-351 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 
ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 
GOVT-232 Politics of Postindustrial Societies (3) 
GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 
Countries (3) (topics) 



Language and Foreign Studies 1 39 



GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 
SIS-331 Overview of the European Union (3) 
SIS-355 European Foreign and Security Policy (3) 
SIS-530 Colloquium on the Common Market (3) 
SIS-557 Foreign Policy Formulation in West European 

States (3) 
German/ Europe 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 

ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 

ECON-351 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 

ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 

GOVT-232 Politics of Postindustrial Societies (3) 

GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Countries (3) (topics) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 
HIST-239 Modem Germany since 1 848 (3) 
HIST-3 1 8 Nazi Germany (3) 
SIS-331 Overview of the European Union (3) 
SIS-355 European Foreign and Security Policy (3) 
SIS-530 Colloquium on the Common Market (3) 
SIS-551 Economy, Politics and Society in Europe (3) 
SIS-557 Foreign Policy Formulation in West 

European States (3) 

Russian/Area Studies 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 

ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 

ECON-351 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 

ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 

ECON-552 Economics of Transition (3) 

GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Countries: Former USSR (3) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions: Eastern Europe (3) 
HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary 

Eurasia 3:2(3) 
HIST-230 Early Russian History, 988-1700 (3) 
HIST-231 Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 (3) 
HIST-232 Twentieth Century Russia (3) 
HIST-345 Russian Studies (3) (topics) 
LFS-200 Russia and the United States 3:2 (3) 
SIS-258 Contemporary Russia (3) 
SIS-381 Foreign Policies of the Great Powers (3) 
SIS-558 Authoritarianism and Democracy in Russia (3) 

Spanish/Latin America 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 
ECON-351 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 
ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 
ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 
GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 
Countries (3) (topics) 



GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 
HIST-241 Colonial Latin America (3) 
HIST-242 Latin America since Independence (3) 
HIST-340 Latin American Studies (3) (topics) 
SIS-276 Contemporary Latin America (3) 
SIS-337 International Development (3) 
SIS-577 International Relations of the Americas (3) 
SOCY-53 1 Regional Studies in Social Change: 

Latin America (3) 
Senior Capstone (3 credit hours) 

• Students enroll either in an SIS comparative seminar or in an 
approved topics or seminar course in Language and Foreign 
Studies 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Language and Area Studies 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• 1 2 credit hours in the Department of Language and Foreign 
Studies at the 200 level or above, including two courses at the 
300 level. 

• 12 credit hours selected from an approved list of courses in 
area studies: 

Courses include those from anthropology (ANTH-xxx), 
economics (ECON-xxx), history (HIST-xxx), international 
studies (SIS-xxx), literature (LIT-xxx), or sociology 
(SOCY-xxx); one 3-credit course must be at the 300 level or 
above from SIS; one 3-credit course must be from history. 

• Areas offered: 

French/Europe, German/Europe, Russian/Area Studies, 
Spanish/Latin America: see list of approved courses for major 
in Language and Area Studies, above. 
Italian/Europe, Japanese/Asia: consult LAS degree program 
advisor for approval of courses for this minor. 






140 College of Arts and Sciences 



Undergraduate Certificate in Translation 

Students receive an Undergraduate Certificate in French, 
German, Russian, or Spanish by completing 1 5 credit hours of 
course work according to the sequence required for their par- 
ticular language. All courses taken in the Department of Lan- 
guage and Foreign Studies toward the certificate may be used 
by undergraduates toward departmental majors or minors in 
the same language. 

The emphasis of this program is on translation into English. 
This certificate program provides students with an academic 
grounding in translation theory and practice. Students inter- 
ested in obtaining further translation credentials are encour- 
aged to discuss their options with the appropriate language 
advisor. 

For core courses to count toward the certificate, students 
must receive a grade of B or better; for elective courses, a grade 
of C or better is required. For non-core courses, students com- 
plete an additional translation project beyond the normal 
course requirements and must receive a satisfactory evaluation 
for their project. Students will only be permitted to do these 
translation projects after having completed at least one of the 
first two core courses. 
Admission to the Program 

Open to all students who have completed the appropriate 
300-level Conversation and Composition II or Advanced II 
language course, or equivalent. Equivalency is determined in 
consultation with faculty advisor. Students whose native lan- 
guage is not English must meet university requirements for 
English competency (minimum TOEFL score of 600). Before 
commencing the program, students should consult the appro- 
priate advisor in the Department of Language and Foreign 
Studies to plan out their program of study. 

French Translation Certificate 

Course Requirements 

Core 

• FREN-328 French Translation: Concepts and Practice (3) 

• FREN-329 French Translation Workshop (3) 

• At least one of the following: 
FREN-327 Le Francais Commercial (3) 
FREN-365 Les Registres du Francais (3) 
FREN-430 Syntaxe et Style du Francais (3) 

Electives 

• Two courses selected from the other core courses or from 
offerings in French at the level of FREN-326 or above. 

German Translation Certificate 

Course Requirements 

Core 

• GERM-338 Introduction to German Translation (3) 

• GERM-339 Business German (3) 
Electives 



• Three courses selected from offerings in German at the level of 
GERM-336 or above 

Russian Translation Certificate 

Course Requirements 

Core 

• RUSS-441 Russian Media and Political Translation (3) 

• RUSS-443 Russian Business Translation (3) 

• One of the following: 

RUSS-546 Russian Advanced Grammar and 

Composition I (3) 
RUSS-547 Russian Advanced Grammar and 
Composition II (3) 
Electives 

• Two courses selected from the other core course or from 
offerings in Russian at the level of RUSS-347 or above. 

Spanish Translation Certificate 

Course Requirements 

Core 

• SPAN-358 Introduction to Spanish Translation (3) 

• SPAN-359 Advanced Spanish Translation (3) 

• One of the following: 

SPAN-361 Introduction to Spanish Linguistics (3) 
SPAN-356 Spanish Topics: Applied Spanish Linguistics (3) 
Advanced Spanish Grammar and Composition (3) 
Electives 

• Two courses selected from the other core courses or from 
offerings in Spanish at the level of SPAN-356 or above. 

M.A. in Spanish: Latin American Studies 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants should be proficient in Spanish, fa- 
miliar with the culture, and normally hold a B.A. in Spanish. 
Both part-time and full-time students are welcome in the pro- 
gram. Applicants are required to submit a sample of written work 
in Spanish as part of their formal application to the program. 

Degree Requirements 

• 33 credit hours of approved graduate work, with at least 21 
credit hours in courses taught in Spanish. Course work 
includes 21 credit hours of core requirements and 12 credit 
hours in a field of concentration. 

Students may earn up to 9 graduate credit hours abroad, 
applied either to the core or the field of concentration (or both), 
as approved by advisor. 

• Research requirement: two substantial research papers from 
SPAN-705 Seminar in Spanish and Latin American 
Studies with grades of B or better 

• Comprehensive examination: two-part written comprehensive 
exam, one part in Spanish, one part in either Spanish or 



Language and Foreign Studies 141 



English. The core is covered in the first part and the field of 
concentration in the second. The comprehensive examination 
is given twice a year, toward the end of each semester. 

Course Requirements 

Core Courses (21 credit hours) 

• SPAN-705 Seminar in Spanish and Latin American 
Studies (3) (taken three times for a total of 9 credit hours) 

• One course from the following: 

SPAN-554 Classics of Latin American Literature (3) 
SPAN-656 Spanish Topics (3) (approved literature or 
culture topic) 

• One course from the following: 

SPAN-656 Spanish Topics (approved language-related 

topic) 
SPAN-658 Introduction to Spanish Translation (3 J 
SPAN-661 Introduction to Spanish Linguistics (3) 

• One course in Latin American history, politics, international 
relations, or economics from the following: 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (Latin American topics) 
HIST-640 Latin American Studies (3) 
SIS-577 International Relations of Latin America (3) 
or other approved course 

• Elective (3) 

Field of Concentration (12 credit hours) 

• Students construct a field of concentration, in consultation 
with an advisor, in one of the following areas: 

Related studies (e.g., economics, history, international 
studies, communication, public affairs) 
Literature and culture 
Language teaching 

Linguistics, language, and translation (Students can also 
complete a Graduate Certificate in Spanish Translation.) 
Co-ops and internships are encouraged and are normally 
credited within the field of concentration. They are usually 
taken pass/fail and can be done either locally (through 
SPAN-691 Proyecto Amistad) or abroad. A maximum of 3 
credit hours of co-op or internship can be applied to the degree. 

Graduate Certificate in Translation 

Students receive a Graduate Certificate in French, Russian, 
or Spanish by completing 1 5 credit hours of course work ac- 
cording to the required sequence for the particular language. All 
courses taken in the Department of Language and Foreign 
Studies toward the certificate may be used by graduate students 
toward the master's degree in the same language. 

The emphasis of this program is on translation into English. 
This certificate program provides students with an academic 
grounding in translation theory and practice. Students interested 
in obtaining further translation credentials are encouraged to 
discuss their options with the appropriate language advisor. 



For core courses to count toward the certificate, students 
must receive a grade of B or better. For non-core courses, stu- 
dents complete an additional translation project beyond the nor- 
mal course requirements and must receive a satisfactory 
evaluation for their project. Students will only be permitted to 
do these translation projects after having completed at least one 
of the first two core courses. Students must have an overall 3.00 
grade point average in certificate courses in order to be awarded 
the certificate. 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students who have a bachelors degree. If the under- 
graduate degree is not in the language for which they wish to 
obtain a certificate, students must have completed the appropri- 
ate 300-level Conversation and Composition II or Advanced II 
language course, or equivalent. Equivalency is determined in 
consultation with the faculty advisor. Students whose native 
language is not English must meet university requirements for 
English competency (minimum TOEFL score of 600). Before 
commencing the program, students should consult the appropri- 
ate advisor in the Department of Language and Foreign Studies 
to plan their program of study. 

French Translation Certificate 

Course Requirements (15 credit hours) 
Core 

• FREN-628 French Translation: Concepts and Practice (3) 

• FREN-629 French Translation Workshop (3) 

• One of the following: 

FREN-627 Le Francois Commercial (3) 
FREN-630 Syntaxe et Style du Francois (3) 
FREN-665 Les Registres du Francois (3) 

Electives 

• Two courses selected from the other courses on the core 
course list or from offerings in French at the 500 level or 
above. 

Russian Translation Certificate 

Course Requirements (15 credit hours) 
Core Courses 

• RUSS-641 Russian Media and Political Translation (3) 

• RL'SS-643 Russian Business Translation (3) 

• One of the following: 

RUSS-546 Russian Advanced Grammar and 

Composition I (3) 
RUSS-547 Russian Advanced Grammar and 
Composition II (3) 
Elective Courses 

• Two courses may include the other course on the core course 
list or be selected from offerings in Russian at the 500 level or 
above. 



142 College of Arts and Sciences 



Spanish Translation Certificate 

Course Requirements (15 credit hours) 

Core 

• SPAN-658 Introduction to Spanish Translation (3) 

• SPAN-659 Advanced Spanish Translation (3) 

Liberal Studies 



• One of the following: 

SPAN-656 Spanish Topics (approved language-related topic) 
SPAN-661 Introduction to Spanish Linguistics (3) 
Electives 

• Two courses selected from the other core courses or from 
offerings in Spanish at the 500 level or above. 



B.A. in Liberal Studies 



This program is designed for students eight years or more 
out of high school who seek a flexible degree program that en- 
courages them to bring together their personal and professional 
goals in the design of their academic major. The major encour- 
ages students to combine liberal arts studies with a specializa- 
tion. Specializations are available in any of the minors offered 
by American University. 
Admission to the Program 

After admission, students submit a written proposal stating 
their core interests, along with a 300-word essay explaining 
their goals and the relationship among chosen areas and 
courses. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course from each of the five curricular 
areas in an approved sequence 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 42-48 credit hours with grades of C or better 

The major consists of a 24 credit hour core area and an 1 8-24 
credit hour specialization, both of which offer a number of 
structured alternative choices. 
Core Area 

• 24 credit hours chosen from fields of study in one of three 
core areas: the humanities, the social sciences, or sciences/ 
mathematics. 

The core area must include course work in four fields of 
study: 6 credit hours are to be taken in each field; at least 3 
credit hours in each of the four fields must be earned in a 
course at the 300 level or higher. For students taking the 
Sciences/Mathematics core, a minimum of 6 credit hours in 
total must be taken in courses at the 300 level or higher. No 
more than three courses taken for General Education credit 



may also count toward core area requirements. Six of the eight 
courses taken to fulfill the core area must be offered by the 
College of Arts and Sciences. 



Fields of Study by Core Area 
Humanities 

Art 

Art History 

Foreign Language 

Jewish Studies 

Literature 

Performing Arts 

Philosophy 

Religion 



Social Sciences 

American Studies 
Anthropology 
Communication 
(designated courses) 
Economics 
Education 

(designated courses) 
History 

Political Science 
Psychology 
(designated courses) 
Sociology 



Sciences/Mathematics 

Biology 

Chemistry 

Computer Science 

Information Systems 

Mathematics 

Physics 

Psychology 

(designated courses)* 

Statistics 
* Designated courses: academic counselors will provide students 
with a list of approved courses. 

Specialization 

In addition to the core area courses, students in the Bachelor 
of Arts in Liberal Studies program are required to complete 
1 8-24 credit hours in a specialization chosen from the list of uni- 
versity-approved minors. Note: if the minor taken for the special- 
ization requires 24 or more credit hours, students may request 
reducing their core requirements from 24 to 21 credit hours. 
However, the core must still include at least 1 8 credit hours of- 
fered by the College of Arts and Sciences. 

Students may select a specialization that complements their 
core area, or they may choose a specialization that is a new area 
of study. In all cases the student is encouraged to design a core 



Literature 1 43 



area and a specialization that reflects the student's particular in- 
terests and goals. 

Requirements for the specialization in the Bachelor of Arts 
in Liberal Studies degree are met when a student completes the 
requirements for a minor approved for the program. No more 



than two courses taken for General Education credit may be ap- 
plied to a student's specialization. See Fields of Study in the 
Undergraduate Study chapter for a list of university minors cur- 
rently approved for this program. 



Literature 



Chair Jonathan Loesberg 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a P. Han, J.J. Jorgens, F. L. Kelly, 

E.L. Kessler, F. H. King, K.W. Moyer, J.N. Radner, 

J.A. Roberts, M. Sklarew, H.S. Taylor, F. Turaj, F.E. Zapatka 

Professor C.R. Larson, J. Loesberg, R. McCann, 

K. Mussell, R. Rubenstein 

Associate Professor Emeritus A P. Bean, WE. Stahr 

Associate Professor D. Kakoudak, D. Keplinger, 

K. Leonard, M. Noble, D.C. Payne Fisk, D. Pike, R. Sha 

Assistant Professor A. Berry, E. Dussere, E. Levy, 

M. Menon, J. Middents, A. Sherman, M. Sulak, L. Voris, 

M. Wenthe 

Fiction Writer in Residence D. Orenstein 

Instructor C. Bair Van Dam, E. Comstock, C. Cox, 

R. Drummond, L. Fettig, L. Johnson, P. Joyner, J. McCarthy, 

G Moomau, V. Murphy, R. Noble, P. Reichler, 

A. Tamashasky, A. Thomas, M. Warfield, K. Wilson, 

L. Wootton Don 

Concerned with the study of literature, writing, and film, the 
Department of Literature offers courses that embrace many ap- 
proaches to the rich heritage of written, oral, and cinematic tra- 
dition, as well as courses that challenge students to write 
creatively and professionally. In addition to taking courses, our 
students are encouraged to enroll in internships to sample ca- 
reers that use the skills they are developing in the classroom; 
Washington affords a wide range of job opportunities (many in- 
volving writing or editing) in settings such as arts organizations, 
radio and television, government offices, public interest organi- 
zations, museums, schools, and community groups. 

The department's faculty of scholars and writers staff three 
degree programs in literature: the B.A. and M.A. in Literature 
and the M.F.A. in Creative Writing. All three programs offer 
students the chance to study literature, film, criticism and cre- 
ative writing; all are small and flexible programs that bring stu- 
dents and faculty into close contact in small classes and 
informal gatherings and colloquia. The M.A. program provides 
an overview of the literary history of our culture in addition to a 
series of seminars on theoretical topics in which students and 
faculty together consider what constitutes the discipline of liter- 
ary criticism. The M.F.A. in Creative Writing program includes 
work in fiction, poetry, and creative nonfiction; workshops with 
distinguished visiting writers; internships; and course work in 
literature and in the arts of translation and literary journalism. It 



also offers students opportunities to give public readings, to 
meet with editors and publishers, and to produce a nationally 
known literary magazine. 

In addition, the department offers an interdisciplinary minor 
in Cinema Studies which combines course work in cinema, 
video criticism and history and takes advantage of the impres- 
sive film resources of the Washington area. 

The Visiting Writers Series 

Each semester, the department sponsors public readings by 
prominent poets, fiction writers, and editors. These visitors also 
conduct workshops for graduate and undergraduate creative 
writing students. Visiting writers have included Mark Doty, 
Allan Gurganus, Tillie Olsen, Andrew Holleran, Hannan 
al-Shaykh, A.J. Verdelle, Richard Selzer, Richard Rodriguez, 
Yusef Komunyakaa, Marie Howe, Michael Cunningham, Mari- 
lyn Nelson, Li- Young Lee, Amy Bloom, and Manil Suri. Dis- 
tinguished Writers in Residence have included Jean Valentine, 
Marilyn Hacker, Jon Silkin, Pablo Medina, and Alice 
McDermott. 

B.A. in Literature 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point aver- 
age of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and departmental approval. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 120 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 42 credit hours with grades of C or better, with at least 21 
credit hours at the 300 level or above 

Course Requirements 

• LIT- 105 The Literary Imagination 1 : 1 (3) 
or 

LIT- 120 Interpreting Literature 1:1 (3) 

• LIT-480 Senior Project in Literature (3) 



144 College of Arts and Sciences 



• LIT-498 Senior Seminar on the Value of Literature (3) 

• Three survey courses from the following with at least one of 
LIT-210orLIT-220: 

LIT- 150 Third World Literature 3:1 (3) 
LIT-210 Survey of American Literature I (3) 
LIT-21 1 Survey of American Literature II (3) 
LIT-220 Survey of British Literature I (3) 
LIT-221 Survey of British Literature II (3) 
LIT-225 The African Writer 1 :2 (3) 
LIT-235 African-American Literature 2:2 (3) 
LIT-240 Asian American Literature 2:2 (3) 

• Four courses in literature written before 1 900, of which at 
least two must be in literature written before 1 800 

• One of the following: 

LIT-21 5 Writers in Print/in Person 1:2 
creative writing course 
300-level cinema course 

• Three additional courses offered or approved by the 
Department of Literature 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Literature 

• 18 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• LIT- 105 The Literary Imagination 1:1 (3) or 
LIT- 1 20 Interpreting Literature 1:1 (3) 

• One course from the following: 

LIT- 150 Third World Literature 3: 1 (3) 
LIT-210 Survey of American Literature I (3) 
LIT-21 1 Survey of American Literature II (3) 
LIT-220 Survey of British Literature I (3) 
LIT-221 Survey of British Literature II (3) 
LIT-225 The African Writer 1 :2 (3) 
LIT-235 African- American Literature 2:2 (3) 
LIT-240 Asian American Literature 2:2 (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in literature; at least 9 credit hours must be at 
the 300 level or above. Only one course in creative writing 
and one course in film may be counted toward the minor, or 



if no creative writing course is used, two film courses may be 
counted. 

Minor in Literature: Cinema Studies 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 

• LIT- 1 35 Critical Approach to the Cinema 1 : 1 (3) 

• 12 credit hours from the following: 

LIT-346 Topics in Film (3) may be repeated up to four times 

with different topics 
LIT-402 Creative Writing: Film Script (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the from the following: 
COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) and 

COMM-331 Film and Video Production I (3) 
COMM-511 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-512 Social Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 1 7 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
COMM-586 History of Czech Cinema (3) (study abroad) 

Combined B.A. and M.A. in Literature 

The program enables students to complete both the B.A. and 
the M.A. in Literature in five years of full-time study. 
Admission to the Program 

Undergraduate literature majors ordinarily apply at the end of 
their junior year, but they should consult with the M.A. program 
director prior to applying. Admission decisions follow the proce- 
dures used to evaluate graduate applicants to the M.A. in Litera- 
ture. The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required. 
Students will be admitted formally to M.A. status only if they 
have completed all requirements for the B.A. in Literature with 
at least an overall 3.00 grade point average and a 3.20 grade point 
average in literature courses. 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. in Literature 

• Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work in literature to satisfy the requirements 
of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Literature, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

M.A. in Literature 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants should have a grade point average 
of 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) in undergraduate literature courses. The 
Graduate Record General Examination is required. An under- 



Literature 145 



graduate major in literature is desirable, but applications from 
candidates who have majored in other fields will also be consid- 
ered, provided that substantial study of literature has been done. 
Two letters of recommendation and a sample of critical writing 
are required. Part-time as well as full-time students are welcome 
in the program. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work with at least 1 8 
credit hours in 500- or 700-level courses 

• A written comprehensive examination based primarily on 
literature taught in M.A. seminars and other literature courses 

Course Requirements 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
LIT-521 Readings in Genre: Poetry (3) 
LIT-522 Readings in Genre: Drama (3) 
LIT-523 Readings in Genre: Novel (3) 

• 21 graduate credit hours in literature, with at least 9 credit 
hours at the 700 level 

Teaching 

• LIT-730 Teaching of Writing (3) 

• LIT-73 1 Teaching of Writing Practicum ( 3 ) 

• an approved graduate course in literature, education, 
linguistics, or anthropology (3) 

Pre-doctoral 

• LIT-732 Literary Theory (3) 
and 

LIT-793 Directed Research in Literature (3 ) plus another 700 

level course in literature 

or 

LIT-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (6) 
or 

6 credit hours in literature at the 700 level 
General 

• 9 additional graduate credit hours in literature 

Interdisciplinary 

• 9 graduate credit hours in another department or 
departments, in a individually-designed program of study as 
approved by the M.A. program director 



M.F.A. in Creative Writing 



Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. An undergraduate major in literature is de- 
sirable, but applications from candidates who have majored in 
other fields will be considered. Admission is based on samples 
of previous writing (30 pages of fiction or 15 pages of poetry), 
academic record, and two letters of recommendation. 
Degree Requirements 

• 48 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Advancement to candidacy is automatic on admission to the 
program, but subject to yearly review 

• A book-length manuscript of fiction, poetry, or drama, to be 
approved by the creative writing faculty 

• One oral examination on the candidate's manuscript: its 
merits, characteristics, and relations to the works of others 

Course Requirements 

• 1 2 credit hours in writing workshops: 
LIT- 700 Advanced Fiction Workshop (3) 
LIT-701 Advanced Poetry Workshop (3) 
LIT- 702 Creative Writing: Film Script (3 ) 

Students may concentrate on one genre or work in several 

• 1 2 credit hours in literature courses selected from among the 
regular graduate level literature offerings of the department 

• LIT-705 Seminar on Translation (3) 

• LIT-710 Art of Literary Journalism (3) 

• LIT-691 Graduate Internship (6) 

Possible internship sites include the Writer's Center in 
Bethesda, the Folger Shakespeare Library, the Library of 
Congress, the Writers-in-the-Schools programs, and 
affiliations with in-house and trade publishers. 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 

Additional writing workshops, offered at American 

University or elsewhere 

Additional courses in literature, cinema studies, or 

performing arts 

With the approval of an advisor, courses in foreign languages, 

journalism, or in any other discipline which seems germane to 

the individual student's interest and consistent with the 

objectives of the program 

• 6 credit hours of LIT-797 Master's Thesis Seminar 



146 College of Arts and Sciences 



Mathematics and Statistics 






Chair Jeffrey Hakim 

Full-time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus D.S. Crosby, R.A. Holzsager, 

B.P. Korin, H. M. Rosenblatt, S.H. Schot 

Professor S. Casey, A. Enayat, M.W. Gray, J. Hakim, 

R.W. Jemigan, D. Kalman, J. Nolan 

Associate Professor Emeritus A.M. Barron, L.J. Crone, 

E.B. McCue 

Associate Professor J. Adler, I.L. Chang, V. E. Stallings, 

F.Van Dyke 

Assistant Professor Emerita C.T. Machlin 

Assistant Professor A. Elezi, F. Gavilanez, M. Jackson, 

J. Lansky, L. Liu, J. Lu, E. Malloy, E. Valaitis 

Instructor I. Izmirli, I. Miller, E. Naser, W. Sharabati, 

S. Wheatley 

Mathematics may be studied as an intellectual discipline 
for its own sake or as a professional tool for application to the 
problems of other disciplines. Majors in mathematics receive 
firm grounding in the theory and techniques of algebra, analy- 
sis, and other fields as a basis for further work in pure or ap- 
plied mathematics and for graduate studies. The major in 
applied mathematics offers training in mathematical prob- 
lem-solving techniques with a reduced emphasis on abstract 
theory. This program is not as firm a foundation for graduate 
work as the mathematics major, but is tailored to the student 
who will need to apply mathematical, statistical, and computer 
methods to practical problems. Undergraduates majoring in 
mathematics may choose to take a second major in secondary 
school teaching. 

Statistics is concerned with the collection, organization, 
analysis, interpretation, and presentation of numerical data. 
The science of statistics is a broad and challenging field. Its 
breadth can be seen in the way its ideas and techniques have 
found application in almost every field of study. Statistics has 
contributed organizational and analytical techniques that pro- 
vide new insights in fields that range from the physical and life 
sciences to business, law, history, literature, and the social sci- 
ences. 

Undergraduate students majoring in statistics have two 
tracks available. Those who intend to continue with graduate 
work in statistics or those with an interest in the theory of sta- 
tistical methods should follow the sequence for mathematical 
statistics, which requires a strong background in mathematics. 
Students wishing an emphasis in the use of statistical tech- 
niques should follow the sequence for applied statistics. This 
track is especially appropriate as a secondary emphasis for stu- 
dents who have a strong interest in a field of application. 

The Department of Mathematics and Statistics combines 
the resources and knowledge of these related disciplines. This 
enables the department to offer unusually varied and flexible 
programs. A student with an interest in the mathematical sci- 
ences may choose a program within the department and later 



change his or her emphasis without a great loss of time because 
the programs share a common core. 

The university's Washington, D.C. location affords the stu- 
dent access to many governmental, cultural, scientific, and his- 
torical institutions. These institutions serve as an important 
research resource. In addition, they are a source of full-time and 
part-time employment opportunities for students with a firm 
grounding in the mathematical sciences. 
Special Opportunities 
. The department empl oys undergraduates in its tutoring 1 ab and 

the computer labs. 

• The department offers a limited number of undergraduate 
book scholarships. 

B.S. in Applied Mathematics 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and departmental ap- 
proval. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of col lege writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 57 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• CSC-281 Introduction to Computer Science II (3) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• MATH-3 13 Calculus III (4) 

• MATH-3 10 Linear Algebra (3) 

• MATH-321 Differential Equations (3) 

• MATH-501 Probability (3) 

• MATH-550 Complex Analysis (3) 

• MATH-551 Partial Differential Equations (3) 

• MATH-560 Numerical Analysis: Basic Problems (3) 

• STAT-502 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (3) 

• Three additional mathematics electives, to be selected in 
consultation with the student's advisor 



Mathematics and Statistics 147 



Related Courses 

• PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5: 1 (4) 

• PHYS-210 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 

or alternative science courses approved by advisor 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.S. in Mathematics 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and departmental ap- 
proval. 

Students who wish to obtain credentials for teaching grade 
7-1 2 mathematics may take a 36-credit hour second major. Stu- 
dents must have a 3.00 grade point average to be admitted to the 
second major in secondary education. For information on ad- 
mission and program requirements, see the School of Educa- 
tion, Teaching and Health secondary education programs. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 52 credit hours with grades of C or better 

Students who elect a second major in secondary school 
mathematics teaching take a total of 53 credit hours for the 
mathematics major (see course requirements below) 
Course Requirements 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• MATH-313 Calculus III (4) 



• MATH-3 1 Linear Algebra (3) 

• MATH-500 Advanced Calculus (3) 

• MATH-5 1 2 Introduction to Modem Algebra I (3) 

• MATH-5 13 Introduction to Modem Algebra II (3) 

• MATH-520 Introduction to Analysis I (3) 

• MATH-521 Introduction to Analysis II (3) 

• Three courses selected from the following: 
MATH-321 Differential Equations (3) 
MATH-501 Probability (3) 
MATH-505 Mathematical Logic (3) 

MATH-508 Automata, Languages and Computability (3) 

MATH-5 10 Geometry (3) 

MATH-5 1 5 Number Theory (3) 

MATH-540 Topology (3) 

MATH-550 Complex Analysis (3) 

MATH-551 Partial Differential Equations (3) 

MATH-560 Numerical Analysis: Basic Problems (3) 

MATH-570 History of Mathematics (3) 

MATH-601 Harmonic Analysis (3) 

STAT-502 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (3) 

• Three courses in a field of application, to be selected in 
consultation with the advisor. This requirement may be 
waived for students with more than one major in this 
department. 

Mathematics Majors with a Second Major in 
Secondary Education 

Course Requirements 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• MATH-3 13 Calculus III (4) 

• MATH-3 1 Linear Algebra (3) 

• MATH-500 Advanced Calculus (3) 

• MATH-501 Probability (3) 

• MATH-5 10 Geometry (3) 

• MATH-5 12 Introduction to Modem Algebra I (3) 

• MATH-585 Mathematics Education (3) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• STAT-502 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (3) 

• Two courses selected from the following: 
MATH-321 Differential Equations (3) 
MATH-505 Mathematical Logic (3) 
MATH-5 1 5 Number Theory (3) 
MATH-540 Topology (3) 
MATH-550 Complex Analysis (3) 
MATH-551 Partial Differential Equations (3) 
MATH-560 Numerical Analysis: Basic Problems (3) 
MATH-570 History of Mathematics (3) 
MATH-601 Harmonic Analysis (3) 



148 College of Arts and Sciences 



• Two courses in a field of application, to be selected in 
consultation with the advisor. This requirement may be 
waived for students with more than one major in this 
department. 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.S. in Statistics 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and departmental ap- 
proval. 

Tracks 

Mathematical Statistics and Applied Statistics 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• Mathematical Statistics: 47 credit hours with grades of Cor 
better 

• Applied Statistics: 54-55 credit hours with grades of C or 
better 

Course Requirements 

Mathematical Statistics 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• MATH-313 Calculus III (4) 



• MATH-3 1 Linear Algebra (3) 

• MATH-501 Probability (3) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• STAT-502 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (3) 

• STAT-515 Regression (3) 

• STAT-5 1 6 Design of Experiments (3) 

• Four additional courses at or above 300 in the department, of 
which two must have the prefix STAT- (STAT-5 14 cannot be 
used and STAT-300 and STAT-302 cannot both be used) as 
approved by an advisor. CSC-281 may substitute for a course 
with a prefix of MATH-. 

Applied Statistics 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) and 
MATH-212 Applied Calculus II (3) 

or 

MATH-221 Calculus I (4) and 

MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

• MATH-3 1 Linear Algebra (3) 

• MATH-501 Probability (3) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• STAT-300 Business and Economic Statistics (3) 
or 

STAT-302 Intermediate Statistics (3) 

• STAT-502 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (3) 

• STAT-515 Regression (3) 

• STAT-5 1 6 Design of Experiments (3) 

• Two additional courses selected from the department as 
approved by a student's advisor 

• At least five additional courses in a related field, as approved 
by an advisor. The courses may be selected from more than one 
teaching unit, but must have a common theme or subject area 
in which statistics are applied. 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/. 



Mathematics and Statistics 149 



Minor in Mathematics 



• 1 9 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• MATH-3 1 Linear Algebra (3) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) and 
MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

or 

MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) and 

MATH-212 Applied Calculus II (3) 

• Three additional courses numbered MATH-3 1 3 or above or 
STAT-202 or above, with at least two courses at the 300 level 
or above 

Minor in Quantitative Methods 

• 20 credit hours with grades of C or better and with at least 1 2 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I (4) 

• MATH-3 10 Linear Algebra (3) 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) and 
MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

or 

MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) and 

MATH-212 Applied Calculus II (3) 

• Two courses in statistics numbered STAT-3xx or above: 
Students may select only one of STAT-300 Business and 
Economic Statistics, STAT-302 Intermediate Statistics, or 
STAT-514 Statistical Methods for credit toward the minor. 



Minor in Statistics 



• 20 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) or 
MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• Four courses in statistics (STAT-xxx) at the 300 level or above 
(MATH-50 1 Probability may also be used as one of the four) 
Students may select only one of STAT-300 Business and 
Economic Statistics, STAT-302 Intermediate Statistics, or 
STAT-5 1 4 Statistical Methods for credit toward the minor. 

Undergraduate Certificate in 

Applied Statistics 

Admission to the Program 

Open to undergraduate degree and nondegree students. 



Certificate Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved course work with at least 9 credit 
hours at the 300-level or above, with grades of C or better. 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 12 credit 
hours each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 
credit hours earned at an accredited college or university may 
be applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

Course Requirements 

• CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science (4) 

• MATH-2 11 Applied Calculus I (4) 

• MATH-21 2 Applied Calculus II (3) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• STAT-300 Business and Economic Statistics (3) 
or 

STAT-302 Intermediate Statistics (3) 

or 

STAT-514 Statistical Methods (3) 

Combined B.S. in Applied Mathematics 
and M.A. in Mathematics 

This program enables students to earn both a B.S. in Applied 
Mathematics and an M.A. in Mathematics. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Applied Mathematics 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements of both 
degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Mathematics, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

Combined B.S. in Mathematics and 
M.A. in Mathematics 

This program enables students to earn both a B.S. in Mathe- 
matics and an M.A. in Mathematics. 

Admission to Program 

Undergraduate students should apply by the end of the ju- 
nior year. Students should have a minimum grade point average 
of 3.20 in major courses and have completed one of the follow- 
ing sequences: 

MATH-5 12 Introduction to Modem Algebra I and 
MATH-5 13 Introduction to Modem Algebra II 

or 



150 College of Arts and Sciences 



MATH-520 Introduction to Analysis I and MATH-521 
Introduction to Analysis II 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Mathematics 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of 
approved 500-level course work to satisfy the requirements 
of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Mathematics, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

Combined B.S. in Mathematics or 
Statistics and M.S. in Statistics 

Students receive both a B.S. in Mathematics or Statistics 
and an M.S. in Statistics. 

Admission to the Program 

Interested students should apply by the end of their junior 
year. Applicants should have a minimum grade point average 
of 3.20 in major courses and complete MATH-501 Probability 
and STAT-502 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics by the 
end of the junior year. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Mathematics or Statistics 
(mathematical statistics track) 

Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of 
approved 500-level course work to satisfy the requirements 
of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Mathematics, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

Combined B.S. in Mathematics and 
M.S. in Computer Science 

Admission to the Program 

Admission is open to undergraduate mathematics majors 
with a minimum grade point average of 3.20. Applicants must 
have completed the following by the end of the junior year: 

CSC-280 Introduction to Computer Science I 

CSC-281 Introduction to Computer Science II 

CSC-520 Algorithms and Data Structures 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.S. in Mathematics 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of 
approved 500-level course work to satisfy the requirements 
of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.S. in Computer Science, 
including a minimum of 24 credit hours completed in 
residence in graduate status after the undergraduate degree 
has been awarded. 



M.A. in Mathematics 



Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for admission, applicants must have an undergraduate degree in 
mathematics or a related field. Graduate Record Examination 
(GRE) scores are required. Students entering the M.A. program 
without the appropriate background will be expected to take cer- 
tain undergraduate courses as prerequisite work. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate course work including 
thesis or nonthesis option requirements 

• Tool of research: proficiency in Russian, German, French, or 
an approved computer language 

• Written comprehensive examination in mathematics 

• Research requirment: 

Thesis option: MATH-797 Master's Thesis Seminar in 
Mathematics (6) and an oral defense of the thesis 
Nonthesis option: MATH-690 Independent Study Project in 
Mathematics (3) (topic to be chosen in consultation with a 
faculty member) requiring an oral and written presentation of 
the research work and 3 credit hours in approved 
graduate-level independent research, seminar, or research 
course. 

All course work for the thesis or nonthesis option must be 
completed with grades of B or better. 

M.S. in Statistics 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants will be expected to have an ade- 
quate background in the mathematical sciences. Graduate Re- 
cord Examination (GRE) scores are required. Students entering 
the M.S. program without the appropriate background will be 
expected to take certain undergraduate courses as prerequisite 
work. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30-33 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Tool of research: proficiency in French, German, Russian, an 
approved computer language, or an approved analytical skill 
such as numerical, complex, or real analysis 

• Written comprehensive examination 
Thesis option: Mathematical Statistics 

Nonthesis option: Applied Statistics: Statistical Theory and 
Applications 

• Research requirement: 

Thesis option: STAT-797 Master's Thesis Seminar in Statistics 
(3-6) requiring a formal written thesis with an oral defense 
Nonthesis option: STAT-691 Internship (3) and STAT-798 
Statistical Research and Consulting (3) with required oral and 
written presentation of the research work 



Multi-Ethnic Studies 151 



All course work for the thesis or nonthesis option must be 
completed with grades of B or better. 
Course Requirements 

• STAT-5 15 Regression (3) 

• STAT-524 Data Analysis (3) 

• STAT-525 Statistical Software (3) 

• STAT-530 Mathematical Statistics I (3) 

• STAT-531 Mathematical Statistics II (3) 

• STAT-616 Generalized Linear Models (3) 

• STAT-691 Internship in Statistics (3) 

Thesis option 

• STAT-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (3-6) 

• Two additional graduate courses in mathematics or statistical 
theory 

Nonthesis option 

• STAT-5 10 Survey Sampling (3) 

• STAT-798 Statistical Research and Consulting (1) (taken at 
least three times) 

• Two additional graduate courses in statistical theory, 
methods, and applications, including approved related 
courses offered by other departments 



Graduate Certificate in 
Applied Statistics 



Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree from an accred- 
ited institution. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of C or 
better 

Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 12-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 
Course Requirements 

• STAT-530 Mathematical Statistics I (3) 

• STAT-531 Mathematical Statistics II (3) 

• Three of the following: 

STAT-5 10 Theory of Sampling I (3) 

STAT-5 15 Regression (3) 

STAT-5 1 6 Design of Experiments (3) 

STAT-5 1 7 Special Topics in Statistical Methodology (3) 

or 

STAT-5 1 9 Nonparametric Statistics (3) 



Multi-Ethnic Studies 



Coordinator Keith D. Leonard, Department of Literature 
Faculty from other schools and departments of the university 
teach in the program. 

Multi-Ethnic studies is an interdisciplinary program that of- 
fers a broad course of study of ethnicity in the United States and 
the larger world. To meet the challenges and opportunities of di- 
versity in an increasingly multicultural and multiethnic society, 
the program provides students with an understanding of the rich 
history of ethnic and racial diversity from multiple perspectives. 
The minor and undergraduate certificate help students prepare 
for an increasingly diversified workplace and a globalized 
economy by encouraging them to develop an awareness of and 
appreciation for their ethnic experiences as part of the greater 
human experience. 

Minor in Multi-Ethnic Studies 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor and at least 9 credit hours at the 300 
level or above 



Course Requirements 

• IDIS-2 1 Contemporary Multi-Ethnic Voices (3) 

• One of the following: 
GOVT-231 Third World Politics (3) 
HIST-210 Ethnicity in America 4:2 (3) 
SOCY-210 Inequality: Class, Race, Ethnicity 4:2 (3) 

• 12 credit hours in three of the following five areas: African 
and African American, Asian and Asian American, Jewish, 
Latin American and Caribbean, and Middle-Eastern 
Courses should represent a mix of social sciences and the 
humanities. Topics courses, independent study, internship, 
cooperative education, and study abroad must be approved by 
the program coordinator. 

Undergraduate Certificate in 
Multi-Ethnic Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Open to undergraduate degree and nondegree students. 



152 College of Arts and Sciences 



Certificate Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved course work with at least 9 credit 
hours at the 300-level or above, with grades of C or better. 

• Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of 
the GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 12 credit 
hours each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 



credit hours earned at an accredited college or university may 
be applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 
Course Requirements 

• IDIS-2 1 Contemporary Multi-Ethnic Voices (3) 

• One of the following: 
GOVT-23 1 Third World Politics (3) 
HIST-210 Ethnicity in America 4:2 (3) 
SOCY-210 Inequality: Class, Race, Ethnicity 4:2 (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in three of the following five areas: African and 
African American, Asian and Asian American, Jewish, Latin 
American and Caribbean, and Middle-Eastern 

Courses should represent a mix of social sciences and the 
humanities. Topics courses, independent study, internship, 
cooperative education, and study abroad must be approved by 
the advisor. 



North American Studies 



Coordinator Robert A. Pastor, Director, Center for North 
American Studies and Professor, School of International 
Service 

Economic and social integration has accelerated in North 
America, but policy coordination and awareness of an emerg- 
ing North America have not kept pace. The Center for North 
American Studies (CNAS) at American University aims to ed- 
ucate a new generation of students from all three coun- 
tries-Canada, Mexico, and the United States-to begin a North 
American journey comparable to that begun in Europe five de- 
cades ago. The course work examines the differences and 
shared characteristics of the three nations; compares the North 
American experiment with Europe's; and challenges students 
and faculty to imagine a continental future. 

An undergraduate minor and a graduate certificate are of- 
fered. These interdisciplinary programs are administered by 
the College of Arts and Sciences with the support of the School 
of International Service, School of Public Affairs, School of 
Communication, and the Kogod School of Business. Students 
pursue an experiential component, based on study abroad in 
Canada or Mexico and/or an internship relevant to North 
America. Students also need to demonstrate some level of pro- 
ficiency in Spanish or French. The Center for North American 
Studies hosts Senior Fellows who teach special courses, which 
can satisfy requirements with the program coordinator's ap- 
proval. 

Minor in North American Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Admission to the minor requires a minimum grade point 
average (GPA) of 2.00 and approval of the program coordina- 
tor. 

Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 
credit hours unique to the minor 



Students take a core survey course and 15 additional credit 
hours in North American-related course work, including study 
abroad in Canada or Mexico and/or an approved internship, 
with a minimum 2.5 GPA in courses for the minor overall and a 
3.0 GPA in the core courses. 

• A minimum of two years of Spanish or French language 
courses at the post-secondary level with grades of B or better, 
or a level of communication competency equivalent to the 
entry level for third-year conversation and composition, as 
demonstrated by a placement score of 421 points in French or 
440 points in Spanish on the Computer Assisted Proficiency 
Exam (CAPE) administered by the Language Resource Center 
in the Department of Language and Foreign Studies (LFS). 

• Preparation of a significant research paper as part of one of the 
core courses or as a reflection on study abroad or approved 
internship 

• Approved study abroad in Canada or Mexico or an internship 
with a North American focus 

Course Requirements 

• SIS-3 1 8 Topics in North America Studies: 
North America: A Union, a Community, or Just 

Three Nations? (3) 
or 
SIS-503 North American Summer Institute: 

Discovering North America Seminar (3) 

• a minimum of two North American-related issues courses 
from the following, or other North American topics courses 
with the program coordinator's approval: 

ECON-358 Economics of the World Regions: 

North America (3) 
GOVT-338 North American Politics (3) 
SIS-400 Senior Seminar in International Relations: 

Politics of Regional Integration (3) 

North American Social Movements (3) 



North American Studies 1 53 



SIS-513 Computer Applications in International Relations 
Research (3) (focus on North America) 

• 9 additional credit hours including an approved internship or 
courses taken at selected universities in Canada and Mexico, 
and from special courses taught by CN AS Senior Fellows and 
the following, with the program coordinator's approval: 
AMST-400 Interpreting American Culture (4) 

ECON-3 19 United States Economic History (3) 
FREN-326 French Topics: 

Civilisation, Litterature, et Cinema du Quebec (3) 
SPAN-356 Spanish Topics: 

Mexico-U.S. Border (3) 
SIS-318 Topics in North American Studies: 

Politics and Institutions of International Trade (3) 

The Foreign Policy of a Middle Power: The Case of 

Canada (3) 

Graduate Certificate in 

North American Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with approval of the program co- 
ordinator. 
Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved courses with grades of C or better 
and with at least 9 credit hours at the 600-level 

Students take the core course and 1 5 additional credit hours in 
North American-related course work, including study abroad 
in Canada or Mexico and/or an approved internship, with a 
minimum 3.0 GPA in courses for the certificate overall and a 
3.3 GPA in the core courses. 

Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

• A minimum of two years of Spanish or French language 
courses at the post-secondary level with grades of B or better, 
or a level of communication competency equivalent to the 
entry level for third-year conversation and composition, as 
demonstrated by a placement score of 42 1 points in French or 



440 points in Spanish on the Computer Assisted Proficiency 
Exam (CAPE) administered by the Language Resource 
Center in the Department of Language and Foreign Studies 
(LFS). 

• Preparation of a significant research paper as part of one of the 
core courses or as a reflection on study abroad or approved 
internship 

• Approved study abroad in Canada or Mexico or an internship 
with a North American focus 

Course Requirements 

• SIS-61 8 Topics in North America Studies: 
North America: A Union, a Community, or Just 

Three Nations? (3) 
or 
SIS-503 North American Summer Institute: 

Discovering North America Seminar (3) 

• a minimum of two North American-related issues courses 
from the following, or other North American topics courses 
with the program coordinator's approval: 

ECON-658 Economics of the World Regions: 

North America (3) 
GOVT-638 North American Politics (3) 
SIS-513 Computer Applications in International Relations 

Research (3) (focus on North America) 
SIS-676 Selected Topics in Cross-National Study: 

North American Social Movements 

• 9 additional credit hours including an approved internship or 
courses taken at selected universities in Canada and Mexico, 
and from special courses taught by CN AS Senior Fellows and 
the following with the program coordinator's approval: 
ECON-619 United States Economic History (3) 
FREN-626 French Topics: 

Civilisation, Litterature, et Cinema du Quebec (3) 
SPAN-656 Spanish Topics: 

Mexico-U.S. Border (3) 
SIS-61 8 Topics in North American Studies: 

Politics and Institutions of International Trade (3) 

The Foreign Policy of a Middle Power: The Case of 

Canada (3) 



154 College of Arts and Sciences 



Performing Arts: Music, Theatre, Dance, and Arts 
Management 



Chair Gail Humphries Mardirosian 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a A.R. Mandel, V.E. Mason, N. 

Prevots, 

GC. Schuetze, E. Vrenios 

Professor C. Jennings, H. Mardirosian, J. Sapieyevski 

Associate Professor Emeritus K. Baker, B. Baranovic 

Associate Professor G Humphries Mardirosian 

Assistant Professor D. Abraham, F. Benadon, J. Berard, 

R. Esposito, C. Gabriel, K. Kippola, C. Menninger, W. Smith, 

M. Wilkerson 

The Department of Performing Arts provides intensive 
professional training in each of its disciplines: music, theatre, 
music theatre, dance, and arts management. The programs of- 
fer a unique blend of classroom work and performance or pro- 
fessional experience. Each year a season of plays, musicals, 
orchestra and choral concerts, and dance concerts augments 
classroom learning with actual experience. Similarly, the arts 
management program provides hands-on experience through 
field studies and internships with local or national arts organi- 
zations. The department's mission is to afford an educational 
experience dedicated to embracing tradition and innovation in 
the arts. 

In fall 2005, the university opened the Katzen Arts Center. 
This space provides exceptional venues for each of the depart- 
ment's programs. It includes a 200-seat recital hall, a studio 
theatre seating up to 1 00, teaching studios and practice rooms, 
organ, piano, and percussion studios, classrooms designed for 
performing arts, an arts management resource center, and a li- 
brary housing thousands of volumes of music scores, books, 
and recordings. 

Dedicated to advancing the department's educational vi- 
sion through excellence in performance and design, the Harold 
and Sylvia Greenberg Theatre on Wisconsin Ave. is a venue 
for theatre, music, and dance performances. In addition to a 
300-seat theatre, the facility includes a scene shop, costume 
shop, and state-of-the-art equipment. 

The Visiting Artists and Artists-in-Residence programs 
provide students with opportunities to meet and work with well 
known professionals in each of the disciplines. Visiting artists 
have included Vladimir Angelov, Colin Bills, Erick Hawkins, 
James Kronzer, Bruce Montgomery, Paul Morel la, and Patrick 
Stewart. Musicians-in-Residence have included Nancy Snider, 
Linda Allison, Terri Lazar, and Oman Kivrak. 

The dynamic interaction of performance experience, theo- 
retical and historical understanding, and exposure to 
well-established professionals is designed to prepare students 
for a professional or teaching career in an environment that 
provides an excellent climate for the nurturing of the creative 



spirit. The Washington, D.C. area is the home of many arts 
prominent organizations, including the John F. Kennedy Center 
for the Performing Arts, Smithsonian Institution, Washington 
Ballet, Wolf Trap Foundation for the Performing Arts, National 
Symphony, Washington National Opera, and the Washington 
Performing Arts Society. In addition to study abroad options, 
Washington, D.C.'s rich international culture provides students 
with opportunites to enhance cultural knowledge through inter- 
actions with international artists and performing arts groups. 

Teaching Certification 

Students interested in teacher certification in theatre or music 
may take a 36-credit hour second major in secondary education 
or combine their degree with the M.A.T degree with a concen- 
tration in secondary education. For information on admission 
and program requirements, see the School of Education, 
Teaching and Health teacher preparation programs. 

B.A. in Music 

American University is an accredited institutional member of 
the National Association of Schools of Music (NASM). 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the music major requires demonstrated 
ability through an audition and interview arranged with the de- 
partment, preferably prior to beginning university studies. How- 
ever, a student may enter as an intended major and 
audition/interview during the First year. Students will be accepted 
based on programmatic approval and written declaration of ma- 
jor. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours maybe taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 53 credit hours with grades of C or better 

Applied Music Lesson requirement: all students must 
successfully complete a minimum of four semesters of 
MUS-122 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study on a principal 
instrument or voice; music majors must enroll for a one-hour 
lesson each week and attend the weekly music performance 
lab (MUS-001). 



Performing Arts: Music, Theatre, Dance, and Arts Management 155 






Jury examinations must be undertaken at the end of each 
semester except when the student is presenting a recital in 
MUS-334 or MUS-434. 

Performance Ensemble requirements: All students must 
successfully complete a minimum of four semesters of 
approved performance ensembles. Music majors must enroll 
in a performance ensemble in all semesters in which they are 
enrolled in applied music lessons. 

Music Prerequisite Courses 

These courses are waived for students with equivalent music 
experience: 

• MUS-100 Class Instrumental Study: Piano (1) 

• PERF-120 Music Fundamentals (3) with a grade of B or 
better 

Course Requirements 

• PERF-124HarmonyI(3) 

• PERF-125 Harmony II (3) 

• PERF-227 Musicianship I (3) 

• PERF-228 Musicianship II (3) 

• PERF-322 Music History I: From Antiquity to 1750 (3) 

• PERF-323 Music History II: 1750 to Present (3) 

• PERF-324 Form and Analysis (3) 

• PEPvF-325 Counterpoint (3) 

• PERF-445 Senior Capstone: Music (3) 

• A minimum of 8 credit hours in 

MUS-122 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study (2) 

• A minimum of 4 credit hours in performance ensembles: 
PERF- 142/542 University Chorus (1) 

PERF- 143/543 University Singers (2) 
PERF- 144/544 University Orchestra (1) 
PERF- 1 45/545 Chamber Ensembles ( 1 ) 
PERF- 146/546 Jazz Ensemble (1) 
PERF-161/561 Gospel Choir (1) 

Area of Concentration 

• A minimum of 14 credit hours in an area of concentration. 
Students may select from the following or design an 
individual area of concentration with approval of their 
academic advisor and the director of music. Examples of 
individually designed areas include music production, 
international arts management, and music criticism. 

Arts Management (15 credit hours) 

• ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 

• ACCT-241 Principles of Managerial Accounting (3) 
or 

ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• ECON-100Macroeconomics4:l(3) 

• MKTG-300 Principles of Management (3) 
PERF-570 Survey of Arts Management (3) 



Composition (16 credit hours) 

• MUS-122 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study: 
Composition (2) three semesters for a total of 6 credit hours 

• MUS-434 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study: 

Senior Recital (4) 

• PERF-326 Orchestration (3) 

• PERF-435 Topics in Music (3) (approved topic) 

Jazz Studies (16 credit hours) 

• MUS-122 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study (2) three 
additional semesters for a total of 6 credit hours 

• MUS-434 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study: 

Senior Recital (4) 

• PERF-226 Improvisation (3) 

• PERF-321 The Evolution of Jazz and Blues (3) 

Performance (16 credit hours) 

Vocal Performance 

• MUS- 1 22 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study (2) three 
additional semesters for a total of 6 credit hours 

• MUS-434 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study: 

Senior Recital (4) 

• PERF-251 Fundamentals of Acting I (3) 

• PERF-356 Diction for Singers (3) 

German, Italian, or French language courses are 
recommended 

Instrumental Performance 

• MUS-122 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study (2) three 
additional semesters for a total of 6 credit hours 

• MUS-434 Private Instrumental or Vocal Study: 

Senior Recital (4) 

• PERF-435 Topics in Music (3) (approved topic) 

• PERF-550 Chamber Ensembles ( 1 ) three semesters for a 
total of 3 credit hours 

History and Literature or Anthropology of Music 
(15 credit hours) 

• HIST- 1 00 Historians and the Living Past 2: 1 (3) 

• HIST-xxx or ANTH-xxx approved course (3) 

• PERF-435 Topics in Music (3) (approved topic) (two 
courses for a total of 6 credit hours) 

• PERF-491 Performing Arts: Internship (1-6) 
or 

PERF-435 Topics in Music (3) (approved topic) 

• Senior thesis written project submitted for PERF-445 Senior 
Capstone: Music 

Theory (15 credit hours) 

• PERF-326 Orchestration (3) 

• PERF-435 Topics in Music (3) (approved topic) (three 
courses for a total of 9 credit hours) 



156 College of Arts and Sciences 



• PERF-585 Creative Theories and Criticism in Performing 

Arts (3) 

• Senior thesis written project submitted for PERF-445 Senior 
Capstone: Music 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 1 2 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00- 200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Performing Arts: Musical 
Theatre 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires demonstrated tal- 
ent through an audition arranged with the department, prefera- 
bly prior to beginning university studies. However, a student 
may enter as an intended major and audition during the first 
year. Students will be accepted based on programmatic ap- 
proval and written declaration of major. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 48 credit hours with grades of C or better 

Students who wish to study abroad must receive prior 
approval from their advisor in order to ensure that 
appropriate courses will transfer and that scholarships and 
financial aid will apply. 

• Participation in a minimum of four department productions 
and management (as stage manager or assistant stage 
manager) of one of these productions before graduation 

Course Requirements 
Core (21 credit hours) 

• PERF-251 Fundamentals of Acting I (3) 



• PERF-260 Production I: Stagecraft (3) 

• PERF-261 Production II: Introduction to Design (3) 

• PEPvF-265 Theatre Practicum ( 1 ) (taken twice for a total of 2 
credit hours) 

• PERF-365 Theatre History I : from the Greeks to the 

Renaissance (3) 

• PERF-366 Theatre History II: from Baroque to the End of 

the Nineteenth Century (3) 

• PERF-440 Stage Management (1) 

• PERF-445 Senior Capstone: Musical Theatre (3) 

Musical Theatre (27 credit hours) 

• PERF-227 Musicianship I (3) 

• PERF-228 Musicianship II (3) 

• PERF-252 Fundamentals of Acting II (3) 

• PERF-340 From Scene into Song (3) 

• PERF-346 Survey of Music Theatre (3) 

• PERF-450 Rotating Topics in Theatre: 
Dance Styles for Music Theatre (3) 

• PERF-556 Acting V: Audition Techniques (3) 

• 3 credit hours of dance technique courses 

• 3 credit hours of applied music (MUS-xxx): voice 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Performing Arts: Theatre 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires demonstrated talent 
through an audition portfolio review arranged with the depart- 
ment, preferably prior to beginning university studies. However, 
a student may enter as an intended major and have an audition or 
portfolio review during the first year. Students will be accepted 
based on programmatic approval and written declaration of ma- 
jor. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 



Performing Arts: Music, Theatre, Dance, and Arts Management 157 



General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Tracks 

Performance, Design/Production, Arts Management, or Theatre 
Arts 

Major Requirements 

• 48 credit hours with grades of C or better 

Students who wish to study abroad must receive prior 
approval from their advisor in order to ensure that appropriate 
courses will transfer and that scholarships and financial aid 
will apply. 

• Participation in a minimum of four department productions in 
either a performance or technical capacity. One of these must 
be done as stage manager or assistant stage manager. 

Course Requirements 

Core (21 credit hours) 

• PERF-251 Fundamentals of Acting I (3) 

• PERF-260 Production I: Stagecraft (3) 

• PERF-261 Production II: Introduction to Design (3) 

• PERF-265 Theatre Practicum (1 ) (taken twice for a total of 
2 credit hours) 

• PERF-365 Theatre History I : from the Greeks to the 

Renaissance (3) 

• PERF-366 Theatre History II: from Baroque to the End of 

the Nineteenth Century (3) 

• PERF-440 Stage Management (1) 

• PERF-445 Senior Capstone: Theatre (3) 

• One of the following tracks: 

Performance (27 credit hours) 
Audition required 

• PERF-252 Fundamentals of Acting II (3) 

• PERF-350 Fundamentals of Acting III (3) 

• PERF-355 Speech and Voice (3) 

• PERF-450 Rotating Topics in Theatre (3) (taken two times 
for a total of 6 credit hours) 

or 

PERF-490 Independent Study Project (3) (may be 
substituted for one PERF-450 topic) 

• PERF-506 The Moving Body (3) 

• PERF-552 Directing Techniques (3) 

• PERF-556 Acting V: Audition Techniques (3) 

• PERF-557 Creative Writers Performance Lab (3) 

Design/Production (27 credit hours) 

• ARTH-105 Art: The Historical Experience 1:1 (3) 



• ARTS- 100 Art: The Studio Experience 1:1 (3) 

• PERF-362 Lighting Design (3) 

• PERF-364 Basics of Scene and Costume Design (3) 

• PERF-450 Rotating Topics in Theatre (3) 

• PERF-490 Independent Study Project (3) 
or 

PERF-491 Performing Arts: Internship (3) 

• PERF-552 Directing Techniques (3) 

• PERF-557 Creative Writers Performance Lab (3) 

• additional area of specialty course approved by advisor (3) 

Arts Management (27 credit hours) 

• ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 

• ECON-100 Macroeconomics 4:1 (3) 

• PERF-362 Lighting Design (3) 
or 

PERF-364 Basics of Scene and Costume Design (3) 

• PERF-450 Rotating Topics in Theatre (3) or other area of 
specialty course approved by advisor 

• PERF-490 Independent Study Project (3) 
or 

PERF-491 Performing Arts: Internship (3) 

• PERF-552 Directing Techniques (3) 

• PERF-557 Creative Writers Performance Lab (3) 

• PERF-5 70 Survey of Arts Management (3) 

• PERF-585 Creative Theories and Criticism of 

Performing Arts (3) 

Theatre Arts (27 credit hours) 

• PERF-252 Fundamentals of Acting II (3) 

• PERF-355 Speech and Voice (3) 
or 

PERF-506 The Moving Body (3) 

• PERF-362 Lighting Design (3) 
or 

PERF-364 Basics of Scene and Costume Design (3) 

• PERF-552 Directing Techniques (3) 

• PERF-557 Creative Writers Performance Lab (3) 

• PERF-585 Creative Theories and Criticism of 

Performing Arts (3) 

• 9 credit hours in additional area of specialty courses approved 
by advisor 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 



158 College of Arts and Sciences 



Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/. 

Minor in Dance 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Students intending to pursue the dance minor must be 
assigned a departmental advisor. Students must achieve 
some proficiency in dance performance. Required levels of 
proficiency are decided individually in conference with the 
director of the dance program, and take into account the 
student's interests, background, and abilities in dance. 

Course Requirements 

• PERF-305 History and Philosophy of Dance I: 

15th- 19th Centuries (3) or 
PERF-306 History and Philosophy of Dance II: 
20th Century (3) 

• PERF-41 1 Composition of Dance I (3) or 
PERF-412 Composition of Dance II (3) 

• PERF-506 The Moving Body (3) 

• PERF-507 Principles of Movement (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in dance electives 

Minor in Music 

• 21 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

Performance 

• PERF- 1 24 Harmony I (3) and PERF- 1 25 Harmony II (3) 
or 

PERF-227 Musicianship I (3) and 
PERF-228 Musicianship II (3) 

• PERF-322 History of Music I: from Antiquity to 1 700 (3) 
or 

PERF-323 History of Music II: from 1700 to the Present (3) 

• Three semesters of MUS-122 Private Study (2) for a 
total of 6 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours in music electives at the 300 level or above 

Theory/History 

• PERF- 124 Harmony I (3) and PERF- 125 Harmony II (3) 
or 

PERF-227 Musicianship I (3) and 
PERF-228 Musicianship II (3) 

• PERF-322 History of Music I: from Antiquity to 1700 (3) 
or 

PERF-323 History of Music II: from 1700 to the Present (3) 



• 12 credit hours of music electives at the 300 level or above 

Minor in Theatre 

• 22 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 12 
credit hours unique to the minor 

Students intending to pursue the theatre minor must be 
assigned a departmental advisor. 
Course Requirements 

• PERF-251 Fundamentals of Acting I (3) 

• PERF-260 Production I: Stagecraft (3) 

• PERF-261 Production II: Introduction to Design (3) 

• PERF-265 Theatre Practicum(l) 

• PERF-365 Theatre History I : from the Greeks to the 

Renaissance (3) 

• PERF-366 Theatre History II: from Baroque to the End of 

the Nineteenth Century (3) 

• One of the following: 

PERF-450 Rotating Topics in Theatre (3) 

PERF-552 Directing Techniques (3) 

PERF-557 Creative Writers' Performance Laboratory (3) 

• One of the following: 

PERF-350 Fundamentals of Acting III (3) 

PERF-362 Lighting Design (3) 

PERF-364 Basics of Scene and Costume Design (3) 

M.A. in Performing Arts: 

Arts Management 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must have completed at least nine 
undergraduate courses in theatre, dance, music, or visual arts, 
one-third of which must be advanced work or its equivalent. 
Equivalent training is understood to be four or more years' expe- 
rience in a professional company or organization. Students ap- 
plying to the program with this background will be asked for an 
interview. Two letters of recommendation and Graduate Record 
Examination (GRE) scores are required. Provisional admission 
may be granted and is removed at the completion of 12 credit 
hours of course work with a minimum grade point average of 
3.00. 
Degree Requirements 

• 45 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Advancement to candidacy on completing 12 to 18 credit 
hours with a grade point average of 3.00 or higher, removing 
any undergraduate deficiencies, and with the written 
recommendation of the student's faculty advisor 

• A four-hour comprehensive examination covering three areas: 
arts management, and two areas of specialization 

• 6 credit hours from one of the following with grades of B or 
better: 

Non-thesis option: 



Philosophy and Religion 159 



PERF-702 Masters Portfolio Seminar 
PERF-793 Directed Research in the Arts 
Thesis option: PERF-797 Master's Thesis Seminar 
Course Requirements 

• PERF-570 Survey of Arts Management (3) 

• PERF-571 Marketing in the Arts (3) 

• PERF-585 Creative Theories and Criticism in 

Performing Arts (3) 

• PERF-673 Fund Raising Management for the Arts (3) 

• PERF-674 Financial Management in the Arts (3) 

• PERF-691 Performing Arts: Internship (1-6) 
or 

PERF-692 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3-6) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
PERF-702 Masters Portfolio Seminar (1-6) 
PERF-793 Directed Research in the Arts (1-6) 
PERF-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (1-6) 

• 6 credit hours in approved arts-related nonmanagerial courses 

• 12 credit hours in approved elective courses including 
business administration, communication, and public 
administration 

Graduate Certificate in 

Arts Management 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent from 
an accredited institution. Applicants must have completed nine 
or more courses in theatre, dance, music, or visual arts, one third 



of which should be advanced work or equivalent training. 
Equivalent training is four or more years' experience in a pro- 
fessional organization. Students are encouraged to schedule a 
personal interview with the program director. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 6 credit 
hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of C or better 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

Course Requirements 

• PERF-570 Survey of Arts Management (3) 

• PERF-571 Marketing in the Arts (3) 

• PERF-672 Rotating Topics in Arts Management (3) (two 
courses for a total of 6 credit hours) 

• PERF-673 Fund-Raising Management for the Arts (3) 
or 

PERF-585 Creative Theories and Criticism in Performing 
Arts (3) 



Philosophy and Religion 



Chair Amy Oliver 

Full-Time Faculty 

William Fraser McDowell Professor J.H. Reiman 

Professor Emeritus H.A. Durfee, CD. Hardwick, 

D.F.T. Rodier, C.S.J. White 

Professor G Greenberg 

Associate Professor Emeritus PH. Scribner 

Associate Professor E. Feder, A. Oliver , L.J. Peach 

Assistant Professor F. Erfani, D. Gougelet, J. Park, S. Pathak, 

J. Springs, A. Tschemplik 

Philosophy explores the nature of the world, the basis of 
human values, and the foundations of reason. Philosophy also 
offers the challenge of interpreting the work of thinkers who 
have created our intellectual traditions. 

The study of philosophy provides excellent preparation for 
law, medicine, social work, the ministry, and other professional 
careers. Many positions in science and industry require the 
kinds of analytical skills gained through the study of philoso- 



phy. Philosophy teaches precision in reasoning and clarity in 
expression — assets in any field. Alumni of the B.A. and M.A. 
programs have pursued graduate work in philosophy and re- 
lated areas such as political science, psychology, history, litera- 
ture, and other professional programs. 

The study of Western and Eastern religious traditions intro- 
duces students to a major influence on all civilizations. Journal- 
ists, diplomats, and government specialists benefit from a 
serious consideration of the inner workings of the religious 
ethos of civilizations. Daily events remind us that there is no 
more motivating factor in the cultures of nations than ardently 
held religious belief. A thorough understanding of the modem 
world requires familiarity with its religious heritage. American 
University's Washington, D.C setting is advantageous for the 
study of religion, with national offices and centers for many re- 
ligions in the metropolitan area. The Consortium of Universities 
of the Washington Metropolitan Area also offers a variety of 
courses in philosophy and religion that are available to Ameri- 
can University students. 



1 60 College of Arts and Sciences 

The Department of Philosophy and Religion annually 
awards the Col. Harold and Ruth Pearson Prize in Philosophy 
to one or more majors who have demonstrated excellence in 
the study of philosophy. 

B.A. in Philosophy 

Admission to the Program 

Admission is through a formal declaration of major. The 
department counsels freshmen and new transfer students. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 39 credit hours with grades of C or better 
Course Requirements 

• 30 credit hours in philosophy and religion, including 9 credit 
hours in philosophy at the 300 level or above, and up to 9 
credit hours in religion 

• 9 credit hours in a single department outside of philosophy 
and religion, including 6 credit hours at the 300 level or 
above 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 1 2 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 






Minor in Philosophy 



• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 
credit hours unique to the minor, and at least 9 credit hours 
at the 300 level or above 

Course Requirements 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 
PHIL- 105 Western Philosophy 2: 1 (3) 



PHIL-300 Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (3) 
PHIL-301 Modem Philosophy from Bacon to Hegel (3) 

• 1 5 credit hours in philosophy (or 1 2 credit hours in philosophy 
and 3 credit hours in religion) 

Minor in Religion 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 
credit hours unique to the minor, and at least 9 credit hours at 
the 300 level or above 

Course Requirements 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
RELG-105 Religious Heritage of the West 2:1 (3) 
RELG-185 Forms of the Sacred: Religions of the 

East 3:1 (3) 
RELG-2 1 Non-Western Religious Traditions 3:2 (3) 
RELG-220 Religious Thought 2:2 (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in religion courses, or 9 credit hours in religion 
and 3 credit hours in philosophy 

Combined B.A. and M.A. in Philosophy 

Admission to the Program 

Undergraduate philosophy majors should apply for admis- 
sion to the B.A./M.A. program by the end of the junior year. Ad- 
mission is open to undergraduates with a minimum grade point 
average of 3.00 overall and in philosophy courses. Applications 
must be accompanied by two letters of recommendation, a state- 
ment of purpose, and an academic writing sample. Students 
should discuss their interest in the program with members of the 
faculty before submitting a formal application. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. in Philosophy 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work in philosophy to satisfy the 
requirements of both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Philosophy, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

M.A. in Philosophy 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. Admission is based on academic record, two 
letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose, and an aca- 
demic writing sample. The Graduate Record Examination 
(GRE) General is required. 

Tracks 

History of Philosophy or Philosophy and Social Policy 
Degree Requirements 

• 30-33 credit hours of approved graduate work 



Philosophy and Religion 1 6 1 



History of Philosophy Track 

• Tool of research: demonstrated proficiency in a foreign 
language, consult the department for more information 

• Comprehensive examination requirement: submission of 
three qualifying papers 

• Thesis and oral defense of thesis 

Philosophy and Social Policy Track 

• 3 credit internship in an appropriate setting followed by a 
substantial paper analyzing the ethical and social issues 
arising from the experience. Students employed full-time 
may request permission to receive credit for prior experience, 
but the paper is still required. 

• Comprehensive examination requirement: submission of 
three qualifying papers 

Course Requirements 

History of Philosophy Track (30 credit hours) 

• 24 credit hours of approved graduate course work 

• PHIL-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (6) 

Philosophy and Social Policy Track (33 credit hours) 

• Two courses from the following: 
PHIL-520 Seminar on Ethical Theory (3) 
PHIL-525 Seminar on Modern Moral Problems (3) 

an approved course in either ethics or applied ethics (3) 

• Two courses from the following: 
PHIL-602 Nineteenth Century Philosophy (3) 
PHIL-603 Twentieth Century Philosophy (3) 

an approved course in the history of philosophy (3) 

• PHIL-691 Internship in Philosophy (3) 

• 6 credit hours in applied philosophy, with departmental 
approval 

• 6 credit hours in philosophy or religion, with departmental 
approval 

• 6 credit hours in social science or social policy from fields 
such as economics, sociology, anthropology, government, 
public administration, and justice, with departmental 
approval 

M.A. in Ethics, Peace, and Global Affairs 

Admission to the Program 

The M.A. in Ethics, Peace, and Global Affairs is an interdis- 
ciplinary program administered jointly by the School of Inter- 
national Service (SIS) and the Department of Philosophy and 
Religion in the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS). 

Students may apply to either the Department of Philosophy 
and Religion or the School of International Service. The Gradu- 
ate Record Examination (GRE) is required. Students applying 
to SIS must apply by January 15 for fall and October 1 for 
spring to be considered for merit-based aid. 



Degree Requirements 

• 39 credit hours of approved graduate work including 6 credit 
hours of research course work with grades of B or better 

• Comprehensive examination requirement 
CAS: submission of three qualifying papers 

Course Requirements 
Core (12 credit hours) 

• PHIL-525 Seminar on Modem Moral Problems (3) 

• PHIL-693 Global Ethics (3) 

• SIS-607 Peace Paradigms (3) 

• SIS-6 14 Ethics in International Affairs (3) 

Foundation (6 credit hours) 

• PHIL-520 Seminar on Ethical Theory (3) 

• SIS-622 Human Rights (3) 

Research Methodology (3 credit hours) 

• SIS-600 Quantitative Analysis in International Affairs (3) 
or 

qualitative research seminar 
Research and Writing (6 credit hours) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: the thesis or substantial 
research paper and internship must relate clearly to the 
student's concentration and be supervised by faculty teaching 
related courses: 

PHIL-797 Master's Thesis Seminar (1-6) 

or 

PHIL-691 Internship in Philosophy (I) and 

PHIL-702 Graduate Seminar in Philosophy 

or 

SIS-691 Internship in International Affairs (3) and 

SIS-795 Master's Research Requirement (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in one of the following areas of concentration: 

Peace and Conflict Resolution 

• SIS-609 Conflict Analysis and Resolution: Theory and 

Practice (3) 

• Three courses from the following: 

PHIL-613 Studies in Asian Philosophy (3) (approved topic) 
PHIL-686 Selected Topics in Philosophy (3) (approved 

topic) 
SIS-5 1 5 Islamic Peace Paradigms (3) 
SIS-5 16 Peacebuilding in Divided Societies (3) 
SIS-5 1 7 Gender, Human Rights, and Conflict (3) 
SIS-540 Conflict and Development (3) 
SIS-606 Culture and Peace and Conflict Resolution: 

Alternatives to Violence (3) 
SIS-6 11 International Negotiation (3) 
SIS-6 13 Reconciliation and Justice (3) 
SIS-6 19 Special Studies in International Politics: 

Human Rights and Conflict (3) 
Human Rights and Social Justice 

• Four courses from the following: 



162 College of Arts and Sciences 

PHIL-616 Feminist Philosophy (3) 
PHIL-617 Race and Philosophy (3) 
PHIL-686 Selected Topics in Philosophy (3) (approved 

topic) 
SIS-613 Reconciliation and Justice (3) 
SIS-5 1 7 Gender, Human Rights, and Conflict (3) 
SIS-619 Special Studies in International Politics: 

Human Rights and Conflict (3) 
SIS-621 International Law and the Legal Order (3) 
Global Environmental Justice 

• SIS-660 Environment and Politics (3) 

• Three courses from the following: 

PHIL-686 Selected Topics in Philosophy (3) (approved 

topic) 
SIS-619 Special Studies in International Politics: 

Global Environmental Politics and Policy (3) 
SIS-649 Environment and Development (3) 
SIS-663 Washington Workshop: Advanced Studies and 

Research in Environmental Policy (3) 
Ethics of Development 

• SIS-637 International Development (3) 

• Three courses from the following: 

PHIL-686 Selected Topics in Philosophy (3) (approved 

topic) 
SIS-540 Conflict and Development (3) 
SIS-636 Micropolitics of Development (3) 
SIS-647 Governance, Democracy, and Development (3) 
SIS-648 Women and Development (3) 



SIS-649 Environment and Development (3) 

SIS-650 Global Economy and Sustainable Development (3) 

(prerequisite: SIS-637 International Development) 
International Economic Justice 

• SIS-616 International Economics (3) (prerequisite: 

ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory) 

• Three courses from the following: 

PHIL-686 Selected Topics in Philosophy (3) (approved 

topic) 
SIS-504 Multinational Corporations (3) 
SIS-587 Globalization: Power, Production, and Culture (3) 
SIS-650 Global Economy and Sustainable Development (3) 

(prerequisite: SIS-637 International Development) 
SIS-665 International Trade and Investment Relations (3) 
SIS-666 International Monetary and Financial Relations (3) 
SIS-673 Comparative Political Economy (3) 
Global Governance and International Organizations 

• SIS-621 International Law and the Legal Order (3) 

• SIS-625 International Organizations (3) 

• Two courses from the following: 

PHIL-686 Selected Topics in Philosophy (3) (approved 

topic) 
SIS-587 Globalization: Power, Production, and Culture (3) 
SIS-605 Theory of Cooperative Global Politics (3) 
SIS-647 Governance, Democracy, and Development (3) 
SIS-672 Theories of Comparative and International 

Studies (3) 






Preprofessional Programs 



Pre-engineering 



Faculty Liaison Teresa Larkin, Department of Computer 
Science, Audio Technology, and Physics 

American University offers a cooperative five-year engi- 
neering program with the University of Maryland in College 
Park. American University students can combine the advan- 
tages of both liberal arts and professional education. Students 
are awarded two bachelor's degrees in a five-year period. 

Students spend three years on the American University cam- 
pus concentrating in a major field in the College of Arts and Sci- 
ences. In the third year, with recommendation of the 
pre-engineering faculty liaison, students apply to the engineering 
program at the University of Maryland. After admission to the 
program, the fourth year of study is spent there. Once the student 
completes the requirements for the American University major 
(generally at the end of the fourth year), the first bachelor's de- 
gree is awarded. After completion of the engineering require- 
ments during the fifth year, the student receives a bachelor's 
degree in engineering from the University of Maryland. 

Students work closely with the pre-engineering faculty liai- 
son and a faculty advisor in one of the natural sciences, mathe- 



matics and statistics, computer science, or the office of the Associ- 
ate Dean for Academic Affairs. Advisors will individually tailor 
course selection to meet the student's interests and needs. Students 
are generally advised to major in either mathematics or a natural 
science, and to maintain a high grade point average. If, however, 
the student chooses to complete a major in the arts, humanities, or 
social sciences, he or she may do so, provided that the engineering 
program requirements are also satisfied. Completion of basic 
courses must be done during the first three years of study in order to 
complete the requirements for an engineering degree in five years. 
Courses with grades below C will not transfer to the cooperating 
schools. 

Course Requirements 

The engineering program at the University of Maryland has 
basic requirements covering a broad range of study, which must 
be completed before entrance: 

• Two courses in English composition 

• Two or three years of mathematics, including calculus and 
differential equations 






Preprofessional Programs 1 63 



• Two years of general physics with laboratory and more 
in-depth study in mechanics and in electromagnetism or 
thermodynamics 

• One year of general chemistry with laboratory; for chemical 
engineering, a two-course sequence in organic chemistry 

• One course in computer programming 

• Five courses in the humanities and the social sciences 
Prior to applying to a particular engineering program, 
students should also have taken ENES 100 Introduction to 
Engineering Design at the University of Maryland, which is 
offered every semester including the summer. 

Prelaw 

Prelaw Advisors 

Douglas Vibert, College of Arts and Sciences 

Jonathan Post, Kogod School of Business 

Suzanne Skillings, School of International Service 

Linda Spicer and Nathan Williamson, School of Public Affairs 

In considering law school, it is important that the prelaw stu- 
dent understands law schools' educational philosophy. As the 
Law School Admission Bulletin states: "Any course, regardless 
of field, that helps you develop clear and systematic thinking, 
command of the English language, and a broad understanding 
of our society constitutes sound preparation for the study of law. 
Thus, law schools do not recommend specific undergraduate 
majors for prelaw students." The prelaw student should also re- 
alize that admission to law school is selective. Students contem- 
plating careers in law should plan their undergraduate study to 
undertake a substantial academic curriculum and acquire a 
background of outstanding extracurricular activities. 

Students interested in prelaw preparation follow the normal 
procedure for declaring and fulfilling requirements for a major 
in one of the schools or departments or in gaining approval for 
an interdisciplinary program of study. Whatever the choice of 
major, the prelaw student's program should be supported by a 
broad selection of courses from mathematics, the natural sci- 
ences, the social sciences, and the humanities. 

Courses recommended by law schools also include philoso- 
phy, literature and advanced writing courses, history, political 
science, accounting, business administration, economics, math- 
ematics, languages, and other courses demanding logical think- 
ing, analytical reasoning, or verbal proficiency. 

The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is required of ev- 
ery applicant to law school. It is strongly recommended that this 
test be taken in June before the senior year. With this test date, 
students can appraise their prospects and consider retaking the 
examination in October or December or both, or, if necessary, 
make alternate plans. Students apply directly to the Law School 
Admissions Service (LSAS) to take the test on the American 
University campus and should register six weeks before the test 
date. LSAT applications are available from the prelaw advisors. 



Premedical Programs 



Program Coordinator Frederick W. Carson, 
Department of Chemistry, fcarson@american.edu 
www.american.edu/cas/premed.html 

The premedical programs of the College of Arts and Sci- 
ences are available to help all undergraduate, postbaccalaureate, 
and graduate students who are considering a career in medicine 
or one of the allied health professions. 

Premedical program services include extensive individual 
advising on careers, courses, volunteer and research opportuni- 
ties, professional school examinations, selection of schools, and 
financial aid. The program also provides seminars by health 
professionals, resume preparation and essay writing assistance, 
medical school interview preparation, preparation of a compos- 
ite letter of evaluation, and support in compiling and sending 
letters of recommendation to professional schools. 

The annual Health Professions Seminar features first-hand 
advice from guests and former American University students 
who have gone on to health professional schools. 

The annual Health Careers Forum brings together health 
professionals, admissions officers, and career counselors who 
provide an overview of assistance available to students as well 
as opportunities and highlights of the admissions process for 
allopathic and osteopathic medical, dental, and veterinary 
schools, and physician assistant, nurse practitioner, physical 
therapy, podiatry, optometry, public health, and other allied 
health programs. 

Students from American University applying to medical, 
dental, or veterinary school have been highly competitive, with 
86 percent of qualified applicants accepted by medical schools. 
Advising Services 

Students interested in the health professions should contact 
the premedical programs coordinator as soon as possible. The 
coordinator helps students select an appropriate curriculum, 
prepare for the relevant admissions tests, make realistic choices 
of professional schools, and learn first-hand about biomedical 
research and clinical practice. The coordinator is available to 
meet with students individually at least once a semester to re- 
view their academic progress and course of study at American 
University. Together with students' academic advisors, the co- 
ordinator helps assure timely completion of both degree and 
premedical requirements. 

Typically, at the end of their junior year premedical students 
submit a primary application to the American Medical Colleges 
Application Service, which forwards this general application to 
specified schools. Medical schools will then send individual ap- 
plications to selected students. 

In order to prepare professional-school applications, each 
student assembles a file containing essential information. Mem- 
bers of the Premedical Evaluation Committee serve as mentors 
for students. The Writing Center and the Career Center can pro- 
vide advice about writing personal statements and other docu- 
ments and interview practice. After the file, including letters of 



164 College of Arts and Sciences 



recommendation, is assembled, a comprehensive Premedical 
Evaluation Committee letter of evaluation will be prepared to 
support the application. Included in the letter is a summary of 
the academic record and extracurricular activities, and an eval- 
uation of commitment to a medical career. 

Premedical Curriculum 

Traditionally, premedical students have majored in the nat- 
ural sciences. However, the medical professions are also seek- 
ing well-rounded students with a broadly-based liberal 
education, reflecting the social, ethical, and cultural roles 
played by health care professionals. Students interested in 
medical careers may major in any field, but must make careful 
plans to take the necessary preparatory courses in a timely 
fashion. 

Most health professional schools require certain foundation 
courses in science and mathematics, along with a full year of 
college-level writing. All science courses must include labora- 
tory components. Undergraduate students who wish to matric- 
ulate at a professional school directly after graduation from 
American University must submit applications at the end of the 
junior year. Therefore, the basic requirements should be com- 
pleted in the freshman and sophomore years, following the se- 
quence of courses listed below. 

Freshman Year 

BIO-1 10 General Biology 1 5: 1 (4) 
BIO-210 General Biology II 5:2 (4) 
CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I 5: 1 (4) 
CHEM-2 10 General Chemistry II 5:2 (4) 
MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 
MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

Sophomore Year 

BIO-300 Cell Biology with Laboratory (4) 

BIO-356 Genetics with Laboratory (5) 

CHEM-3 10 Organic Chemistry I (3) 

CHEM-3 1 2 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory (1 ) 

CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 

CHEM-3 22 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory ( 1 ) 

PHYS-1 10 University Physics I 5:1 (4) 

PHYS-2 10 University Physics II 5:2 (4) 
This intensive plan also prepares students to take the Medi- 
cal College Admissions Test (MCAT) in the spring of their ju- 
nior year. 

To receive most favorable consideration, the Medical Col- 
lege Admissions Test (MCAT) or Dental Aptitude Test (DAT) 
must be taken in the spring of the junior year, about 16 months 
before matriculation in medical or dental school. Veterinary 
schools typically require that the Graduate Record Examina- 
tion (GR£) be taken at the end of the junior year. 

The above sequence presumes that a student has already 
decided by the beginning of his or her freshman year to pursue 
a premedical course of study. Students who do not decide on a 
medical career until the middle of their undergraduate studies 
or later may need to complete their premedical requirements 
during summers or in a post-baccalaureate year. 



Research and Internship Opportunities 

The premedical program encourages close interaction with 
the faculty. Many undergraduates have engaged in independent 
research projects in biology, chemistry, physics, and experimen- 
tal psychology which have led to presentation and publication of 
papers. 

Many opportunities for internships, volunteer work, and bio- 
medical research are available. Local hospitals and clinics pro- 
vide students with clinical experience. At institutions such as the 
National Institutes of Health and other local laboratories and bio- 
technology companies, students may gain first-hand basic re- 
search experience in biochemistry, immunology, molecular 
biology, and molecular genetics. 

Premedical Achievement Prize and Scholarship 

The American University Hassa S. Shanker Premedical 
Achievement Prize is a $1 ,000 cash award presented to the most 
outstanding undergraduate student intending to apply to a health 
professional school who has taken at least five science and math- 
ematics courses at American University. Selection is based on 
academic achievements, leadership qualities, and contributions 
to society or the health professions. Applicants must be planning 
to apply to medical, dental, or veterinary school, or to a program 
in the health sciences, such as physical therapy. 

The Josephine G. Gimble Scholarship is a $1,500 annual 
award to an undergraduate or postbaccalaureate student prepar- 
ing for a career in the allied health sciences. 

Postbaccalaureate Premedical Certificate 

Certificate Coordinator Frederick W. Carson, 
Department of Chemistry, fcarson@american.edu 
www.american.edu/cas/postbac.html 

Postbaccalaureate work consists of academic study under- 
taken after earning a bachelor's degree. American University's 
Postbaccalaureate Premedical Certificate program is designed to 
complete basic requiements and strengthen credentials for appli- 
cation to health professional schools of human medicine (M.D. 
or D.O.), dentistry (D.D.S.), veterinary medicine (D. V.M.), podi- 
atry (D.P.M.), optometry (O.D.), and oral surgery (D.M.D.), and 
to advanced degree programs in the allied health sciences such as 
public health (M.P.H.) and physician assistant, nurse practitioner, 
and physical therapy programs leading to the M.S. or Ph.D. de- 
gree. 

This program offers students extensive guidance and assis- 
tance in preparing for professional school and a career. With the 
help of advisors they polish resume and essay- writing skills, pre- 
pare for the Medical College Aptitude Test (MCAT) or other ad- 
missions examinations, practice medical school interviews, 
select potential professional schools, and address related finan- 
cial issues. Through the program, students may also attend semi- 
nars by health professionals, identify volunteer opportunities, 
and be matched with a mentor. Each emerges with a composite 
letter of evaluation, held with letters of recommendation in a per- 
sonal file. The premedical programs coordinator sends these let- 



Psychology 165 



ters to professional schools for students and assists them in 
meeting all application deadlines. 
Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree and a cumulative 
grade point average of 3.20 (on a 4.00 scale) overall and in sci- 
ence and mathematic courses, if taken. 
Course Requirements 

Basic Requirements 

The following courses are required for admission to medical 
school and to many other health professional schools. Once en- 
rolled in the Postbaccalaureate Premedical Certificate program, 
any of these courses not already completed must be taken at 
American University. 

• BIO-1 1 General Biology I (4) 

• BIO-2 10 General Biology II (4) 

• CHEM-1 10 General Chemistry I (4) 

• CHEM-210 General Chemistry II (4) 

• CHEM-3 10 Organic Chemistry I (3) 

• CHEM-3 1 2 Organic Chemistry I Laboratory (1 ) 

• CHEM-320 Organic Chemistry II (3) 

• CHEM-3 22 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory (1) 



• MATH-221 Calculus I (4) 

• PHYS-1 10 University Physics I (4) 

• PHYS-210 University Physics II (4) 

Certificate Requirements 

A minimum of 24 hours of course work taken in residence at 
American University, including: 

• BIO-300 Cell Biology with Laboratory (4) 

• BIO-356 Genetics with Laboratory (5) 

• One of the following sets of two courses: 
BIO-435 Vertebrate Physiology (5) and 
BIO-440 Microbiology (4) 

or 

CHEM-560 Biochemistry I (3) and 

CHEM-561 Biochemistry II (3) 

• 6-9 credit hours from the Basic Requirements list above or 
the following: 

BIO-200 Structure and Function of the Human Body (3) 

BIO-541 Cellular Immunology (3) 

BIO-550 Developmental Biology (3) 

BIO-583 Molecular Biology (3) 

MATH-222 Calculus II (4) 

STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 



Psychology 



Chair Anthony L. Riley 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus E.M. McGinnies, B. Slotnick 

Professor J.J. Gray, DA. Haaga, B.W. McCarthy, 

S.R. Parker, F. Z. Peynircioglu, A.L. Riley, A.M. Silberberg, 

S.J. Weiss, B.T. Yates 

Associate Professor A.H. Ahrens, M. Carter, B.D. Fantie, 
CS. Weissbrod 

Assistant Professor G Busse, CM. Cheng, E. Cralley, J.M. 
Dominquez, K.C Gunthert, L.M. Juliano 

The undergraduate program in the Department of Psychol- 
ogy offers the student an opportunity to appreciate psychology's 
diversity and its applications. Courses are offered in clinical, so- 
cial, personality, developmental, behavioral neuroscience, and 
experimental psychology. Advanced topics courses in these and 
related areas are often available. Students may design programs 
that approach psychology as a social science, a natural science, 
or a combination of the two. Advanced students have the oppor- 
tunity to become actively involved in both psychological re- 
search and paraprofessional counseling. During their junior and 
senior years, majors are encouraged to take small, specialized 
seminars and engage in supervised independent study. Under- 
graduate majors also have opportunities for internship experi- 
ence with community mental health agencies and may 
participate in ongoing research within the department. The pro- 



gram is sufficiently flexible and broad to satisfy career goals 
and provide a solid background for graduate study. 

Students interested in careers such as those in research and 
teaching, mental health professions, and personnel and indus- 
trial psychology will want to choose curricula suited to their 
goals. The breadth of the field of psychology and of the depart- 
ment's course offerings make careful planning important. Stu- 
dents should consult their faculty advisors in planning their 
schedules. 

Affiliations 

Washington, DC Veterans Administration Hospital; Balti- 
more Veterans Administration Hospital; St. Elizabeth's Hospi- 
tal; Community Psychiatric Center, Bethesda, MD; Department 
of Pediatrics, Georgetown University Hospital; Kennedy Insti- 
tute, Baltimore; Children's Hospital Institute for Behavioral Re- 
sources; George Washington University Medical Center; Johns 
Hopkins University School of Medicine; Veterans Administra- 
tion Medical Center, Perry Point, MD; Alexandria Community 
Mental Health Center; Woodburn Center for Community Men- 
tal Health; and Department of Psychiatry, Eastern Virginia 
Medical School. 

B.A. in Psychology 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires departmental ap- 
proval. 



1 66 College of Arts and Sciences 



University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total of ten courses, consisting of one foundation course 
and one second-level course in an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 41 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 15 
credit hours at the 300 level or above 

Course Requirements 

• PSYC-105 Psychology: Understanding 

Human Behavior 4: 1 (3) 

• PSYC-1 15 Psychology as a Natural Science 5: 1 (4) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• One course in Research Methods from the following: 
PSYC-301 Research Methods in Psychology (3) 
PSYC-433 Research Design and Methods: Social Science 

Psychology Research (4) 
PSYC-480 Research Design and Methods: Experimental 
Psychology (4) 

• One course in Bio-Psychology from the following: 
PSYC-240 Drugs and Behavior 5:2 (3) 

PSYC-3 1 8 Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology (3) 
PSYC-325 Neurobiological Bases of Behavior (3) 
PSYC-360 The Evolution of Behavior (3) 

• One course in Learning and Cognition from the following: 
PSYC-200 Behavior Principles 5:2 (3) 
PSYC-220The Senses 5:2 (3) 

PSYC-300 Memory and Cognition (3) 
PSYC-370 Learning and Behavior (3) 

• Two courses in the Individual, the Situation, and 
Psychological Health from the following: 

PSYC-205 Social Psychology 4:2 (3) 

PSYC-215 Abnormal Psychology and Society 4:2 (3) 

PSYC-235 Theories of Personality 4:2 (3) 

PSYC-333 Health Psychology (3) 

PSYC-350 Child Psychology (3) 

• Psychology electives to complete the required credit hours 
Students will be advised concerning 300-500-level courses 
available as electives. 

Note: No more than a combined total of 6 credit hours of 
PSYC-390 Independent Reading Course in Psychology, 
PSYC-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience, 
PSYC-490 Independent Study Project in Psychology, and 
PSYC-491 Internship, will apply toward fulfilling major re- 
quirements. 



University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 
regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Psychology 

• 22 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor, and at least 9 credit hours at the 300 
level or above 

Course Requirements 

• PSYC-105 Psychology: Understanding 

Human Behavior 4: 1 (3) 

• PSYC- 1 1 5 Psychology as a Natural Science 5: 1 (4) 

• 3 credit hours from Bio-Psychology or Learning and 
Cognition courses (see major requirements above) 

• 3 credit hours from the Individual, the Situation, and 
Psychological Health courses (see major requirements above) 

• 9 additional credit hours in psychology courses 

Combined B.A. and M.A. in Psychology 

Admission to the Program 

Students should apply for the program no later than the first 
semester of the senior year and no earlier than the first semester 
of the junior year. Students must have a minimum 3.00 grade 
point average in psychology and statistics courses and must have 
completed at least half of the credit hours required for the B.A. in 
Psychology, including STAT-202 Basic Statistics, before apply- 
ing to the program. Students must submit a completed graduate 
application form, Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores 
for the General examination (Verbal, Quantitative, and Ana- 
lytic), two letters of recommendation, and copies of all college 
transcripts. 

Degree Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. in Psychology 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements of both 
degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Psychology , including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 



Psychology 167 



M.A. in Psychology 



Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must earn a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General examination. 
Admission is based on academic record, test scores, and two let- 
ters of recommendation. 

Completion of the degree does not necessarily lead to ad- 
mission to the Ph.D. program; students who wish to be consid- 
ered for the Ph.D. program must apply. Applicants with a B.A. 
who wish to obtain a Ph.D. in Psychology from American Uni- 
versity should apply directly to the Ph.D. program. If they do 
not have an M.A., students will earn one as part of the Ph.D. 
program. See the description of the Ph.D. program for more in- 
formation. 

Up to 6 credit hours of graduate course work in psychology 
from another university or up to 12 credit hours of graduate 
course credit taken at American University may be transferred, 
provided that these credits were not counted toward another de- 
gree. These transfers of credit are subject to approval by the di- 
rector of the M.A. program. 

Tracks 

General, Personality/Social, or Experimental/Biological 
Degree Requirements 

• 33 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Written general comprehensive examination 

• Thesis option: The master's thesis involves an original 
research project. Students must prepare a thesis proposal, 
collect and analyze data, submit a written thesis, and give an 
oral defense. The thesis must be accepted by the thesis 
committee, the department chair, and the university. 
Nonthesis option: available only in the General Psychology 
track (see course requirements below). 

All course work for the thesis or nonthesis option must be 
completed with grades of B or better. 
Course Requirements 
General Psychology 

• Two courses from the following: 

PSYC-505 Advanced Personality Psychology (3) 
PSYC-514 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3) 
PSYC-533 Cognitive Behavior Therapy (3) 
PSYC-540 Advanced Social Psychology (3) 
PSYC-545 Psychology of Sex Similarities and 

Differences (3) 
PSYC-551 Psychopathology: Theory and Research (3) 
PSYC-560 Advanced Child Psychology (3) 
PSYC-570 Behavioral Medicine (3) 
PSYC-597 Topics in Psychology (3) (personality/social 

psychology) 
PSYC-633 Psychological Assessment I (3) 

• Two courses from the following: 
PSYC-501 Physiological Psychology (3) 



PSYC-5 1 3 Neuropharmacology: The Biochemistry of 

Behavior (3) 
PSYC-5 1 8 Advanced Human Neuropsychology (3) 
PSYC-530 Conditioning and Learning (3) 
PSYC-575 Advanced Memory and Cognition (3) 
PSYC-597 Topics in Psychology (3) 

(experimental/biological psychology) 
PSYC-618 Principles of Neuropsychological 

Assessment (3) 
graduate seminar in experimental psychology or 

neuroscience (3) 

• Graduate statistics course (3) 

Nonthesis Option (General Psychology track only): 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
PSYC-550 Psychological Research (3) 
PSYC-698 Directed Research (3-6) 

• 12 credit hours of graduate elective courses with at least 6 
credit hours from the Department of Psychology 

Thesis Option: 

• PSYC-550 Psychological Research (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
PSYC-796 Master's Thesis Seminar (3) 
PSYC-797 Master's Thesis Research (1-3) 

• 9 credit hours of graduate elective courses with at least 6 
credit hours from the Department of Psychology 

Personality/Social Psychology 

• Four courses from the following: 

PSYC-505 Advanced Personality Psychology (3) 
PSYC-514 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3) 
PSYC-533 Cognitive Behavior Therapy (3) 
PSYC-540 Advanced Social Psychology (3) 
PSYC-545 Psychology of Sex Similarities and 

Differences (3) 
PSYC-5 5 1 Psychopathology: Theory and Research (3) 
PSYC-560 Advanced Child Psychology (3) 
PSYC-570 Behavioral Medicine (3) 
PSYC-597 Topics in Psychology (3) (personality/social 

psychology) 
PSYC-633 Psychological Assessment I (3) 
graduate seminar in clinical, personality, or social 

psychology (3) 

• Two courses from the following: 
PSYC-501 Physiological Psychology (3) 

PSYC-5 13 Neuropharmacology: The Biochemistry of 

Behavior (3) 
PSYC-5 1 8 Advanced Human Neuropsychology (3) 
PSYC-530 Conditioning and Learning (3) 
PSYC-575 Advanced Memory and Cognition (3) 
PSYC-597 Topics in Psychology (3) 

(experimental/biological psychology) 
PSYC-618 Principles of Neuropsychological Assessment (3) 



168 College of Arts and Sciences 



graduate seminar in experimental psychology or 
neuroscience (3) 

• PSYC-550 Psychological Research (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
PSYC-796 Master's Thesis Seminar (3) 
PSYC-797 Master's Thesis Research (1-3) 

• Graduate statistics course (3) 

• Graduate elective course (3) 

Experimental/Biological Psychology 

• Four courses from the following: 
PSYC-501 Physiological Psychology (3) 
PSYC-513 Neuropharmacology: The Biochemistry of 

Behavior (3) 
PSYC-5 1 8 Advanced Human Neuropsychology (3) 
PSYC-530 Conditioning and Learning (3) 
PSYC-575 Advanced Memory and Cognition (3) 
PSYC-597 Topics in Psychology (3) 

(experimental/biological psychology) 
PSYC-61 8 Principles of Neuropsychological Assessment (3) 
PSYC-690 Independent Study Project (3) in a recognized 

area of experimental/biological psychology 
graduate seminar in experimental psychology or 

neuroscience 

• Two courses from the following: 

PSYC-505 Advanced Personality Psychology (3) 
PSYC-5 14 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3) 
PSYC-533 Cognitive Behavior Therapy (3) 
PSYC-540 Advanced Social Psychology (3) 
PSYC-545 Psychology of Sex Similarities and 

Differences (3) 
PSYC-5 5 1 Psychopathology: Theory and Research (3) 
PSYC-560 Advanced Child Psychology (3) 
PSYC-5 70 Behavioral Medicine (3) 
PSYC-597 Topics in Psychology (3) (personality/social 

psychology) 
PSYC-633 Psychological Assessment I (3) 
graduate seminar in clinical, personality, or social 

psychology (3) 

• PSYC-550 Psychological Research (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
PSYC-796 Master's Thesis Seminar (3) 
PSYC-797 Master's Thesis Research (1-3) 

• Graduate statistics course (3) 

• Graduate elective course (3) 

Ph.D. in Psychology 

There are two tracks within the doctoral program, clinical 
psychology (APA accredited), and behavior, cognition and 
neuroscience. Students who have been admitted to the doctoral 
program in psychology but do not have an M. A. in psychology 
that has been accepted by the department must complete the 



degree requirements for the M.A. in Psychology (thesis option) 
before they can be awarded the doctorate. 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must earn a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Record Examination (General and Advanced Psy- 
chology tests). Admission is based on test scores, previous aca- 
demic performance, and letters of recommendation. Those 
applicants to the clinical psychology track judged to be among 
the top 30 or 35 are invited for an interview, and the final selec- 
tion is based on all information, including the interview. Students 
are admitted for full-time study only. 

Tracks 

Clinical Psychology or Behavior, Cognition and Neuroscience 
(BCAN) 

Degree Requirements 

• 72 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Two tools of research are required but do not result in course 
credit toward the degree. The tool requirement is flexible and 
can be met in a variety of ways: 

1 ) demonstration of knowledge of a language relevant to the 
student's career; 

2) demonstration of mastery in a computer program language; 

3) satisfactory completion of one skill-oriented graduate 
course offered by another department at American University 
or by nonpsychology departments of the Consortium 
universities; 

4) participation in one clinical institute which is approximately 
equal in time and difficulty to a full course; and 

5) supervised tool training in other settings when approved by 
the student's advisor and the department chair. 

• Four comprehensive examinations outlined by advisors or 
other faculty members. These are tasks which involve students 
in the kinds of activities they will later engage in as 
professional psychologists. At least one of the four 
comprehensives must be oral and at least two must be written. 

• Dissertation: A written proposal for the dissertation is to be 
submitted to the dissertation committee by the middle of the 
second semester of the third year. The original proposal, or a 
revision thereof, should meet the requirements of the 
committee by the end of the second semester of the third year. 
This allows adequate time for completion of a quality 
dissertation even if initial experimentation turns out to be 
exploratory in nature. The dissertation must be accepted by the 
dissertation committee, the department chair, and the 
university. 

• Clinical Psychology track: As part of the doctoral clinical track 
requirements, clinical students serve a one-year internship in 
an appropriate setting outside the university. 

Course Requirements 

Clinical Psychology 

• PSYC-502 History and Systems of Psychology (3) 






• PSYC-550 Psychological Research (3) 

• PSYC-551 Psychopathology: Theory and Research (3) 

• PSYC-61 8 Principles of Neuropsychological Assessment (3) 
or assessment course approved by the department 

• PSYC-630 Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and 

Practice (3) 

• PSYC-633 Psychological Assessment I (3) 

• PSYC-652 Assessment of Intellectual Function and 

Personality (3) 

• PSYC-680 Experiential Psychotherapy Practicum I (3) 

• PSYC-681 Experiential Psychotherapy Practicum II (3) 

• PSYC-7 1 Behavior Therapy Practicum (3) 

• PSYC-791 Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Practicum I (3) 

• PSYC-792 Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Practicum II (3) 

• One course in Biological Bases of Behavior from the 
following: 

PSYC-501 Physiological Psychology (3) 

PSYC-513 Neuropharmacology: The Biochemistry of 

Behavior (3) 
PSYC-5 1 8 Advanced Human Neuropsychology 

• One course in Cognitive-Affective Bases of Behavior from 
the following: 

PSYC-530 Conditioning and Learning (3) 
PSYC-575 Advanced Memory and Cognition (3) 

• One course in Individual Bases of Behavior from the 
following: 

PSYC-505 Advanced Personality Psychology (3) 
PSYC-560 Advanced Child Psychology (3) 

• One course in Social Bases of Behavior from the following: 
PSYC-521 Ethnic and Minority Issues (3) 



Sociology 



Chair John Drysdale 

Full-Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a G H. Mueller, K. K. Petersen, 

J.C. Scott, J. K. Siegenthaler, A. Van der Slice 

Professor E. Chow, John Drysdale, K. Kusterer, R. Stone 

Associate Professor A. Brenner, B. J. Dickerson, 

K. Macharia, GA. Young 

Assistant Professor C. Pascale, S. Vidal -Ortiz 

Scholars-in-Residence P. Lengermann, 

J. Neibrugge-Brantley 

Sociology explores how individuals, through their collective 
actions, create and change patterns of social relations and how, 
in rum, these social relations influence people's lives. Sociolo- 
gists focus on three major levels of analysis, from whole societ- 
ies as component parts of wider systems, to institutions as 
component sectors of society, to individuals as participants in 



Sociology 169 

PSYC-540 Advanced Social Psychology (3) 
PSYC-545 Psychology of Sex Differences (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
PSYC-798 Doctoral Dissertation Seminar (3) 
PSYC-799 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-9) 

• 6 credit hours of statistics 

Behavior, Cognition and Neuroscience 

• 6 credit hours of PSYC-598 Neuroscience Seminar (3) 

• 1 8 credit hours from the following: 
PSYC-501 Physiological Psychology (3) 
PSYC-513 Neuropharmacology (3) 

PSYC-5 1 8 Advanced Human Neuropsychology (3) 
PSYC-530 Conditioning and Learning (3) 
PSYC-55 1 Psychopathology: Theory and Research (3) 
PSYC-560 Advanced Child Psychology (3) 
PSYC-575 Advanced Memory and Cognition (3) 
PSYC-6 18 Principles of Neuropsychological Assessment (3) 
Other courses focusing in the neurosciences may be taken 
with approval of the student's advisor and the Graduate 
Curriculum Committee. 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
PSYC-798 Doctoral Dissertation Seminar (3) 
PSYC-799 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-9) 

• 6 credit hours of statistics 

• 12 credit hours of electives 

• 24 credit hours of lab research 
Special Opportunities 

• Research opportunities in laboratories at the National 
Institutes of Health and related research institutions are 
available for students in both experimental and clinical 
psychology. 



two-person groups. They also study varied processes of social 
change, from migration to social mobility, from urbanization to 
mass communication. Finally, sociologists study a wide variety 
of themes, from racial and ethnic relations to social problems 
and political change. This quest for knowledge is both an end in 
itself and a pathway for informed social change. 

The Department of Sociology of the College of Arts and 
Sciences shares a common purpose of education and research 
for social justice in an increasingly global social system. Faculty 
and students are empowered to participate in building equitable, 
humane, and sustainable social institutions by creating socio- 
logical knowledge and applying professional research skills to 
produce effective policies and programs for social change. One 
source of its strength is the department's multicultural diversity, 
which its members take every opportunity to expand. 

The Sociology Department serves the university, including 
students from throughout the world, as a center for the study of 
societal change, social institutions, and social processes, with an 



170 College of Arts and Sciences 

emphasis on inequality and social justice. Degree programs 
consist of core training in sociological theory and research 
methods, as well as courses in concentrations including race, 
gender, and social justice; global sociology; social inequality; 
gender and family; and applied sociology/social policy. The 
programs focus on forms of inequality, their origins and pat- 
terns or reproduction, related to issues of social justice, and 
how these issues vary within and between societies. They are 
intended to produce and apply knowledge for the benefit of so- 
ciety — not only to teach academic skills, but also to develop 
knowledge of value to those involved in working for the pro- 
motion of social equality. The programs prepare students for a 
variety of careers in social advocacy, research, teaching, hu- 
man services, and both public and private sector pol- 
icy-making institutions. Successful placements of the 
department's graduates in academic, research, and pol- 
icy-making institutions attest to the high standards our gradu- 
ates meet. 

The department's focus on international and comparative 
sociology and its program in social policy analysis are espe- 
cially well suited to Washington, D.C. — an international capi- 
tal and center for policy making. American University's 
location provides unparalleled access to government, research 
institutions, data and archival sources, advocacy organizations, 
and leaders involved in social change. 

The undergraduate program is unique in its emphasis on 
race, gender, social justice, global social change and applied 
sociology/social policy. Majors and minors take core course 
sequences in sociological theory and research methods, and 
courses from several areas of concentration. Membership in 
the American University chapter of Alpha Kappa Delta, the in- 
ternational honor society in Sociology, is open to qualifying 
majors. The society sponsors lectures and other activities that 
involve undergraduates in the professional workings of the dis- 
cipline. 

The Department of Sociology's graduate program consists 
of core training in sociological theory and research method, 
plus an area of concentration in race, gender, and social justice; 
global sociology; social inequality; gender and family; or ap- 
plied/professional sociology/social policy. The program not 
only teaches academic skills, but also develops knowledge of 
benefit to those working for the promotion of social equality. 
Course are designed to enable students to deepen their knowl- 
edge of a specialty area, to develop advanced and systematic 
theoretical understanding, and to develop methodological ar- 
eas for vocational and professional competence. 

B.A. in Sociology 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires department ap- 
proval. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 120 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 



• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 43 credit hours with grades of C or better; no more than 13 
credit hours may be at the 100 or 200 level 

Course Requirements 

• SOCY- 150 Global Sociology 4: 1(3) 

• SOCY-3 1 5 Major Social Theorists (3) 

• SOCY-320 Introduction to Social Research (3) 

• SOCY-491 Internship (3) 
or 

SOCY-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) 
or an approved equivalent experience 

• SOCY-492 Major Research Seminar (3) 

• 3 credit hours of advanced theory from the following: 
SOCY415 Current Issues in Social Theory (3) 
SOCY-5 15 Models of Societal Development (3) 

• 3 credit hours of advanced research methods from the 
following: 

SOCY-525 Social Advocacy and Change (3) 

SOCY-5 80 Social Policy Analysis (3) 

or other methods course approved by the advisor 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• 1 8 credit hours in sociology electives, with no more than 
two courses at the 100 or 200 level, and at least one course at 
the 500 level. Students should take at least one course from 
four of the following concentrations: 

Race, Gender, and Social Justice 

Global Sociology/Regional Studies 

Social Inequality 

Gender and Family 

Applied Sociology/Social Policy 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 1 2 advanced-level Honors courses 
including the Senior Capstone Project in the department. Each 
department has three levels of University Honors requirements: 
Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); Level II Op- 
tions (300-level and above Honors classes); and Level III Op- 
tions (Honors Senior Capstone). The department Honors 
coordinator advises students in the University Honors Program 






Sociology 171 



regarding departmental options. For more information, go to 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Sociology 

• 2 1 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• SOCY- 150 Global Sociology 4: 1(3) 

• SOCY-3 1 5 Major Social Theorists (3) 

• SOCY-320 Introduction to Social Research (3) 

• 3 credit hours of advanced theory or research methods from 
the following: 

SOCY-415 Current Issues in Social Theory (3) 
SOCY-515 Models of Societal Development (3) 
SOCY-525 Social Advocacy and Change (3) 
SOCY-580 Social Policy Analysis (3) 

• 9 credit hours in sociology electives, with no more than one 
course at the 100 or 200 level. Students should take one 
course from three of the following concentrations: 

Race, Gender, and Social Justice 

Global Sociology 

Social Inequality 

Gender and Family 

Applied Sociology/Social Policy 

Combined B.A. and M.A. in Sociology 

Admission to the Program 

Students should apply for this program in the second semes- 
ter of the junior year. Students must have a minimum overall 
3.00 grade point average. Admissions decisions to the com- 
bined program follow the same procedures and standards used 
to evaluate graduate applicants to the M.A. Students interested 
in applying to this combined program should consult with their 
advisor and other faculty members before formal application is 
begun. 
Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. in Sociology 
Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work in sociology, including STAT-514 
Statistical Methods, to satisfy the requirements of both 
degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Sociology, including a 
minimum of 24 credit hours completed in residence in 
graduate status after the undergraduate degree has been 
awarded. 

M.A. in Sociology 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for admission to graduate study, including a bachelor's degree 
from an accredited institution, with at least a 3.3 (on a 4.0 scale) 
grade point average. Graduate Record Examination (GRE) test 



scores are required. A background in the social sciences is 
strongly preferred. Admission to the program is at the discretion 
of the department's Graduate Committee and is based on aca- 
demic record and letters of recommendation from two persons 
able to evaluate the applicant's potential for graduate study in 
sociology. Provisional admission may be considered on a 
case-by-case basis where minimum university requirements are 
not fully met. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work, including the 
research requirement 

• Tool of research: STAT-514 Statistical Methods, or another 
approved graduate-level statistics or specialized methods 
course 

• One written comprehensive examination covering 
sociological theory and methods of social research: 

The exam is taken after completion of two theory courses and 
two research methods courses. Full-time students must take 
the exam before beginning their second year in the program. 
Students who have taken prior relevant course work in 
sociology may opt to take the exam before taking the required 
courses. After taking the related courses, a maximum of two 
attempts of the exam are permitted. 

• Research requirement: 

SOCY-797 Master's Thesis Independent Study (3 or 6 credit 

hours) 

The thesis offers students the opportunity to specialize as well 

as further develop research skills. Students chose the subject 

of the thesis in consultation with their advisor. 

or 

SOCY-795 Master's Research: Independent Study (3) 

Completion of a substantial research report related to the 

student's field of concentration under the guidance of a 

professor of the student's choice. 

Advanced courses in research methods, an advanced seminar 

in the student's field of concentration, or an independent study 

course in the field of concentration (3) 

All course work taken for the research requirement must be 

taken with grades of B or better. 

Course Requirements 

• SOCY-6 1 History of Sociological Theory (3) 

• SOCY-6 1 1 Modern Sociological Theory (3) 

• SOCY-620 Social Research I (3) 

• SOCY-621 Social Research II (3) 

• STAT-514 Statistical Methods (3) 

• SOCY-795 Master's Research: Independent Study (3) 
or 

SOCY-797 Master's Thesis Independent Study (1-6) 

• 9-12 credit hours from one of the following concentrations, 
chosen in consultation with the student's advisor. Lists of 



1 72 College of Arts and Sciences 



approved courses for concentrations are available from the 

Sociology Department: 
Public Sociology 
Race, Gender, and Social Justice 
Global Sociology 
Social Inequality 
Gender and Family 

• 6-9 credit hours in approved elective courses, including a 
3-credit hour internship 

Graduate Certificate in Social Research 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with at least 6 credit 
hours at the 600-level or above, with grades of C or better 



Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 12-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 
Prerequisite 

• STAT-5 14 Statistical Methods (3), or other graduate-level 
statistics course, or statistics examination 

Course Requirements (15 credit hours) 

• SOCY-620 Social Research I (3) 

• SOCY-621 Social Research II (3) 

• 9 credit hours from graduate-level sociology courses selected 
in consultation with the graduate director. Courses outside the 
Sociology Department may substituted with the approval of 
the graduate director. 



Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) 



Director Naomi S. Baron 
Coordinator Brock Brady 

The demand for teachers of English to speakers of other 
languages has markedly increased as changing national sys- 
tems and global concerns have created an interdependent 
world. American University's TESOL program is distinctive 
in its focus on experiential learning — students plan lessons, 
observe classes, and design tests for English language classes. 
Faculty draw on their extensive teaching experience, research, 
and interaction with other cultures to provide pragmatic les- 
sons and advice to TESOL students. 

AU offers a variety of opportunities in TESOL including a 
combined Bachelor's/M.A. program, an M.A. in TESOL (with 
a joint AU/Peace Corps program), and a certificate open to 
both undergraduate and graduate students. An ESOL track is 
available in the M.A. T program and a graduate teaching certif- 
icate (see the School of Education, Teaching and Health for 
more information). In addition, the program offers an annual 
TESOL Summer Institute, which includes regular summer ses- 
sion classes plus an intensive workshop. 

Combined Bachelor's Degree and 

M.A. in TESOL 

This program enables qualified students to earn both an un- 
dergraduate degree (in any field) and an M.A. in TESOL 
(Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages). The com- 
bined program can be completed with four years of undergrad- 
uate study and 1 2 months of additional study (fall and spring 



semesters plus the Summer TESOL Institute). The program 
offers students an opportunity to gain both the theoretical back- 
ground and practical skills necessary to teach English abroad or 
to adults in the United States. 

Note: This program is not designed for K.-12 ESOL licensure. 

Admission to the Program 

The standards for admission as defined by the relevant under- 
graduate teaching unit's requirements must first be satisfied. Un- 
dergraduates should apply for admission to the combined 
program by the end of the junior year. 

Undergraduates whose overall grade point average is 3.00 or 
higher will be considered for the combined program. Applica- 
tions must be accompanied by two letters of academic reference 
and a statement of purpose. 

Students should discuss their interest in the program with the 
TESOL M.A. director before submitting a formal application. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for a B.A. or B.S. in any major at American 
University 

• All requirements for the M.A. in TESOL 

Students may use up to 6 credit hours of course work at the 500 
level or above from the TESOL program to satisfy the require- 
ments for both degrees. These courses may represent either un- 
dergraduate major requirements or electives. 



Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) 173 



M.A. in TESOL (Teaching English to 
Speakers of Other Languages) 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants to the master's program in TESOL are subject to 
the minimum university requirements for admission to graduate 
study. Further, a grade point average of 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) in 
the undergraduate major, Graduate Record Examination (GRE) 
scores, and two letters of academic reference are required. It is 
strongly recommended that native speakers of English have 
some background in at least one other language. International 
students are expected to demonstrate competence in English 
equivalent to a score of 600 or better on the Test of English as a 
Foreign Language (TOEFL). Part-time as well as full-time stu- 
dents are welcome in the program. 

A joint program between the Peace Corps and American Uni- 
versity enables participants to prepare for Peace Corps English 
teaching assignments while earning an M.A. in TESOL. Applica- 
tion is made separately to American University and the Peace 
Corps. Admission requirements for the M.A. program are the 
same as above. The Peace Corps accepts American citizens only 
and participants must meet all other Peace Corps requirements 
prior to beginning Peace Corps service. Successful participants 
will begin their Peace Corp training and service after they have 
completed the bulk of their academic work. The Peace Corps ser- 
vice experience constitutes the equivalent of a 6-credit hour in- 
ternship, for which the tuition is waived. Also, TESL-620 may be 
waived for students in the AU/Peace Corps program, for a total of 
33 credit hours for the degree. 

Note: This program is not designed for K-12 ESOL licensure. 
K-l 2 public school licensure (or certification) in ESOL is avail- 
able through the M.A.T track in English for Speakers of Other 
Languages (ESOL). For more information, see the School of 
Education, Teaching and Health programs. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved TESOL course work 

• Completion of a teaching portfolio compiled during course of 
study 

• An oral comprehensive examination taken after completion 
of all required course work and the teaching portfolio 

• Thesis or nonthesis option 
Course Requirements 

Core Courses (27 credit hours) 

• TESL-500 Principles of Linguistics (3) 

• TESL-501 English Language Teaching I (3) 

• TESL-502 English Language Teaching II (3) 

• TESL-503 Structure of English (3) 

• TESL-522 Language Acquisition (3) or 

TESL-523 Second Language Acquisition (3) 

• TESL-53 1 Language Assessment (3) 

• TESL-541 Teaching Grammar (3) or 

TESL-542 Teaching Pronunciation (3) 



• TESL-620 English Language Teaching III (3) (waived for 
students in the AU/Peace Corps program) 

• One of the following: 

ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture (3) 
ANTH-544 Topics in Public Anthropology: 

Anthropology of Education (3) 
TESL-527 Cultural Issues in the ESL/EFL Classroom (3) 
or other approved course dealing with language and 

sociocultural issues 

Electives (9 credit hours) 

• Three courses as approved by the student's advisor from the 
following: 

ANTH-537 Topics in Language and Culture (3) 

(if not taken in core) 
ANTH-544 Topics in Public Anthropology: 

Anthropology of Education (3) (if not taken in core) 
SOCY-645 Global and Multicultural Education (3) 
TESL-504 Language Analysis (3) 
TESL-522 Language Acquisition (3) (if not taken in core) 
TESL-523 Second Language Acquisition (3) 

(if not taken in core) 
TESL-524 Reading and Writing in the ESL/EFL 

Classroom (3) 
TESL-527 Cultural Issues in the ESL/EFL Classroom (3) (if 

not taken in core) 
TESL-528 Bilingual Education (3) 
TESL-53 1 Language Assessment (3) 
TESL-541 Teaching Grammar (3) (if not taken in core) 
TESL-542 Teaching Pronunciation (3) (if not taken in core) 
TESL-545 Curriculum and Materials Design (3) 
TESL-554 Technology for Language Learning 

and Teaching (3) 
TESL-560 TESOL Topics (1-3) 
TESL-691 Internship (1-6) 
TESL-693 Peace Corps Internship (6) (required for students 

in the AU/Peace Corps program) 

• Thesis option: completion of TESL-797 Master's Thesis 
Seminar (6) in lieu of 6 hours of electives listed above (the 
thesis option is not available to students in the AU/Peace 
Corps program) 

Nonthesis option: 9 elective credit hours 

Grades of B or better are required for all courses taken for the 

thesis or nonthesis option. 

Certificate in TESOL (Teaching English 
to Speakers of Other Languages) 

Admission to the Program 

A grade point average of 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) is required. 
International students must demonstrate competence in English 
equivalent to a score of 600 or above in the Test of English as a 
Foreign Language (TOEFL). 



174 College of Arts and Sciences 



Course Requirements (15 credit hours) 

• TESL-500 Principles of Linguistics (3) 

• TESL-501 English Language Teaching I (3) 



• TESL-502 English Language Teaching II (3) 

• Two approved TESOL courses 

Note: This program is not designed for K-12 ESOL licensure. 



Women's and Gender Studies 



Director Gay Young 

Faculty from other schools and departments of the university 
teach in the program. A list of the faculty members of the 
Women's and Gender Studies Advisory Board and other pro- 
gram information is available at: 
www.american.edu/cas/department women . 



The Women's and Gender Studies Program is an interdisci- 
plinary program focused on women's experiences and issues 
facing women in the world today as well as the significance of 
gender in shaping the experiences of women and men in com- 
munities and as individuals. The program is committed to a 
multicultural curriculum that sustains and integrates diverse 
perspectives. Courses emphasize participatory education in 
which student involvement, critical thinking and personal in- 
sight are encouraged and made relevant in the learning pro- 
cess. 

The program offers a Bachelor of Arts in Women's and 
Gender Studies and a minor. Students who major or minor in 
women's and gender studies gain experience off-campus 
through a cooperative education or internship placement in or- 
ganizations focused on the arts, advocacy, law, policy, U.S. 
politics, reproductive rights and health, research, or support 
services. Students have access to powerful networks that can 
give substantial support in career development at institutions 
such as the Institute for Women's Policy Research, the National 
Organization for Women, the Women's Legal Defense Fund, 
the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, Amnesty Interna- 
tional, and the National Museum of Women in the Arts. 

A degree in women's and gender studies leads to challeng- 
ing careers in a wide spectrum of occupations. An undergradu- 
ate education in women's and gender studies equips students 
with a range of skills which are highly valued in the 
twenty-first century labor force. The curriculum also prepares 
students for graduate study in the fields of women's/gen- 
der/sexuality studies or for advanced study in traditional disci- 
plines and professional fields. AU students can combine 
graduate-level coursework on women's/gender/sexuality the- 
ory and current issues/research in women's and gender studies 
with a program of study in a traditional discipline leading to a 
master's or Ph.D. degree. Participating graduate programs in- 
clude anthropology, art, communication, economics, educa- 
tion, government, history, international relations, literature, 
philosophy, psychology, and sociology. 



B.A. in Women's and Gender Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a grade point average 
of 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) and the approval of the program director. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

Women's and gender studies majors are advised to take 
STAT-202 Basic Statistics to fulfill the University 
Mathematics Requirement. 
General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each of 
the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 39 credit hours with grades of C or better, including at least 1 8 
credit hours at the 300 level or above 

Course Requirements 

• WGST- 1 25 Gender in Society 4: 1 (3) 

• WGST- 1 50 Women 's Voices through 

Time 2: 1(3) 

• WGST-300 Feminist and Gender Theory (3) 

• WGST-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) or 
WGST491 Internship in Women's and Gender Studies (3) 

• WGST-500 Current Issues and Research in Women's 

and Gender Studies (3) 

• One course on women and/or gender in multicultural 
perspective from the following: 

ANTH-215 Sex, Gender, and Culture 3:2 (3) 

JWST-320 Topics in Jewish Culture (3) (approved topic) 

SOCY-235 Women in the Third World 3:2 (3) 

WGST- 350 Interpreting Gender in Culture (3) (approved 

topic) 
or another course approved by the program director 
Area of Focus (12 credit hours) 

• 1 2 credit hours (9 of which must be at the 300 level or above) 
from one of three options; Arts and Humanities, Social 
Sciences, or an individually defined theme or issue 



Women's and Gender Studies 1 75 



Note: the same course may not be used to satisfy both the 
women and/or gender in multicultural perspective 
requirement (see above) and the Area of Focus requirement. 

Arts and Humanities 

AMST-334 Contemporary American Culture (3) (approved 

topics) 
ARTH-335 Twentieth Century Women Artists of the 

Americas (3) 
ARTH-520 Seminar in Art History (3) (approved topics) 
EDU-319 Children's Literature: Multicultural and 

International Approaches (3) 
EDU-565 Gender and Cultural Diversity in School (3) 
HIST-220 Women in America 4:2 (3) 
HIST-332 Contemporary Historical Studies (3) (approved 

topics) 
HIST-358 Women in America to 1850 (3) 
HIST-359 Women in America, 1 850 to Present (3) 
HIST-379 Topics in African American History: 

African American Women: Nineteenth 

Century American Voices (3) 
HIST-500 Studies in History (3) (approved topics) 
JWST-320 Topics in Jewish Culture (3) (approved topics) 
LIT-3 10 Major Authors (3) (approved topics) 
LIT-370 Topics in Women and Gender Studies (3) 
PHIL-316 Feminist Philosophy (3) 
SPAN-559 Colloquium on Latin America (3) (taught in 

Spanish) (approved topics) 
WGST-350 Interpreting Gender in Culture (3) (approved 

topics) 
or other courses approved by the program director 

Social Sciences 

ANTH-215 Sex, Gender, and Culture 3:2 (3) 

COMM-510 Women in Journalism (3) 

COMM-534 Race, Gender and the Media (3) 

ECON-374 Gender Roles in the Economy (3) 

ECON-574 Women in the Economy (3) 

GOVT-482 Women and Politics (3) 

GOVT-483 Women, Politics, and Public Policy (3) 

GOVT-484 Women and Political Leadership (3) 

GOVT-485 Topics in Women and Politics (1-4) 

GOVT-486 Feminist Political Theory (3) 

HFIT-245 Gender, Culture and Health 4:2 (3) 

HFIT-323 Issues in Women's Health (3) 

JLS-526 Domestic Violence (3) 

JLS-535 Gender and the Law (3) 

PSYC-320 Women and Mental Health (3) 

PSYC-430 Human Sexual Behavior (3) 

PSYC-545 Psychology of Sex Similanties and Differences (3) 

SIS-5 1 7 Gender, Human Rights, and Conflict (3) 



SIS-559 Selected Topics in Cross-National Studies (3) 

(approved topics) 
SOCY-205 The Family 4:2 (3) 
SOCY-235 Women in the Third World 3:2 (3) 
SOCY-352 Women, Men and Social Change (3) 
SOCY-570 Sociology of Gender and Family (3) 
SPAN-356 Spanish Topics (3) (taught in Spanish) 

(approved topics) 
WGST-225 Gender, Politics and Power 4:2 (3) 
WGST-350 Interpreting Gender in Culture (3) (approved 

topics) 
or other courses approved by the program director 
Individually Defined Area of Focus 
An individually defined group of four courses (12 credit 
hours) centered on a particular theme or issue in women's and 
gender studies, with approval of the program director. 
Electives (9 credit hours) 

• Elective courses focused on women and/or gender studies, to 
make a total of 39 credit hours, from a list of courses approved 
each semester by the program director. 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Women's and Gender Studies 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• WGST- 1 25 Gender in Society 4: 1 (3) 

• WGST-300 Feminist and Gender Theory (3) 

• WGST-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) or 
WGST-491 Internship in Women's and Gender Studies (3) 

• 9 credit hours of course work, 6 of which must be at the 300 
level or above, from a list of women's studies courses 
approved by the program director 

Consult the program director for each semester's approved 
course offerings in Women's and Gender Studies. 



Kogod School of Business 

• Administration and Faculty 

• Undergraduate Programs 

• Graduate Programs 



Dean Richard M. Durand 

Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs Kathleen Getz 

Associate Dean for Administration Firouz Bahrampour 

Assistant Dean for Budget Administration Marianne Krell 

Associate Dean for Academic Programs Lawrence P. Ward 

Senior Director of Enrollment Management Sondra Smith 

Assistant Director of Graduate Admissions Kristin Volmar 

Undergraduate Admissions and Marketing Manager 

Judith E. Byers 

Director of Undergraduate Programs Jesse Boeding 

Undergraduate Academic Advisors 

Katie Ezekiel, Jonathan Post,Teia Robinson 

Director of Graduate Student Services Claretta Jackson 

Assistant Director of Graduate Student Services 

Gretchen Anderson 

Director of Programming and Student Activities 

Allison Holcomb 

Academic Assistants Charles Hessler, Derek Hewlett 

Full-Time Faculty 

University Professor Emeritus HE. Striner 

University Professor H.K. Baker 

Professor Emeritus/a C.I. Bartfeld, D.R. Brenner, 

T.V DiBacco, R.B. Edelman, R Estes, L.L. Karadbil, 

D.M. Khambata, PC. Kumar, A. LaSalle, D.C. Martin, 

J. Owens, W.H. Peters, M. Seldin, J.H. Sood 

Professor J.D. Benjamin, P. Chinloy, GT. Ford, 

S.R. Holmberg, W.H. DeLone, M.B. Mazis, T. Mroczkowski, 

M.P Sampson, E.A. Wasil, D.T. Williamson 

Associate Professor Emeritus/a GF. Bulmash, J.R. Bums, 

J.R. Butts, S.H. Ivison, Jr., J. Kokus, Jr., A. C. Perry, 

R.M. Springer, Jr. 

Associate Professor A. Adhikari, R.C. Anderson, B.J. Bird, 

E. Carmel, M.A. Clark, F.L. DuBois, A. Duru, H. Elms, 

K.A. Getz, R. Gibson, S. A. Grier, M. Hastak, P.J. Jacoby, 

M. Kavoossi, R.L. Losey, M.A. Mass, A. Mitra, L.E. Riddick, 

M.A. Robe, V. Selman, J.L. Swasy, R.B. Thompson, 

R.J. Volkema 



Assistant Professor V.G Bruno, R. Edgell, P. English, 

A. Espinosa, S.W Fowler, C. Goldberg, R. Hauswald, G Lee, 

R.G Linowes, W. Liu, S. Marcum, G Martin, 

S. Mazvancheryl, N. Melander, J. Oetzel, K.J. Rodgers, 

R. Stone, D. Weitzner, I. Yaveroglu, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang 

Executive in Residence S. Bedford, S.R. Chidamber, 

J.A. Klein, P. Lewis, B. McCallum, B.L. Nelson, R. Sicina 

Mission 

At American University's Kogod School of business, our 
mission is to: 

• Prepare students to develop rewarding careers and become 
active global citizens who value integrity and who respect 
diverse view points and cultures. 

• Produce highly-engaged and well-prepared graduates to lead 
private, public, and non-profit organizations. 

• Conduct and publish high-quality scholarship for academic 
and professional audiences. 

Vision 

Kogod identifies, develops, and delivers high-quality, mar- 
ket drive programs to fulfill the needs of our stakeholders, and is 
recognized as the school of choice for interdisciplinary educa- 
tion. 

For more information: www.kogod.american.edu 

Accreditation 

The Kogod School of Business is accredited by AACSB In- 
ternational, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of 
Business. 

Departments and Centers 

The school is made up of six departments: Accounting and 
Taxation, Finance and Real Estate, International Business, 
Information Technology, Management, and Marketing. The 
Accounting Department oversees the instruction of all courses 
pertaining to accounting, taxation, and business law. The 
Department of Finance and Real Estate provides courses in 
finance, financial institutions, managerial economics, and real 
estate. The Department of International Business offers a 
variety of international courses that cover all of the business 



176 



Kogod School of Business 177 



disciplines, including marketing, human resources 
management, finance, accounting, and trade. The Department 
of Information Technology provides instruction in information 
technology, with particular emphasis on the global dimensions 
of technology, as well as production/operations management, 
statistics, strategies for information technology development 
and use, and management of information technology resources. 
The Management Department provides instruction in the areas 
of human resources, organizational behavior, entrepreneurship, 
strategy, business and corporate ethics, and global business citi- 
zenship. The Department of Marketing teaches courses in con- 
sumer behavior, research, advertising and promotion, 
marketing strategy development, and technology based market- 
ing. 

The Center for Information Technology and the Global 
Economy is a leader in the area of business issues at the inter- 
section of information technology and globalization. This is ac- 
complished by supporting scholarly research and dialogue with 
the practitioner community. 
Honorary Societies 

The school recognizes both academic and professional 
achievement by students and alumni through membership in 
national honorary societies. 

Beta Gamma Sigma, founded in 1913, is the honor society 
for scholars in the field of business and management. It is linked 
with AACSB International and members elected to the society 
attain the highest national honor for students in business or 
management. 

The Lambda Nu Chapter of Alpha Kappa Psi Fraternity was 
installed in Kogod in 1982. The organization is a professional 
business fraternity dedicated to the principles of professional 
development, ethical standards, and service in the conduct of 
business. 
Student Clubs 

There are numerous student clubs and associations in the 
Kogod School of Business that support students' academic 
programs. 

Undergraduate 

The Undergraduate Business Association (UBA) serves as a 
complement to the Kogod educational experience by providing 
students the opportunity to network, to develop leadership 
skills, to experience field trips, to be exposed to a wide array of 
guest speakers, and to compete in the case competition. 

The 1955 Club serves as a foundation for Kogod's 
co-curricular programs by providing students with meaningful 
opportunities to develop leadership skills. The organization em- 
phasizes personal responsibility, integrity, and professional de- 
velopment. The 1955 Club has two groups: Kogod Envoys 
serve as program ambassadors, and Peer Mentors provide sup- 
port to first year student programming. 

The Washington Initiative is a service learning program that 
provides Kogod undergraduates with volunteer opportunities to 
work on substantial business projects at local non-profits and 
charitable agencies while earning academic credit. The program 
challenges students to examine their beliefs and values about 



business, ethics, and civic responsibility by applying business 
practices to the community's needs. 

The Road Scholars program exposes undergraduate stu- 
dents to the study of business and industry through organized 
study and travel to destinations worldwide. Through site visits, 
networking events, and workshops, students experience diverse 
industries firsthand. 

Founded in 1904, Alpha Kappa Psi is a co-ed professional 
business fraternity. Based on a solid foundation of education 
and social programs, presentations, community service, and ex- 
tensive group work, members develop and utilize skills essen- 
tial not only in today's business world, but also in everyday life. 

The American Marketing Association is the student chapter 
of the world's leading society of marketing professionals. Its 
purpose is to promote education, assist in career development, 
and advance the science and ethical practice of marketing. 

The Kogod Finance Group manages a successful invest- 
ment portfolio and focuses on career development in the invest- 
ment, banking, and financial services industries. 

The Undergraduate Accounting Club (UAC) provides pro- 
gramming, networking, and support for students interested in 
pursuing accounting. The UAC also assists students with re- 
sources and information about CPA requirements and graduate 
school. 

The Hispanic Business Association promotes the develop- 
ment of Hispanic business students through educational, profes- 
sional, and networking opportunities, to foster diversity, higher 
education, and the improvement of the Hispanic community. 

Graduate 

The Graduate Business Association (GBA) provides gradu- 
ate students a unified voice, encourages participation in deci- 
sion making, promotes academic excellence, facilitates 
professional skills development, promotes community service, 
and enhances the quality of academic and social life. 

The Asian MBA Association is a professional club with a 
vision to provide service, representation, and advocacy for 
Asian MBA students at the Kogod School of Business. This 
club holds networking events, and sponsers speakers and 
fundraisers to further its mission. 

The Black MBA Association is a chapter of the National 
Black MBA Association and is dedicated to creating profitable 
partnerships that create and enhance intellectual and economic 
wealth in the Black community. The organization gains its 
strength from a strong belief in community and a commitment 
to its development through economic and educational develop- 
ment initiatives that support the global African-American com- 
munity. 

Hispanic MBA promotes Hispanic students within the busi- 
ness community and seeks to foster Hispanic leadership within 
the Kogod community through professional development activ- 
ities. Club members participate in conferences, networking 
events and fundraising. 

The International Business Student Association (IBSA) 
brings together scholars and professionals to exchange informa- 
tion and ideas in a multinational and multicultural environment. 



178 Kogod School of Business 

The association provides leadership in the areas of international 
business and economic research and practice. It sponsors fo- 
rums, encourages research collaboration, and supports educa- 
tional activities of the highest professional quality. 

The JD/MBA Club is a professional student organization 
that works to address the particular rigors that JD/MBA students 
encounter by providing a support network open to all JD and 
MBA students interested or pursuing the joint degree. 

The Kogod Entrepreneurs Club is committed to the promo- 
tion and practice of entrepreneurship. The club sponsors speak- 
ers, forums, and training on presentation and media skills. 

The Kogod Finance Group (KFG) seeks to provide an op- 
portunity for all students at American University to gain 
out-of-class experience in the finance industry by facilitating in- 
teraction between faculty, alumni, students, and professionals in 
the industry. KFG achieves this mission through active portfolio 
management, workshops, hosting guest speakers, holding so- 
cial gatherings, and participation in investment competitions. 

The Kogod Women in Business (KW1B) chapter is a mem- 
ber of the National Association of Women MBAs and seeks to 
promote the education and advancement of women in business 
by providing support through networking and mentoring oppor- 
tunities, developing resources and abilities to be successful, and 
raising awareness through community outreach. 

The Marketing Club brings together those individuals who 
share an interest for the different aspects of marketing with the 



Undergraduate Programs 



goal of increasing working knowledge by interchanging experi- 
ences. The club holds panels and networking opportunities for 
members. 

MoGIT (Management of Global Information Technology) 
Club is a student organization designed to augment leadership 
and education in information technology. It provides a valuable 
link to the business community, providing exposure and career 
opportunities in the information technology field. 

The Real Estate Club provides graduate students a platform 
to educate and be involved with different aspects of the real es- 
tate industry through site visits, panel discussions, real estate 
software program training and networking. 
Study Abroad Programs 

In the spring and fall semesters, undergraduate students 
have the opportunity to attend the Euro American Institute of 
Technology (EAI Tech) located in Sophia Antipolis on the 
French Riviera. Classes at EAI Tech are taught in English and 
include a wide variety of business core and elective courses. 
Students also have the opportunity to study French and do in- 
ternships at high-tech international companies. AU Abroad also 
offers a range of options for study abroad in business at several 
AACSB and Equis accredited international business schools in- 
cluding The Chinese University of Hong Kong, University Col- 
lege Dublin (Ireland), University of Queensland (Australia), 
Adolfo Ibanez University (Chile), Universiteit Maastricht 
(Netherlands), and Tec de Monterrey (Mexico). 






The undergraduate business program provides students with 
a sound understanding of the major functional areas of business 
while focusing on the communication, teamwork, and real 
world problem solving skills needed for successful professional 
careers. KSB offers two undergraduate programs, the Bachelor 
of Science in Business Administration (B.S.B.A) and the Bach- 
elor of Science in Business Administration and Language and 
Culture Studies (B.L.C.), as well as minors in business adminis- 
tration, finance, information systems and technology, and mar- 
keting. 

The first two years of study focus on the five curricular areas 
of the General Education Program and additional course work 
to develop the necessary background knowledge, skills, and 
competency that apply to the study of business. The foundation 
work includes courses in college writing, mathematics (applied 
calculus and statistics), economics, and cross cultural commu- 
nication. The business core courses emphasize broad business 
functions, global perspectives on commerce, and the essential 
role of technology in the marketplace. It also provides back- 
ground in the production and marketing of goods, the financing 
of products and organizations, and the management of people 
and enterprise. During the first semester, freshmen take the 
Kogod gateway course, KSB- 100 Business 1.0., which pro- 
vides a unique, hands-on, and fun introduction to the study of 
business. Business 1.0 uses a variety of different learning tools 
including small group discussions, team presentations, and lec- 



tures. In later semesters, students study accounting concepts 
along with the legal and ethical dimensions of decision-making 
that impact contemporary organizations. The program also fea- 
tures coursework in organizational behavior, business finance, 
international business, operations management, and business 
strategy. 

The business administration program has a liberal arts-based 
curriculum with a business core that provides a broad knowl- 
edge of business functions while emphasizing the global busi- 
ness environment. In addition to the business core, B.S.B.A. 
majors must complete an approved area of specialization, in- 
cluding accounting, finance, information systems and technol- 
ogy, international business, international finance, international 
management, international marketing, management, marketing, 
or real estate. Kogod students also have the option to incorpo- 
rate their interest in other academic disciplines by designing an 
interdisciplinary area of specialization. The objectives of the 
B.S.B.A. program are: 

. develop students' intellectual curiosity and the ability to think 
creatively, reason logically and respect diverse ideas and 
people; 

• a global perspective on business operations and economics; 

• an understanding of how goods and services are produced and 
marketed; 



Kogod School of Business 179 



• a foundation in the concepts and applications of accounting, 
financial analysis, and business finance; 

• an understanding of basic management theory and 
organizational dynamics of the contemporary business 
enterprise; 

• an appreciation of the legal, ethical, and societal dimensions 
of business decision-making; and, 

. an ability to integrate learning across academic disciplines 

and to develop strategic decision-making skills. 
In addition, each student is expected to: 

• demonstrate professional competence in oral, written, and 
interpersonal communication skills in a business setting; 

• to understand how to use technology and analytical tools to 
improve efficiency, productivity, problem solving, and 
communication; and, 

. to understand the nature of group dynamics and how teams of 
diverse individuals work together to analyze and solve 
business problems. 

Several features of the program are important to these goals and 

distinguish it, including: 

. an emphasis on the development of an individual career 
strategy and the development of professional skill sets; 

• an integrated set of courses and co-curricular activities that 
develop managerial decision making skills; 

. extensive opportunities for study abroad, internships 
(domestic and international), and interaction with 
international and national agencies that affect domestic and 
international business practices; and, 

• a learning environment composed of skilled faculty and 
students from all over the world. 

Internship Program 

Qualified business majors are encouraged to participate in 
the Internship Program, which provides field experience in jobs 
related to their academic programs and career goals. The pro- 
gram enables students to make career decisions and prepare for 
the professional job market while earning degree credit. Posi- 
tions may be with businesses, local, state, or federal govern- 
ments or community, social service, or not-for-profit 
organizations. To earn academic credit, undergraduate students 
must have completed 12 credit hours in business including the 
300-level core course in the relevant Kogod department. The 
credit earned in an internship course can be used only for a free 
business elective course, and cannot replace a core or area of 
specialization course. 

Bachelor of Science in Business 
Administration (B.S.B.A.) 

Admission to the Program 

Freshman applicants should have demonstrated above aver- 
age performance in their college preparatory courses in second- 
ary school. Scores on the SAT or ACT should indicate that the 
applicant has the potential for success in a rigorous university 
degree program. Due to the quantitative emphasis of the busi- 



ness administration curriculum, it is strongly recommended that 
applicants take the SAT II Math test for placement purposes. 

In addition to university requirements for transfer admis- 
sion, transfer applicants to KSB should have a minimum grade 
point average of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale). This also applies to stu- 
dents transferring from nondegree status at American Univer- 
sity. All B.S.B.A. transfer students are required to take 
MGMT-458 and at least 18 upper-level credit hours toward 
their major requirements in residence. Transfer credits for 
300-level and above business courses are subject to validation 
by the appropriate department chair and may be conditional on 
successful completion of a more advanced course at American 
University. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Curricular Area 4 should be fulfilled by ECON-100 
Macroeconomics and ECON-200 Microeconomics. 
Major Requirements 

• A total of 120 credit hours with a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.00 or higher 

• Non-business prerequisite and required courses: 60 credit 
hours 

Accreditation standards for business programs require that 
students complete 50 percent of their total course work 
outside the Kogod School of Business. 
IBUS-200 and FIN-200 are considered business courses and 
may not count toward the non-business course requirement 
even if they are taken for General Education credit. 
Students may take more than 60 credit hours of business 
courses as long as 50 percent of their total credit hours is in 
non-business course work. 

• Business core courses: 33 credit hours with grades of C or 
better (pass/fail grades are not permitted) 

• After completing 24 credit hours in business course work, 
B.S.B.A. students must maintain a minimum cumulative 
grade point average of 2.0 to be eligible to enroll in KSB 
courses 

• Area of specialization: a minimum of 12 credit hours with 
grades of C or better (pass/fail grades are not permitted) 
Students should declare an area of specialization before the 
end of their junior year. All areas of specialization must be 
approved in advance by the Office of Academic Programs. 



180 Kogod School of Business 



Students must meet the following minimum standards of 

performance prior to approval: 

minimum grade of C in M ATH-2 1 1 Applied Calculus I and 

STAT-202 Basic Statistics 

minimum grade of C in ECON-100 Macroeconomics and 

ECON-200 Microeconomics 

• Free electives: 15 credit hours 

• At least 50 percent of the business credit hours required for 
the B.S.B.A. must be earned at American University 

Course Requirements 

Students are responsible for fulfilling university and school 
requirements following a prescribed sequence. The academic 
advisors in the Kogod School's Office of Academic Programs 
must be consulted for counseling and advice when preparing 
class schedules. However, it is the student's responsibility to 
consult course descriptions to identify course prerequisites and 
when courses are offered. 

Non-Business Requirements 

• ECON- 1 00 Macroeconomics 4: 1 (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I (4) 

or 
MATH-22 1 Calculus I (4) (for students with a stronger 

background in mathematics) 
Students needing to strengthen their quantitative skills should 
begin with MATH-157 Finite Mathematics: Business. 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• 6 credit hours in foreign language or approved international 
or cross-cultural courses from the following: 

Courses from the School of International Service (SIS) 
Courses from the Department of Language and Foreign 

Studies, College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) 
Curricular Area 3 (Global and Multicultural Perspectives) 
courses may be used to meet this requirement, but the 6 credit 
hours must be in addition to those taken to fulfill the General 
Education Requirement 

AU Abroad courses (if not used to fulfill another 
requirement), international internships, or other approved 
study abroad programs 
Business Core Courses (33 credit hours) 

• ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 

• ACCT-241 Principles of Managerial Accounting (AT) (3) 

• FIN-365 Business Finance (AT) (3) 

• IBUS-300 Fundamentals of International 

Business (C/W) (3) 

• ITEC-200 The Edge of Information Technology (AT) (3) 

• ITEC-355 Production/Operations Management (AT/C) (3) 

• KSB- 100 Business 1.0(3) 

(students not taking KSB- 100 in their freshman year take a 
300- or 400-level course in its place) 



• MGMT-201 Global Corporate Citizenship (O) (3) 

• MGMT-353 Principles of Organizational Theory, 

Behavior and Management (T) (3) 

• MGMT-458 Business Policy and Strategy (C/O/T/W) (3) 

• MKTG-300PnnciplesofMarketing(W)(3) 
AT= analytical tool emphasis; provides a strong foundation in 
business analytical software 

C = case analysis emphasis; provides growth opportunities 
for students to evaluate cases 

0= oral communication emphasis; assists in the development 
of oral presentation skills 

T = teamwork emphasis; focuses on teamwork and the 
importance of interpersonal relationships and 
communication 

W = written communication emphasis; develops business 
writing skills, written assignments account for a significant 
part of the course grade 
Area of Specialization 

Business majors select a specialization from the approved 
specializations listed below or design a custom or interdisciplin- 
ary specialization with the approval of their Kogod advisor. 
Specializations must include a minimum of 12 credit hours at 
the 300 level or above. Students who choose a second area of 
specialization must also take a minimum of 12 credit hours in 
the second specialization. 

Accounting (12 credit hours) 

• ACCT-340 Intermediate Accounting I (3) 

• ACCT-341 Intermediate Accounting II (3) 

• ACCT-345 Cost Accounting and Strategic Cost 

Management (3) 

• ACCT-443 Federal Income Taxation of Individuals and 

Businesses (3) 
Finance (12 credit hours) 

• 1 2 credit hours from the following: 
FIN-464 Financial Markets and Institutions (3) 
FIN-465 Derivative Securities (3) 

FIN-468 Intermediate Corporate Finance (3) 
FIN-469 Investment Analysis (3) 
FIN-474 Real Estate Finance and Economics (3) 
IBUS-302 International Finance (3) 
Information Systems and Technology (12 credit hours) 

• ITEC-455 Requirements Analysis (3) 

• ITEC^70 Databases, Data Mining, and Knowledge 

Management (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ITEC-333 Topics in Information Technology (3) 
ITEC-334 Computer Programming in the Web Era (3) 
ITEC-350 Corporate Information Strategy and 

Management (3) 
ITEC-454 Fundamentals of Electronic Commerce (3) 



Kogod School of Business 181 



International Business (12 credit hours) 

• IBUS-301 International Marketing (3) 

• IBUS-302 International Finance (3) 

• IBUS-402 International Human Resources Management (3) 

• IBUS-404 International Accounting and Financial 

Consulting (3) 
International Finance (12 credit hours) 

• FIN-464 Financial Markets and Institutions (3) 

• FIN-468 Intermediate Corporate Finance (3) 

• IBUS-302 International Finance (3) 

• IBUS-404 International Accounting and Financial 

Consulting (3) 
International Management (12 credit hours) 

• IBUS-401 Cultural Environment of International 

Business (3) 

• IBUS-402 International Human Resource Management (3) 

• ITEC-454 Fundamentals of Electronic Commerce (3) 

• MGMT-386 Entrepreneurship (3) 

International Marketing (12 credit hours) 

• IBUS-301 International Marketing (3) 

• IBUS-408 Export/Import Management (3) 

• MKTG-301 Consumer Behavior (W) (3) 

• MKTG-302 Marketing Research (C) (3) 

Management (12 credit hours) 

• MGMT-3 81 Managing Human Capital (3) 

• MGMT-409 Leading High Performance Teams (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
MGMT-386 Entrepreneurship (3) 
MGMT-423 Managing Change and Innovation (3) 
MGMT-465 Negotiation (3) 

MGMT-484 Consulting and Project Management (3) 
Marketing (12 credit hours) 

• MKTG-301 Consumer Behavior (3) 

• MKTG-302 Marketing Research (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
IBUS-301 International Marketing (3) 
MKTG-31 1 Internet Marketing (3) 
MKTG-402 Marketing Strategy (3) 

MKTG-41 1 Advertising and Marketing Communications 

Management (3) 
MKTG-41 2 Advertising and Promotion Campaigns (3) 
MKTG-421 Brand Management (3) 
MKTG-431 Direct Response Marketing (3) 
Real Estate (12 credit hours) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 

FIN-373 Real Estate Principles and Transactions (3) 
FIN-474 Real Estate Finance and Economics (3) 
FIN-475 Real Estate Management and Development (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 



FIN-464 Financial Markets and Institutions (3) 

FIN-465 Derivative Securities (3) 

FIN-469 Investment Analysis (3) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Bachelor of Science in Business 
Administration and Language and 
Culture Studies (B.L.C.) 

The B. S. in Business Administration and Language and 
Culture Studies (B.L.C) is designed for students with a passion 
for business and a complementary enthusiasm for a foreign lan- 
guage. Students choose one of four language tracks (French, 
German, Russian, or Spanish) when entering the program, then 
complete the business core, and spend one semester abroad tak- 
ing courses in their language track. Upon completion of this in- 
terdisciplinary program, students will be prepared to take the 
American Council on the Teaching of a Foreign Language 
(ACTFL) oral proficiency interview and qualify for a regional 
fluency certificate (i.e. French Chamber of Commerce Certifi- 
cate). Students with a solid academic foundation in business and 
a strong proficiency in a foreign language will be highly com- 
petitive in the global marketplace. 
Admission to the Program 

Freshman applicants should have demonstrated above aver- 
age performance in their college preparatory courses in second- 
ary school. Scores on the SAT or ACT should indicate that the 
applicant has the potential for success in a rigorous university 
degree program. Due to the quantitative emphasis of the busi- 
ness administration curriculum, it is strongly recommended that 
applicants take the SATII Math test for placement purposes. 

In addition to university requirements for transfer admis- 
sion, transfer applicants to KSB should have a minimum grade 
point average of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale). This also applies to stu- 
dents transferring from nondegree status at American Univer- 
sity. All B.L.C. transfer students are required to take 
MGMT-458 and at least 18 upper-level credit hours toward 
their major requirements in residence. Transfer credits for 
300-level and above business courses are subject to validation 
by the appropriate department chair and may be conditional on 
successful completion of a more advanced course at American 
University. 



1 82 Kogod School of Business 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Curricular Area 1 should be fulfilled by ANTH-225 
Language and Human Experience with grades of C or better 
(pass/fail grades are not permitted) and an appropriately 
corresponding foundation course. 

Curricular Area 4 should be fulfilled by ECON-100 
Macroeconomics and ECON-200 Microeconomics with 
grades of C or better (pass/fail grades are not permitted). 

Tracks 

French, German, Russian, or Spanish 

Major Requirements 

• A total of 120 credit hours with a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.00 or higher 

Students must complete 45 of the last 60 credit hours on 
campus, with a minimum of 1 5 credit hours of upper-level 
courses 

• A total of 82 credit hours with grades of C or better for the 
major requirements 

To comply with AACSB accreditation standards, Kogod 
students must complete at least 50 percent of their course 
work outside of the business school. (IBUS-200 and FIN-200 
are considered business courses and may not count toward 
non-business course requirements even if they are taken for 
General Education credit) Students may take more than 60 
credit hours of business courses as long as 50 percent of their 
total credit hours is in non-business course work. 

• Business core courses: 33 credit hours with grades of C or 
better (pass/fail grades are not permitted) 

• 32 foreign language credit hours with grades of C or better 
(pass/fail grades are not permitted). Students declare a 
language track (French, German, Spanish or Russian) upon 
entering the program. 

24 credit hours in the major language at the 300 level or above 

At least 6 credits taken at AU or abroad must be business 

topics in the foreign language, all business courses in a 

language must be taken at an AACSB institution or Kogod 

approved institution 

At least 12 credits must be taken abroad in the foreign 

language 

• After completing 24 credit hours of B.L.C. course work, 
students must maintain a minimum cumulative grade point 






average of 2.0 to be eligible to enroll in KSB or Department of 
Language and Foreign Studies (LFS) courses 

• At least 50 percent of the business credit hours required for 
the B.L.C must be earned at American University. 

• Study Abroad Requirement: every B.L.C. student must study 
abroad and take a minimum of 12 credits in their language 
track. Students should consult the AU Abroad website and 
work closely with their advisor to identify suitable options 
and timelines for their abroad experience. 

Course Requirements 

Students are responsible for fulfilling university and school 
requirements following a prescribed sequence. Students work 
closely with their academic advisor in Kogod and their faculty 
advisor in the Department of Language and Foreign Studies in 
the College of Arts and Sciences to ensure appropriate course 
sequencing. However, it is the student's responsibility to consult 
course descriptions to identify course prerequisites and when 
courses are offered. 

General Requirements (17 credit hours) 

Students must complete the following courses with a grade 
of C or better: 

• ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience (3) 

• ECON- 1 00 Macroeconomics (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics (3) 

• MATH-211 Applied Calculus I (4) 

or 
MATH 221 Calculus I (4) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

Business Core Courses (33 credit hours) 

• ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 

• ACCT-241 Principles of Managerial Accounting (AT) (3) 

• FIN-365 Business Finance (AT) (3) 

• IBUS-300 Fundamentals of International Business (C/W) (3) 

• ITEC-200 The Edge of Information Technology (AT) (3) 

• ITEC-355 Production/Operations Management (AT/C) (3) 

• KSB- 100 Business 1.0(3) 

(students not taking KSB- 1 00 in their freshman year take a 
300- or 400-level course in its place) 

• MGMT-201 Global Corporate Citizenship (O) (3) 

• MGMT-353 Principles of Organizational Theory, 

Behavior and Management (T) (3) 

• MGMT-458 Business Policy and Strategy (C/O/TAV) (3) 

• MKTG-300 Principles of Marketing (W) (3) 

AT= analytical tool emphasis; provides a strong foundation in 

business analytical software 

C = case analysis emphasis; provides growth opportunities 

for students to evaluate cases 

O = oral communication emphasis; assists in the development 

of oral presentation skills 



Kogod School of Business 183 



T = teamwork emphasis; focuses on teamwork and the 
importance of interpersonal relationships and 
communication 

W = written communication emphasis; develops business 
writing skills, written assignments account for a significant 
part of the course grade 
Language Core Requirements (32 credit hours) 

• 24 credit hours in the major language (French, German, 
Russian, or Spanish) at the 300 level or above 

• At least 6 credits taken at AU or abroad must be business 
topics in the foreign language (all business courses in a 
language must be taken at an AACSB institution or Kogod 
approved institution). 

• At least 12 credits must be taken abroad in the foreign 
language 

French 

• FREN-322 Advanced French I (3) (may be replaced by 
other 300- or 500-level courses if warranted by language 
proficiency) 

• FREN-323 Advanced French II (3) (may be replaced by 
other 300- or 500-level courses if warranted by language 
proficiency) 

• FREN-324 Civilisation Francaise I (3) 

• FREN-325 Civilisation Francaise II (3) 

• Remaining credit hours at the 300 level or above in French 
studies 

German 

• GERM-332 German Conversation and Composition I (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 400-level courses if 
warranted by language proficiency) 

• GERM-333 German Conversation and Composition II (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 400-level courses if 
warranted by language proficiency) 

• GERM-438 German Civilization I (3) 

• GERM-439 German Civilization II (3) 

• Remaining credit hours at the 300-400-level independent 
study projects, internships, and topic courses in German 
studies 

Russian 

• RUSS-342 Russian Conversation and Composition I (3) 

• RUSS-343 Russian Conversation and Composition II (3) 

• RUSS-441 Russian Media and Political Translation (3) 

• Remaining credit hours at the 300-400-level independent 
study projects, internships, and topic courses in Russian 
studies 

Spanish 

• SPAN-352 Spanish Conversation and Composition I (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 400- level courses if 
warranted by language proficiency) 



• SPAN-353 Spanish Conversation and Composition II (3) 
(may be replaced by other 300- or 400- level courses if 
warranted by language proficiency) 

• SPAN-357 Introduction to Latin American Literature (3) 

• SPAN-450 Spanish Civilization I: Spain (3) 

• SPAN-491 Internship: Spanish (2-6) 

• Remaining credit hours chosen from Spanish topics 
colloquium, and literature courses 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/. 

Language Resource Center 

The Language Resource Center (LRC) of the Department of 
Language and Foreign Studies is a comprehensive, multimedia 
facility which supports students and faculty in the study and 
teaching of foreign languages and cultures through the use of 
advanced technologies in audio, video, film, computer, and sat- 
ellite telecommunications. The LRC is located in the Asbury 
Building lower level and is reached via the street-level entrance 
to the north wing of Asbury. For more information call 
202-885-2396. 

Washington Semester in 

International Business and Trade 

This program draws on the unique environment of Washing- 
ton, D.C, focusing on the interplay between national govern- 
ment institutions and the business sector. Students study the 
impact of government policies and actions on international 
business and trade through seminars with decision makers and 
business leaders, internships with organizations in Washington, 
and research. Students earn undergraduate credits that may be 
applied toward a bachelor's degree. 

Admission to the Program 

The program is open to non-business students at American 
University and to students of affiliated institutions from across 
the country. Requirements for admission to the program are: 
nomination by a faculty representative of the Washington Se- 
mester Program; a minimum grade point average of 2.50 (on a 
4.00 scale); and at least second-semester sophomore standing. 

Course Requirements 

• IBUS-420 International Business and Trade Seminar I (4) 



1 84 Kogod School of Business 



• IBUS-421 International Business and Trade Seminar II (4) 

• IBUS-422 International Business and Trade Research 

Project (4) 
or 
an elective course may be substituted for the research project 

• IBUS-423 International Business and Trade Internship (4) 

Minor in Business Administration 

The minor is designed to provide coverage of the common 
body of knowledge in business administration for non-business 
majors. 
Minor Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better, a minimum of 9 
credit hours at the 300-level or above, and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 

• FIN-365 Business Finance (3) (prerequisite: ACCT-240, 
ECON-200 Microeconomics and STAT- 202 Basic 
Statistics) 

• MGMT-353 Principles of Organizational Theory, 

Behavior and Management (3) 

• MKTG-250 Fundamentals of Marketing and Business for 

Communications (3) 
or 

MKTG-300 Principles of Marketing (3) (prerequisite: 
ECON-200 Microeconomics) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 

ACCT-241 Principles of Managerial Accounting (3) 
IBUS-300 Fundamentals of International Business (3) 
ITEC-355 Production/Operations Management (3) 
(prerequisite: ACCT-241, ECON-200 
Microeconomics, MATH-21 1 Applied Calculus I or 
MATH-221 Calculus I, and STAT-202 Basic Statistics) 
MGMT-201 Global Corporate Citizenship (3) 

Minor in Finance 

The minor in finance provides non-business majors with an 
understanding of key finance concepts. Through case studies 
and company projects, students learn how to apply these con- 
cepts to real-life situations. Students also gain insight on finan- 
cial markets and their wide-ranging impacts. 
Minor Requirements 

• 1 9-22 credit hours with grades of C or better, a minimum of 9 
credit hours at the 300-level or above, and at least 12 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 

• ECON- 1 00 Macroeconomics 4: 1 (3) and 
ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 






an approved economics course covering the fundamentals of 
business economics (3) 

• FIN-365 Business Finance (3) 

• STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
FIN-464 Financial Markets and Institutions (3) 
FIN-465 Derivative Securities (3) 
FIN-469 Investment Analysis (3) 
IBUS-302 International Finance (3) 

Minor in Information Systems and 
Technology 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• 18 credit hours from the following: 

ITEC-200 The Edge of Information Technology (3) 
ITEC-333 Topics in Information Technology (3) 
ITEC-334 Computer Programming in the Web Era (3) 
ITEC-350 Corporate Information Strategy and 

Management (3) 
ITEC-454 Fundamentals of Electronic Commerce (3) 
ITEC-455 Requirements Analysis (3) 
ITEC-470 Databases, Data Mining, and Knowledge 

Management (3) 

Minor in Marketing 

The minor in marketing provides non-business majors with 
a thorough understanding of the fundamental concepts of mar- 
keting and how to apply these concepts through case studies and 
company and non-profit organization projects. Students also 
gain an understanding of consumer behavior, along with the 
knowledge and tools needed to coordinate marketing elements 
into integrated campaigns. 

Minor Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better, a minimum of 9 
credit hours at the 300-level or above, and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• MKTG-250 Fundamentals of Marketing and Business for 

Communications (3) 
or 
MKTG-300 Principles of Marketing (3) 

• 1 5 credit hours from the following: 
MKTG-301 Consumer Behavior (3) 
MKTG-302 Marketing Research (3) 
MKTG-311 Internet Marketing (3) 
MKTG-391 Internship in Marketing (3) 

MKTG-41 1 Advertising and Marketing Communications 

Management (3) 
MKTG-41 2 Advertising and Promotion Campaigns (3) 



Kogod School of Business 185 



MKTG-421 Brand Management (3) 
MKTG-43 1 Direct Response Marketing (3) 

Minor in Real Estate 

The real estate minor is designed to provide non-business 
majors with a thorough understanding of real estate principles 
and enable them to apply them to actual circumstances using 
case studies and company projects, as well as to understand real 
estate markets and the factors influencing their behavior. 
Minor Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better, a minimum of 9 
credit hours at the 300-level or above, and at least 12 credit 
hours unique to the minor 



Graduate Programs 



Course Requirements 

• ACCT-240 Principles of Financial Accounting (3) 

• ECON- 1 00 Macroeconomics 4: 1 (3) 

or 
ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• FIN-365 Business Finance (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 

FIN-373 Real Estate Principles and Transactions (3) 
FIN-474 Real Estate Finance and Economics (3) 
FIN-475 Real Estate Management and Development (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 

FrN-464 Financial Markets and Institutions (3) 
FrN-465 Derivative Securities (3) 
FIN-469 Investment Analysis (3) 



Internship for Credit Program 

Graduate students may earn elective credit for internships 
that are related to their academic program and their career goals. 
These positions are full or part time and are usually with busi- 
nesses, state or federal governments, or not-for-profit organiza- 
tions. Students who elect to do an internship for credit will be 
assigned a faculty member who will guide and evaluate the stu- 
dents' learning process. 

To be eligible for an internship for credit, students must be in 
good academic standing (at least a 3.0 GPA) and eligible stu- 
dents must have completed 12 credit hours of the required core 
course work. Before students apply they must obtain appropri- 
ate signatures from their academic advisors (international stu- 
dents also need approval from International Student & Scholar 
Services), and provide a position description from the em- 
ployer. All internships are reviewed and approved for credit by 
the faculty advisor. Students are required to demonstrate what 
they have learned through written papers or reports. Specific re- 
quirements are set by the faculty in the syllabus. Students doing 
an internship for credit must work a minimum of 1 hours per 
week for at least 12 weeks. Students register after they are se- 
lected for a position by an employer and have all the necessary 
forms completed. A maximum of 3 internship credit hours, 
taken as elective credit, may be applied toward a student's de- 
gree program requirements. Students will be graded on a 
pass/fail basis. 

Master of Business Administration 
(M.B.A.) 

The goal of the M.B.A. program is to develop practical busi- 
ness managers with both the analytical ability and managerial 
skills to be able to succeed in the complex, technical arena of 
world-wide businesses today and in the future. 

The M.B.A. program contains within its required curricu- 
lum the business perspectives and core areas required by 
AACSB. The M.B.A. is a broad, general management program 



with the opportunity for greater depth in a business discipline or 
functional area. 

Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must have earned a satisfactory 
score on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) 
and a satisfactory grade point average for the last 60 hours of ac- 
ademic work from a Council on Postsecondary Accreditation 
(COPA) regionally-accredited institution. 

Applicants whose first language is not English are also re- 
quired to take the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Lan- 
guage) and demonstrate English language proficiency. 

Students are admitted to the M.B.A. program starting in Au- 
gust or January. Full-time students generally take between 12 
and 15 credit hours per semester, which allows for completion 
of the degree in four semesters. Full-time students generally 
take between 6 and 7.5 credit hours per semester, which allows 
for completion of the degree in eight semeters. Some of the core 
part-time M.B.A. courses are offered in a hybrid format, with 
face-to-face classes on campus, virtual classes that take place 
synchronously over the Internet, and online self study activities. 

Degree Requirements 

• 5 1 credit hours of approved graduate course work including 
25.5 credits of integrated core courses and 25.5 credits in one 
or two career tracks and advanced electives. 
A minimum of 30 credits taken in residence from the Kogod 
School of Business is required for the M.B.A. 
Up to 7.5 credit hours of course work may be waived from 
ACCT-607, FIN-606, ITEC-614 and ITEC-615 if students 
have taken equivalent course work at the undergraduate level 
in the past seven years, received grades of B or better, and pass 
an examination during orientation for each course waived. 
Any waived courses are waived with replacement of an equal 
number of credits of other course work. 



186 Kogod School of Business 



Up to 9 credit hours earned at another AACSB-accredited 
M.B. A. program may be transferred and applied to the Kogod 
M.B.A. requirements. 

M.B. A. students may take a maximum of 6 credit hours in 
500-level courses or graduate courses which meet 
concurrently with undergraduate courses. 
M.B.A. students may take a maximum of 6 credits with a 
pass/fail grade. Pass/fail grades are not permitted for any core 
requirements, for a student's career track courses, or for 
KSB-688 Applied Business Practicum. A pass grade is 
equivalent to B or higher; a fail grade is equivalent to B- or 
lower. 

• Intensive writing requirement: 

KSB-601 Strategic Decision-Making in a Global 
Environment I and KSB-602 Strategic Decision-Making in a 
Global Environment II. These courses must be taken in 
residence at Kogod with a grade of B or higher. 

• Workshop requirement: 

KSB-06 1 MB A Workshop I and KSB-062 MBA Workshop II 
must be completed in conjunction with KSB-601and 
KSB-602. 

• Orientation requirement: All students are required to 
participate in the MBA Orientation Program during the week 
prior to the start of classes in their first semester. 

Course Requirements 
Core (25.5 credit hours) 

• ACCT-607 Accounting Concepts and Applications (3) 

• FIN-606 Microeconomics: Market Structure and Business 

Strategy (1.5) 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• IBUS-6 1 International Business Analysis ( 1 .5) 

• ITEC-614 Quantitative Methods for Business I: Probability 

and Statistics (1.5) 

• ITEC-615 Quantitative Methods for Business II: Inferential 

Statistics and Forecasting (1.5) 

• ITEC-6 1 7 Information and Technology (1 .5) 

• ITEC-6 1 8 Applied Production and Operations 

Management (1.5) 

• KSB-06 1 MBA Workshop 1(0) 

• KSB-062 MBA Workshop II (0) 

• KSB-601 Strategic Decision-Making in a Global 

Environment I (3) 

• KSB-602 Strategic Decision-Making in a Global 

Environment II (3) 

• MGMT-612 Legal, Ethical and Social Issues in 

Business (1.5) 

• MGMT-6 1 3 Managing People in Organizations ( 1 .5) 

• MKTG-6 1 Marketing Management (1.5) 

MBA Career Tracks and Electives (25.5 credit hours) 

• A minimum of 9 credit hours in a career track 



• Remaining credit hours in a second career track or electives 
A maximum of 3 credit hours may be taken in an internship 
for elective credit (see internship for credit program, above) 
Topics courses require approval from the Office of Academic 
Programs. 

Accounting (9 credit hours) 

The Accounting career track offers a breadth of knowledge 
in accounting and management. Students learn a wide array of 
techniques that contribute to careers in consulting, finance, and 
general management and upon completion of the program will 
possess the basic conceptual knowledge of accounting as well 
as insights into the nature, limitations, interpretations, and uses 
of financial information and technology necessary for corporate 
valuation and management. 

• 9 credit hours chosen in consultation with the department 
chair from the following: 

ACCT-547 Advanced Financial Reporting (3) 
ACCT-549 Contemporary Assurance and Audit Services (3) 
ACCT-560 Governmental and Not-for Profit Accounting (3) 
ACCT-604 Tax Planning for Individuals and Business 

Enterprises (3) 
ACCT-641 Corporate Financial Reporting (3) 
ACCT-650 Accounting Information Systems (3) 
ACCT-670 International Accounting (3) 
ACCT-677 Financial Statement Analysis (3) 
ACCT-725 Modem Management Control Systems (3) 
ACCT-760 Advanced Auditing and Professional Practice (3) 
ACCT-770 Current Topics in Accounting (1 .5) 
ACCT-780 Seminar in Accounting Theory (3) 
Graduate taxation courses: 
ACCT-630 Legislative and Judicial Foundations of 

Income Tax (3) 
ACCT-631 Tax Research and Procedure (3) 
ACCT-632 Estate and Gift Tax (3) 
ACCT-740 Taxation of Corporations (3) 
ACCT-741 State and Local Taxation (3) 
ACCT-742 Special Tax Topics (3) 
ACCT-743 International Taxation (3) 
ACCT-745 Employee Benefit Tax Planning (3) 
ACCT-746 Taxation of Real Estate Transactions (3) 
ACCT-747 Taxation of Pass-Through Entities (3) 
ACCT-750 Tax Policy (3) 
ACCT-75 1 Seminar in Business Tax Planning (3) 
ACCT-752 Seminar in Family Financial Planning (3) 
Asset Management (13.5 credit hours) 

In this track students learn to value a wide range of individ- 
ual assets and to form and manage portfolios of these assets. 
Students with this training will be well equipped to work as an 
investment analyst or trader for an investment house, mutual 
fund, retirement fund, insurance company, or trading firm. 

• FIN-672 Investment Analysis and Portfolio 

Management (3) 

• FIN-674 Derivatives and Risk Management (3) 



Kogod School of Business 187 



• FrN-677 Financial Statement Analysis (3) 

• FIN-685 Topics in Finance and Real Estate ( 1 .5) 

• 3 credit hours from one of the following: 
Real Estate and/or Venture Capital 

ACCT-685 Topics in Accounting (1.5) 
FIN-676 Financial Institutions (1.5) 
FIN-685 Topics in Finance and Real Estate (1 .5) 
FrN-730 Real Estate and Principles and Investment (3) 
FIN-734 Real Estate Development (3) 
STAT-522 Time Series Analysis (3) 
Money Management 

ACCT-641 Corporate Financial Reporting (3) 

ACCT-685 Topics in Accounting (1.5) 

FIN-673 Corporate Valuation and Financial Strategy (3) 

FIN-685 Topics in Finance and Real Estate (1.5) 

IBUS-700 International Finance (3) 

STAT-522 Time Series Analysis (3) 

Consulting (12 credit hours) 

Provides students with some of the fundamental training, 
frameworks, and techniques used by leading consulting firms 
and the opportunity to work with practicing consultants in the 
classroom. Students specialize in one of three consulting areas: 
information technology, international business, or management 
consulting. 

Information Technology 

• MGMT-626 Consulting Practice and Methodology (3) 

• ITEC-630 Business Analysis and Data Design (3) 

• ITEC-643 Consulting Project Management and the 

Enterprise Process (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 
ITEC-640 Global Connectivity (1 .5) 

ITEC-641 Global Collaborative Technology and Virtual 

Teams (1.5) 
ITEC-652 Strategic Management of Global Information 

Systems (1.5) 
ITEC-655 Outsourcing and Offshoring (1.5) 
ITEC-656 Topics in Management of Global Information 

Technology (1.5) 
ITEC-658 International Electronic Commerce (1.5) 
ITEC-666 Information Security Technology and 

Management (1.5) 
International Business 

• MGMT-626 Consulting Practice and Methodology (3) 

• IBUS-702 Strategic Management of Multinational 

Corporations (3) 

• ITEC-643 Consulting Project Management and the 
Enterprise Process (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 
IBUS-685 Topics in International Business (1.5) 
IBUS-705 Export/Import Management (1.5) 



IBUS-740 Project Finance in Developing and Transitional 

Economies (1.5) 
IBUS-74 1 International Technology Transfer (1.5) 
IBUS-742 Analysis of International Business Expansion: A 

Consulting Experience (1.5) 
Management 

• ITEC-643 Consulting Project Management and the 

Enterprise Process (3) 

• MGMT-61 1 Change and Innovation (3) 

• MGMT-626 Consulting Practice and Methodology (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 
MGMT-665 Negotiations (3) 
MGMT-666 Strategic Alliances, Mergers and 

Acquisitions (3) 
MGMT-685 Topics in Management (1.5-3) 
Corporate Finance: Investment Banking 
(13.5 credit hours) 

In this track students prepare for careers in the financial ser- 
vices industry; specifically within investment banking with spe- 
cializations in either corporate finance and private equity, or 
trading and sales. The broad range of courses allows students to 
acquire the requisite skills, quantitative expertise, and institu- 
tional knowledge to succeed in this competitive work 
environment. 

• FIN-671 Advanced Financial Management (3) 

• FIN-673 Corporate Valuation and Financial Strategy (3) 

• FIN-677 Financial Statement Analysis (3) 

• 4.5 credit hours from one of the following: 
Corporate Finance and Private Equity 

FIN-672 Investment Analysis and Portfolio 

Management (3) 
FIN-674 Derivatives and Risk Management (3) 
FIN-685 Topics in Finance and Real Estate (1 .5) 
Trading and Selling 
ACCT-685 Topics in Accounting (1 .5 ) 
ECON-522 Econometrics (3) 
FIN-672 Investment Analysis and Portfolio 

Management (3) 
FIN-674 Derivatives and Risk Management (3) 
FIN-680 Investment Banking (1.5) 
FIN-685 Topics in Finance and Real Estate (1 .5) 
IBUS-700 International Finance (3) 
Corporate Finance: Commercial Banking 
(12 credit hours) 

Prepares students for a career path which leads to senior ex- 
ecutive positions in banking and senior executive positions in 
the corporate finance function of companies. 

• FIN-677 Financial Statement Analysis (3) 

• FIN 682-Managing Depository Institutions (1 .5) 

• IBUS-701 International Banking (1.5) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 



188 Kogod School of Business 



ACCT-670 International Accounting (3) 

FIN 673 Corporate Valuation and Financial Strategy (3) 

FIM-674 Derivatives and Risk Management (3) 

IBUS-700 International Finance (3) 

MGMT-665 Negotiations (3) 

Corporate Finance: Corporate Financial Management 

(12 credit hours) 

Prepares students for positions in this field in the finance 
function of entrepreneurial and mid- and large sized companies. 

• ACCT-725 Modem Management Control Systems (3) 

• FIN-67I Advanced Financial Management (3) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ACCT-670 International Accounting (3) 
FIN-672 Investment Analysis and Portfolio 

Management (3) 
FIN-673 Corporate Valuation and Financial Strategy (3) 
FIN-674 Derivatives and Risk Management (3) 
IBUS-700 International Finance (3) 
IBUS-701 International Banking (1.5) 
Entrepreneurship (9 credit hours) 
Provides students with the opportunity to behave like an en- 
trepreneur in employee and management roles and the tools for 
starting, managing, and growing a business. Students learn how 
to work with closely-held businesses and how to assess 
start-ups as potential vendors and investments. 

• MGMT-661 New Venture Creation (3) 

• MGMT-662 Managing Small and Growing 

Organizations (1.5) 
or 
MGMT-663 Managing Private and Family Businesses (1.5) 

• 4.5 credit hours from the following: 

FIN-685 Topics in Finance and Real Estate (1.5) 
MGMT-662 Managing Small and Growing 

Organizations (1.5) 
or 

MGMT-663 Managing Private and Family Businesses (1 .5) 
MGMT-665 Negotiations (3) 
MGMT-666 Strategic Alliances, Mergers and 

Acquisitions (3) 
MGMT-685 Topics in Management (1.5-3) 
Global Emerging Markets (12 credit hours) 
This track is designed to give students the skills and tools to 
understand and do business in and with emerging market coun- 
tries and companies. Three specializations share a common 
core of required courses and provide students with the opportu- 
nity to pursue specialized functional courses in finance or infor- 
mation technology: Doing Business in Global Emerging 
Markets (for students who wish to develop specialized regional 
and country expertise and foreign language skills), Global 
Emerging Markets and Information Technology (for students 
who wish to be involved in outsourcing and electronic com- 
merce), and Global Emerging Markets and Finance. 
Global Emerging Markets: Business 



• IBUS-746 Global Emerging Market (3) 

• IBUS-748 Management in Emerging Markets ( 1 .5) 

• 1 .5 credit hours from the following: 
IBUS-685 Topics in International Business(1.5) 
IBUS-74 1 International Technology Transfer (1.5) 
IBUS-742 Analysis of International Business Expansion: 

A Consulting Experience (1.5) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
IBUS-744 International Dimensions of Management: Study 

Abroad Project (3) 
SIS-539 Comparative Development Strategies (3) 
SIS-579 Selected Regional and Country Studies (3) (topics) 
Approved graduate foreign language course (3) 
Global Emerging Markets: Finance 

• IBUS-746 Global Emerging Market (3) 

• IBUS-748 Management in Emerging Markets (1.5) 

• 1.5 credit hours from the following: 
IBUS-685 Topics in International Business (1.5) 
IBUS-74 1 International Technology Transfer (1 .5) 
IBUS-742 Analysis of International Business Expansion: 

A Consulting Experience (1.5) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 
ACCT-670 International Accounting (3) 
FIN-681 Financial Intermediation in Emerging 

Markets (1.5) 
IBUS-700 International Finance (3) 
IBUS-701 International Banking (1.5) 
IBUS-740 Project Finance in Developing and Transitional 

Economies (1.5) 

Global Emerging Markets: Information Technology 

• IBUS-746 Global Emerging Market (3) 

• IBUS-748 Management in Emerging Markets (1 .5) 

• 1 .5 credit hours from the following: 
IBUS-685 Topics in International Business (1.5) 
IBUS-741 International Technology Transfer (1.5) 
IBUS-742 Analysis of International Business Expansion: 

A Consulting Experience (1.5) 

• 6 credit hours from the following: 

ITEC-643 Consulting Project Management and the 

Enterprise Process (3) 
ITEC-654 Nations, Policy, and Information 

Technology (1.5) 
ITEC-656 Topics in Management of Global Information 

Technology (1.5) 
ITEC-658 International Electronic Commerce (1.5) 

International Trade and Global Supply Chain 
Management (9 credit hours) 

Designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills 
required for the effective management of the global trade and 
supply chain operations of the multinational enterprise. Stu- 
dents obtain knowledge of supply chain management, purchas- 



Kogod School of Business 189 



ing and logistics operations, market entry strategies, 
export-import management, technology transfer and other rele- 
vant international business areas. 

• IBUS-703 Global Market Entry Strategies (3) 

• IBUS-705 Export-Import Management (1.5) 

• IBUS-745 Global Supply Chain Management (3) 

• 1 .5 credit hours from the following: 
IBUS-701 International Banking (1.5) 
IBUS-741 International Technology Transfer (1 .5) 
IBUS-742 Analysis of International Business Expansion: 

A Consulting Experience (1.5) 
IBUS-743 International Advertising and Branding 

Strategy (1.5) 
ITEC-656 Topics in Management of Global Information 

Technology (1.5) 
Marketing Management (9 credit hours) 

This track offers students the opportunity to apply key mar- 
keting concepts to "real life" situations by case studies and pro- 
jects for profit and non-profit organizations. It prepares students 
for a variety of marketing management fields, including adver- 
tising, sales promotion, media planning, account management, 
internet marketing, and brand management. Students gain a 
thorough understanding of key marketing concepts such as tar- 
get market selection, positioning, new product/service develop- 
ment, distribution strategies, pricing strategies, and promotional 
strategies. 

• MKTG-765 Brand Strategy (3) 

• MKTG-764 Survey Methods in Marketing Research (1.5) 

or 

MKTG-766 Qualitative Methods in Marketing 
Research (1.5) 

• 4.5 credit hours from the following: 
MKTG-750 Internet Marketing Management (1.5) 
MKTG-754 Database Marketing (1.5) 
MKTG-755 Geodemographic Market Analysis (1.5) 
MKTG-761 Buyer Behavior (1.5) 

MKTG-762 Integrated Marketing Communication (3) 
MKTG-764 Survey Methods in Marketing Research (1.5) 

or 

MKTG-766 Qualitative Methods in Marketing 
Research (1.5) 

Marketing Research (9 credit hours) 

Designed to prepare students for careers in the marketing re- 
search field, either with marketing research suppliers or with 
companies that use research to improve marketing decision 
making. Students learn the psychological foundations of buyer 
behavior, the principles of designing survey questionnaires, the 
fundamentals of analyzing survey data, and the appropriate use 
of statistical techniques and computer software to analyze re- 
search data. 

• MKTG-761 Buyer Behavior (1.5) 
MKTG-764 Survey Methods in Marketing Research (1 .5) 






• 3 credit hours from the following: 
MKTG-754 Database Marketing (1.5) 
MKTG-755 Geodemographic Market Analysis (1.5) 
MKTG-766 Qualitative Methods in Marketing 

Research (1.5) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 

STAT-5 1 5 Regression (3) (prerequisite: STAT-5 14 or 

equivalent) 
STAT-5 16 Design of Experiments (3) (prerequisite: 

STAT-5 1 4 or equivalent) 
STAT-520 Applied Multivariate Analysis (3) (prerequisite: 

STAT-5 14 or equivalent) 
STAT-521 Analysis of Categorical Data (3) (prerequisite: 

STAT-5 14 or equivalent) 
Real Estate (9 credit hours) 

This career track offers courses including real estate princi- 
ples, residential and commercial real estate mortgage markets, 
and real estate development. KSB maintains and actively pro- 
motes strong contacts with local professional associations in- 
cluding the Washington, D.C. Association of Realtors, the 
Appraisal Institute and the secondary mortgage market. 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 

ACCT-746 Taxation of Real Estate Transactions (3) 
FIN-671 Advanced Financial Management (3) 
FIN-676 Financial Institutions (1.5) 
FIN-730 Real Estate Principles and Investment (3) 
FIN-732 Residential Real Estate and Mortgage 

Markets (3) 
FIN-733 Commercial Real Estate and Mortgage 

Markets (3) 
FIN-734 Real Estate Development (3) 
Taxation (12 credit hours) 

Provides students with the skills required to work in the tax 
departments of public accounting firms and large corporations. 

• ACCT 630 Legislative and Judicial Foundations in 

Taxation (3) 

• ACCT 63 1 Tax Research and Procedure (3) 

• ACCT 740 Corporate Income Taxation (3) 

• ACCT 747 Taxation of Pass-Through Entities (3) 

Career Advancement Track in Leadership (9 credit 

hours) 

Intended for students who are pursuing an MBA for pur- 
poses of career advancement (promotion to leadership positions 
within their current functional areas) rather than career change 
(moving into business careers, or switching functional areas). 

• MGMT 61 1 Change and Innovation (3) 

• MGMT 664 Leadership: Exploring Styles and 

Developing Competencies (3) 

• 3 credit hours from the following: 
MGMT-634 High-Performing Teams (1.5) 
MGMT-665 Negotiations (3) 
MGMT-685 Topics in Management (1 .5-3) 



1 90 Kogod School of Business 

Master of Business Administration 

and J.D. 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must satisfy the admission requirements of both 
the Kogod School of Business and Washington College of Law 
before being admitted to the program. However, students who 
have been admitted to Washington College of Law will not be 
required to take the GMAT. 

M.B.A. Degree Requirements 

• 5 1 credit hours of approved graduate course work including 
24 credits of integrated core courses and 27 credits in one or 
two career tracks and advanced electives. 

A minimum of 30 credits taken in residence from the Kogod 

School of Business is required for the M.B.A. 

Up to 7.5 credit hours of course work may be waived from 

ACCT-607, FIN-606, ITEC-614 and ITEC-615 if students 

have taken equivalent course work at the undergraduate level 

in the past seven years, received grades of B or better, and pass 

an examination during orientation for each course waived. 

Any waived courses are waived with replacement of an equal 

number of credits of other course work. 

Up to 9 credit hours earned at another AACSB-accredited 

M.B.A. program may be transferred and applied to the Kogod 

M.B.A. requirements. 

M.B.A. students may take a maximum of 6 credit hours in 

500-level courses or graduate courses which meet 

concurrently with undergraduate courses. 

M.B.A. students may take a maximum of 6 credits with a 

pass/fail grade. Pass/fail grades are not permitted for any core 

requirements, for a student's career track courses, or for 

KSB-688 Applied Business Practicum. A pass grade is 

equivalent to B or higher; a fail grade is equivalent to B- or 

lower. 

JD/MBA dual degree policy requires students to defer taking 

12-15 credit hours of M.B.A. course work, depending on the 

number of M.B.A. courses waived, until completion of the JD 

degree. 

Course Requirements 
Core (24 credit hours) 

• ACCT-607 Accounting Concepts and Applications (3) 

• FIN-606 Microeconomics: Market Structure and Business 

Strategy (1.5) 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• IBUS-6 1 International Business Analysis (1.5) 

• ITEC-614 Quantitative Methods for Business I: Probability 

and Statistics (1.5) 

• ITEC-615 Quantitative Methods for Business II: Inferential 

Statistics and Forecasting (1.5) 

• ITEC-6 1 7 Information and Technology (1.5) 



• ITEC-6 1 8 Applied Production and Operations 

Management (1.5) 

• KSB-061 MBA Workshop I (0) 

• KSB-062 MBA Workshop II (0) 

• KSB-601 Strategic Decision-Making in a Global 

Environment I (3) 

• KSB-602 Strategic Decision-Making in a Global 

Environment II (3) 

• MGMT-6 1 3 Managing People in Organizations ( 1 .5) 

• MKTG-6 1 Marketing Management ( 1 .5) 

Career Tracks and Electives (27 credit hours) 

• 9-12 credit hours in a career track 

• 12 credit hours in law concentration from JD course work 

• Remaining 3-6 credit hours in a business electives 

A maximum of 3 credit hours may be taken in an internship 
for elective credit (see internship for credit program, above) 

J.D. Degree Requirements 

• 86 credit hours 

The Washington College of Law may give up to a maximum 
of 6 credit hours toward the J.D. for courses taken at the 
Kogod School, provided they are approved by the Joint 
Washington College of Law-Kogod School of Business 
Committee. 

Master of Business Administration and 
Master of Laws in International Legal 
Studies (L.L.M.) 

Graduates receive an M.B.A. from the Kogod School of 
Business (KSB) and an L.L.M. from the Washington College of 
Law (WCL). Neither degree will be awarded until all 
requirements for both degrees are completed. 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must satisfy the admission requirements of both 
the Kogod School of Business and Washington College of Law 
before being admitted to the program. Students must have com- 
pleted their law degree at a U.S. law school accredited by the 
American Bar Association or at a foreign law school wjth 
equivalent standards. Admission to the M.B.A. requires an in- 
terview, a separate personal statement, additional letters of rec- 
ommendation, and a GMAT score. 

Students in the M.B.A./L.L.M. dual degree program pay tui- 
tion and fees according to the WCL schedule. 

Degree Requirements 

• 52 credit hours including 36 credit hours of approved 
graduate course work from KSB and 16 credit hours of 
approved WCL course work 
The first semester in the program must be spent as a full-time 
L.L.M. student. 



Kogod School of Business 191 



M.B.A. Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate course work including 
24 credit hours of required courses and 1 2 credit hours of 
career tracks and electives; 1 .5 credit hours may be taken in an 
internship as elective credit. 

Course Requirements 
Core (24 credit hours) 

• ACCT-607 Accounting Concepts and Applications (3) 

• FIN-606 Microeconomics: Market Structure and Business 

Strategy (1.5) 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• IBUS-610 International Business Analysis (1 .5) 

• ITEC-614 Quantitative Methods for Business I: Probability 

and Statistics (1.5) 

• ITEC-615 Quantitative Methods for Business II: Inferential 

Statistics and Forecasting (1 .5) 

• ITEC-6 1 7 Information and Technology (1.5) 

• ITEC-6 1 8 Applied Production and Operations 

Management (1.5) 

• KSB-061 MBA Workshop I (0) 

• KSB-062 MBA Workshop II (0) 

• KSB-601 Strategic Decision-Making in a Global 

Environment I (3) 

• KSB-602 Strategic Decision-Making in a Global 

Environment II (3) 

• MGMT-613 Managing People in Organizations (1 .5) 

• MKTG-6 1 Marketing Management (1.5) 

MBA Career Tracks and Electives (12 credit hours) 

• A minimum of 9 credit hours in a career track 

• 3 credit hours in electives 
L.L.M. Degree Requirements 

• 16 credit hours including two research papers; LAW-580 
Introduction to American Legal Institutions (for students with 
civil law backgrounds); English for Lawyers (for students 
who need extra practice with English); no internship credit 
may be applied toward the L.L.M. 

M. S. in Accounting 

The M.S. in Accounting (M.S. A.) degree provides advanced 
study for students with undergraduate accounting degrees who 
seek a fifth year of professional education to satisfy 1 50-hour 
CPA licensure requirements. In addition, the program is suffi- 
ciently flexible to prepare both students with non-accounting 
undergraduate business degrees and those with non-business 
undergraduate degrees for accounting careers in a variety of or- 
ganizational settings. The program may be completed on a full- 
or part-time basis. 
Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the university requirements for grad- 
uate study, applicants must have earned a satisfactory score on 



the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) and must 
have earned a satisfactory grade point average for the last 60 
hours of academic work from a Council of Postsecondary Ac- 
creditation (COPA) regionally-accredited institution. Appli- 
cants whose first language is not English are also required to 
take the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and 
demonstrate English language proficiency. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours including a minimum of 1 5 credit hours in 
graduate accounting course work and 15 credit hours in 
graduate business or accounting electives. 
Across bachelor and M.S. in Accounting degrees combined, 
students must complete at least 27 credit hours in accounting, 
in addition to specific business core courses. Students 
entering the M.S. A. program with undergraduate accounting 
degrees can typically satisfy M.S. A. degree requirements by 
completing 1 5 graduate accounting hours. The remaining 1 5 
credit hours can be used to develop complementary expertise 
in a related field or specialized expertise in financial reporting 
and assurance or taxation 

Students with non-accounting undergraduate degrees may be 
required to use the 1 5 credit hour elective component to meet 
overall accounting requirements. 

Students entering the program with non-business 
undergraduate degrees may be required to complete graduate 
course work in managerial economics, financial 
management, managerial statistics, and principles of 
accounting, potentially increasing total M.S. A. course 
requirements to a maximum of 36 graduate credit hours. 
On admission to the program, students will consult with the 
program director to design an approved program of study that 
meets both overall program goals and individual academic 
and professional objectives. 

Course Requirements 

• ACCT-607 Accounting Concepts and Applications (3) 

• FIN -605 Managerial Economics (3) 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• ITEC-6 10 Applied Managerial Statistics (3) 

Students with undergraduate degrees from 
AACSB-accredited business programs are presumed to have 
satisfied this requirement. All or part of this requirement may 
be waived for other students who have completed courses in 
principles in accounting, mircoeconomics, financial 
management, and/or statistics. 

• ACCT-608 Cost Accounting (3) 

or 
6 credit hours of intermediate financial accounting 

• ACCT-641 Corporate Financial Reporting (3) 

or 
3 credit hours of intermediate managerial accounting 

• 3 credit hours in each of taxation, auditing, and business law 



192 Kogod School of Business 



M. S. in Information Technology 
Management 

The Master of Science in Information Technology Manage- 
ment (MSITM) program targets "career enhancers" who want 
to pursue leadership positions in information technology (IT). 
The program blends topics from IT with relevant business prac- 
tice and also emphasizes management skill development. The 
goal of the MSITM program is to educate IT practitioners to be 
prepared to procure, develop, deploy, and manage global, enter- 
prise-wide information systems and information technology 
services. 
Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the university requirements for grad- 
uate study, applicants must have earned a satisfactory score on 
the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT), must have 
earned a satisfactory grade point average for the last 60 hours of 
academic work from a Council of Postsecondary Accreditation 
(COPA) regionally-accredited institution, must have taken un- 
dergraduate courses in economics, statistics and at least one 
other college-level mathematics course such as applied calcu- 
lus, and must understand information technology (IT) system 
development concepts as they relate to contemporary program- 
ming languages or system development tools. Applicants must 
have three or more years of work experience in an IT-related 
field. Admission is for the fall semester only. 
Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours consisting of 1 9.5 credit hours of required core 
and advanced breadth courses and 4.5 credits of approved 
information technology electives and 6 credits of approved 
management and leadership electives. 

On admission to the program, students will consult with the 
program director to design an approved program of study that 
meets both the overall program goals as well as individual 
academic and professional objectives. 

• The research requirement is fulfilled by completing ITEC 708 
and ITEC 71 1 with grades of B of better. 

Course Requirements 
Core (13.5 credit hours) 

• ITEC-630 Business Analysis and Data Design (3) 

• ITEC-701 Architectures and Infrastructures for Delivering 

Information Technology Services (1 .5) 

• ITEC-708 Information Technology Systems Engineering 
and Project Management (3) (with a grade of B or better) 

• FIN-630 Financial Analysis: Concepts and Applications (3) 

• MGMT 633 Leading People and Organizations (3) 

Advanced Breadth (6 credit hours) 

• ITEC-652 Strategic Management of IT ( 1 .5) 

• ITEC-709 Managing the Information Technology Vendor 

Relationship (1.5) 

• ITEC-71 1 Information Technology Management 

Capstone (3) (with a grade of B or better) 



Information Technology Electives (4.5 credit hours) 

• 4.5 credit hours from the following or other courses approved 
by the program director: 

ITEC-61 8 Applied Production and Operations 

Management (1.5) 
ITEC-640 Global Connectivity (1 .5) 
ITEC-641 Global Collaboration (1.5) 
ITEC -655 Outsourcing and Offshoring (1 .5) 
ITEC-656 Topics in Information Technology (1 .5) 
ITEC-658 International Electronic Commerce (1.5) 
ITEC-666 Information Security Management (1.5) 
ITEC-707 IT Operations Management (1 .5) 

Management and Leadership Electives (6 credit hours) 

• 6 credit hours from the following or other courses approved 
by the program director: 

MGMT-61 1 Change and Innovation (3) 

MGMT-634 High Performing Teams (1.5) 

MGMT-665 Negotiations (3) 

MGMT-664 Leadership: Exploring Styles and Developing 

Competencies (3) 
MGMT-666 Strategic Alliances, Mergers and 

Acquisitions (3) 
MGMT-685 Topics in Management: 

Business Ethical and Legal Issues (3) 
PUAD-603 Policy Process (3) 
PUAD-606 Foundations of Policy Analysis (3) 
PUAD-609 Topics in Public Management (3) 
PUAD-6 12 Public Administration in Policy Process (3) 
PUAD-618 Management Workshop (1-3) 
PUAD-652 Facilitation and Team Development (3) 
PUAD-681 Managing Nonprofit Organizations (3) 
PUAD-682 Resourcing Nonprofit Organizations (3) 

M. S. in Management 

Note: No new students will be admitted to this program for 
the 2007-2008 academic year. 

M.S. in Taxation 

The M.S. in Taxation provides a professionally-oriented 
specialty master's degree focusing on federal income taxation. 
It is designed to advance students' careers and broaden their op- 
tions with skills in specialized areas and comprehensive exper- 
tise in the field of taxation. Most students are engaged in public 
or private tax practice, employed by the government, "Big 4," 
regional, and local CPA firms, and a variety of private sector or- 
ganizations. These students contribute to a very challenging, 
practical, and professional study of taxation. This convenient 
yet demanding program facilitates opportunities with the largest 
professional service organizations in the world, enhances flexi- 
ble career paths, and creates opportunities for starting busi- 
nesses. 



Kogod School of Business 193 



Admission to the Program 

In addition to meeting the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study, applicants must have earned an undergradu- 
ate bachelor's degree in business administration from a Council 
on Post Secondary Accreditation (COPA) regionally-accredited 
institution with a satisfactory grade point average for the last 60 
credit hours and a satisfactory score on the Graduate Manage- 
ment Admission Test (GMAT). Students who have successfully 
completed the CPA examination may substitute it for the 
GMAT. 

Applicants must demonstrate satisfactory completion of 
course work equivalent to the Common Body of Knowledge for 
undergraduate business education as currently defined by 
AACSB International, the Association to Advance Collegiate 
Schools of Business. In addition, applicants must have completed 
two semesters of intermediate accounting, and one semester of 
business law, federal income taxation, and macroeconomics. Any 
deficiencies in these prerequisite courses must be completed at the 
graduate level at American University after admission to the pro- 
gram, in addition to other program requirements. M.S. in Taxation 
students are subject to the same mathematics competency require- 
ments as M.B.A. students. 
Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours with a minimum of 24 hours in taxation 
including two required core courses (6 credit hours), a 
research component (6 credit hours) and four elective courses 
(12 credit hours). The remaining 6 credit hours must consist 
of additional tax courses or, with the permission of the 
program director, non-tax courses necessary to meet state 
CPA licensure requirements. 

Course Requirements 

Core Tax Courses (6 credit hours) 

• ACCT-630 Legislative and Judicial Foundations of 

Income Tax (3) 

• ACCT-63 1 Tax Research and Procedure (3) 

Research Component (6 credit hours) 

• 6 credit hours with grades of B or better from the following: 
ACCT-740 Taxation of Corporations (3) 

ACCT-743 International Taxation (3) 
ACCT-746 Taxation of Real Estate Transactions (3) 
ACCT-747 Taxation of Pass-Through Entities (3) 
ACCT-750 Tax Policy (3) 
ACCT-75 1 Seminar in Business Tax Planning (3) 
Elective Courses (18 credit hours) 

• A total of 1 8 additional credit hours (courses may not be used 
to fulfill the research requirement above and as an elective) 
with at least 1 2 credit hours from the following courses. The 
remaining 6 credit hours must consist of additional tax 
courses or, with the permission of the program director, 
non-tax courses necessary to meet state CPA licensure 
requirements. 

ACCT-632 Estate and Gift Tax (3) 
ACCT-740 Taxation of Corporations (3) 



ACCT-741 State and Local Taxation (3) 
ACCT-742 Special Tax Topics (1-3) 
ACCT-743 International Taxation (3) 
ACCT-745 Employee Benefit Tax Planning (3) 
ACCT-746 Taxation of Real Estate Transactions (3) 
ACCT-747 Taxation of Pass-Through Entities (3) 
ACCT-750 Tax Policy (3) 
ACCT-75 1 Seminar in Business Tax Planning (3) 
ACCT-752 Seminar in Family Financial Planning (3) 

Graduate Business Certificates 

Graduate Certificate in Real Estate 
Finance 

This certificate is designed for current managers seeking ad- 
vancement in the field, or professionals seeking entry into real 
estate management. 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better 

Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 
complete the certificate within two years. 

Prerequisites 

Passing grades in introduction to economics and introduc- 
tion to accounting courses, and passing grade in undergraduate 
statistics course or passing score on mathematics equivalency 
examination. 

Course Requirements 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• FIN-730 Real Estate Principles and Investments (3) 

• FIN-732 Residential Real Estate and Mortgage Markets (3) 

• FIN-733 Commercial Real Estate and Mortgage 

Markets (3) 

• FIN-734 Real Estate Development (3) 



194 Kogod School of Business 



Graduate Certificate in Financial 
Planning and Wealth Management 

This certificate is designed for individuals wishing to be- 
come certified financial planners. 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better 

Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 
complete the certificate within two years. 
Prerequisites 

Passing grades in introduction to economics and introduc- 
tion to accounting courses, and passing grade in undergraduate 
statistics course or passing score on mathematics equivalency 
examination. 

Course Requirements 

• ACCT-752 Seminar in Family Financial Planning (3) 

• FIN-614 Financial Management (3) 

• FIN-672 Investment Analysis and Portfolio 

Management (3) 

• FIN-674 Derivatives and Risk Management (3) 

• FIN-677 Financial Statement Analysis (3) 

Graduate Certificate in Tax 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better. 

Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 



courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 

complete the certificate within two years. 
Prerequisites 

Passing grades in introduction to economics and introduc- 
tion to accounting courses, and passing grade in undergraduate 
statistics course or passing score on mathematics equivalency 
examination. 

Course Requirements 

• ACCT-630 Legislative and Judicial Foundations of 

Income Tax (3) 

• ACCT-63 1 Tax Research and Procedure (3) 

• ACCT-740 Taxation of Corporations (3) 

• ACCT-747 Taxation of Pass-Through Entities (3) 

• additional approved tax course (3) 

Graduate Certificate in Advanced 

Tax Concepts 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better. 

Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 
complete the certificate within two years. 
Prerequisites 

Passing grades in introduction to economics and introduc- 
tion to accounting courses, and passing grade in undergraduate 
statistics course or passing score on mathematics equivalency 
examination. 
Course Requirements 

• ACCT-743 International Taxation (3) 

• ACCT-745 Employee Benefit Tax Planning (3) 

• ACCT-75 1 Seminar in Business Tax Planning (3) 

• ACCT-752 Seminar in Family Financial Planning (3) 

• additional approved tax course (3) 

Graduate Certificate in Marketing 
Management 

This certificate is designed for current advertising or public 
relations manger seeking advancement in the field, or individ- 
ual seeking to enter the field. 



Kogod School of Business 195 



Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better 

Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 
complete the certificate within two years. 

Prerequisites 

Passing grade in introduction to economics and passing 

grade in undergraduate statistics course or passing score on 

mathematics equivalency examination. 

Course Requirements 

• MKTG-612 Marketing Management (3) 

or 
MKTG-632 Fundamentals of Marketing (3) 

• MKTG-750 Internet Marketing Management (1 .5) 

• MKTG-764 Survey Methods in Marketing Research (1 .5) 

or 

MKTG-766 Qualitative Methods in Marketing 
Research (1.5) 

• MKTG-765 Brand Strategy (3) 

• MKTG-761 Buyer Behavior (1.5) 

• MKTG-762 Integrated Marketing Communication (3) 

• additional approved marketing course (1 .5) 

Graduate Certificate in Business 
Essentials for Managers 

Designed for professionals seeking advancement in organi- 
zation, change of career into business management, or knowl- 
edge to train entry-level employees. 
Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better. 






Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not ac- 
cepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, al- 
though these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must com- 
plete the certificate within two years. 

Prerequisites 

Passing grade in introduction to economics course. 
Course Requirements 

• ACCT-600 Ethics in Business and Accounting (3) 

or 
ACCT-623 Business Law (3) 

• FIN-630 Financial Analysis: Concepts and Applications (3) 

• ITEC-601 IT Tools for Managers (1.5) 

• ITEC-6 1 7 Information and Technology (1.5) 

• MGMT-609 Organizational Behavior and Human Resource 

Management (3) 
or 
MGMT-633 Leading People and Organizations (3) 

• MKTG-612 Marketing Management (3) 

or 
MKTG-632 Fundamentals of Marketing (3) 

Graduate Certificate in Leadership 
Essentials for Professionals 

Designed for mangers seeking to develop/improve advance- 
ment leadership skills in public or private-sector organizations. 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better. 

Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not ac- 
cepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, al- 
though these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must com- 
plete the certificate within two years. 

Prerequisites 

Passing grade in introduction to economics course. 
Course Requirements 

• MGMT-61 1 Change and Innovation (3) 

• MGMT-61 3 Managing People in Organizations (1.5) 

• MGMT-634 High-Performing Teams ( 1 .5) 



196 Kogod School of Business 



• MGMT-664 Leadership: Exploring Styles and Developing 

Competencies (3) 

• MGMT-665 Negotiations (3) 

• MGMT-666 Strategic Alliances, Mergers and Acquisitions (3) 

Graduate Certificate in Entrepreneurship 

Designed for individuals seeking to start his or her own 
business, take over a family business, or grow a small business 
Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better. 

Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 
complete the certificate within two years. 

Prerequisites 

Passing grade in introduction to economics course. 

Course Requirements 

• MGMT-633 Leading People and Organizations (3) 

• MGMT-661 New Venture Creation (3) 

• MGMT-662 Managing Small and Growing 

Organizations (1.5) 

• MGMT-663 Managing Private and Family Businesses (1.5) 

• MGMT-665 Negotiations (3) 

• MGMT-666 Strategic Alliances, Mergers and Acquisitions (3) 

Graduate Certificate in Business for 
Professional Health Management 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 
Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better. 



Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 
complete the certificate within two years. 

Prerequisites 

Passing grade in introduction to economics course. 

Course Requirements 

• ITEC-601 IT Tools for Managers (1.5) 

• ITEC-617 Information and Technology (1.5) 

• MGMT-61 1 Change and Innovation (3) 

• MGMT-633 Leading People and Organizations (3) 

• MGMT-661 New Venture Creation (3) 

• MKTG-6 12 Marketing Management (3) 

or 
MKTG-632 Fundamentals of Marketing (3) 

Graduate Certificate in 

International Business 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students with a bachelor's degree or equivalent 
from an accredited institution with a satisfactory grade point av- 
erage. Applicants must have at least one year of work experi- 
ence. Applicants whose first language is not English are 
required to take and earn minimum acceptable scores on the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and demon- 
strate English language proficiency. 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 5 credit hours of approved course work with grades of B or 
better. 

• Grades of C or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 3.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students must 
complete the certificate within two years. 

Prerequisites 

Passing grade in introduction to economics course. 
Course Requirements 

• FIN-630 Financial Analysis: Concepts and Applications (3) 

• IBUS-61 8 Manager in the International Economy (3) 

• IBUS-703 Global Market Entry Strategies (3) 

• IBUS-705 Export/Import Management ( 1 .5) 

• IBUS-707 Managing Human Resources in Multinational 
Corporations (1.5) 

• IBUS-745 Global Supply Chain Management (3) 



School of Communication 

• Administration and Faculty 

• Undergraduate Programs 

• Graduate Programs 



Dean Larry Kirkman 

Senior Associate Dean Rodger A. Streitmatter 
Associate Dean for Student and Academic Affairs 
Rose Ann Robertson 

Assistant Dean for Budget and Technology Laura Murray 
Full Time Faculty 

Professor Emeritus/a L.B. Anderson, GR Hamden, 
J.A. Hendrix, J.E. Orwant, R.E. Sutton, L.W. Wolfson, 
J.S. Yamauchi 

Professor P. Aufderheide, L. Kirkman, L. Massiah, 
K. Montgomery, C. Simpson, RA. Streitmatter 
Associate Professor Emeritus/a B.J. Diggs Brown, 
L.M. Furber, J.C. Seigle, A. Zelle 
Associate Professor R. Blair, J. Campbell, W. Cochran, 
J.C. Doolittle, J.S. Douglass, J. Hall, J. A. Olmsted, 
R. Rockwell, R.A. Stack, L. Steinhom, W. Swallow, 
J. Watson, R.S. Zaharna 

Assistant Professor C. Comport, L. Engel, J. Graf, 
D.C. Hayes, B. Himawan, M. Ivancin, L. Jayaswal, 
I.B. Krasnow, B. Maher, S. Menke-Fish, M. Nisbet, 
G Puglisi , D. Schwartz, M. Stogner 
Distinguished Joumaiist-in-Residence C Lewis 
Distinguished Producer-in-Residence C. Palmer 
Executive-in-Residence D. Lynch 
Artist-in-Residence W. Gentile, G Griffin, R. Williams 
Journalist-in-Residence L. Perri, M. MacDonald 
Adjunct-in-Residence A. Schafer, L. Bream, D. Walker 
Teaching Staff A. Eisman 

The goal of the School of Communication (SOC) is to de- 
velop liberally educated and professionally trained communica- 
tors who are equipped intellectually and ethically to analyze and 
report the issues of contemporary society. The school makes full 
use of the resources of Washington, D.C, the communication 
capital of the world and one of the largest media production 
centers in the country. The school's hands on, practical pro- 
grams tap the experts at work in Washington, including TV, ra- 
dio, print, and online journalists; media strategists in the 
nonprofit, government, and political arenas; and documentary, 
education, and social advocacy media producers. Internships, 
work opportunities, and class assignments in the nation's capital 



all contribute to experience based learning. The school's 
state-of-the-art technology supports student research, writing, 
photography, video and film production, digital video editing, 
motion graphics production, web authoring, and graphic design. 
The school is comprised of three divisions, each offering under- 
graduate and graduate programs. Journalism and public com- 
munication have been accredited since 1 976 by the Accrediting 
Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. 
The film and media arts program is one of only 13 U.S. schools 
recognized by CILECT, the International Association of Film 
and Television Schools. 

Film and Media Arts includes the undergraduate visual 
media program and graduate film and electronic media pro- 
grams. Students may study documentary or narrative 
filmmaking, digital media, or photography. A weekend gradu- 
ate program offers an M.A. in Producing for Film and Video. 

Journalism offers undergraduate and graduate degree pro- 
grams in print and broadcast journalism. The master's degree in 
journalism and public affairs includes specializations in public 
policy, economic, and international journalism. Weekend mas- 
ter's programs are offered in interactive journalism and news 
media studies. 

Public Communication has undergraduate and graduate 
programs that focus on the development of media messages and 
strategies for social advocacy, political communication, enter- 
tainment communication, and international communication. 

The school also offers an undergraduate major in communi- 
cation studies, as well as an interdisciplinary program offered 
jointly with the College of Arts and Sciences, the B.A. in For- 
eign Language and Communication Media. An undergraduate 
minor in communication, designed for users and consumers of 
mass media rather than practitioners, also is available. An inter- 
disciplinary graduate degree program, the M.A. in International 
Media, is offered in collaboration with the School of Interna- 
tional Service. 

For more information go to: http://soc.american.edu/ 
Faculty 

The SOC full-time faculty blends traditional academic 
scholarship with hands-on professional experience. Faculty 
regularly develop ground-breaking courses, publish books and 
articles, speak at national and international conferences and fo- 



197 



198 School of Communication 



rums, produce award-winning films, work for social justice, and 
help shape ethical practices in their individual fields. Full-time 
faculty have won Emmys and Academy Awards, been nomi- 
nated for Pulitzer Prizes, and worked on presidential cam- 
paigns. SOC also appoints outstanding adjunct faculty, who 
bring depth and insight into the classroom. The adjunct faculty 
are working professionals in all three fields of study, including 
reporters who cover the White House, documentary filmmak- 
ers, and political strategists. 
Centers and Institutes 

The Center for Social Media (CSM) focuses on social 
documentaries for civil society and democracy, and on the pub- 
lic media environment that supports them. In addition to film 
series, workshops, and research, the center has resources on so- 
cial documentaries and public media practices. Reports, studies, 
white papers, film profiles, filmmaker interviews, and case 
studies of successful outreach and audience engagement strate- 
gies and new media practices are available at 
www, centerforsoc ialmedia. org/ 

The Center for Environmental Filmmaking (CEF) nur- 
tures a new generation of natural history, wildlife, and environ- 
mental filmmakers, and produces films that are entertaining, 
ethically sound, and educationally powerful. For more informa- 
tion, go to http://environmentalfilm.org/ 

The AU Foreign Correspondence Network (FCN) pro- 
vides students tools and guidance needed to work overseas, 
through coursework and AU alumni living abroad. The FCN is 
a platform for discussion about the coverage of international is- 
sues affecting the United States, and is maintained under the 
guidance of Artist-in-Residence Bill Gentile, a former foreign 
correspondent for UPI and Newsweek. Visit FNC at 
http://fcorrespondence.org/ 

The Summer Film and Video Institute provides hands-on 
experience for experienced film and digital media professionals 
as well as beginners through both credit and non-credit courses. 
The courses, taught by AU faculty and area professionals, and 
are offered in the evenings and on weekends, beginning in 
mid-May. The annual Summer in LA Program includes classes 
with entertainment industry professionals as well as internships 
at Hollywood studios and production houses. For more infor- 
mation, contact film@american.edu . 

The Institute for Strategic Communication for 
Nonprofits trains professional communicators in the best prac- 
tices of strategic communication, focusing on nonprofit social 
cause advocacy and institution building. The institute brings to- 
gether leading communication practitioners with nonprofit 
communication professionals, faculty, and students to study 
best practices and techniques for framing public policy debates 
and to engage, inform, and mobilize constituencies. For infor- 
mation, contact nonprofitinstitute@american.edu. 
Student Opportunities 

Study Abroad AU Abroad offers the opportunity for stu- 
dents to study abroad and gain full American University course 



credit. All students are encouraged to learn and work in another 
culture. AU Abroad enclave programs, many of which include 
internship opportunities, are offered in Beijing, Berlin, 
Brussels, Havana, London, Madrid, Nairobi, Paris, Prague, Ra- 
bat, and Santiago. A special opportunity for SOC film and vi- 
sual media majors is offered through the semester in Prague, 
Czech Republic, which can provide up to nine credits of major 
course work. In addition, through the AU Abroad Partner pro- 
gram students may spend a semester or year at prestigious uni- 
versities across the globe, including Canada, Mexico, England, 
Scotland, Ireland, France, Poland, Netherlands, Argentina, 
Australia, New Zealand, Korea, Israel, Egypt, Lebanon, and 
Sharjah, U.A.E. International study tours led by faculty mem- 
bers are offered during semester breaks and summer sessions. 
For more information on AU Abroad programs, contact 
202-885-1 320 or 866-3 1 3-0757, or auabroad@american.edu or 
go to: www.auabroad.american.edu/ . 

Internships Students are offered myriad opportunities for 
internships that offer students professional, real-world experi- 
ence to enhance their resumes and help prepare them for 
post-graduation careers. 

Mentoring Program The Alumni-Student Mentoring pro- 
gram strategically matches prominent alumni with top SOC ju- 
niors, seniors, and graduate students through a competitive 
application process. Alumni mentors have included prominent 
filmmakers, journalists, and public communication specialists. 

Visions Festival This annual awards event features the best 
student work both at the undergraduate and graduate level. 

American Observer is an online magazine produced by 
graduate journalism students that publishes graduate and under- 
graduate student news stories, photography, columns, and audio 
and video. Read American Observer at 
www.americanobserver. net/ 
Professional Partnerships 

American Forum The School of Communication collabo- 
rates with WAMU, American University's public radio station, 
to produce The American Forum, a series of one-hour panels 
that bring together AU students with politicians, lobbyists, and 
industry leaders to talk about media and public affairs. 

Washington Post Semester Consortium Eight AU jour- 
nalism students-four upper-level undergraduate and four grad- 
uate-are chosen in a competitive process each spring to spend a 
semester learning about the newspaper industry from the inside 
out as part of the Washington Post Semester Consortium, a 
weekly one-credit hour class at the paper's downtown office. 
SOC also works closely with The Washington Post to bring edi- 
tors and reporters to campus as part of a regular speakers' series. 

Reel Journalism Screening & Symposia SOC produces 
this annual event with media partners such as the Newseum, 
WAMU, and the Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma, and 
features films that explore the field of journalism and the media, 
demystify the news business, and provide a platform to discuss 
the important role of journalism in a democratic society. 






School of Communication 199 



Undergraduate Programs 



Note: Any student who has earned 60 credit hours and has not 
achieved a cumulative grade point average of 2.50 will not be al- 
lowed to take courses in the school. 

A strong liberal arts background is emphasized by the 
school. To ensure that communication majors attain this back- 
ground, a significant portion of undergraduate course work is 
taken outside the field of communication. 

All students intending to major in communication begin to 
take core courses during their freshman and sophomore years. 
During the freshman year COMM-100 Understanding Mass 
Media is required for all students and COMM-200 Writing for 
Mass Communication is usually required during the sophomore 
year. Visual media majors also take COMM-105 during the 
freshman year, public communication majors take COMM-209 
Communication and Society during the sophomore year, and 
journalism majors take COMM-320 Reporting following Writ- 
ing for Mass Communication. 

Students continue with one of the programs (print or broad- 
cast journalism, public communication, visual media or com- 
munication studies) and take a series of carefully chosen skills 
courses, and communication media studies courses which ex- 
amine the history, current issues, and future of communication 
and the media. The ability to write correctly and clearly is 
stressed in all programs. 

B.A. in Communication: 
Communication Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale). Students should declare 
their major by the end of the sophomore year and no earlier than 
the end of the freshman year. 

Students who are unable to achieve a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.50 and declare a major in communication are not 
allowed to take courses in the school after they have completed 
60 hours of undergraduate credit. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Concentrations 

History of the Media, International Media, Media and Govern- 
ment, or Media and Society 






Major Requirements 

• A minimum of 36 and a maximum of 40 credit hours with 
grades of C or better within the School of Communication 
including core, media ethics and legal aspects, concentration, 
and media studies courses. 

• Related course requirements taken outside the School of 
Communication with grades of C or better 

• A minimum of 80 credit hours outside the field of 
communication, including 65 credit hours in the liberal arts 
and sciences, are required for the major. 

Subject to the approval of an advisor, a maximum of 12 credit 
hours in communication transferred from another university 
may be substituted for required communication courses. Trans- 
fer students majoring in communication studies are required to 
graduate with a total of 80 credit hours outside the field of com- 
munication. 

Related Course Requirements 
Students must complete the following with grades of C or better: 

• 3 credit hours in American history (HIST-xxx) 

• 3 credit hours in economics (ECON-xxx) 

• A minor or second major outside the School of 
Communication 

Communication Course Requirements 
(36 credit hours) 

Core Courses (15 credit hours) 

• COMM-100 Understanding Mass 

Media 4: 1(3) 

• COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 

• COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 

• COMM-301 Public Relations (3) 

• COMM-320 Reporting (3) 

Media and Legal Ethics Courses (3 credit hours) 

• One of the following: 

COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 
COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) 
COMM-533 Ethical Persuasion (3) 
History of the Media Concentration (18 credit hours) 

• 1 8 credit hours from the following: 
COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 
COMM-270 How the News Media Shaped History 2:2 (3) 
COMM-275 Dissident Media: Voices from the 

Underground 4:2 (3) 
COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) if not 

used to fulfill media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) if not used to fulfill 

media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-505 History of Broadcast Journalism (3) 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 14 Censorship and the Media (3) 



200 School of Communication 



COMM-5 1 6 Topics in Film and Media Arts (3) with 

permission of the student's advisor 
COMM-5 1 7 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-5 20 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-533 Ethical Persuasion (3) if not used to fulfill 

media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-535 Special Topics in News Media (3) with 

permission of the student's advisor 
COMM-547 Great Books in U.S. Journalism (3) 
COMM-586 History of Czech Cinema (3) (Prague) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
COMM-599 Media, Technology and Society (3) 
COMM-391 Internship (3) 
or 

COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 
an approved elective outside of SOC 
International Media Concentration (18 credit hours) 

1 8 credit hours from the following: 

COMM-280 Contemporary Media in a Global Society 3:2 

(3) 
COMM-507 News Media in Britain (3) (London) 
COMM-5 1 6 Topics in Film and Media Arts (3) with 

permission of the student's advisor 
COMM-5 1 7 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-535 Special Topics in News Media (3) with 

permission of the student's advisor 
COMM-539 International Public Relations (3) 
COMM-546 Foreign Policy and the Press (3) 
COMM-548 Global Journalism: Issues and Trends in the 

Twenty-First Century (3) 
COMM-549 Topics in International Media (3) 
COMM-5 85 Directing (3) (Prague) 
COMM-391 Internship (3) 

or 

COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 
an approved elective outside of SOC 

Media and Government Concentration 

(18 credit hours) 

1 8 credit hours from the following: 

COMM-270 How the News Media Shaped History 2:2 (3) 

COMM-275 Dissident Media: Voices from the 

Underground 4:2 (3) 
COMM-327 The PR Presidency (3) 
COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) if not 

used to fulfill media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) if not used to fulfill 

media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-508 The Media and Government (3) 
COMM-509 Politics and the Media (3) 
COMM-5 14 Censorship and the Media (3) 
COMM-5 15 Media, Children, and Society (3) 



COMM-5 16 Topics in Film and Media Arts (3) with 

permission of the student's advisor 
COMM-531 Political Communication (3) 
COMM-533 Ethical Persuasion (3) if not used to fulfill 

media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-535 Special Topics in News Media (3) with 

permission of the student's advisor 
COMM-391 Internship (3) 
or 

COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 
an approved elective outside of SOC 
Media and Society Concentration (18 credit hours) 

• 1 8 credit hours from the following: 

COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 
COMM-270 How the News Media Shaped History 2:2 (3) 
COMM-275 Dissident Media: Voices from the 

Underground 4:2 (3) 
COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) if not 
used to fulfill media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) if not used to fulfill 

media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-5 10 Women in Journalism (3) 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 14 Censorship and the Media (3) 
COMM-5 15 Media, Children, and Society (3) 
COMM-5 16 Topics in Film and Media Arts (3) with 

permission of the student's advisor 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-533 Ethical Persuasion (3) if not used to fulfill 

media and ethics requirement above 
COMM-534 Race, Gender, and the Media (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
COMM-599 Media, Technology and Society (3) 
COMM-391 Internship (3) 
or 

COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 
an approved elective outside of SOC 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 



School of Communication 201 



B.A. in Communication: Journalism 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale). Students should declare 
their major by the end of the sophomore year and no earlier than 
the end of the freshman year. 

Students who are unable to achieve a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.50 and declare a major in communication are not 
allowed to take courses in the school after they have completed 
60 hours of undergraduate credit. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Tracks 

Broadcast Journalism or Print Journalism 
Major Requirements 

• A minimum of 36 and a maximum of 40 credit hours with 
grades of C or better within the School of Communication 
including core, professional, media studies, internship, 
independent study, and independent reading courses. 

• Related course requirements taken outside the School of 
Communication with grades of C or better 

• A minimum of 80 credit hours outside the field of 
communication, including 65 credit hours in the liberal arts 
and sciences, are required for the major. 

Subject to the approval of an advisor, a maximum of 12 credit 
hours in communication transferred from another university 
may be substituted for required communication courses. Trans- 
fer students majoring in journalism are required to graduate with 
a total of 80 credit hours outside the field of communication. 

Related Course Requirements 

Students must complete the following with grades of C or better: 

• 3 credit hours in American history (HIST-xxx) 

• 3 credit hours in economics (ECON-xxx) 

• A minor or second major outside the School of 
Communication 

Communication Course Requirements 
(36 credit hours) 

Core Courses (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4: 1 (3) 

• COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 



• COMM-320 Reporting (3) 

Broadcast Journalism Track (27 credit hours) 

• COMM-333 Fundamentals of TV and VTR (3) 

• COMM-385 Broadcast Journalism I (3) 

• COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM^28 Broadcast Journalism II (3) 

• COMM-432 Television Field Reporting (3) 

• Four courses from the following: 

COMM-270 How the News Media Shaped History 2:2 (3) 

or 
COMM-275 Dissident Media: Voices from the 
Underground 4:2 (3) 

or 
COMM-280 Contemporary Media in a Global Society 3:2 

(3) 
COMM-391 Internship (3) 

or 
COMM-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) 

or 

COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 
COMM-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 

student's advisor 
COMM^I33 Broadcast Delivery (3) 
COMM-490 Independent Study Project (3) 
COMM-503 Broadcast Operations and Management (3) 
COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) 
COMM-505 History of Broadcast Journalism (3) 
COMM-508 The Media and Government (3) 
COMM-509 Politics and the Media (3) 
COMM-5 1 Women in Journalism (3) 
COMM-511 History of Documentary (3) 

or 

COMM-5 15 Media, Children, and Society (3) 
COMM-5 14 Censorship and the Media (3) 
COMM-5 16 Topics in Film and Media Arts (3) 
COMM-546 Foreign Policy and the Press (3) 
COMM-547 Great Books in U.S. Journalism (3) 
COMM-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 

student's advisor 
COMM-599 Media, Technology and Society (3) 

Print Journalism Track (27 credit hours) 

• COMM-322 Editorial Policies and Methods (3) 

• COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM-425 Advanced Reporting (3) 

• Three courses from the following: 

COMM-323 Computer Techniques for Communication 

Studies (3) 
COMM-325 Feature Article Writing (3) 
COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 
COMM-391 Internship (3) 
or 
COMM-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) 



202 School of Communication 



COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 

COMM-502 In-Depth Journalism (3) 

COMM-521 Opinion Writing (3) 

COMM-545 Business and Economic Journalism (3) 

COMM-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 
student's advisor 
• Three courses from the following: 

COMM-270 How the News Media Shaped History 2:2 (3) 
or 

COMM-275 Dissident Media: Voices from the 

Underground 4:2 (3) 
or 

COMM-280 Contemporary Media in a Global Society 3:2 
(3) 

COMM-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 
student's advisor 

COMM-490 Independent Study Project (3) 

COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) 

COMM-505 History of Broadcast Journalism (3) 

COMM-508 The Media and Government (3) 

COMM-509 Politics and the Media (3) 

COMM-5 10 Women in Journalism (3) 

COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
or 

COMM-5 15 Media, Children, and Society (3) 

COMM-5 14 Censorship and the Media (3) 

COMM-546 Foreign Policy and the Press (3) 

COMM-547 Great Books in U.S. Journalism (3) 

COMM-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 
student's advisor 

COMM-599 Media, Technology and Society (3) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 



B.A. in Communication: 
Public Communication 



Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale). Students should declare 
their major by the end of the sophomore year and no earlier than 
the end of the freshman year. 

Students who are unable to achieve a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.50 and declare a major in communication are not 
allowed to take courses in the school after they have completed 
60 hours of undergraduate credit. 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 39 credit hours with grades of C or better within the School of 
Communication including core, professional, internship, 
independent study, and independent reading courses. 

• Related course requirements taken outside the School of 
Communication with grades of C or better 

• A minimum of 81 credit hours outside the field of 
communication, including at least 65 credit hours in the 
liberal arts and sciences, are required for the major. 

Subject to the approval of an advisor, a maximum of 1 2 credit 
hours in communication transferred from another university 
may be substituted for required communication courses. Trans- 
fer students majoring in public communication are required to 
graduate with a total of 84 credit hours outside the field of com- 
munication. 

Related Course Requirement 
Students must complete the following with grades of C or better: 

• 3 credit hours in American history (HIST-xxx) 

• 3 credit hours in economics (ECON-xxx) 

or 

MKTG-250 Fundamentals of Business and Marketing for 
Communications (3) 

• A minor or second major outside the School of 
Communication 

Communication Course Requirements (39 credit hours) 
Core Courses (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-1 00 Understanding Mass Media 4: 1 (3) 

• COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 



School of Communication 203 



• COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 

Professional Courses (30 credit hours) 

• COMM-301 Public Relations (3) 

• COMM-337 Public Relations Writing (3) 

• COMM-346 Public Relations Case Studies (3) 

• COMM-380 Public Communication Research (3) 

• COMM-437 Public Relations Portfolio (3) 

• 1 5 credit hours from the following, with no more than 9 credit 
hours from any one cluster: 

Skills 

COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 
COMM-3 10 Public Speaking (3) 
COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 
COMM-352 Web Studio (3) 
COMM-521 Opinion Writing (3) 
COMM-532 Publication Layout and Design (3) 
COMM-535 Special Topics in News Media: 
Magazine Writing (3) 

Human Communication 

COMM-300 Interpersonal Communication (3) 
COMM-470 Organizational Communication (3) 
COMM-472 Nonverbal Communication (3) 
COMM-475 Group Communication Management (3) 

Media Studies 

COMM-327 The PR Presidency (3) 
COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 
COMM-509 Politics and the Media (3) 
COMM-5 14 Censorship and Media (3) 
COMM-515 Media, Children, and Society (3) 
COMM-533 Ethical Persuasion (3) 
COMM-534 Race, Gender, and the Media (3) 

The Practice of Public Relations 
COMM-53 1 Political Communication (3) 
COMM-536 Entertainment Communication (3) 
COMM-5 3 7 Sports Communication (3) 
COMM-539 International Public Relations (3) 

Experiential Education 

A maximum of 3 credit hours from: 

COMM-391 Internship (3) 

COMM-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) 

COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 



Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Communication: Visual Media 

Admission to the Program 

Formal admission to the major requires a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale). Students should declare 
their major by the end of the sophomore year and no earlier than 
the end of the freshman year. 

Students who are unable to achieve a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.50 and declare a major in communication are not 
allowed to take courses in the school after they have completed 
60 hours of undergraduate credit. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 39-42 credit hours with grades of C or better within the 
School of Communication including core, basic, 
professional, media studies, internship, independent study 
and independent reading courses. 

• Related course requirements taken outside the School of 
Communication with grades of C or better 

Subject to the approval of an advisor, a maximum of 12 credit 
hours in communication transferred from another university 
may be substituted for required communication courses. 
Related Course Requirement 
Students must complete the following with grades of C or better: 

• 3 credit hours in American history (HIST-xxx) 

• 3 credit hours in economics (ECON-xxx) 

or 

MKTG-250 Fundamentals of Business and Marketing for 
Communications (3) 

• A minor or second major outside the School of 
Communication 

Course Requirements (39—42 credit hours) 
Core Courses (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4: 1 (3) 

• COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 

• COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 



204 School of Communication 

Basic Courses (9-12 credit hours) 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• COMM-33 1 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• One or both of the following: 
COMM-350 Digital Imaging and Design (3) 
COMM-352 Web Studio (3) 

Professional Courses (15-18 credit hours) 
Intermediate (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-482 Writing for Visual Media (3) 

• At least 6 credit hours from the following: 
COMM-434 Film and Video Production II (3) 
COMM-435 Introduction to Studio Television (3) 
COMM-454 Motion Graphics and Effects (3) 
COMM-523 Intermediate Photography: 

Photojournalism (3) 
Fine Arts Photography (3) 

Advanced 

• 6 credit hours in visual media studies from the following: 
COMM-503 Broadcast Operations and Management (3) 
COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-513 Producing Film and Video (3) 
COMM-5 14 Censorship and Media (3) 

COMM-5 1 5 Media, Children, and Society (3) 
COMM-5 1 6 Topics in Film and Media Arts (3) 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-5 20 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-550 Financing and Marketing Independent 

Productions (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
COMM-585 Directing (3) (Prague) 
COMM-586 History of Czech Cinema (3) (Prague) 

• Additional credit hours may be selected from the following to 
bring the total to 39-42 credit hours: 

COMM-438 Production Practicum (1-3) 
COMM-456 Dramatic Production (3) 
COMM-464 Directing for Camera (3) 
COMM-486 Documentary Production (3) 
COMM-391 Senior Internship (3) 

or 
COMM-392 Cooperative Education Field Experience (3) 

or 

COMM-491 Senior Professional Internship (3) 
COMM-529 Large Format and Commercial Photography (3) 
COMM-561 Advanced Writing for Film (3) 
COMM-562 Advanced Writing for Television (3) 
COMM-565 Advanced Visual Media Portfolio (3) 
COMM-5 84 Film Technology and Practice (6) (Prague) 






University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/. 

B.A. in Foreign Language and 
Communication Media 

Admission to the Program 

Students are admitted either to the School of Communica- 
tion or to the Department of Language and Foreign Studies of 
the College of Arts and Sciences. 

Program Tracks 

French, German, Russian, or Spanish combined with 
Broadcast Journalism, Print Journalism, Public Communica- 
tion, or Visual Media 

University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 54 credit hours with grades of C or better 

• Prerequisite competency in the major language at the 
intermediate level 

Course Requirements 

Foundation (6 credit hours) 

• COMM-100 Understanding Mass Media 4: 1 (3) 

• COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 

Foreign Language (15 credit hours) 

• 1 5 credit hours of courses in the major language (French, 
German, Russian, or Spanish) at the 300 level or above taken 
in the Department of Language and Foreign Studies 



School of Communication 205 



Contempory Culture (6 credit hours) 

• Two courses related to any contemporary culture as approved 
by advisor 

Linguisitics (3 credit hours) 

• One of the following: 

ANTH-225 Language and Human Experience 1:2 (3) 
ANTH-254 Language and Culture (3) 
TESL-5xx linguistics course as approved by advisor 
Communication (24 credit hours) 

• Three media studies courses from the School of 
Communication, with at least one at the 300-level or above; 
and five professional courses in one of the four 
communication program tracks: broadcast journalism, print 
journalism, public communication, or visual media: 

Broadcast Journalism 

• Three media studies courses with at least one at the 300-level 
or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-320 Reporting (3) 

• COMM-333 Fundamentals of TV and VTR (3) 

• COMM-385 Broadcast Journalism I (3) 

• COMM-428 Broadcast Journalism II (3) 

• COMM-432 Television Field Reporting (3) 
Print Journalism 

• Three media studies courses with at least one at the 300-level 
or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-320 Reporting (3) 

• COMM-322 Editorial Policies and Methods (3) 

• COMM-425 Advanced Reporting (3) 

• Two from the following: 

COMM-323 Computer Techniques for Communication 

Studies (3) 
COMM-325 Feature Article Writing (3) 
COMM-326 Sports Journalism (3) 
COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 
COMM-502 In-Depth Journalism (3) 
COMM-521 Opinion Writing (3) 
COMM-545 Business and Economic Journalism (3) 
Public Communication 

• COMM-209 Communication and Society (3) 

• Two additional media studies courses with at least one at the 
300-level or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-301 Public Relations (3) 

• COMM-337 Public Relations Writing (3) 

• COMM-346 Public Relations Case Studies (3) 

• COMM-380 Public Communication Research (3) 

• COMM-437 Public Relations Media (3) 
Visual Media 

• COMM-105 Visual Literacy 1:1 (3) 



• Two additional media studies courses with at least one at the 
300-level or above, as approved by advisor 

• COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 

• COMM-33 1 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• COMM-350 Digital Imaging and Design (3) 

• COMM-382 Writing for Visual Media (3) 

• One additional course approved by advisor 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options ( 1 00-200-level Honors classes): 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Washington Semester in Journalism 

This one-semester undergraduate program explores journal- 
ism as it is practiced in Washington, D.C. The program studies 
the people, institutions, and issues of Washington journalism 
with guest speakers, field trips, and lectures, plus an internship 
and an elective course selected from regular offerings of the 
university. The program is open to students from colleges and 
universities across the country. 

Admission to the Program 

Requirements for admission to the program are: a minimum 
grade point average of 2.50 (on a 4.00 scale); either a journalism 
major or a liberal-arts major with some evidence of interest in 
journalism; and at least second-semester sophomore standing. 
Selection is competitive. Note: This program is not open to 
American University communication majors. 

Course Requirements 

• COMM-450 Washington Journalism Semester Seminar I (4) 

• COMM^5 1 Washington Journalism Semester Seminar II (4) 

• COMM-452 Washington Journalism Semester 

Internship (4) 

• One course from the regular university course offerings 



206 School of Communication 



Minor in Communication 



• 1 8 credit hours with grades of C or better with at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• COMM-100 Understanding Mass 

Media 4: 1(3) 

• COMM-200 Writing for Mass Communication (3) 

• Two courses from the following: 
COMM-301 Public Relations (3) 
COMM-3 10 Public Speaking (3) 
COMM-320 Reporting (3) 

COMM-322 Editorial Policies and Methods (3) 
COMM-325 Feature Article Writing (3) 
COMM-330 Principles of Photography (3) 
COMM-331 Film and Video Production I (3) 
COMM-435 Introduction to Studio Television (3) 
COMM-470 Organizational Communication (3) 
COMM-472 Nonverbal Communication (3) 
COMM-475 Group Communication Management (3) 
COMM-521 Opinion Writing (3) 



COMM-532 Publication Layout and Design (3) 
Two courses from the following: 
COMM-401 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 
COMM-503 Broadcast Operations and Management (3) 
COMM-508 The Media and Government (3) 
COMM-509 Politics and the Media (3) 
COMM-51 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 13 Producing Film and Video (3) 
COMM-51 4 Censorship and Media (3) 
COMM-5 15 Media, Children, and Society (3) 
COMM-5 1 7 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-545 Business and Economic Journalism (3) 
COMM-5 5 8 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
COMM-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 

student's advisor 
COMM-599 Media, Technology and Society (3) 






Graduate Programs 



Designed for students with diverse professional and educa- 
tional backgrounds, the graduate programs fully utilize the re- 
sources of Washington, D.C. for both field work and classroom 
study. The many professional news organizations, public inter- 
est organizations, trade associations, government agencies, 
public relations firms, and media production organizations in 
the Washington area provide excellent opportunities for intern- 
ships and cooperative education field experience. Special semi- 
nars and events, including the school's American Forum and 
Media Center presentations, enable students to meet major pub- 
lic figures and film and media artists. 

M.A. in Communication: 

Journalism and Public Affairs 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. Admission to the program requires a bache- 
lor's degree from an accredited college or university with at 
least a 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) grade point average in last 60 hours 
of undergraduate course work. International students whose 
first language is not English should take the TOEFL examina- 
tion to demonstrate proficiency in written as well as spoken 
English. All applicants must earn a satisfactory score on the 
Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General (verbal, quanti- 
tative, and analytical). 

Previous professional or campus experience in communica- 
tion is useful but not required. However, all applicants are required 
to show evidence of professional commitment and career direc- 
tion related to the specialization and track they choose. Official 



transcripts, two letters of recommendation, and a 1,000- word es- 
say on the applicant's commitment to pursuing graduate study in 
the program are submitted with the application. If available, sam- 
ples of published professional or college news writing, scripts, or 
tapes should also be submitted. 

A limited number of graduate fellowships and assistantships 
are awarded on the basis of merit as well as school and program 
needs. 

Admission to the full-time degree program is for the fall se- 
mester. Students are generally expected to complete the pro- 
gram in ten months. The program is also available in a weekend 
format which takes twenty months to complete (see below). 

Qualified undergraduate students may apply to a combined 
bachelor's/M.A. program and use up to 6 credit hours of 
500-level courses to satisfy the requirements of both degrees. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30-33 credit hours of approved graduate work, as advised 
Most students are required to take COMM-624 Principles and 
Practice of Journalism and receive a grade of B or better. 
Students who have earned a B or better in a news-media law 
course within five years of enrollment may petition to be 
exempted from COMM-601 Legal Aspects of 
Communication. International students are normally 
exempted from this course. Students with extensive 
professional editing experience may petition to be exempted 
from COMM-621 Advanced Editing. 

• Continuous full-time enrollment 



School of Communication 207 



• A grade point average of 3.00 maintained during all work 
toward the degree 

• Comprehensive examination in journalism 
Specializations and Tracks 

Public Policy Journalism, International Journalism, Economic 
Communication (each taken in either the print or broadcast jour- 
nalism track), Interactive Journalism, or News Media Studies 

Course Requirements 

Public Policy Journalism 

Core (12 credit hours) 

• COMM-601 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM-624 Principles and Practice of Journalism (3) (with 
a grade of B or better) 

• COMM-71 Seminar in Public Affairs (3) (with a grade of 
B or better) 

• COMM-724 Reporting of Public Affairs (3) 
Electives (12 credit hours) 

• Four elective courses approved by the program director 
One or two courses outside the School of Communication in 
an area related to public affairs may be substituted for 
journalism electives with permission of the program director. 
Possible areas include political science, public 
administration, history, economics, the range of social 
sciences, and international relations. 

Broadcast Track (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-632 Television Field Reporting (3) 

• COMM-721 Broadcast News I (3) 

• COMM-722 Broadcast News II (3) (with a grade of B or 
better) 

Print Track (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-621 Advanced Editing (3) 

• COMM-636 Washington Reporting (3) 

• COMM-720 Seminar in Journalism (3) (with a grade of B 
or better) 

International Journalism 

Core (15 credit hours) 

• COMM-546 Foreign Policy and the Press (3) 

• COMM-601 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM-624 Principles and Practice of Journalism (3) (with 
a grade of B or better) 

• COMM-710 Seminar in Public Affairs (3) (with 
international emphasis and a grade of B or better) 

• COMM-724 Reporting of Public Affairs (3) (with 
international emphasis) 

Broadcast Track (18 credit hours) 

• COMM-632 Television Field Reporting (3) 

• COMM-721 Broadcast News I (3) 



• COMM-722 Broadcast News II (3) (with international 
emphasis and a grade of B or better) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 

Two international relations courses outside the School of 
Communication 
COMM-xxx elective course 
Print Track (18 credit hours) 

• COMM-621 Advanced Editing (3) 

• COMM-636 Washington Reporting (3) (with international 
emphasis) 

• COMM-720 Seminar in Journalism (3) (with a grade of B 
or better) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 

Two international relations courses outside the School of 
Communication 
COMM-xxx elective course 
Economic Communication 
Core (12 credit hours) 

• COMM-601 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM-624 Principles and Practice of Journalism (3) (with 
a grade of B or better) 

• COMM-710 Seminar in Public Affairs (3) (with emphasis 
on economic and business coverage and with a grade of B 
or better) 

• COMM-724 Reporting of Public Affairs (3) (with emphasis 
on economic and business coverage) 

Economics (12 credit hours) 

• 12 credit hours from the following: 
ECON-500 Microeconomics (3) 
ECON-501 Macroeconomics (3) 
ECON-522 Econometrics (3) 
ECON-546 Industrial Economics (3) 
ECON-573 Labor Economics (3) 
ECON-579 Environmental Economics (3) 
ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 
ECON-619 U.S. Economic History (3) 

Broadcast Track (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-632 Television Field Reporting (3) 

• COMM-721 Broadcast News I (3) 

• COMM-722 Broadcast News II (3) (with a grade of B or 
better) 

Print Track (9 credit hours) 

• COMM-545 Business and Economic Journalism (3) (with a 
grade of B or better) 

• Economics or business elective course (3) 

• COMM-xxx elective course (3) 

Interactive Journalism 
Core (12 credit hours) 

• COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) 



208 School of Communication 



• COMM-601 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM-7 1 Seminar in Public Affairs (3) (with a grade of 
B or better) 

• COMM-724 Reporting of Public Affairs (3) (with an 
emphasis on online research and reporting) 

Interactive Journalism (18 credit hours) 

• COMM-535 Special Topics in News Media (3) 

• COMM-599 Media, Technology and Society (3) 

• COMM-621 Advanced Editing (3) 

• COMM-720 Seminar in Journalism (3) (with a grade of B or 
better) 

• COMM-721 Broadcast News I (3) 

• COMM-502 In-Depth Journalism (3) 

or 

COMM-722 Broadcast News II (3) 
or other approved elective course 

News Media Studies 
Core (12 credit hours) 

• COMM-504 Journalism Ethics (3) 

• COMM-601 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM-7 10 Seminar in Public Affairs (3) (with a grade of 
B or better) 

• COMM-724 Reporting of Public Affairs (3) (with an 
emphasis on how stories are chosen and developed, their 
effect and the media response) 

News Media Studies (18 credit hours) 

• COMM-508 The Media and Government (3) 

• COMM-535 Special Topics in News Media (3) 

• COMM-546 Foreign Policy and the Press (3) 

• COMM-545 Business and Economic Journalism (3) 

• COMM-599 Media, Technology and Society (3) 

• COMM-720 Seminar in Journalism (3) (with a grade of B 
or better) 

Weekend Graduate Program in Communication: 
Journalism and Public Affairs 

The weekend M.A. program in journalism and public affairs 
is for professionals whose schedules make Saturday classes a 
preferable alternative to full-time study. Admission require- 
ments are the same as for the full-time program and for the fall 
semester only. Students are expected to complete the program 
within a twenty-month period. 

Combined Bachelor's Degree and M.A. in 
Communication: Public Communication 

This program enables highly qualified students to earn in 
five years of full-time study both a B.A. or B.S. in any discipline 
and an M.A. in Communication: Public Communication. 



Admission to the Program 

Admission to the combined program requires second se- 
mester junior or senior standing, a cumulative grade point aver- 
age of 3.5, a formal application, two written faculty 
recommendations, a statement of purpose, and a positive review 
by the faculty admissions committee. The Graduate Record Ex- 
amination (GRE) is not required unless applying for School of 
Communication Merit Awards. 

Requirements 

• All requirements for a bachelor's degree in the student's 
major at American University 

Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements for both 
degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Communication: Public 
Communication, including a minimum of 24 credit hours 
completed in residence in graduate status after the 
undergraduate degree has been awarded. 

M.A. in Communication: 

Public Communication 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. Admission to the program requires a bache- 
lor's degree from an accredited college or university with at 
least a 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) grade point average in last 60 hours 
of undergraduate course work. International students whose 
first language is not English should take the TOEFL examina- 
tion to demonstrate proficiency in written as well as spoken 
English. All applicants must earn a satisfactory score on the 
Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General (verbal, quanti- 
tative, and analytical). 

Previous academic or professional work in public commu- 
nication is not required, but all applicants must demonstrate a 
serious commitment to a career in this field. The ability to speak 
and write English well is essential. Official transcripts, two let- 
ters of recommendation, and a 1,000-word essay on the appli- 
cant's commitment to pursuing graduate study in the program 
are submitted with the application. Interviews are not required, 
but may be recommended by the school. 

Admission is open to both full-time and part-time students 
for the fall semester. Full-time students are generally expected 
to complete the program in ten months. Part-time students are 
expected to take a minimum of two courses each semester and 
complete their program in two years. The program is also avail- 
able in a weekend format which takes twenty months to com- 
plete (see below). 

Qualified undergraduate students may apply to a combined 
bachelor's/M.A. program and use up to 6 credit hours of 
500-level courses to satisfy the requirements of both degrees. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 



School of Communication 209 



• A graduate project with a grade of B or better is required of all 
students. This project, which fulfills the university research 
requirement, is in lieu of a thesis. 

The project work must be focused in a particular 
communication area, such as: arts communication; 
government and political communication; international 
public relations; public interest communication; or corporate 
public relations (elective options in business administration 
are limited). The project should be selected to provide an 
important credential for future employment as well as a focus 
for learning. It should reflect the student's career direction 
within the broad field of public communication. 

• A grade point average of 3.00 maintained during all work 
toward the degree 

• Comprehensive examination in public communication 
Course Requirements 

• COMM-640 Principles of Strategic Communication (3) 

• COMM-642 Public Communication Management (3) 

• COMM-644 Public Communication Writing (3) 

• COMM-646 Public Communication Practicum (3) 

• COMM-735 Communication Theory (3) (with a grade of B 
or better) 

• COMM-738 Research Methods in Communication (3) 
(with a grade of B or better) 

• COMM-744 Public Communication Seminar (3) (with a 
grade of B or better) 

• 9 credit hours in elective courses: 

Students may take an internship as one of the elective courses. 
Other elective courses may be taken in communication or in 
other fields such as sociology, business, performing arts, 
education, government, justice, international service, 
psychology, anthropology, art history, literature, economics, 
or statistics. 

Weekend Graduate Program in 
Communication: Public Communication 

With its emphasis on public relations, this program, con- 
ducted on Saturdays, is for experienced professionals who wish 
to enhance their skills in conducting and managing strategic 
communication campaigns, yet their schedules won't allow a 
full-time or even a part-time graduate program during the week. 
Admission requirements are the same as for the full-time pro- 
gram with the additional prerequisite of at least three years of 
work experience, and the program starts in the fall semester 
only. Students are expected to complete the program within a 
twenty-month period. 

M.A. in Communication: Producing 

for Film and Video 

Admission to the Program 

This weekend graduate program is designed for working 
adults who want to pursue careers in producing for film, video, 
television, and multimedia. Student cohort groups follow a 



planned curriculum, taking one course every seven weeks (two 
courses each semester) on Saturdays for a total of 10 courses. 
The 30-credit hour program is completed in 21 months. Previ- 
ous academic or professional experience in film or video is not 
required, but all applicants must demonstrate a serious commit- 
ment to a career in this field. 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. Admission to the program requires a bache- 
lor's degree from an accredited college or university with at least a 
3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) grade point average in last 60 hours of un- 
dergraduate course work. International students whose first lan- 
guage is not English should take the TOEFL examination to 
demonstrate proficiency in written as well as spoken English. 

Official transcripts, two letters of recommendation, and a 
1,000-word essay on the applicant's commitment to pursuing 
graduate study in the program are submitted with the applica- 
tion. The application deadline is April 1. 

Degree Requirements 

• 30 credit hours of approved graduate work 

• Continuous enrollment 

• A grade point average of 3.00 maintained during all work 
toward the degree 

• Comprehensive examination in producing film and video 
Course Requirements 

• COMM-503 Broadcast Operations and Management (3) 

• COMM-5 1 3 Producing Film and Video (3) 

• COMM-550 Financing and Marketing Independent 

Productions (3) 

• COMM-571 Production Planning and Management (3) 

• COMM-601 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 

• COMM-671 The Media Enterprise I: Establishing the 

Enterprise (3) (with a grade of B or better) 

• COMM-672 The Media Enterprise II: Managing the 

Enterprise (3) (with a grade of B or better) 

• COMM-682 Writing for Visual Media (3) 

• 6 credit hours from COMM-5 70 Summer Film and Digital 
Media Institute 

M.A. in Film and Video 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. Admission to the program requires a bache- 
lor's degree from an accredited college or university with at least a 
3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) grade point average in last 60 hours of un- 
dergraduate course work. International students whose first lan- 
guage is not English should take the TOEFL examination to 
demonstrate proficiency in written as well as spoken English. 

Applicants must earn a satisfactory score on the Graduate 
Record Examination (GRE) General (verbal, quantitative, and 
analytical). Previous exposure to film study, film and video pro- 
duction, or script writing is not required, although all applicants 



210 School of Communication 



are required to show evidence of professional commitment and 
career direction related to their program of study. 

Official transcripts, two letters of recommendation, and a 
1,000-word essay on the applicant's commitment to pursuing 
graduate study in the program are submitted with the application. 

Admission is not limited to full-time students, however stu- 
dents must be available to take most of their course work during 
the day. Students will normally be expected to complete the 
3 3 -credit hour program within 24 months. 

Degree Requirements 

• 36 credit hours of approved graduate work 
Non-thesis option: 

COMM-701 Graduate Seminar in Film Theory and 

Practice with a grade of B or better 
COMM-702 Master's Portfolio Seminar with a grade of B 

or better 

• A grade point average of 3.00 maintained during all work 
toward the degree 

• Comprehensive examination in film and video 
Course Requirements 

• COMM-5 13 Producing Film and Video(3) 

• COMM-631 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• COMM-634 Film and Video Production II (3) 

• COMM-682 Writing for Visual Media (3) 

• COMM-701 Graduate Seminar in Film Theory and 
Practice (3) with a grade of B or better (taken in the first 
year) 

• COMM-702 Master's Portfolio Seminar (3) with a grade of 
B or better 

• 1 8 credit hours in courses selected from the following areas: 
Film production or video production; film theory, history, and 
criticism; multimedia; and script writing. Students may 
emphasize one of these areas in the design of their program, 
but the program must include courses from all of these areas. 
Courses in related areas such as performing arts and 
photography may also be included. 

M.F.A. in Film and Electronic Media 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must meet the minimum university requirements 
for graduate study. Admission to the program requires a bache- 
lor's degree from an accredited college or university with at 
least a 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) grade point average in last 60 hours 
of undergraduate course work. International students whose 
first language is not English should take the TOEFL examina- 
tion to demonstrate proficiency in written as well as spoken 
English. The Graduate Record General Examination (GRE) is 
required, but may be waived by the division director. 

An undergraduate degree in one of the visual media is desir- 
able, but applications from candidates who have majored in 
other fields will also be considered. Applicants with prior expe- 
rience in the visual media should submit a portfolio illustrating 



relevant professional experience. Students without prior experi- 
ence in film, video, photography, or digital media production or 
who do not demonstrate through their portfolio a level of mini- 
mum proficiency in media production will need to reconcile 
their deficiencies with additional course work. 

Official transcripts, two letters of recommendation, and a 
1,000-word essay on the applicant's commitment to pursuing 
graduate study in the program are submitted with the application. 

Degree Requirements 

• 5 1 credit hours of approved graduate work 

Students without a minimum level of proficiency in media 
production are required to take COMM-630 Principles of 
Photography prior to or at the beginning of their program. 
This course does not count toward the 51 credit hours 
required for the degree. 

• Production of a portfolio of original creative work in the areas 
of scriptwriting, film, or electronic media production under 
the supervision of a faculty committee and in conjunction 
with COMM-702 Master's Portfolio Seminar, with a grade of 
B or better 

• A grade point average of 3.00 maintained during all work 
toward the degree 

• Comprehensive examination in film and electronic media 
Course Requirements (51 credit hours) 

Core (27 credit hours) 

• COMM-5 1 3 Producing Film and Video (3) 

• COMM-63 1 Film and Video Production I (3) 

• COMM-634 Film and Video Production II (3) or 
COMM-5 84 Film Technology and Practice (6)* 

• COMM-650 Digital Imaging (3) 

• COMM-682 Writing for Visual Media (3) 

or 
COMM-587 Screenwriting (3)* 

• COMM-701 Graduate Seminar in Film Theory and 

Practice (3) (must be taken in the first year) 

• COMM-71 1 Teaching Seminar in Media Arts (3) 

With the advisor's approval, students with comparable prior ex- 
perience or course work may substitute other courses in produc- 
tion and writing or media studies. 

• Two of the following: 

COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
Portfolio Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• COMM-702 Master's Portfolio Seminar (6) with a grade of 

B or better 
Electives (18 credit hours) 

With the guidance of their advisor, students may develop an 
area of concentration or expertise using courses from the 



School of Communication 21 1 



following; COMM-690 Independent Study Project, 
COMM-691 Graduate Internship, and COMM-692 
Cooperative Education Field Experience may also be used 
with permission of the student's advisor: 

Production and Writing (minimum 6 credit hours) 
COMM-561 Advanced Writing for Film (3) 
COMM-562 Advanced Writing for Television (3) 
COMM-565 Advanced Visual Media Portfolio (3) 
COMM-570 Summer Film and Digital Media Institute (1-6) 
COMM-635 Introduction to Studio Television (3) 
COMM-638 Production Practicum (1-3) 
COMM-652 Web Studio (3) 
COMM-654 Digital Post Production (3) 
COMM-656 Dramatic Production (3) 
COMM-664 Directing for Camera (3) 
COMM-686 Documentary Production (3) 

Media Studies and Producing (minimum 3 credit hours) 

(see note below) 

COMM-5 1 1 History of Documentary (3) 
COMM-5 14 Censorship in the Media (3) 
COMM-5 15 Media, Children, and Society (3) 
COMM-5 1 6 Topics in Film and Media Arts (3) 
COMM-5 17 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema (3) 
COMM-520 History of Animation (3) 
COMM-527 History of Photography (3) 
COMM-550 Financing and Marketing Independent 

Productions (3) 
COMM-558 Survey of American Cinema (3) 
COMM-5 84 Film Technology and Practice (3)* 
COMM-585 Directing (3)* 
COMM-586 History of Czech Cinema (3)* 
COMM-601 Legal Aspects of Communication (3) 
Note: One media studies elective may be taken in a related 
subject area with the approval of the faculty advisor. Related 
media studies courses include the following: 
COMM-503 Broadcast Operations and Management (3) 
LIT-646 Topics in Film 

PERF-557 Creative Writers' Performance Laboratory (3) 
PERF-665 Theatre History I (3) 
PERF-666 Theatre History II (3) 
PERF-667 Theatre History III (3) 

* Courses offered in Prague, Czech Republic. Students may 
enroll in the film and theatre curriculum at the Prague Film 
Academy (FAMU) through the AU Abroad program. 
Courses taken at FAMU receive full credit toward the M.F.A. 
in Film and Electronic Media. 



M.A. in Internationa! Media 

The Master of Arts in International Media offers students a 
unique opportunity to learn international communication theory 
and research while at the same time developing professional 
production skills. This interdisciplinary M.A. program allows 
students to take concurrent courses in the School of Communi- 
cation (SOC) and School of International Service (SIS) that em- 
phasize strategic communication, research, international 
communication, and global media. In addition, students take 
hands-on courses designed to hone writing skills over a broad 
range of media, and production classes that introduce them to 
filmmaking, newswriting, digital imaging, web design, photog- 
raphy, and public communication writing. The media studies 
component of the program gives students a strong background 
in research skills, broad knowledge of global economic and po- 
litical issues, and a deep understanding of how the media works, 
especially in an international environment. The production por- 
tion of the program provides students with the knowledge, 
skills, and ethical groundings to be professionally competent 
and literate managers/producers/commissioners. 
Admission to the Program 

Applicants must hold an accredited bachelor's degree with a 
minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.30 or higher on a 
4.00 scale. Some background knowledge of communication 
studies, or media/journalism professional experience, or inter- 
national studies and international work experience is a plus. 

All applicants are required to submit results of the Graduate 
Record Examination (GRE). In addition, international appli- 
cants whose first language is not English are required to submit 
results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). 
A strong TOEFL score is necessary to ensure that students can 
fully benefit from the media production courses and analytical 
courses. All applicants must also submit two letters of reference 
evaluating undergraduate academic performance and suitability 
for graduate study in international affairs and communication. 

Students apply to either SOC or SIS. Applications will be re- 
viewed jointly by SOC and SIS, with both schools agreeing on 
student admission. 
Degree Requirements 

• 45 credit hours of approved graduate work with a cumulative 
grade point average of 3.00, including 12 credit hours of core 
courses, 6 credit hours of professional courses, 6 credit hours 
of methods courses, and 6 credit hours of research/capstone 
courses. Students also take 1 5 credit hours of electives. 
Students choose a concentration in either SIS or SOC and 
complete a total of 24 credits hours in that concentration, 
including their research/capstone requirement. Students may 
not take more than a total of 24 credit hours in either SIS or 
SOC to fulfill degree requirements. 

Requests for the transfer of a maximum of six graduate credits 
will be considered only on an exceptional basis. 

• One oral comprehensive examination in the School of 
International Service. To be eligible to take a comprehensive 



212 School of Communication 



examination, students must have maintained at least a 3.00 
grade point average in all graduate course work. 

• Demonstration of research and writing skills through 
completion of the research/capstone requirement courses 
with grades of B or better. 

• Proficiency in a modem foreign language. 

Research competence in English and another language 
relevant to the student's career objectives must be certified. 

Course Requirements 

Core (12 credit hours) 

• COMM-549 Topics in International Media (3) 

• SIS-640 International Communication (3) 

• SIS-645 International Communication Policy (3) 

• one of the following: 

COMM-640 Principles of Strategic Communication (3) 
SIS-628 Advanced Topics in International Communication: 
Global Knowledge Economy (3) 
SIS-644 Communication and Social Economic 

Development (3) 
Students who take COMM-640 Principles of Strategic 
Communication for the core must take either SIS-628 
Advanced Topics in International Communication: Global 
Knowledge Economy or SIS-644 Communication and Social 
Economic Development as an elective. 

Professional (6 credit hours) 

• COMM-688 Media Writing (3) 

• COMM-638 Production Practicum (1-3) 
Methods (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-695 Research Seminar in International 

Communication (3) 

• COMM-738 Public Communication Research Methods (3) 
Research/Capstone Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-795 Master's Research Requirement (1-3) 

and 

SIS-691 Internship (1-6) 
or 

• COMM-710 Seminar in Public Affairs (3) or 
COMM-744 Public Communication Seminar (3) 

and 

COMM-691 Internship (3) 

Students who take COMM-710 or COMM-744 and 
COMM-691 Internship for the research/capstone 



requirement may take only one additional 3-credit SOC 
(COMM-xxx) elective. 
Electives and Concentraton 

• 1 5 credit hours in elective courses including 6 credit hours 

from one of the following concentrations (IC or SOC): 

Students who take COMM-640 Principles of Strategic 

Communication for the core must take either SIS-628 

Advanced Topics in International Communication: Global 

Knowledge Economy or SIS-644 Communication and 

Social Economic Development as an elective. 

Students who take COMM-710 or COMM-744 and 

COMM-691 for the research/capstone requirement may take 

only one SOC (COMM-xxx) elective. 

International Communication (IC) (6 credit hours) 

SIS-628 Advanced Topics in International Communication 
(1-3) (approved topics) 

SIS-566 International Communication Skills Institutes (1-3) 
(up to 3 credit hours of approved topics) 

Approved electives in other SIS fields related to 
Intenational Communication 

School of Communication (SOC) (6 credit hours) 
Theoretical 

COMM-541 Media Relations 

COMM-539 International Public Relations 

COMM-511 History of Documentary 

COMM-512 Social Documentary 

COMM-5 1 6 Topics in Film and Media Arts 

COMM-517 History of Cross-Cultural Cinema 

COMM-527 History of Photography 

COMM-53 1 Political Communication 

COMM-535 Special Topics in News Media 

COMM-544 Foreign Correspondence 

COMM-546 Foreign Policy and the Press 

COMM-548 Global Journalism 

COMM-735 Communication Theory 
Professional 

COMM-521 Opinion Writing 

COMM-630 Principles of Photography 

COMM-63 1 Film and Video Production I 

COMM-635 Introduction to Studio Television 

COMM-644 Public Communication Writing 

COMM-650 Digital Imaging and Design 

COMM-652 Web Studio 

COMM-567 Communication and Social Change 
• 9 additional credit hours in approved elective courses 

Students may not take more than a total of 24 credit hours in 

either SIS or SOC to fulfill degree requirements. 



School of International 
Service 

• Administration and Faculty 

• Undergraduate Programs 

• Graduate Programs 



Dean Louis W. Goodman 

Associate Dean for Academic Affairs Maria Green Cowles 

Associate Dean for Program Development 

and Graduate Admissions Leeanne Dunsmore 
Assistant Dean for Budget and Administration 
Joseph Clapper 

Graduate Admissions and Financial Aid Yasmin Quianzon, 
Adam Graham, Jia Jiang, Sonja Steinbrech 
Graduate Academic Affairs James Gilbert, Mary Barton, 
Marley Crutcher, Emily Dunn, Emmanuel Pimentel, 
Jon Youngs 

Undergraduate Academic Affairs Suzanne Skillings, 
Justina Grubor, Shawn Hillman, Erika Waxbom, 
Julie Wickham 

Comparative and Regional Studies Division 
Director Quansheng Zhao 
International Communication Division 
Director Shalini Venturelli 
International Development Division 
Director David Hirschmann 

International Peace and Conflict Resolution Division 
Director Ronald Fisher 

International Politics and Foreign Policy Division 
Director Tamar Gutner 
J.D./M.A. Program Director Paul Williams 
M.I.S. Program Director Steve Kroll 
Ph.D. Program Director Stephen Silvia 
Full-Time Faculty 
University Professor J. Mittelman 
Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies A. Ahmed 
Mohammed Said Farsi Chair of Islamic Peace A.A. Said 
Professor Emeritus/a W.C. Cromwell, R.W. Gregg, 
J. Goldstein, M. Hammer, GL. Harris, S. Mardin, A.D. Mott, 
H. Mowlana, W.C. Olson, F.J. Piotrow, D.D. Randall, 
M. Srruelens, M.P. Walker, L.C. Wilson 
Professor M. Abu-Nimer, G Adams, P. Brenner, R. Broad, 
F. Cheru, D.L. Clarke, S.D. Cohen, R. Fisher, L.W. Goodman, 
D. Hirschmann, L.L. Lubrano, R. Pastor, J.M. Richardson, 
L. Shelley, G Weaver, P. Williams, Q. Zhao 



Associate Professor Emeritus S.H. Arnold, W Kincade 

Associate Professor D. Brautigam, C. Chin, M. Egan, 

C. Gallaher, T. Gutner, R. Henning, P. Jackson, 

N.S. Levinson, C. Lusane, J. Mertus, S. Murray, R. Persaud, 

V. Samarasinghe, C. Schneider, S. Silvia, S. Venturelli, 

P. Wapner 

Assistant Professor R. Albro, Y Bong, J. Calabrese,C. Call, M. 

Carter, D. Chong, E. Conn, C. Collins, P.K. Heng, 

C. Housenick, P. Howard, R. Johnson, S. Johnson, 

A. Kadayifci, C. Kyrou, C. Maisch, D. Masis, C. Rudolph, 

H. Schamis, S. Shepler, L. Skalli-Hanna, M. Solis, 

A. Wanis-St. John, P. Weinberger, S. Weiner 

Distinguished Diplomat-in-Residence A. Quainton 

Scholar-in-Residence D. Bachner, R. Cupitt, A. Porzecanski, J. 

Shapiro 

Instructor C. LeVan, S. Nicholson, J. Picarelli, N. Ruiz 

The School of International Service (SIS) offers profes- 
sional training in international affairs. The programs are based 
on a multidisciplinary curriculum oriented towards the liberal 
arts that encourages students to explore international relations 
through the contributions of political scientists, sociologists, an- 
thropologists, economists, attorneys, historians, and specialists 
in communication. 

The school offers exceptional opportunities that evolve from 
the university's location in a premier world capital and from the 
rich human and documentary resources which enhance the 
school's educational programs. At all times the links between 
the school and its Washington environment nourish the aca- 
demic and professional growth of its students. Whatever their 
career objectives, students participate in programs that are 
multidisciplinary, problem and policy oriented, and uniquely 
adapted to those opportunities inherent in the metropolitan 
Washington location. 

In addition, SIS has a number of thematic strengths includ- 
ing democratization, globalization, international political econ- 
omy, and human rights. To learn more about the distinctive 
faculty and student research in these and other areas, go to: 
www.american.edu/sis 



213 



214 School of International Service 

Faculty 

The diversity of the full-time faculty members of the School 
of International Service in terms of academic disciplines and 
professional experience, both in the United States and abroad, 
exemplifies the multidisciplinary and cross-cultural aspects of 
international relations. Bringing cutting-edge research into their 
classrooms, the faculty use a variety of interactive approaches 
such as simulations and case studies in their teaching. The 
school regularly appoints adjunct and visiting professors and 
benefits from their expertise in the field of international rela- 
tions. As a center of public dialogue, the school brings leading 
experts from around the world to address emerging issues in in- 
ternational affairs. 
Divisions 

The School of International Service includes five divisions: 
Comparative and Regional Studies, International Politics and 
Foreign Policy, International Communication, International 
Development, and International Peace and Conflict Resolution. 

The Division of Comparative and Regional Studies (CRS) 
provides unique opportunities for the study of the major regions 
of the world: Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle 
East, and Russia and Central Eurasia. The CRS curriculum 
builds upon the in-depth coverage of these regions by stressing 
that issues are best understood in comparative perspective. 

The International Communication (IC) Division is the old- 
est such program in the United States. It focuses on international 
communication policy and technology as well as cross-cultural 
communication. 

The International Development (ID) Division includes two 
multidisciplinary degrees which combine international devel- 
opment theory and practice with the goal of improving opportu- 
nities for the poor and vulnerable, particularly in developing 
nations. Its emphases include development management, policy 
analysis, and development education. 

The International Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR) Di- 
vision critically analyzes theories of the causes of war and orga- 
nized violence at the institutional and international levels; 
examines alternative theories and approaches and provides ap- 
plied skills for resolving and preventing organized violence and 
war, as well as contending approaches to peace making, build- 
ing cooperative global relationships, and international negotia- 
tion; and analyzes current conflict situations and develops 
policy proposals for their resolution. 

The Division of International Politics and Foreign Policy 
(IPFP) includes the areas of international law and organization, 
international political economy, global security, United States 
foreign policy, global environmental policy, and international 
economic relations. Students ground their work in appropriate 
theory and economics courses. Working with faculty advisors, 
they design tailored course concentrations. 

Centers 

American Consortium on European Union Studies The 

European Commission has designated the School of Interna- 
tional Service as a partner in the American Consortium on Eu- 
ropean Union Studies (ACES). ACES is a locus for teaching, 



research, and policy making related to European studies. Amer- 
ican University's Europe Council, composed of faculty from 
across the university, supports research and learning in Europe. 
For more information, go to: www.american.edu/aces 

Center for Asian Studies For over twenty years the Center 
for Asian Studies has provided a locus for teaching, research, 
and exchange programs involving Asia. The center holds sev- 
eral major annual workshops and conferences; one such confer- 
ence focuses on joint research projects with universities in 
China, Japan, and Korea and is held in each country on a rotat- 
ing basis. The center has also developed distinctive dual degree 
and exchange programs with Asian countries. For more infor- 
mation, go to: 
www.american.edu/sis/center for asian studies/ 

Center for Global Peace The Center for Global Peace pro- 
vides a framework for programs and initiatives that advance the 
study and understanding of world peace, grounded in a search 
for ajust and sustainable world order. By seeking to understand 
better the social, political, cultural, economic, and civic struc- 
tures whose deterioration can lead to violence and social up- 
heaval, the center contributes to the identification of and support 
for measures to restore and enhance peace. Center activities fo- 
cus on the interdependent global system, identifying common 
interests, and working toward common security. For more in- 
formation, go to: 
www.american.edu/cgp/ 

Transnational Crime and Corruption Center The grow- 
ing phenomena of transnational crime and corruption present a 
formidable challenge to the protection of national and interna- 
tional security, economic development, democratic reform, and 
human rights. Systemic corruption in one country often contrib- 
utes to crime and terror at the global level, and thus is a problem 
that must be faced by the international community. The Trans- 
national Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC) is the first cen- 
ter in the United States devoted to teaching, research, training 
and formulating policy advice in transnational crime, corruption 
and terrorism. TraCCC's fundamental goal is to understand the 
causes and scope of transnational crime and corruption and to 
propose well-grounded policy to reduce and eliminate these 
problems. For more information, go to: 
www.american.edu/academic.depts/acainst/transcrime/ 

Exchange Programs 

AU-Ritsumeikan Exchange American University and 
Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto, Japan offer a dual master's 
degree program. This program selects a limited number of stu- 
dents with both English and Japanese language proficiency to 
complete a 46-credit hour dual master's degree program in in- 
ternational affairs within a two-year period. Student cohorts be- 
gin their studies at American University's School of 
International Service and complete their second year of study at 
the Ritsumeikan University Graduate School of International 






School of International Service 215 



Relations. A cross-cultural, global perspective is integral to the 
curriculum. Graduates of the program receive master's degrees 
from both American University and Ritsumeikan University. 

AU-Korea University Exchange American University and 
Korea University in Seoul, Korea offer a dual master's degree 
program. Students spend one year at American University and 
complete their second year of study at Korea University's Grad- 
uate School of International Relations. Classes are available in 
English and/or Korean. Graduates of the program receive mas- 
ter's degrees from both American University and Korea Univer- 
sity. 

AU-Sookmyung Women's University Exchange Ameri- 
can University's School of International Service and 
Sookmyung Women's University's Graduate School of Interna- 
tional Relations in Seoul, Korea, offer a dual degree program 
for students to earn master's degrees from both schools within 
two years. Students enroll in regular course work at Sookmyung 
Women's University in their second year. At the conclusion of 
their course work, students may remain in Korea for three 
months to finish their internships. Classes are available in both 
English and Korean and the program is open to both female and 
male AU students. 

AU-Sciences Po Exchange The American Univer- 
sity-Sciences Po exchange program in Paris, France offers stu- 
dents the opportunity to study and conduct field research at one 
of the world's leading institutions, L'Insitut D'Etudes Politiques 
de Paris. With their advisors, SIS students may design a pro- 
gram of study that fulfills requirements in their degree program 
in any of the SIS fields. An intermediate level of French is re- 
quired, and students may participate for one or two semesters. 

Special Opportunities 

Numerous school-wide special programs are available for 
undergraduate and graduate students. These include study and 
internship opportunities around the world and in the interna- 
tional capital city of Washington, D.C., including the U.S. De- 
partment of State. These opportunities help SIS students link 
theory and practice actively and build skills that are critical in an 
increasingly global world. Students write for SIS publications, 
including The Diplomatic Pouch, the SIS graduate journal 
Swords & Ploughshares, and Demokratizatsiya, and participate 
in school and university governance, enhancing both service 
and leadership potential. Through the SIS Research Sympo- 
sium or working on a publication with peers or professors, SIS 
students at all levels are involved in cutting-edge scholarly and 
policy-oriented research. A limited number of graduate fellow- 
ships and assistantships are awarded on the basis of merit as 
well as school and program needs. 

The Griffith Lecture Series, organized by the SIS Graduate 
Student Council, brings visiting scholars and foreign policy 
practitioners to the school each year. The annual Warren 
Hunsberger Lecture highlights a distinguished scholar of Asian 
studies. Regular fora in international development, international 
communication, international politics, and U. S. foreign policy 
attract experts from around the world and engage students in 
formal and informal discussions. The weekly International De- 



velopment Forum invites noted scholars, policy makers, and in- 
ternational development professionals to interact with students, 
faculty, and members of the Washington development commu- 
nity in discussions of current issues in the international develop- 
ment field. 

The school also sponsors numerous co-curricular opportuni- 
ties including the annual SIS student-faculty softball game and 
the student-faculty-alumni autumn hike. Career-on ented work- 
shops greatly enhance opportunities for successful learning and 
networking. 

Educational Resources in Washington, D.C. 

Only in Washington can the subject of international affairs 
be studied in such a relevant context. This location affords op- 
portunities for hands-on learning with academic credit through 
internships in government and private sectors with international 
interests. Internships are available with international organiza- 
tions, congressional committees, lobbying groups, research or- 
ganizations, and government offices of special professional 
interest to students. 

Qualified undergraduate and graduate students have the op- 
portunity to enroll in courses at any of the institutions in the 
Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan 
Area. By taking advantage of consortium offerings, students 
may greatly enrich their programs, particularly in specialized 
interest areas and language study. Washington, D.C. offers 
unique research facilities including the Library of Congress, the 
National Archives, and various other libraries maintained by 
government agencies, public and private international organiza- 
tions, associations, and other area universities. 

As a member of the Inter-University Consortium for Politi- 
cal and Social Research (ICPSR), American University has 
ready access to hundreds of data sets. The university operates 
the Social Science Computer Laboratory, which provides stu- 
dents access to commonly used applications and to the Internet. 

Study Abroad 

AU Abroad offers the opportunity for students to study 
abroad and gain full American University course credit. All stu- 
dents are encouraged to learn and work in another culture. AU 
Abroad enclave programs, many of which include internship 
opportunities, are offered in Beijing, Berlin, Brussels, Havana, 
London, Madrid, Nairobi, Paris, Prague, Rabat, and Santiago. 
In addition, through the AU Abroad Partner program students 
may spend a semester or year at prestigious universities across 
the globe, including Canada, Mexico, England, Scotland, Ire- 
land, France, Poland, Netherlands, Argentina, Australia, New 
Zealand, Korea, Israel, Egypt, Lebanon, and Sharjah, U.A.E. 
International study tours led by faculty members are offered 
during semester breaks and summer sessions. For more infor- 
mation on AU Abroad programs, call 202-885-1320 or 
866-313-0757, 

e-mail auabroad(a-amencan.edu or go to: 
www. auabroad . ameri can . edu/. 



216 School of International Service 

Career and Professional Opportunities 

The school has had great success preparing students for ca- 
reers in the public, private, and not-for-profit sectors. Graduates 
have established flourishing careers in fields including foreign 
service, economic development, intelligence gathering and as- 
sessment, disaster relief, policy analysis, congressional affairs, 
and technology transfer. Graduates accept positions in Wash- 
ington and elsewhere with agencies concerned with health, food 
resources, population, security, arms control, diplomacy, and in- 
ternational trade and banking. SIS alumni also serve in the inter- 
national branches of organizations involved in law, agriculture, 
science, religion, culture, printing and publishing, journalism, 
management, accounting, and higher education. The wide 
range of government activities in Washington, D.C., including 
the Foreign Service, the Armed Forces, and Congress create 
unique opportunities for career development. 
Undergraduate Study 

SIS offers the B.A. in International Studies or the B.A. in 
Language and Area Studies with the following majors: 
French/Europe, German/Europe, Spanish/Latin America, and 
Russian/ Area Studies. 

The B.A. in International Studies begins with foundation 
courses in world politics, cross cultural communication, West- 
em traditions, non- Western area studies, U.S. politics, and eco- 
nomics. Students take foreign language, research methods, and 
core field courses selected from international development, in- 
ternational economic relations, international peace and conflict 
resolution, global environmental politics, and U.S. foreign pol- 
icy. Building on the foundation and core courses, students select 
an area specialization (Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the 
Middle East, or Russia and Central Eurasia) and a functional 
field of concentration (business, comparative and international 
race relations, global environmental politics, international com- 
munication, international development, international economic 
relations, international politics, Islamic studies, peace and con- 
flict resolution, or U.S. foreign policy). The program capstone is 
the integrative senior seminar. 

The B.A. in Language and Area Studies program, jointly de- 
signed and administered by the College of Arts and Sciences 
(CAS) and the School of International Service (SIS), responds 
to the national need for foreign language skills in the global vil- 
lage for effective communication and improved international 
understanding. This degree program provides a foundation in 
language and culture courses complemented by area-related so- 






cial science courses. There is also a variety of course offerings 
with an international focus offered by other departments includ- 
ing anthropology, business, communication, economics, educa- 
tion, government, history, language, philosophy, and sociology. 

Honor Society The International Relations Honor Society, 
Alpha Chapter of Sigma Iota Rho, was founded at American 
University on April 12, 1984. Sigma Iota Rho is an interdisci- 
plinary scholarly recognition society founded for undergradu- 
ates whose course of study concentrates on international 
relations. 
Graduate Study 

The school's graduate programs are grounded in the social 
sciences and reflect a strong commitment by the school's fac- 
ulty to teaching and research. Students are encouraged to pres- 
ent conference papers, engage in collaborative work with 
faculty members, and submit articles to refereed journals. 

The School of International Service offers an M.A. in Inter- 
national Affairs, M.A. in International Communication, M.A. in 
International Development, M.A. in International Peace and 
Conflict Resolution, M.A. in Global Environmental Policy, 
M.A. in Ethics, Peace, and Global Affairs, M.A. in International 
Media, M.S. in Development Management, the Master of Inter- 
national Service, and a Ph.D. in International Relations. 

There are dual degree programs combining the M.A. in In- 
ternational Affairs with a J.D.; M.A. in International Peace and 
Conflict Resolution with a Master of Theological Studies or the 
Master of Arts in Teaching, or M.A. in International 
Development with a Master of Theological Studies. Graduate 
students are encouraged to take advantage of the university's 
dual degree option and earn two master's degrees simulta 
neously. 
Certificate Programs 

SIS offers undergraduate certificates in International Affairs 
and European Studies. Graduate-level credit certificates include 
The Americas, Cross-Cultural Communication, European 
Studies, International Economic Policy, and Peacebuilding. 
Graduate Professional Development Certificates are available 
in Comparative and Regional Studies, Global Environmental 
Policy, International Communication, International Develop- 
ment, International Economic Policy, International Peace and 
Conflict Resolution, International Politics, and United States 
Foreign Policy. 






School of International Service 217 



Undergraduate Programs 



B.A. in International Studies 
B.A. in Language and Area Studies: 
French/Europe, German/Europe, 
Spanish/Latin America, or Russian/Area Studies 

B.A. in International Studies 

Admission to the Program 

Candidates for admission to the school must present evidence 
of excellent personal and academic qualifications. To be consid- 
ered for freshman admission, an applicant should have earned at 
least a B average in secondary school. Cultural factors are consid- 
ered in evaluating transcript and examination results. Other factors 
taken into account are leadership qualities, character, and personal 
interest. Students from other regionally-accredited collegiate insti- 
tutions, and students in other programs at American University 
who have completed the freshman year, should maintain a cumu- 
lative grade point average of 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) to be consid- 
ered for transfer to the school. 

University Requirements 

• A total of 120 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of college writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent 
by examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course in an approved sequence from each 
of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 64 credit hours plus 3-16 credit hours in foreign language 
course work, with grades of C or better 

Up to 18 of these credit hours may also count toward 
fulfillment of General Education requirements. 
Students may, where appropriate and with SIS approval, 
select special topics courses to fulfill requirements. Students 
may apply up to 3 credit hours toward the major from an 
approved internship or cooperative education field 
experience. Study abroad course credits may be used toward 
the major with the approval of SIS. 
Foundation Courses (28 credit hours) 

• SIS- 101 Leadership Gateway (1) 

• ECON-100 Macroeconomics 4:1 (3) 

• ECON-200 Microeconomics 4:2 (3) 

• One course in U.S. politics from the following: 
GOVT-1 10 Politics in the 

United States 4:1 (3-4) 
GOVT- 120 Introduction to American Politics (3-4) 



GOVT-210 Political Power and American Public 

Policy 4:2 (3) 
GOVT-215 Civil Rights and Liberties 4:2 (3) 

• SIS-105 World Politics 3: 1(3) 

• SIS-140 Cross-Cultural Communication 3:1 (3) 

• Two courses focusing on Western traditions (6 credit hours) 
from the following: 

ANTH-235 Early America: The Buried Past 2:2 (3) 
ARTH-205 Art of the Renaissance 2:2 (3) 
COMM-270 How the News Media Shape History 2:2 (3) 
GOVT- 105 Individual Freedom vs. Authority 2:1 (3) 
GOVT-303 Ancient Political Thought (3) 
GOVT-305 Modem Political Thought (3) 
HIST- 100 Historians and the Living Past 2:1 (3) 
HIST-1 10 Renaissance and Revolutions: Europe, 

1400-1815 2:1(3) 
HIST-1 1 5 Work and Community 2: 1 (3) 
HIST-202 The Ancient World: Greece (3) 
HIST-203 The Ancient World: Rome (3) 
HIST-204 Medieval Europe (3) 
HIST-205 American Encounters: 1492-1865 2:2 (3) 
HIST-215 Social Forces that Shaped America 2:2 (3) 
HIST-235 The West in Crisis: 1900-1945 2:2 (3) 
HIST-245 Modem Jewish Civilization (3) 
JLS-1 10 Western Legal Traditions 2: 1 (3) 
JLS-225 American Legal Culture 2:2 (3) 
JWST-205 Ancient and Medieval Jewish 

Civilization 2:2 (3) 
JWST-210 Voices of Modem Jewish Literature 2:2 (3) 
LIT- 1 25 Great Books That Shaped the Western World 2: 1 (3) 
LIT-235 African American Literature 2:2 (3) 
LIT-240 Asian American Literature 2:2 (3) 
LIT-265 Literature and Society in Victorian England 2:2 (3) 
LFS-230 The Modernist Explosion: Culture and Ideology in 

Europe 2:2 (3) 
PHIL- 105 Western Philosophy 2:1 (3) 
PHIL-220 Moral Philosophy 2:2 (3) 
PHIL-221 Philosophy, Politics, and Society (3) 
PHIL-235 Theories of Democracy and Human Rights 2:2 (3) 
PHIL-300 Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (3) 
PHIL-301 Modem Philosophy from Bacon to Hegel (3) 
PHIL-302 Nineteenth Century Philosophy (3) 
PHIL-303 Twentieth Century Philosophy (3) 
PHYS-230 Changing Views of the Universe 2:2 (3) 
RELG-105 The Religious Heritage of the West 2: 1 (3) 
RELG-220 Religious Thought 2:2 (3) 
SOCY-215 The Rise of Critical Social Thought 2:2 (3) 
WGST- 1 50 Women's Voices through Time 2: 1 (3) 
• Two courses in non- Western area studies (6 credit hours), 
with one course from each of two different areas. See also the 



218 School of International Service 



list of approved courses in the SIS Undergraduate Advising 

Office. 
Africa 

LIT- 150 Third World Literature 3: 1 (3) 

RELG-210 Non- Western Religious Traditions 3:2 (3) 

SIS-250 Civilizations of Africa 3:2 (3) 

SIS-265 Contemporary Africa (3) 
The Americas 

HIST-241 Colonial Latin America (3) 

HIST-242 Latin America since Independence (3) 

LFS-210 Latin America: History, Art, Literature 3:2 (3) 

SIS-276 Contemporary Latin America (3) 
Asia 

HIST-250 Civilization and Modernization: Asia 3:2 (3) 

RELG-185 Forms of the Sacred: Religions of 
the East 3:1 (3) 

RELG-210 Non- Western Religious Traditions 3:2 (3) 

SIS-161 Civilizations of Asia (3) 

SIS-255 China, Japan and United States 3:2 (3) 
Middle East 

HIST-343 History of Israel (3) 

RELG-370 Islam (3) 

SIS-245 The World of Islam 3:2 (3) 

SIS-264 Contemporary Middle East (3) 

SOCY-225 Contemporary Arab World 3:2 (3) 
Russia and Central Eurasia 

HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary 
Eurasia 3:2 (3) 

HIST-230 Early Russian History, 988-1700 (3) 

HIST-231 Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 (3) 

HIST-232 Twentieth Century Russia (3) 

SIS-258 Contemporary Russia (3) 
Core Field Courses (9 credit hours) 

• Three courses from the following fields. See the list of 
approved core field courses in the SIS Undergraduate 
Advising Office. 

Global Environmental Politics 
International Development 
International Economic Policy 
International Peace and Conflict Resolution 
United States Foreign Policy 
Research Methods (6-7 credit hours) 

• SIS-206 Introduction to International Relations Research (3) 

• One course from the following: 

CSC- 100 Computers and Information (3) 
STAT-202 Basic Statistics (4) 

other course approved by SIS Undergraduate Advising Office 
Foreign Language (3-16 credit hours) 

• 3-16 credit hours in one modem foreign language, depending 
on initial placement. Consult the SIS Undergraduate Office 
for more information. 



Area Specialization (9 credit hours) 

• Three courses in one of the following regional areas: Africa, 
the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Russia and 
Central Eurasia 
A minimum of two courses (6 credit hours) must be taken in 
SIS and a minimum of two courses must be taken at the 300 
level or above. 

Africa 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 

LIT- 1 50 Third World Literature 3: 1 (3) 

RELG-2 1 Non- Western Religious Traditions 3:2 (3) 

SIS-250 Civilizations of Africa 3:2 (3) 

SIS-265 Contemporary Africa (3) 

SIS-573 International Relations of Africa I (3) 

SIS-574 International Relations of Africa II (3) 

The Americas 
ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 
HIST-241 Colonial Latin America (3) 
HIST-242 Latin America since Independence (3) 
HIST-340 Latin American Studies (3) 
LFS-210 Latin America: History, Art, Literature 3:2 (3) 
SIS-276 Contemporary Latin America (3) 
SIS-577 International Relations of the Americas (3) 
SPAN-357 Introduction to Latin American Literature (3) 

Asia 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 
HIST-250 Civilization and Modernization: Asia 3:2 (3) 
HIST-347 Asian Studies (3) (topics) 
RELG-185 Forms of the Sacred: Religions of 

the East 3: 1(3) 
RELG-210 Non- Western Religious Traditions 3:2 (3) 
RELG-373 Hinduism (3) 
SIS-161 Civilizations of Asia (3) 
SIS-255 China, Japan and United States 3:2 (3) 
SIS-559 Selected Topics in Cross-National Studies (3) 
SIS-561 Modem China (3) 
SIS-567 International Relations of East Asia I (3) 

Europe 

FREN-324 Civilisation Francaise I (3) 
FREN-325 Civilisation Francaise 11(3) 
FREN-326 French Topics (3) 
GERM-336 German Topics (3) 
GERM-438 German Civilization I (3) 
GERM-439 German Civilization II (3) 
GOVT-334 Modem British Politics (3) (study abroad) 
HIST-1 10 Renaissance and Revolution: 

Europe, 1400-1815 2:1(3) 
HIST-204 Medieval Europe (3) 
HIST-221 History of Britain I (3) 
HIST-222 History of Britain II (3) 
HIST-239 Modem Germany since 1848 (3) 
HIST-3 1 8 Nazi Germany (3) 
HIST-3 19 Holocaust (3) 



School of International Service 219 



HIST-320 War and Diplomacy: Napoleon to Bismarck (3) 

HIST-326 European Society in the Nineteenth and 
Twentieth Centuries (3) 

HIST-327 Twentieth Century Europe (3) 

HIST-334 Victorian England (3) 

HIST-336 History of Ireland (3) 

HIST-337 British Studies (3) (topics) 

SIS-33 1 An Overview of the European Union (3) 

SIS-347 Contemporary Germany and Berlin (3) 
(study abroad) 

SIS-355 European Foreign and Security Policy (3) 

SIS-380 Brussels Seminar (4) (study abroad) 

SIS-387 Madrid Seminar (4) (study abroad) 

SIS-530 Colloquium on the Common Market (3) 

SIS-55 1 Economy, Politics and Society in Europe (3) 

SIS-557 Foreign Policy Formulation in West European 
States (3) 
Middle East 

HIST-343 History of Israel (3) 

RELG-370 Islam (3) 

SIS-245 The World of Islam 3:2 (3) 

SIS-264 Contemporary Middle East (3) 

SIS-364 Contemporary Islam and International Relations(3) 

SIS-365 Arab-Israeli Relations (3) 

SIS-571 International Relations of the Middle East I (3) 

SIS-572 International Relations of the Middle East II (3) 

SOCY-225 Contemporary Arab World 3:2 (3) 
Russia and Central Eurasia 

HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary 
Eurasia 3:2 (3) 

HIST-230 Early Russian History, 988-1700 (3) 

HIST-231 Imperial Russia, 1700-1917(3) 

HIST-232 Twentieth Century Russia (3) 

HIST-345 Russian Studies (3) (topics) 

LFS-200 Russia and the United States 3:2 (3) 

SIS-258 Contemporary Russia (3) 

SIS-558 Authoritarianism and Democracy in Russia (3) 

Functional Field of Concentration (9 credit hours) 

• Three courses in one of the following functional fields: 
Comparative and international race relations, global 
environmental politics, international business relations, 
international communication, international development, 
international economic relations, international politics, 
Islamic studies, peace and conflict resolution, or United 
States foreign policy 

A minimum of two courses (6 credit hours) must be taken in 
SIS and a minimum of two courses must be taken at the 300 
level or above. 

Comparative and International Race Relations 
ANTH-210 Roots of Racism and Interracial 

Harmony 3:2(3) 
COMM-534 Race, Gender, and the Media (3) 
SIS-140 Cross-Cultural Communication 3:1 (3) 



SIS-220 Confronting Our Differences/Discovering Our 
Similarities: Conflict Resolution 3:2 (3) 

SOCY-210 Inequality: Class, Race, Ethnicity 4:2 (3) 

SOCY-351 Race and Ethnic Conflict (3) 

SOCY-553 Multiculturalism (3) 
Global Environmental Politics 

SIS-1 10 Beyond Sovereignty 3: 1 (3) 

SIS-337 International Development (3) 

SIS-388 International Environmental Politics (3) 

other courses approved by SIS 
Note: Participation in the International Environment and Devel- 
opment Semester together with SIS-388 fulfills all requirements 
for this concentration 
International Business Relations 

Consult the SIS Undergraduate Office for approved courses. 
International Communication 

SIS-340 Foundations of International Communication (3) 

SIS-341 Intercultural Communication (3) 

SIS-349 Selected Topics in International Communication (3) 
International Development 

ECON-1 10 The Global Majority 3: 1 (3) 

ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 

ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 

EDU-285 Education for International Development 3:2 (3) 

GOVT-235 Dynamics of Political Change 3:2 (3) 

HIST- 120 Imperialism and Revolution 3:1 (3) 

LIT-1 50 Third World Literature 3: 1 (3) 

SIS-1 10 Beyond Sovereignty 3: 1 (3) 

SIS-337 International Development (3) 

SIS-536 Special Topics in Development Management (3) 

SIS-537 Special Topics in International Development (3) 

SOCY-1 10 Views from theThird World 3: 1 (3) 

SOCY-365 Economic Development and Social Change (3) 
Note: Participation in the International Environment and Devel- 
opment Semester fulfills all requirements for this concentration 

International Economic Relations 
ECON-370 International Economics (3) 
ECON-371 International Economics: Trade (3) 
ECON-372 International Economics: Finance (3) 
SIS-215 Competition in an Interdependent World 3:2 (3) 
SIS-385 International Economic Policy (3) 
SIS-388 International Environmental Politics (3) 
SIS-389 Special Topics in Policy Analysis (3) 
SIS-465 International Trade and Investment Relations (3) 
SIS-466 International Monetary and Financial Relations (3) 
SIS-504 Multinational Corporations (3) 

International Politics 

HIST- 120 Imperialism and Revolution 3: 1 (3) 
HIST-320 War and Diplomacy: Napoleon to Bismarck (3) 
HIST-321 War and Peace: Bismarck to Hitler (3) 
SIS- 1 1 Beyond Sovereignty 3: 1 (3) 
SIS-215 Competition in an Interdependent World 3:2 (3) 
SIS-301 Theories of International Politics (3) 



220 School of International Service 

SIS-321 International Law (3) 

SIS-322 Introduction to Human Rights (3) 

SIS-325 International Organizations (3) 

SIS-355 European Foreign and Security Policy (3) 

SIS-504 Multinational Corporations (3) 

SIS-5 1 8 Legacy of World War II Diplomacy (3) 

Islamic Studies 

RELG-105 The Religious Heritage of the West 2: 1 (3) 
RELG-185 Forms of the Sacred: Religions of the 

East 3: 1(3) 
RELG-370 Islam (3) 
SIS-245 World of Islam 3:2 (3) 

SIS-364 Contemporary Islam and International Relations(3) 
SIS-596 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 
student's advisor 

Peace and Conflict Resolution Studies 

• SIS-308 Introduction to Peace and Conflict Resolution (3) 
or 

SIS-328 Approaches to Peacemaking (3) 
SIS- 1 10 Beyond Sovereignty 3:1 (3) 
SIS-220 Confronting Our Differences/Discovering Our 

Similarities: Conflict Resolution 3:2 (3) 
SIS-321 International Law (3) 
SIS-322 Introduction to Human Rights (3) 
SIS-325 International Organizations (3) 
SIS-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 
student's advisor 
Note: Participation in the Peace and Conflict Resolution Semes- 
ter fulfills all requirements for this concentration. 
United States Foreign Policy 

SIS-381 Foreign Policies of the Great Powers (3) 
SIS-382 Analysis of United States Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-384 American Defense and Security Policy (3) 
SIS-385 International Economic Policy (3) 
SIS-389 Special Topics in Policy Analysis (3) (topic 

approved by advisor) 
SIS-396 Selected Topics (3) with permission of the 

student's advisor 
SIS-465 International Trade and Investment Relations (3) 
SIS-466 International Monetary and Financial Relations (3) 
SIS-581 Schools of Thought in Contemporary United States 

Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-583 United States in World Affairs (3) 
SIS-588 International Security and Arms Control (3) 
Note: Participation in the International Politics and Foreign Pol- 
icy Semester fulfills all requirements for this concentration. 
Senior Seminar (3 credit hours) 
• SIS-400 Senior Seminar in International Relations (3) 
University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 
Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 






major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

B.A. in Language and Area Studies 

The B.A. in Language and Area Studies is designed for stu- 
dents with a strong interest in a region of the world and in a lan- 
guage of that region. This innovative program achieves a 
balance between humanities and social sciences courses, com- 
bined with an advanced level of foreign language study. The 
program, jointly designed and administered by the College of 
Arts and Sciences (CAS) and the School of International Ser- 
vice (SIS), builds on the strengths of the CAS Department of 
Language and Foreign Studies (LFS) and the SIS field of Com- 
parative and Regional Studies. 

Admission to the Program 

To be considered for freshman admission, an applicant 
should have earned at least a 3.00 average in secondary school. 
Students from other regionally accredited collegiate institu- 
tions, and students in other programs at American University 
who have completed the freshman year, should maintain a cu- 
mulative grade point average of 3.00 (on a 4.00 scale) to be con- 
sidered for transfer to the program. 
Majors 

French/Europe, German/Europe, Russian/ Area Studies, or 
Spanish/Latin America 
University Requirements 

• A total of 1 20 credit hours 

• 6 credit hours of col lege writing 

• 3 credit hours of college mathematics or the equivalent by 
examination 

General Education Requirements 

• A total often courses, consisting of one foundation course and 
one second-level course from an approved sequence from 
each of the five curricular areas 

• No more than 6 credit hours may be taken in the same 
discipline 

Major Requirements 

• 5 1 credit hours with grades of C or better 

• Proficiency in the appropriate foreign language demonstrated 
by achieving a B (3.00) average or better for all course work 
in the foreign language taken in the Department of Language 
and Foreign Studies. 

Students may, where appropriate, and with Faculty Advisory 
Committee approval, select special topics courses to fulfill 
requirements. Student may also apply up to 3 credit hours 






School of International Service 221 



toward the major from an approved internship or cooperative 
education field experience. Study abroad course credits may 
be used toward the major with the approval of the Faculty 
Advisory Committee. 
Course Requirements 

Foundation Courses (9 credit hours) 

• SIS- 105 World Politics 3: 1(3) 

• One intercultural communication course from the following: 
SIS-140 Cross Cultural Communication 3:1 (3) 
SIS-340 Foundations of International Communication (3) 
SIS-341 Intercultural Communication (3) 

• One comparative politics course from the following: 
GOVT- 130 Comparative Politics 3:1 (3) 
GOVT-231 Third World Politics (3) 
GOVT-232 Politics of Industrial Societies (3) 

Foreign Language Courses (18 credit hours) 

• 1 8 credit hours of course work in a single foreign language at 
the 300 level or above. 

Area Studies (21 credit hours) 

• 1 5 credit hours, with 1 2 credit hours at the 300 level or above, 
in humanities courses, including 3 credit hours from the 
Department of History (HIST-xxx) and an additional 3 credit 
hours of course work with a strong historical component, 
from the following. Other appropriate area studies courses 
may be substituted with the approval of the major advisor. 

French/Europe 

FREN-324 Civilisation Francaise I (3) 

FPvEN-325 Civilisation Francaise 11(3) 

FREN-326 French Topics (3) 

FREN-327 Le Francois Commercial (3) 

FREN-328 French Translation: Concepts and Practice (3) 

FREN-365 Les Registres du Francois (3) 

FREN-432 Le Siecle des Lumieres (3) 

FREN-433 Le Romantisme (3) 

FREN-434 Le Realisme (3) 

FPvEN-435 Litterature Contemporaine (3) 

PHIL-3 1 1 Modem European Movements (3) 
German/Europe 

GERM-336 German Topics (3) 

GERM-338 Introduction to German Translation (3) 

GERM-432 Studies in German Film (3) 

GERM-433 German Lyric Poetry (3) 

GERM-438 German Civilization I (3) 

GEPJVM39 German Civilization II (3) 

HIST-239 Modem Germany since 1 848 (3) 

HIST-3 1 8 Nazi Germany (3) 

LFS-230 The Modernist Explosion: Culture and Ideology in 
Europe (3) 

PHIL-3 1 1 Modem European Movements (3) 
Russian/Area Studies 

HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary 
Eurasia 3:2 (3) 



HIST-230 Early Russian History, 988-1700 (3) 
HIST-231 Imperial Russia, 1700-1917(3) 
HIST-232 Twentieth Century Russia (3) 
HIST-345 Russian Studies (3) (topics) 
LIT-367 Russian and Soviet Literature (3) 
LIT-368 Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy (3) 
RUSS-347 Introduction to Russian Literature (3) 
RUSS-441 Russian Media and Political Translation (3) 
RUSS-543 Russian Classics (3) 
RUSS-548 Topics in Russian Studies (3) 

Spanish/Latin America 

HIST-241 Colonial Latin America (3) 
HIST-242 Latin America since Independence (3) 
HIST-340 Latin American Studies (3) (topics) 
LFS-210 Latin America: History, Art, 

Literature 3:2 (3) 
SPAN-356 Spanish Topics (3) 
SPAN-357 Introduction to Latin American Literature (3) 
SPAN-358 Introduction to Spanish Translation (3) 
SPAN-359 Advanced Spanish Translation (3) 
SPAN-450 Spanish Civilization I: Spain (3) 
SPAN-491 Spanish Internship: Proyecto Amistad (2-6) 
SPAN-554 Classics of Latin American Literature (3) 
SPAN-559 Colloquium on Latin America (3) 

• 6 credit hours of course work in social science courses, 
selected from the following. Other appropriate area studies 
courses may be substituted with the approval of the major 
advisor. 

French/Europe 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 

ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 

ECON-351 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 

ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 

GOVT-232 Politics of Postindustrial Societies (3) 

GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Countries (3) (topics) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 
SIS-331 Overview of the European Union (3) 
SIS-355 European Foreign and Security Policy (3) 
SIS-530 Colloquium on the Common Market (3) 
SIS-557 Foreign Policy Formulation in West European 

States (3) 

German/Europe 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 

ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 

ECON-351 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 

ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 

GOVT-232 Politics of Postindustrial Societies (3) 

GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Countries (3) (topics) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 



222 School of International Service 



HIST-239 Modern Germany since 1848 (3) 
HIST-3 1 8 Nazi Germany (3) 
SIS-331 Overview of the European Union (3) 
SIS-355 European Foreign and Security Policy (3) 
SIS-530 Colloquium on the Common Market (3) 
SIS-551 Economy, Politics and Society in Europe (3) 
SIS-557 Foreign Policy Formulation in West European 

States (3) 
Russian/Area Studies 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 

ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 

ECON-35 1 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 

ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 

ECON-552 Economics of Transition (3) 

GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Countries: Former USSR (3) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions: Eastern Europe (3) 
HIST-225 Russia and the Origins of Contemporary 

Eurasia 3:2 (3) 
HIST-230 Early Russian History, 988-1700 (3) 
HIST-231 Imperial Russia, 1700-1917(3) 
HIST-232 Twentieth Century Russia (3) 
HIST-345 Russian Studies (3) (topics) 
LFS-200/LFS-200G Russia and the United States 3:2 (3) 
SIS-258 Contemporary Russia (3) 
SIS-381 Foreign Policies of the Great Powers (3) 
SIS-558 Authoritarianism and Democracy in Russia (3) 
Spanish/Latin America 

ANTH-339 Culture Area Analysis (3) (topics) 

ECON-35 1 Comparative Economic Systems (3) 

ECON-361 Economic Development (3) 

ECON-3 1 8 Economic History (3) 

GOVT-432 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Countries (3) (topics) 
GOVT-532 Political Institutions and Processes in Selected 

Regions (3) (topics) 
HIST-241 Colonial Latin America (3) 
HIST-242 Latin America since Independence (3) 
HIST-340 Latin American Studies (3) (topics) 
SIS-276 Contemporary Latin America (3) 
SIS-337 International Development (3) 
SIS-577 International Relations of the Americas (3) 
SOCY-531 Regional Studies in Social Change: 

Latin America (3) 
Senior Capstone (3 credit hours) 

• Students enroll either in an SIS comparative seminar or in an 
approved topics or seminar course in Language and Foreign 
Studies 

University Honors Program 

All University Honors students must complete at least 12 
credit hours of advanced-level (300-level and above) Honors 
courses including a 3 to 6 credit hour Honors Senior Capstone 



Project. Students may graduate with University Honors in the 
major if they complete at least 12 advanced-level Honors 
courses including the Senior Capstone Project in the depart- 
ment. Each department has three levels of University Honors 
requirements: Level I Options (100-200-level Honors classes); 
Level II Options (300-level and above Honors classes); and 
Level III Options (Honors Senior Capstone). The department 
Honors coordinator advises students in the University Honors 
Program regarding departmental options. For more informa- 
tion, go to www.american.edu/academic.depts/honors/ . 

Minor in Language and Area Studies 

• 24 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor 

Course Requirements 

• 12 credit hours in the Department of Language and Foreign 
Studies at the 200 level or above, including two courses at the 
300 level. 

• 12 credit hours selected from an approved list of courses in 
area studies: 

Courses include those from anthropology (ANTH-xxx), 
economics (ECON-xxx), history (HIST-xxx), international 
studies (SIS-xxx), literature (LIT-xxx), or sociology 
(SOCY-xxx); one 3-credit course must be at the 300 level or 
above from SIS; one 3-credit course must be from history. 
Areas offered: 
French/Europe, German/Europe, Russian/Area Studies, Span- 
ish/Latin America: see list of approved courses for major in 
Language and Area Studies, above. 

Italian/Europe, Japanese/Asia: consult LAS degree program ad- 
visor for approval of courses for this minor. 

International Environment and 
Development Semester 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students from the Washington Semester member in- 
stitutions as part of the Washington Semester Program and to ju- 
niors and seniors in good standing at American University. 
Students spend 12 weeks of the semester in Washington, D.C. 
and three weeks in Africa (fall semester) or Costa Rica (spring 
semester). 

Course Requirements 

• SIS-471 International Environment and Development 

Seminar I (4) 

• SIS-472 International Environment and Development 

Seminar II (4) 

• SIS-473 International Environment and Development 

Research Project (4) 

• SIS-474 International Environment and Development 

Internship (4) 



School of International Service 223 



Note: Participation in this program fulfills all requirements for 
an International Development concentration for the B.A. in In- 
ternational Studies. 

International Politics and Foreign Policy 
Semester 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students from the Washington Semester member in- 
stitutions and to juniors and seniors in good standing at Ameri- 
can University. Recommended prerequisites for the program 
are at least one course in government or international relations 
and one in economics. 
Course Requirements 

• SIS-491 International Politics and Foreign Policy Seminar I (4) 

• SIS-492 International Politics and Foreign Policy Seminar II (4) 

• SIS-493 International Politics and Foreign Policy 

Research Project (4) 

• SIS-497 International Politics and Foreign Policy 

Internship (4) 
A regular course from the evening offerings at American 
University may be substituted for either the internship or the 
research project. 
Note: Participation in this program fulfills all requirements for a 
United States Foreign Policy concentration for the B.A. in Inter- 
national Studies. 

Peace and Conflict Resolution Semester 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students from the Washington Semester member in- 
stitutions as part of the Washington Semester Program and to ju- 
niors and seniors in good standing at American University. 
Course Requirements: 

• SIS-486 Peace and Conflict Resolution Seminar I (4) 

• SIS-487 Peace and Conflict Resolution Seminar II (4) 

• SIS-488 Peace and Conflict Resolution Research 

Project (4) 

• SIS-489 Peace and Conflict Resolution Internship (4) 

A regular course from the evening offerings at American 
University may be substituted for either the internship or the 
research project. 
Note: Participation in this program fulfills all requirements for a 
Peace and Conflict Resolution Studies concentration for the 
B.A. in International Studies. 

Minor in International Studies 

• 2 1 credit hours with grades of C or better and at least 1 2 credit 
hours unique to the minor; 1 5 credit hours should be taken in 
SIS and 12 of these should be at the 300 level or above. 

Course Requirements 

• SIS- 105 World Politics 3: 1(3) 

• One of the following: 



SIS-381 Foreign Policies of the Great Powers (3) 
SIS-382 The Analysis of United States Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-384 American Defense and Security Policy (3) 
SIS-385 International Economic Policy (3) 

• One of the following: 

SIS-258 Contemporary Russia (3) 
SIS-264 Contemporary Middle East (3) 
SIS-265 Contemporary Africa (3) 
SIS-276 Contemporary Latin America (3) 
SIS-355 European Foreign and Security Policy (3) 

• One of the following: 

SIS-301 Theories of International Politics (3) 

SIS-321 International Law (3) 

SIS-325 International Organizations (3) 

SIS-340 Foundations of International Communication (3) 

SIS-349 Selected Topics in International Communication (3) 

• 9 credit hours in a functional field or regional area 
specialization: 

Comparative and international race relations, global 
environmental politics, international communication, 
international development, international economic relations, 
international politics, Islamic studies, peace and conflict 
resolution, or United States foreign policy 
or 

Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, or 
Russia and Central Eurasia 

Combined B.A. in International Studies 
and Master's Degree 

Admission to the Program 

This program enables highly qualified students to earn both 
a B.A. in International Studies with a functional concentration 
in any area of specialization offered by the School of Interna- 
tional Service, and an M.A. in International Affairs, Interna- 
tional Communication, International Development, or 
International Peace and Conflict Resolution. 

Admission to the combined B.A./M.A. program requires ju- 
nior or senior standing, a cumulative grade point average of 
3.50, a minimum 3.50 grade point average in SIS courses, a for- 
mal application, a written faculty recommendation, and an es- 
say on the student's academic interests and abilities in 
international affairs. The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) 
is not required. Interested students should contact the SIS Grad- 
uate Admissions Office. 

Course Requirements 

• All requirements for the B.A. in International Studies 
For graduate degree programs requiring up to 36 credit hours, 
undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements for both 
degrees. 

For graduate degree programs requiring up to 39 credit hours, 
undergraduate students may apply 9 credit hours of approved 



224 School of International Service 



500-level course work to satisfy the requirements for both 

degrees. 

For graduate degree programs requiring up to 42 credit hours, 

undergraduate students may apply 12 credit hours of 

approved 500-level course work to satisfy the requirements 

for both degrees. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in International Affairs, the 
M.A. in International Communication, the M.A. in 
International Development, or the M.A. in International 
Peace and Conflict Resolution, including a minimum of 24 
credit hours completed in residence in graduate status after 
the undergraduate degree has been awarded. 

Combined Bachelor's Degree and 
M.A. in Global Environmental Policy 

This program enables qualified students to earn both an un- 
dergraduate degree (in any field) and an M.A. in Global Envi- 
ronmental Policy. The combined program can be completed 
with four years of undergraduate study plus 12 months of addi- 
tional study (fall and spring semesters plus a summer of re- 
search or internship). The program offers students an 
opportunity for strong training and careers in environmental 
policy. 
Admission to the Program 

Undergraduates should apply for admission to the combined 
program by the end of the junior year. At a minimum, students 
must have a minimum overall grade point average of 3.00, a year 
of laboratory science (BIO-1 10/210 General Biology I/I I, 
CHEM- 110/210 General Chemistry I/II, PHYS- 105/205 College 
Physics I/II or PHYS- 1 10/210 University Physics I/II), and a year 
of calculus (MATH-22 1/222, MATH-2 11/212). Applications 
must be accompanied by two letters of recommendation and a 
statement of purpose. Graduate Record Examination (GRE) 
scores are not required for admission to the combined program. 
Students should discuss their interest in the program with the envi- 
ronmental studies coordinator before submitting an application. 
Requirements 

• All requirements for a B.A. or B.S. (in any major) at 
American University 

Undergraduate students may apply 6 credit hours of approved 
500-level course work to satisfy the requirements for both 
degrees. ENVS-580 Environmental Science I and ENVS-58 1 
Environmental Science II are recommended. 

• All requirements for the M.A. in Global Environmental 
Policy, including a minimum of 24 credit hours completed in 



residence in graduate status after the undergraduate degree 
has been awarded. 

Undergraduate Certificate in 

European Studies 

Certificate Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved course work with at least 9 credit 
hours at the 300-level or above with grades of C or better. 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses are not 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements, 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
GPA. Students must have at least a 2.0 GPA in certificate 
courses in order to be awarded a certificate. Students in 
certificate programs must take a minimum of 6 credit hours 
during each 1 2-month period and complete the certificate in 
four years. International students must enroll in 9 credit hours 
each semester (except for summer). A maximum of 3 credit 
hours earned at an accredited college or university may be 
applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 

• Foreign language proficiency 

• Study abroad or approved internship with a European focus 

• Capstone: successful completion of a 3 credit-hour European 
studies research project conducted under the supervision of a 
faculty member associated with the European studies 
certificate program. 

Course Requirements 

• 1 8 credit hours of approved European studies-related course 
work including study abroad or approved internship with a 
European focus, and a 3 credit hour capstone. Students should 
take at least one course outside of their main area, discipline, 
or field. 

Undergraduate Certificate in 
International Affairs 

Admission to the Program 

Open to students in enrolled in a degree program or at least 
junior standing or equivalent. Applicants must submit SAT 
scores and their official transcripts along with a one page state- 
ment of purpose. For international students whose first lan- 
guage is not English, a score of at least 550 (213 on the 
computer version) on the TOEFL is required. 



School of International Service 225 



Certificate Requirements 

• 24 credit hours of approved course work with at least 1 2 credit 
hours at the 300-level or above with grades of C or better. 
Grades of C- or D in certificate program courses will not be 
accepted toward the fulfillment of certificate requirements 
although these grades will be included in the calculation of the 
cumulative grade point average. Students must have at least a 
2.0 grade point average in certificate courses in order to be 
awarded a certificate. Students in certificate programs must 
take a minimum of 6 credit hours during each 1 2-month perid 
after they are admitted. International students must enroll in 



12 credit hours each semester (except for summer). All 
programs must be completed within four years. A maximum 
of 6 credit hours earned at an accredited college or university 
may be applied toward the certificate as transfer credit. 
Course Requirements 

• One of the following: 

SIS- 105 World Politics 3: 1(3) 

SIS- 140 Cross-Cultural Communication 3:1 (3) 

other approved General Education Course 

• 21 credit hours in courses approved by the advisor, including 
one course which serves as a capstone course. 



Graduate Programs 



M.A. in International Affairs 
concentrations: 

Comparative and Regional Studies (CRS) 

International Economic Relations (IER) 

International Politics (IP) 

United States Foreign Policy (USFP) 
M.A. in International Communication 
M.A. in International Development 
M.A. in International Peace and Conflict Resolution 
M.A. in Ethics, Peace, and Global Affairs 
M.A. in Global Environmental Policy 
M.A. in International Media 

Dual Degree Programs: 
M.A. in International Affairs and J.D. 
M.A. in International Affairs: concentration in 
Natural Resources and Sustainable Development 
with United Nations University for Peace, Costa Rica 
M.A. in International Development and 

Master of Theological Studies 
M.A. in International Peace and Conflict Resolution and 
Master of Arts in Teaching or Master of Theological Studies 

Master of International Service (executive program) 
M.S. in Development Management 
Ph.D. in International Relations 

M.A. in International Affairs 

Admission to the Program 

Applicants must hold an accredited bachelor's degree with a 
cumulative grade point average of at least a B+ (3.30 or higher 
on a 4.00 scale) and should have had at least 24 credit hours of 
social science course work relevant to international studies. Stu- 
dents who do not meet these minimum requirements, if other- 
wise admissible, may be assigned additional course work in 
excess of degree requirements specified at the time of admis- 
sion. 



The application deadline for fall admission is January 15; 
for spring admission October 1 (September 1 5 for international 
students). Admitted students may defer matriculation for no 
longer than two semesters provided that a written request for de- 
ferment is submitted to and approved by the SIS Graduate Ad- 
missions Office. 

All applicants except students whose degree was earned at 
an institution where English was not the language of instruction 
are required to submit results of the aptitude section of the Grad- 
uate Record Examination (GRE). International applicants 
whose degree was not conducted in English and/or whose na- 
tive language is not English are required to submit results of the 
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The minimum 
TOEFL score for full consideration is 600 (250 on the computer 
version). LSAT scores will be accepted in place of the GRE for 
J.D./M. A. applicants. Fall applicants should plan to take the ap- 
propriate test no later than December to ensure full consider- 
ation of the application by the January deadline. 

All applicants must submit two letters of reference evaluat- 
ing undergraduate academic performance and suitability for 
graduate study in international affairs, at least one of which 
should be from an academic source. A resume should be in- 
cluded in the application. Applicants must submit transcripts 
from all institutions attended. Cultural factors are considered in 
evaluating transcripts and examination results. 

Requests for the transfer of a maximum of 6 graduate credit 
hours from other accredited institutions to be applied to a mas- 
ter's degree are considered after successful completion of 9 
credit hours in the graduate program at American University. A 
minimum grade of B in each course is required for transfer. 
Transfer courses must have been completed within seven years 
of admission and must fulfill stated requirements of the degree 
program. 

Degree Requirements 

• 39—42 credit hours of approved graduate course work with a 
cumulative grade point average of 3.00, including a minimum 
of 1 8 credit hours in a major field including one theory course 
and one graduate-level economics or international economic 
policy course appropriate to the field, 9 credit hours in a 



226 School of International Service 



related field selected from offerings in SIS or other teaching 
units of the university, 6 credit hours in social science 
research methodology and 6 credit hours of research. 

• Comprehensive examination in the major field 

To be eligible to take a comprehensive examination, students 
must have maintained at least a 3.00 grade point average (on a 
4.00 scale) in all graduate course work. See the SIS Graduate 
Advising Office for comprehensive examination 
requirements for each field. 

• Demonstration of research and writing skills through 
completion of a master's thesis, substantial research paper 
requirement, or research practicum. All courses taken to 
fulfill this requirement must be passed with a grade of B or 
better. 

Thesis: 6 credit hours of thesis credit and submission of the 

thesis. 

Substantial research paper requirement: one 3 credit hour 

internship or cooperative education field experience and one 

3 credit hour substantial research paper, or two substantial 

research papers 

Research practicum: 6 credit hours supervised by major field 

faculty advisors (by permission and specific arrangement). 

• Proficiency in a modem foreign language: 

Research competence in English and another language 
relevant to the student's career objectives must be certified. 
Major Field Concentrations 

Comparative and Regional Studies (CRS); International Eco- 
nomic Relations (IER); International Politics (IP); United States 
Foreign Policy (USFP), or Natural Resources and Sustainable 
Development (NRSD) (through exchange program with United 
Nations University for Peace, Costa Rica) 
Course Requirements 

COMPARATIVE AND REGIONAL STUDIES (CRS) 
(39 credit hours) 

Major Field (18 credit hours) 

• SIS-672 Theories of International and Comparative 

Studies (3) 
or 
approved course in comparative theory (3) 

• One of the following: 

SIS-589 Global Political Economy (3) 

SIS-673 Comparative Political Economy (3) 

or other approved course in comparative economics (3) 

• 12 credit hours of course work in a regional concentration: 
Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Russia and 
Central Eurasia, or Islamic Studies. 

Related Field (9 credit hours) 

• Three approved courses from one of the other major field 
groups in SIS: Global Environmental Policy (GEP), 
International Communication (IC), International 
Development (ID), International Economic Relations (IER), 
International Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR), 



International Politics (IP), and United States Foreign Policy 
(USFP). 

or 

Three courses making up an optional related field and 
approved by the student's faculty advisor. 

Social Science Research Methodology (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-600 Quantitative Analysis in International Affairs (3) 

• methodology course appropriate to the student's research 
interests (3) 

Research and Writing Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-797 Master's Thesis Supervision (6) 

or 

Substantial research paper requirement 
Note: The thesis (or at least 3 credit hours of the substantial 
research paper requirement) must relate to the regional and 
comparative aspects of the CRS field. A practicum research 
course must receive prior approval from the faculty advisor. 

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS (IER) 

(39-42 credit hours) 

Major Field (18-21 credit hours) 

• ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 

Note: Students with a strong background in economics may 
have this course requirement waived without substitution 
with permission of advisor. 

• SIS-616 International Economics (3) (prerequisite: 

ECON-603 or equivalent) 

• SIS-665 International Trade and Investment Relations (3) 

• SIS-666 International Monetary and Financial Relations (3) 

• 9 credit hours of international economic policy courses from 
either SIS or other departments, in an area such as trade and 
investments, money and finance, business, law and policy, or 
an individually-designed area, with the approval of the 
faculty advisor. 

Related Field (9 credit hours) 

• Three approved courses from one of the other major field 
groups in SIS: Comparative and Regional Studies (CRS), 
Global Environmental Policy (GEP), International 
Communication (IC), International Development (ID), 
International Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR), 
International Politics (IP), or United States Foreign Policy 
(USFP). 

or 

Three courses making up an optional related field (including 
international business) and approved by the student's faculty 
advisor. 

Social Science Research Methodology (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-600 Quantitative Analysis in International Affairs (3) 

• methodology course appropriate to the student's research 
interests (3) 



School of International Service 227 



Research and Writing Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-797 Master's Thesis Supervision (6) 

or 

Substantial research paper requirement 
Note: The thesis or substantial research paper must relate 
clearly to the field of international economic relations. 
INTERNATIONAL POLITICS (IP) (39 credit hours) 
Major Field (18 credit hours) 

• ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 

or 
approved course in economics (3) 

• SIS-601 Theory in International Relations (3) 

or 
SIS-604 Masterworks of International Relations (3) 

• 1 2 credit hours in the International Politics (IP) field proposed 
by the student in a statement of purpose and approved by the 
student's faculty advisor. 

Related Field (9 credit hours) 

• Three courses from one of the other major field groups in SIS: 
Comparative and Regional Studies (CRS), Global 
Environmental Policy (GEP), International Communication 
(IC), International Development (ID), International 
Economic Relations (IER), International Peace and Conflict 
Resolution (IPCR), or United States Foreign Policy (USFP). 

or 
Three courses making up an optional related field approved 
by the student's faculty advisor or the SIS Graduate Office. 

Social Science Research Methodology (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-600 Quantitative Analysis in International Affairs (3) 

• methodology course appropriate to the student's research 
interests (3) 

Research and Writing Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-797 Master's Thesis Supervision (6) 

or 

Substantial research paper requirement 
Note: The thesis or substantial research paper must relate 
clearly to the field of international politics. 

UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY (USFP) 
(39 credit hours) 

Major Field (18 credit hours) 

• SIS-689 Seminar in Policy Analysis (3) 

or 

SIS-581 Schools of Thought in Contemporary U.S. Foreign 
Policy (3) 

• One of the following: 

ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 
SIS-615 Fundamentals of U.S. Foreign Economic Policy (3) 
approved course in economic policy (3) 

• SIS-682 United States Foreign Policy (3) 

• 9 credit hours from the following: 



SIS-581 Schools of Thought in Contemporary U.S. Foreign 

Policy (3) (if not used to fulfill requirement above) 
SIS-583 United States in World Affairs (3) 
SIS-588 International Security and Arms Control (3) 
SIS-619 Special Studies in International Politics (3) (topic 

approved by advisor) 
SIS-683 Congress and U.S. Foreign Policy (3) 
SIS-684 National Security Policy (3) 
SIS-685 United States-Russian/Eurasian Security Relations (3) 
SIS-689 Seminar in Policy Analysis (3) (if not used to fulfill 

requirement above) 
or approved SIS courses relating directly to U.S. foreign 
policy, country- or region-specific topics, international 
economic policy or issues such as law, illicit drugs, 
intelligence, and arms control. 
Related Field (9 credit hours) 

• Three approved courses from one of the other major field 
groups in SIS: Comparative and Regional Studies (CRS), 
Global Environmental Policy (GEP), International 
Communication (IC), International Development (ID), 
International Economic Relations (IER), International Peace 
and Conflict Resolution (IPCR) or International Politics (IP). 

or 
Three courses making up an optional related field approved 
by the student's faculty advisor or the SIS Graduate Office. 

Social Science Research Methodology (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-600 Quantitative Analysis in International Affairs (3) 

• methodology course appropriate to the student's research 
interests (3) 

Research and Writing Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-797 Master's Thesis Supervision (6) 

or 

Substantial research paper requirement 
Note: The thesis or substantial research paper must clearly 
relate to the field of U.S. foreign policy. 

NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABLE 
DEVELOPMENT (42 credit hours) 

Note: This concentration is available only through the exchange 
program with United Nations University for Peace, Costa Rica. 
Contact the SIS Graduate Office for more information. 

Major Field (29 credit hours) 

• ECON-603 Introduction to Economic Theory (3) 
or one of the following: 

ECON-579 Environmental Economics (3) 
SIS-616 International Economics (3) 
approved economics course 

• SIS-637 International Development (3) 

or 
SIS-649 Environment and Development (3) 

• SIS-660 Environment and Politics (3) 



228 School of International Service 



• 11 credit hours of SIS-602 AU-University for Peace 
Exchange topics courses 

• additional 9 credit hours of approved SIS graduate courses 

Social Science Research Methodology (7 credit hours) 

• SIS-602 AU-University for Peace Exchange (topics) 

Research and Writing Requirement (6 credit hours) 

• SIS-602 AU-University for Peace Exchange: 

Internship (3) 

• SIS-795 Master's Research Requirement (3) 

M.A. in International Affairs and J.D. 

Graduates receive the J.D. degree from the Washington Col- 
lege of Law and the M.A. in International Affairs from the 
School of International Service. 

Admission to the Program 

Students apply to both the Washington College of Law 
(WCL) and the School of International Service (SIS). Students 
may begin their studies in SIS after completing one full year of 
full-time study at WCL. SIS accepts LSAT scores in place of the 
GRE general scores normally required for admission. For spe- 
cific criteria employed by SIS, see the graduate admission and 
degree requirements for the M.A. in International Affairs 
above. Admission to either WCL or SIS in no way implies that 
admission to the other will be granted. Students who have been 
admitted to the M.A. in International Affairs may apply to 
WCL. For more information on admission requirements, con- 
tact the WCL Admissions Office at 202-274-4101 . 

Degree Requirements 

• 86 credit hours of WCL course work 

Up to 6 credit hours of SIS course work may be credited 
toward the J.D. requirement. 

• 39 credit hours of approved graduate course work in an SIS M.A. 
in International Affairs concentration: Comparative and Regional 
Studies (CRS), International Economic Relations (IER), 
International Politics (IP), or United States Foreign Policy 
(USFP). 

Up to 1 5 credit hours in WCL courses may be credited toward the 
M.A. requirements (see approved list in the SIS Graduate Office). 

• Proficiency in one modem foreign language 

• Comprehensive examination 

• Thesis or substantial research paper requirement 
Course Requirements 

• approved major theory course (3) 

• approved major field course (3) 

• approved research methods course (3) 

• approved economic or business policy course (3) 

• 9 credit hours of approved related field courses 

• 6 credit hours of master's thesis or substantial research paper 
requirement option 



• Up to 1 5 credit hours in WCL course work including the 
following: 

LAW-516 Legal Rhetoric: Writing and Research I (2) 
LAW-517 Legal Rhetoric: Writing and Research II (2) 
5 credit hours of approved international law course work 

M.A. in International Communication 






Admission to the Program 

Students applying for admission to this program must have 
had a strong undergraduate major or minor in social and behav- 
ioral sciences or communication. For further information, contact 
the International Communication Division at 202-885-1621. 

Applicants must hold an accredited bachelor's degree with a 
cumulative grade point average of at least a B+ (3.30 or higher on 
a 4.00 scale) and should have had at least 24 credit hours of social 
science course work relevant to international studies. Students 
who do not meet these minimum requirements, if otherwise ad- 
missible, may be assigned additional course work in excess of de- 
gree requirements specified at the time of admission. 

The application deadline for fall admission is January 15; for 
spring admission October 1 (September 15 for international stu- 
dents). Admitted students may defer matriculation for no longer 
than two semesters provided that a written request for deferment is 
submitted to and approved by the SIS Graduate Admissions Office. 

All applicants except students whose degree was earned at 
an institution where English was not the language of instruction 
are required to submit results of the aptitude section of the Grad- 
uate Record Examination (GRE). International applicants 
whose degree was not conducted